Birthdays in History on November 23

  • 912 Otto I, the Great, German king, Holy Roman Emperor (962-73) (d. 973)
  • 1221 Alfonso X 'the Wise', King of Castile & Leon, (1252-84), born in Toledo, Spain (d. 1284)
  • 1402 Jean de Dunois "Bastard of Orléans", French soldier who fought with Joan of Arc (d. 1468)
  • 1417 William FitzAlan, 16th Earl of Arundel, English politician (d. 1487)
  • 1553 Prospero Alpini, Italian botanist and physician (De Plantis Aegypti liber) known for his study of date palms, born in Marostica, Republic of Venice (d. 1617)
  • 1632 Jean Mabillon, French palaeographer and diplomat (d. 1707)
  • 1641 Anthonie Heinsius, Dutch statesman (d. 1720)
  • 1669 Johann K. Amman, Swiss-Dutch deaf-mute teacher (Surdus Loquens), born in Schaffhausen, Switzerland (d. 1724)
  • 1690 Ernst Johann van Biron, Russian duke of Courland and regent of Ivan VI, born in Kalnciems, Semigallia (d. 1772)
  • 1705 Thomas Birch, English historian (d. 1766)
  • 1715 Pierre Charles Le Monnier, French astronomer, born in Paris, France (d. 1799)
  • 1749 Edward Rutledge, American founding father, Governor of South Carolina (1798-1800) and signer of the Declaration of Independence, born in Charleston, British America (d. 1800)
  • 1760 Gracchus Babeuf, French utopian socialist (Tribun du Peuple) (d. 1797)
  • 1785 Jan Roothaan, 1st Dutch general of the Jesuits (1829-53) (d. 1853)
  • 1794 Johan Frederik van Oordt, Dutch theologian (Groninger direction), born in Rotterdam (d. 1852)
  • 1800 Michail Pogodin, Russian historian and author (Povesti), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1875)

Theodore Dwight WeldTheodore Dwight Weld (1803-1895)

American abolitionist and writer (American Slavery As It Is: Testimony of a Thousand Witnesses), born in Hampton, Connecticut

Franklin PierceFranklin Pierce (1804-1869)

14th President of the United States (Democrat: 1853-57), born in Hillsborough, New Hampshire

  • 1809 Horatio Phillips Van Cleve, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Princeton, New Jersey (d. 1891)
  • 1815 William Dennison, American politician (US postmaster general, Governor of Ohio), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1882)
  • 1819 Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Belleville, Virginia (d. 1901)
  • 1819 Josiah Dwight Whitney, American Geologist who led the California Geological Survey (Mount Whitney and Whitney Glacier are named for him), born in Northampton, Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • 1820 Isaac Todhunter, British mathematician (d. 1884)
  • 1820 John Willis Ellis, American politician, Governor of North Carolina during US Civil War, born in Rowan County, North Carolina (d. 1861)
  • 1821 Charles Meryon, British-French etcher who was color blind, born in Paris (d. 1868)
  • 1830 Kaspar von Zumbusch, German-Austria sculptor of public statues in Vienna, born in Herzebrock, Westphalia (d. 1915)

Johannes van der WaalsJohannes van der Waals (1837-1923)

Dutch physicist (Nobel 1910, Liquid and Gas States), born in Leiden, Netherlands

  • 1855 Frank Friday Fletcher, American Naval Admiral (Medal of Order for Battle of Veracruz), born in Oskaloosa, Iowa (d. 1928)

Billy the KidBilly the Kid (1859-1881)

American frontier outlaw and gunfighter of the Wild West, born in NYC, New York

  • 1860 Karl Hjalmar Branting, Swedish statesman and diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize 1921), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1925)
  • 1861 Konstantin Korovin, Russian painter (d. 1939)
  • 1862 Theo van Rysselberghe, Belgian painter (pointillism), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1926)
  • 1864 Henry Bourne Joy, American automobile executive (Packard Motor Car Co.), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1936)
  • 1869 Valdemar Poulsen, Danish engineer who invented devices for radio broadcasting, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1942)
  • 1875 Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, author and literary critic, born in Poltava, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1878 Ernest King, US fleet admiral (Chief of Naval Operations in WWII), born in Lorain, Ohio (d. 1956)
  • 1882 Johan Conrad Kikkert, Dutch painter and critic (promoted modern art in Netherlands through Modern Art Circle), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1965)
  • 1883 Herman Baccaert, Flemish philological and writer (Along the water front) (d. 1921)
  • 1883 Jose Clemente Orozco, Mexican mural painter (Epic of Culture in New World), born in Zapotlán el Grande, Mexico (d. 1949)
  • 1887 Henry Moseley, English physicist (relationship between atomic number and charge of the atomic nucleus), born in Weymouth, England (d. 1915)

Alexander PatchAlexander Patch (1889-1945)

American WWII general (Guadalcanal Campaign, Operation Dragoon), born in Fort Huachuca, Arizona

  • 1890 El Lissitzky, Russian artist and architect (d. 1941)
  • 1892 Erté [Romain de Tirtoff], Russian-French artist and designer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1990)
  • 1896 Klement Gottwald, Czech communist politician, Premier and President of Czechoslovakia (1946-53), born in Vyškov, Austria-Hungary (d. 1953)
  • 1897 Karl Gebhardt, Nazi doctor (executed for war crimes for conducting experiments on concentration camp inmates), born in Haag in Oberbayern, Germany (d. 1948)
  • 1897 Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Indian writer (The Autobiography of an Unknown Indian), born in Kishoregunj, East Bengal, British India (d. 1999)
  • 1899 Norman Hunter, English children's writer (Professor Branestawm), born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1902 Aaron Bank, American OSS officer and founder of the US Army Special Forces (d. 2004)
  • 1907 Lars Leksell, Swedish physician (d. 1986)
  • 1908 Nelson S. Bond, American sci-fi writer, born in Scranton, Pennsylvania (d. 2006)
  • 1909 Nigel Tranter, Scottish author and historian (River Realm; Robert the Bruce), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2000)
  • 1911 Peter Saunders, English theater producer created The Mousetrap - world's longest play), born in London, England (d. 2003)
  • 1914 Wilson Tucker, American sci-fi author (Time Masters), born in Deer Creek, Illinois (d. 2006)
  • 1915 Julio Cesar Mendez Montenegro, Guatemalan politician, President of Guatemala (1966-70), born in Guatemala City (d. 1996)
  • 1917 Hugh Joseph Charles James L'Etang, British medical writer (d. 1996)
  • 1919 Peter Strawson, English philosopher (University of Oxford), born in London, England (d. 2006)
  • 1920 Chalmers Wylie, American politician (Rep-R-Ohio, 1967-93), born in Norwich, Ohio (d. 1998)
  • 1920 Paul Celan [Antschell], German-Romanian poet (Collected Prose)
  • 1921 Hein Roethof, Dutch journalist and politician (PvdA)
  • 1922 Manuel Fraga Iribarne, president of Spanish Galicia
  • 1923 Angelo John Novarese, American record company founder (Hi Tunes)
  • 1923 Daniel Brewster, American politician (Rep-D-Maryland 1963-69), born in Baltimore, Maryland(d. 2007)
  • 1923 Guy [Gaetano] Molinari, American politician (Rep-New York, 1981-1983), born in NYC, New York (d. 2018)
  • 1924 Colin Turnbull, British-American anthropologist (The Forest people), born in London, England (d. 1994)
  • 1926 Christopher Logue, British poet and stage writer (Trials)
  • 1926 Sathya Sai Baba, Indian guru and philosopher, born in Puttaparthi, British India (d. 2011)
  • 1926 Vann Molyvann, Cambodian architect (New Khmer architecture), born in Ream, Cambodia (d. 2017)
  • 1927 Guy Davenport, American author, artist, and scholar, born in Anderson, South Carolina (d. 2005)
  • 1929 Hal Lindsey, American evangelist and Christian Zionist writer, born in Houston, Texas
  • 1930 Bill Brock, American Republican politician (Senator from Tennessee 1971-77) and US Secretary of Labor (1985-87), born in Chattanooga, Tennessee (d. 2021)
  • 1932 Michel David-Weill, French investment banker (Lazard Frère), born in Paris, France
  • 1933 Ali Shariati, Iranian sociologist & revolutionary, born in Kahak, Iran (d. 1977)
  • 1934 Rita Rossi Colwell, American oceanographer, born in Beverly, Massachusetts
  • 1935 Dean Gallo, American politician (Rep-R-NJ, 1985-94), born in Havensack, New Jersey (d. 1994)
  • 1935 Vladislav Volkov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz 7, 11), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1936 Robert Barnard, British mystery writer, born in Burnham-on-Crouch, England (d. 2013)
  • 1941 Derek Mahon, Irish Poet (A Disused Shed in Co Wexford), born in Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 2020)
  • 1943 Andrew Goodman, American civil rights worker (murdered by the Klu Klux Klan), born in New York City (d. 1964)
  • 1943 Denis Sassou Nguesso, Congolese politician (President of the Republic of the Congo 1979-92, 1997-), born in Edou, Congo
  • 1944 Jose Torikens, Dutch journalist (Parool, NRC)
  • 1944 Peter Lindbergh [Brodbeck], German fashion photographer and director, born in Lissa, German occupied Poland (d. 2019)
  • 1945 Dennis Nilsen, Scottish serial killer, born in Fraserburgh, Scotland (d. 2018)
  • 1945 Jerry Harris, American sculptor, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2016)
  • 1946 Bobby Rush, American politician (Rep-D-Illinois 1993-), born in Albany, Georgia
  • 1947 Geoffrey Roberts, English wine merchant (championed Australian and Californian wines), born in London, England (d. 1994)
  • 1949 Gayl Jones, American novelist (Corregidora), and poet (Song for Anninho), born in Lexington, Kentucky
  • 1950 Charles "Chuck" Schumer, American politician (Rep-D-NY, 1981-1999, Sen-D-NY, 1999 -), born in NYC, New York
  • 1954 Ferry Hoogendijk, Dutch editor in chief (Elsevier Magazine)
  • 1955 Mary Landrieu, American politician (US Senator of Louisiana, 1997-2005), born in Arlington, Virgina
  • 1955 Steven Brust [Karl Zoltan], American sci-fi author (Yendi, Jhereg), born in St. Paul, Minnesota
  • 1960 Robin Roberts, American television reporter (Good Morning America), born in Tuskegee, Alabama
  • 1961 Keith Ablow, American psychiatrist and author, born in Marblehead, Massachusetts

Nicolás MaduroNicolás Maduro (60 years old)

1962 Venezuelan politician, President of Venezuela (2013-present), born in Caracas, Venezuela

  • 1963 Gwynne Shotwell, American engineer and businesswoman (SpaceX), born in Evanston, Illinois
  • 1963 Mamoru Takuma, Japanese mass murderer and rapist (d. 2004)
  • 1965 Jennifer Michael Hecht, American poet and historian, born in Glen Cove, New York
  • 1968 Hamid Hassani, Iranian scholar and lexicographer, born in Saqqez, Iran
  • 1968 Kirsty Young, Scottish television journalist, born in East Kilbride, United Kingdom
  • 1970 Zoë Ball, British television and radio presenter, born in Blackpool, United Kingdom
  • 1980 David Britz, American nano-technologist
  • 1991 Anurag Kashyap, 2005 Scripps National Spelling Bee champion, born in Muzaffarpur, India