On This Day

Birthdays in History on November 23

  • 912 Otto I, the Great, German king, Holy Roman emperor (962-73)
  • 1221 Alfonso X (the Wise), king of Castile & Leon (1252-84)
  • 1402 Jean de Dunois, French soldier (d. 1468)
  • 1417 William FitzAlan, 16th Earl of Arundel, English politician (d. 1487)
  • 1553 Prospero Alpini, Italian botanist/physician (De Medocoma Aegyptorum)
  • 1632 Jean Mabillon, French palaeographer and diplomat (d. 1707)
  • 1641 Anthonie Heinsius, Dutch statesman (d. 1720)
  • 1669 Johann K Amman, Swiss/Dutch deaf-mute teacher (Surdus Loquens)
  • 1690 Ernst J earl van Biron, Russian duke of Koerland/regent of Ivan VI
  • 1705 Thomas Birch, English historian (d. 1766)
  • 1715 Pierre Charles Le Monnier, French astronomer (d. 1799)
  • 1749 Edward Rutledge, (Gov-SC)/attorney/signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1760 Gracchus Babeuf, French utopian socialist (Tribun du Peuple)
  • 1785 Joannes P Roothaan, 1st Dutch general of the Jesuits (1829-53)
  • 1794 Joan F Van Oordt, vicar (Groninger direction)
  • 1800 Michail P Pogodin, Russian historian/author (Povesti)

Person of interestFranklin Pierce

1804 Franklin Pierce, 14th US President (Democrat: 1853-57), born in Hillsborough, New Hampshire (d. 1869)

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • 1809 Horatio Phillips Van Cleve, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Princeton, New Jersey (d. 1891)
  • 1815 William Dennison, postmaster/general (Union), (d. 1882)
  • 1819 Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Belleville, Virginia (d. 1901)
  • 1819 Josiah Dwight Whitney, Northampton Massachusetts, American Geologist who led the California Geological Survey (Mount Whitney and Whitney Glacier are named for him)
  • 1820 John Willis Ellis, Governor (Confederacy) (d. 1861)
  • 1820 Isaac Todhunter, British mathematician (d. 1884)
  • 1821 Charles Meryon, British/French etcher
  • 1830 Kaspar CE Ritter von Zumbusch, German/Austria sculptor

Person of interestJohannes van der Waals

1837 Johannes van der Waals, Dutch physicist (Nobel 1910, Liquid and Gas States), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1923)

Physicist/Nobel Laureate Johannes van der Waals
Physicist/Nobel Laureate
Johannes van der Waals
  • 1855 Frank Friday Fletcher, American Naval Admiral (Medal of Order for Battle of Veracruz), born in Oskaloosa, Iowa (d. 1928)

Person of interestBilly the Kid

1859 Billy the Kid [William H Bonney], American frontier outlaw, born in NYC, New York (d. 1881)

Frontier Outlaw Billy the Kid
Frontier Outlaw
Billy the Kid
  • 1860 Karl Branting, Swedish statesman/diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize 1921)
  • 1861 Konstantin Korovin, Russian painter (d. 1939)
  • 1862 Theo van Rysselberghe, Belgian painter (pointillism)
  • 1864 Henry Bourne Joy, American automobile executive (d. 1936)
  • 1869 Valdemar Poulsen, Danish engineer who invented devices for radio broadcasting, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1942)
  • 1875 Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, author and literary critic, born in Poltava, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1878 Ernest J King, US fleet admiral/Chief of Naval Operations (WWII)
  • 1882 Johan C T Kikkert, Dutch painter/etcher/critic

  • 1883 Herman Baccaert, Flemish philological/writer (Along the water front)
  • 1883 Jose Clemente Orozco, Mexican painter (Epic of Culture in New World)
  • 1887 Henry Moseley, English physicist (d. 1915)

Person of interestAlexander Patch

1889 Alexander Patch, American WWII general (Guadalcanal Campaign, Operation Dragoon), born in Fort Huachuca, Arizona (d. 1945)

US WWII General Alexander Patch
US WWII General
Alexander Patch
  • 1890 El Lissitzky, Russian artist and architect (d. 1941)
  • 1892 Erté, French artist (d. 1990)
  • 1896 Klement Gottwald, premier/president of Czechoslovakia (1946-53)
  • 1897 Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Indian writer (d. 1999)
  • 1897 Karl Gebhardt, Nazi doctor (d. 1948)
  • 1899 Norman Hunter, English children's writer (Professor Branestawm), born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1902 Aaron Bank, American OSS officer and founder of the US Army Special Forces (d. 2004)
  • 1907 Lars Leksell, Swedish physician (d. 1986)
  • 1908 Nelson S. Bond, American sci-fi writer (d. 2006)
  • 1909 Nigel Tranter, author/historian (River Realm, Robert the Bruce)
  • 1911 Peter Saunders, English theater producer (Legend of the Werewolf)
  • 1912 Det Glynn, teacher/anti-apartheid activist
  • 1914 [Arthur] Wilson "Bob" Tucker, American sci-fi author (Time Masters)
  • 1915 Julio Cesar Mendez Montenegro, politician
  • 1917 Hugh Joseph Charles James L'Etang, medical writer
  • 1919 Peter Strawson, English philosopher
  • 1920 Chalmers P Wylie, (Rep-R-OH, 1967- )
  • 1920 Paul Celan, [Antschell], German/Romanian poet (Collected Prose)
  • 1921 Hein Roethof, Dutch journalist and politician (PvdA)
  • 1922 Manuel Fraga Iribarne, president of Spanish Galicia
  • 1923 Angelo John Novarese, record company founder
  • 1923 Guy [Gaetano] Molinari, American politician (R-House of Representatives from New York, 1981-1983), born in NYC, New York (d. 2018)
  • 1923 Daniel Brewster, American democrat (d. 2007)
  • 1924 Colin Turnbull, anthropologist
  • 1926 Christopher Logue, British poet/stage writer (Trials)
  • 1926 Sathya Sai Baba, Indian guru and philosopher
  • 1927 Guy Davenport, American author, artist, and scholar (d. 2005)
  • 1929 Hal Lindsey, American evangelist and Christian writer
  • 1930 William E Brock, (Sen-D)/US Secretary of Labor (1985-87)
  • 1932 Michael Knight, air chief marshall/British leader (NATO)
  • 1932 Michel David-Weill, French investment banker
  • 1933 Ali Shariati, Iranian sociologist & revolutionary, born in Kahak, Iran (d. 1977)
  • 1934 Michael Wayne, producer (McQ, Chisum, Green Berets, McLintock)
  • 1934 Rita Rossi Colwell, oceanographer
  • 1935 Dean A Gallo, (Rep-R-NJ, 1985- )
  • 1935 Vladislav Nikolayevich Volkov, cosmonaut (Soyuz 7, 11), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1936 Robert Barnard, British mystery writer
  • 1943 Andrew Goodman, civil rights worker, murdered in 1964
  • 1944 Jose Torikens, Dutch journalist (Parool, NRC)
  • 1944 Peter Lindbergh [Brodbeck], German fashion photographer and director, born in Lissa, German occupied Poland (d. 2019)
  • 1945 Dennis Nilsen, Scottish serial killer
  • 1945 Jerry Harris, American sculptor
  • 1946 Bobby L Rush, (Rep-D-Illinois)
  • 1947 Geoffery Michael Roberts, vintner
  • 1949 Gayl Jones, American author/poet (Corregidora, Song for Anninho)
  • 1950 Charles "Chuck" Schumer, American politician (Rep-D-NY, 1981-1999, Sen-D-NY, 1999 -), born in NYC, New York
  • 1954 Ferry Hoogendijk, Dutch editor in chief (Elsevier Magazine)
  • 1955 Steven Brust, [Karl Zoltan], American sci-fi author (Yendi, Jhereg)
  • 1955 Mary Landrieu, American politician, senior senator of Louisiana
  • 1960 Robin Roberts, American television reporter
  • 1961 Keith Ablow, American psychiatrist and author

Person of interestNicolás Maduro

1962 Nicolás Maduro, Venezuelan politician, President of Venezuela (2013-present), born in Caracas, Venezuela

President of Venezuela Nicolás Maduro
President of Venezuela
Nicolás Maduro
  • 1963 Joe Ahearne, British television director
  • 1963 Mamoru Takuma, Japanese mass murderer and rapist (d. 2004)
  • 1965 Jennifer Michael Hecht, American poet and historian
  • 1968 Hamid Hassani, Iranian scholar and lexicographer, born in Saqqez, Iran
  • 1968 Kirsty Young, Scottish television journalist, born in East Kilbride, United Kingdom
  • 1970 Zoë Ball, British television and radio presenter, born in Blackpool, United Kingdom
  • 1980 David Britz, American nano-technologist
  • 1991 Anurag Kashyap, 2005 Scripps National Spelling Bee champion, born in Muzaffarpur, India