On This Day

Birthdays in History on November 22

  • 1428 Richard Neville [16th Earl of Warwick], English nobleman and military commander known as Warwick the Kingmaker (d. 1471)
  • 1511 Erasmus Reinhold, German mathematician (calculated planetary table)
  • 1515 Marie Guise, French wife of king James V of Scotland
  • 1535 John, the Old, earl of Nassau/tribal father Neth royal family
  • 1564 Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, English conspirator (d. 1610)
  • 1602 Elisabeth of Bourbon, Queen of Philip IV of Spain (d. 1644)
  • 1606 Pieter II de Jode, Flemish engraver/publisher
  • 1635 Francis Willughby, English biologist (d. 1672)
  • 1643 René-Robert Cavelier, sieur de La Salle, French explorer (Louisiana), born in Rouen, France (d. 1687)
  • 1698 Pierre de Rigaud, Canadian-born French Governor (d. 1778)
  • 1721 Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres, Swiss-born Canadian statesman (d. 1824)
  • 1722 Hryhorii Skovoroda, Ukrainian poet (d. 1794)

Person of interestAbigail Adams

1744 Abigail Adams, 2nd US First Lady (1797-1801) (11/11 O.S.), born in Weymouth Massachusetts (d. 1818)

2nd First Lady of the United States Abigail Adams
2nd First Lady of the United States
Abigail Adams
  • 1753 Dugald Stewart, Scottish philosopher and mathematician (Scottish common sense), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1828)
  • 1764 Barbara Juliane, baroness von Krüdener, Baltic German religious mystic, author, and Pietist Lutheran theologian, born in Riga, Latvia (d. 1824)
  • 1767 Andreas Hofer, Tirol nationalist

  • 1771 Paul R Cantzlaar, gov of Saba/St-Eustatius/Curacao/Dutch-West Indies
  • 1780 Jose Cecilio del Valle, Honduran Politician (d. 1834)
  • 1787 Rasmus Rask, Danish linguist and philologist (Investigation of the Origin of the Old Norse or Icelandic Language), born in Braendekilde, Denmark (d. 1832)
  • 1805 Benjamin Hugur, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1877)
  • 1808 Thomas Cook, British founder and CEO of Thomas Cook & Son travel agency (Cook Travel Bureau), born in Derbyshire, England (d. 1892)
  • 1809 Benedict Augustin Morel, Austrian-French psychologist (dementia praecox), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1973)
  • 1814 Serranus Clinton Hastings, American politician (d. 1893)
  • 1818 Samuel Gibbs French, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1910)

Person of interestGeorge Eliot

1819 George Eliot, [Mary Anne Evans], English author (Middlemarch, Silas Marner), born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire (d. 1880)

Writer George Eliot
Writer
George Eliot
  • 1823 Nathan Kimball, American physician, politician, postmaster, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Fredericksburg, Indiana (d. 1898)
  • 1832 George Henry Chapman, American newspaper editor, lawyer, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Holland, Massachusetts (d. 1882)
  • 1835 Frank Crawford Armstrong, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1842 José Maria de Heredia, Cuban-French sonnet poet (Les Trophées), born in La Fortuna, Cuba (d. 1905)
  • 1849 Friedrich von Bernhardi, German historian (Germany & the Next War)
  • 1849 Fritz Mauthner, Austro-Hungarian novelist & critic, born in Hořice, Czech Republic (d. 1923)
  • 1849 Christian Rohlfs, German artist (d. 1938)
  • 1852 Paul H B d'Estornelles de Constant, French diplomat/pacifist
  • 1856 Heber J Grant, Salt Lake City, 7th President of Mormon church
  • 1857 George Gissing, English author (Thyrza, Crown of Life)
  • 1857 George Gissing, British novelist (New Grub Street, Charles Dickens: A Critical Study), born in Wakefield, England (d. 1903)
  • 1868 John Nance Garner, (D) 32nd VP (1933-41)

Person of interestAndré Gide

1869 Andre Gide, French writer (Lafcadio's Adventures-Nobel 1947), born in Paris (d. 1951)

Writer André Gide
Writer
André Gide
  • 1873 Leopold CMS Amery, British minister of Colonies (India), born in Gorakhpur, British India (d. 1955)
  • 1873 Matteo Giulio Bartoli, Italian linguist, born in Labin, Croatia (d. 1946)
  • 1874 Herman Harrell Horne, American philosopher (idealism), born in Clayton, North Carolina (d. 1946)

  • 1875 Georges Rency, Belgian poet
  • 1877 Endre Ady, Hungarian lyric poet (Még egyzer, Uj versek), born in Ermindszent, Hungary (d. 1919)
  • 1877 Joan Gamper, Swiss-born businessman and founder of FC Barcelona (d. 1930)
  • 1879 Ralph Hawtrey, British economist (multiplier, quantity theory of money), born in Slough, England (d. 1975)

Person of interestEnver Pasha

1881 Enver Pasha, Turkish general and politician, born in Constantinople (d. 1922)

Leader of the Ottoman Empire Enver Pasha
Leader of the Ottoman Empire
Enver Pasha
  • 1882 Charles Vildrac, French author, poet and playwright (La Brouille, Michel Auclair, Notes sur la technique poétique), born in Paris, France (d. 1971)
  • 1884 Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, Pakistani biographer of Muhammad (d. 1953)
  • 1888 Tarzan of the Apes date of birth, according to author Edgar Rice Burroughs

Person of interestCharles de Gaulle

1890 Charles de Gaulle, President of France (1958-69), born in Lille, France (d. 1970)

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1891 Edward Bernays, PR expert
  • 1891 Erik Lindahl, Swedish economist (Theory of Money & Capital)
  • 1893 M Kaganovitsj Kogan, people's commissioner for Stalin
  • 1893 Harley J. Earl, American automobile designer (d. 1969)
  • 1897 Paul Oswald Ahnert, German astronomer (d. 1989)
  • 1898 Wiley Post, Grand Plain Tx, aviator/parachutist (crashed in Alaska)
  • 1900 Tom Macdonald, Welsh journalist and novelist (d. 1980)
  • 1902 Sir Humphrey Gibbs, Rhodesian politician (d. 1990)
  • 1903 Herbert Sally Frankel, South African born economist (d. 1996)
  • 1905 James Burnham, philosopher (Coming Defeat of Communism)
  • 1907 Dora Maar, Tours France, French painter and photographer and lover of Picasso
  • 1908 Michael Balfour, English historian, born in Oxford (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Theodorus H J Zwartkruis, Bishop of Haarlem Netherlands (1966-83)
  • 1909 Mikhail Mil, Russian aviation designer (d. 1970)
  • 1912 Doris Duke, multi-millionaire (American Tobacco heiress), born in NYC, New York
  • 1912 Eric Stuart Woord, archaeologist
  • 1913 Cecilia Muñoz-Palma, first female Philippine Supreme Court Justice (d. 2006)
  • 1914 Peter Woolridge Townsend, war hero courtier writer
  • 1917 Bridget Bate Tichenor (born Bridget Pamela Arkwright Bate), Mexican surrealist painter, born in Paris, France
  • 1918 Claiborne Pell, (Sen-D-RI, 1961- )
  • 1919 Wilfred Norman Aldridge, biochemist/toxicologist
  • 1928 Timothy Beaumont, Baron Beaumont of Whitley (d. 2008)
  • 1929 Aleksandar Popović, Serbian dramatist (d. 1996)
  • 1930 John P. Schiffer, American nuclear physicist, born in Budapest
  • 1930 Owen Kay Garriott, Enid Oklahoma, astronaut (Skylab 3, STS 9)
  • 1932 Keith Wickenden, British politician (d. 1983)
  • 1937 Zenon Jankowski, Poland cosmonaut (Soyuz 30 backup)
  • 1938 Henry C. Lee, Chinese-born American criminologist
  • 1939 Tom West, American astrophysicist
  • 1939 Mulayam Singh Yadav, Indian politician (Samajwadi Party), born in Etawah district, Uttar Pradesh
  • 1942 Guion Bluford, Col USAF, NASA astronaut (STS 8, 61A, 39, 53) 1st African American in space, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1943 George W [Buddy] Darden, (Rep-D-GA, 1983- )
  • 1944 Robert Iliffe, English publisher (Coventry Evening Telegraph)
  • 1946 Hans Kombrink, sociologist/Dutch undersecretary of Finance (PvdA)
  • 1947 Alfredo Cristiani, president of El Salvador (1989-94)
  • 1947 Rod Price, rocker (Foghat)
  • 1947 Valerie Wilson Wesley, American author
  • 1949 Richard Carmona, 17th Surgeon General of the United States (2002-06), born in NYC, New York
  • 1953 Billy M. Sprague, American rocket scientist
  • 1954 Paolo Gentiloni, Italian politician, Prime Minister (2016-2018), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1961 Randal L. Schwartz, American computer programmer
  • 1962 Cleo Fields, (Rep-D-Louisiana)
  • 1962 Victor Pelevin, Russian writer
  • 1968 Rasmus Lerdorf, Greenlandic computer programmer
  • 1969 Katrin Krabbe, Neubrandenburg German DR, 100m/200m (World Champ 1991)
  • 1969 Marjane Satrapi, Iranian graphic novelist
  • 1970 Stel Pavlou, British novelist
  • 1980 Shawn Fanning, American Internet entrepreneur (Napster)
  • 1982 Alasdair Duncan, Australian novelist
  • 1988 Suresh Guptara and Jyoti Guptara, British-Indian novelists