Birthdays in History on November 25

  • 1454 Caterina Cornaro, Queen of Cyprus, born in Venice (d. 1510)
  • 1501 Yi Hwang, Korean Confucian scholar of the Joseon Dynasty, born in Ongye-ri, Andong, North Gyeongsang Province (d. 1570)
  • 1507 Joost de Damhoudere, Flemish lawyer (Praxis rerum criminalium), born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1581)
  • 1562 Lope Félix de Vega Carpio, Spanish dramatist and poet (Angelica, Arcadia), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1635)

Piet HeynPiet Heyn (1577-1629)

Dutch privateer who captured a Spanish silver fleet and admiral who became a folk hero, born in Delfshaven, County of Holland

  • 1638 Catherine of Braganza, Portuguese Roman Catholic Queen of Charles II of England, born in Vila Vicosa, Portugal (d. 1705)
  • 1697 Gerhard Tersteegen, German evangelist and poet (wrote in blood), born in Moers, Germany (d. 1769)
  • 1703 Jean-François Séguier, French astronomer and botanist, born in Nîmes, France (d. 1784)
  • 1712 Charles-Michel de l'Épée, French philanthropist and developer of 'Signed French', born in Versailles, France (d. 1789)
  • 1721 Willem Crul, British admiral (West-Indies), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1781)
  • 1778 Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck, British Christian writer, born in Birmingham (d. 1856)
  • 1814 Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (first law of thermodynamics), born in Heilbronn, Württemberg (d. 1878)
  • 1817 John Bigelow, American statesman and author, born in Bristol, New York (d. 1911)
  • 1823 (Heinrich) "Henry" Wirz, Swiss-American Confederate army officer (Commander of Camp Sumter prisoner-of-war facility), born in Zurich, Switzerland (d. 1865)
  • 1823 Joseph Alexander Cooper, American civil servant and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Whitley County, Kentucky (d. 1910)
  • 1825 Edward Augustus Wild, American homeopathic doctor and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Brookline, Massachusetts (d. 1891)
  • 1828 Franjo Rački, Croatian historian and politician, born in Fužine, Austrian Empire (d. 1894)

Andrew CarnegieAndrew Carnegie (1835-1919)

Scottish-American industrialist, steel tycoon, philanthropist and one of the richest Americans ever, born in Dunfermline, Scotland

  • 1840 Hugo Verriest, Flemish author and poet (Flemish Movement), born in Deerlijk, Belgium (d. 1922)
  • 1841 Ernst Schröder, German mathematician (algebraic logic), born in Mannheim, Baden, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1842 Vittorio Dabormida, Italian general who fought in the Italo-Ethiopian War, born in Turin (d. 1896)
  • 1843 Henry Ware Eliot, American industrialist, philanthropist and the father of T. S. Eliot (d. 1919)

Karl BenzKarl Benz (1844-1929)

German inventor, engine designer and automobile manufacturer (Mercedes-Benz), born in Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg

  • 1845 José Maria de Eça de Queirós, Portuguese novelist, born in Póvoa de Varzim (d. 1900)
  • 1846 Carrie Nation, American temperance advocate who smashed hotels with a hatchet, born in Garrard County, Kentucky (d. 1911)
  • 1852 Johan Salvator, Archduke of Austria, born in Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany (d. 1890)
  • 1858 Alfred Capus, French journalist and playwright, born in Aix-en-Provence, France (d. 1922)
  • 1869 Ben Lindsey, American judge and social reformer, born in Jackson, Tennessee (d. 1943)
  • 1870 Winthrop Ames, American theatrical director (Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs), born in North Easton, Massachusetts (d. 1937)
  • 1876 Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Grand Duchess of Hesse, born in San Anton Palace, Attard, British Malta (d. 1936)
  • 1877 Harley Granville-Barker, English dramatist, producer (The Voysey Inheritance) and critic, born in London (d. 1946)
  • 1878 Georg Kaiser, German playwright (The Burghers of Calais), born in Magdeburg (d. 1945)
  • 1880 Elsie J. Oxenham, British children's author (Abbey Series), born in Southport, Lancashire, England (d. 1960)
  • 1880 Leonard Woolf, English author and husband of Virginia Woolf, born in London (d. 1969)

John XXIIIJohn XXIII (1881-1963)

Italian priest and 261st Pope (1958-63), born in Bergamo, Lombardy, Italy

  • 1883 Harvey Spencer Lewis, American Rosicrucian author and mystic, born in Frenchtown, New Jersey (d. 1939)
  • 1887 Nikolai Vavilov, Soviet botanist and geneticist (identified the centers of origin of cultivated plants), born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1943)
  • 1890 Isaac Rosenberg, English war poet (Poems from the Trenches) and artist, born in Bristol, England (d. 1918)
  • 1895 Anastas Mikoyan, Armenian revolutionary and member of Supreme Soviet, born in Sanahin, Yelizavetpol Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1978)
  • 1895 Helen Hooven Santmyer, American writer ("...And Ladies of the Club"), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1986)
  • 1895 Ludvík Svoboda, Czech general and politician (8th President of Czechoslovakia, 1968-75), born in Hroznatín, Moravia, Austria Hungary (d. 1979)
  • 1899 W. R. Burnett, American author (Little Caesar), born in Springfield, Ohio (d. 1982)
  • 1900 Rudolf Höss, German commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp, born in Baden-Baden, German Empire (d. 1947)
  • 1901 Arthur Liebehenschel, Commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp (d. 1948)
  • 1904 Ba Jin, Chinese novelist (d. 2005)
  • 1909 Hugh Davson, English physiologist (protein sandwich model), born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1910 Léon Poliakov, French historian (The Aryan Myth), born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1997)
  • 1911 Roelof Frankot, Dutch painter (d. 1984)
  • 1913 Lewis Thomas, American physician and essayist (d. 1993)

Augusto PinochetAugusto Pinochet (1915-2006)

Chilean general and dictator of Chile (1973-90), born in Valparaíso, Chile

  • 1919 Chaim Pearl, Jewish rabbi and scholar, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1995)
  • 1920 Tuanku Syed Putra ibni Almarhum Syed Hassan Jamalullail, King of Malaysia (d. 2000)
  • 1921 Stanley Ho, Chinese casino tycoon who transformed Macao, born in Hong Kong (d. 2020)
  • 1922 Gloria Lasso, French-Spanish singer (Le tour de chant de Gloria Lasso), born in Vilafranca del Penedès, Catalonia (d. 2005)
  • 1923 Mauno Koivisto, President of Finland (1982-94), born in Turku (d. 2017)
  • 1924 Takaaki Yoshimoto, Japanese poet, critic, and philosopher.
  • 1925 Jose Napoleon Duarte, president El Salvador
  • 1926 Murray Schisgal, playwright (Luv)
  • 1926 Poul Anderson, American science-fiction and fantasy author, winner of 7 Hugo and 3 Nebula Awards (The Sharing of Flesh; Mirkheim; After Doomsday), born in Bristol, Pennsylvania (d. 2001)
  • 1929 Jack Hogan [Richard Roland Benson Jr], American actor (Combat", "Adam 12", "Sierra"), born in Chapel Hill, North Carolina
  • 1938 John "Jack" Baines, mountaineering publisher
  • 1939 Martin Feldstein, American economist (1977 John Bates Clark Medal), chief economic adviser to President Reagan, born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2019)
  • 1940 Reinhard Furrer, German physicist and astronaut (STS 22), born in Worgl, Germany
  • 1941 Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi, Indian Muslim Sufi, author, spiritual leader (d. 2001)
  • 1942 Rosa Von Praunheim [Holger Mischwitzky], Riga Latvia, dir (Affengeil)
  • 1945 Patrick Nagel, American artist (d. 1984)
  • 1947 Linda Laflamme, rocker
  • 1947 Val Fuentes, rocker (It's A Beautiful Day)
  • 1948 Jacques P. Dupuis, French Canadian politician
  • 1949 Rita Jenrette, wife of Rep John Jenrette (D-SC), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • 1950 Alexis Wright, Australian author
  • 1951 Arturo Pérez Reverte, Spanish novelist and war reporter
  • 1952 John Lynch, American politician current governor of New Hampshire
  • 1953 Jeffrey Skilling, American businessman and fraud felon (CEO of Enron, Feb- Aug, 2001), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1956 Ena Heese, South African costume designer (Willem of Orange)
  • 1956 Hélène Goudin, Swedish politician
  • 1957 Bob Ehrlich, Jr., former Maryland governor
  • 1959 Charles Kennedy, British politician (Liberal Democrat leader 1999-2006), born in Inverness, Scotland

John F. Kennedy Jr.John F. Kennedy Jr. (1960-1999)

American magazine publisher (George), lawyer and son of JFK, born in NYC, New York

  • 1970 Saskia Sibilo, Miss Suriname (1990)
  • 1971 Dominic Cummings, English political strategist (Vote Leave campaign), born in Durham, England
  • 1972 Alessandro Michele, Italian fashion designer (Gucci), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1979 Michael Lehan, American National Football League player
  • 1980 Kushan Liyanarachchi, Sri Lankan, prominent Live Buddhism Practitioner

Barbara Pierce BushBarbara Pierce Bush (41 years old)

1981 American activist (Global Health Corps) and twin daughter of US President George W. Bush, born in Dallas, Texas

  • 1981 Jenna Bush Hager, American author, news personality (Today with Hoda & Jenna) and twin daughter of US President George W. Bush, born in Dallas, Texas
  • 1981 Mauricio Rua, Brazilian Mixed Martial Artist
  • 1983 Joey Chestnut, American champion competitive eater
  • 1986 Amber Hagerman, American kidnapping and murder victim, basis of the Amber Alert system (d. 1996)
  • 1990 Yasmin van der Meer, 15 millionth Netherlander