Birthdays in History on November 26

  • 1288 Go-Daigo, 96th Emperor of Japan (1318-39), born in Kyōto, Japan (d. 1339)
  • 1436 Princess Catherine of Portugal, Portuguese princess of King Edward of Portugal and his wife Eleanor of Aragon and writer, born in Lisbon (d. 1463)
  • 1607 John Harvard, English clergyman and benefactor of Harvard College, born in Southwark, Surrey, England (d. 1638)
  • 1609 Henry Dunster, American clergyman and first President of Harvard College, born in Bolholt, Bury, Lancashire (d. 1659)
  • 1657 William Derham, English clergyman, natural theologian and scientist, born in Stoulton, Worcestershire (d. 1735)
  • 1663 Pedro de Peralta y Barnuevo, Peruvian poet (Obras Dramaticas), born in Lima, Peru (d. 1743)
  • 1678 Jean Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan, French geophysicist, born in Béziers, France (d. 1771)
  • 1727 Artemas Ward, American politician and soldier (major general during the American Revolutionary War), born in Shrewsbury, Massachusetts (d. 1800)
  • 1731 William Cowper, English pre-romantic poet (His Task), born in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1800)
  • 1736 Charles-Joseph Panckoucke, French publisher (Mercure de France), born in Lille, France (d. 1798)
  • 1754 Georg Forster, German writer, naturalist (A Voyage Round the World) and revolutionary, born in Nassenhuben (Mokry Dwór), Royal Prussia, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1794)
  • 1795 Cornelis Pieter Jacob Elout, Dutch military and President of West Sumatra, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1843)C
  • 1810 William Armstrong, 1st Baron Armstrong and British industralist and inventor (hydraulic crane Armstrong Gun), born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England (d. 1900)
  • 1811 Zeng Guofan, Chinese statesman, military general and Confucian scholar of the late Qing dynasty, born in Xiangxiang, Hunan Province, Qing Empire (d. 1872)
  • 1816 William H. T. Walker, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1864)
  • 1827 Alfred Moore Scales, American politician (45th Governor of North Carolina), born in Reidsville, North Carolina (d. 1892)

Ellen G. WhiteEllen G. White (1827-1915)

American religious leader and co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, born in Gorham, Maine

  • 1828 René Goblet, French politician (41st Prime Minister of France), born in Aire-sur-la-Lys, France (d. 1905)
  • 1832 Mary Edwards Walker, American surgeon and women's rights leader and only woman to receive Medal of Honor (bravery during Civil War), born in Oswego, New York (d. 1919)
  • 1832 Rudolph Koenig, German physicist, born in Königsberg, Prussia (d. 1901)
  • 1847 Maria Feodorovna, Princess of Denmark and Empress of Russia, born in Yellow Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1928)
  • 1850 Henricus van de Wetering, Archbishop of Utrecht (1895-1929), born in Hoogland, Netherlands (d. 1929)
  • 1852 Yamamoto Gonnohyōe, Japanese admiral and politician (Prime Minister of Japan 1913-1914, 1923-1924), born in Kagoshima, Japan (d. 1933)
  • 1853 Bat Masterson, American gunfighter in the Wild West, born in Henriville, Canada East (d. 1921)
  • 1857 Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist (Mémoire sur le système primitif des voyelles dans les langues indo-européennes), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1913)
  • 1858 Katharine Drexel, American philanthropist and Roman Catholic Saint, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1955)

Albert B. FallAlbert B. Fall (1861-1944)

American Senator (R-New Mexico 1912-21) and US Secretary of the Interior (1921-23), convicted for his part in the Teapot Dome scandal, born in Frankfort, Kentucky

  • 1862 Marc Aurel Stein, Hungarian-British archaeologist, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1943)
  • 1864 Herman Gorter, Dutch socialist and poet (May, Tiny Hero's Poem), born in Wormerveer, Netherlands (d. 1927)
  • 1869 Maud of Wales, Queen of Norway, spouse of King Haakon VII, born in Marlborough House, London (d. 1938)
  • 1874 Edmond Fleg[enheimer], Swiss-French author (Ecoute Israel), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1963)
  • 1876 Bart van der Leck, Dutch painter (Style), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1958)

Willis CarrierWillis Carrier (1876-1950)

American engineer (developed modern air conditioning), born in Angola, New York

  • 1885 Heinrich Brüning, German politician and Chancellor of Germany (1930-32), born in Münster, Province of Westphalia, German Empire (d. 1970)
  • 1887 Ernest de Silva, Sri Lankan business magnate and philanthropist, born in Colombo, British Ceylon (d. 1957)
  • 1888 Franz Jung, German writer and political activist, born in Nysa (d. 1963)
  • 1894 James Charles McGuigan, Catholic cardinal archbishop of Toronto, born in Hunter River, Prince Edward Island, Canada (d. 1974)

Norbert WienerNorbert Wiener (1894-1964)

American mathematician who founded cybernetics, born in Columbia, Missouri

  • 1895 Bertil Lindblad, Swedish astronomer (Milky Way system), born in Örebro, Sweden (d. 1965)
  • 1895 Bill Wilson, American co-founder (alcoholics anonymous), born in East Dorset, Vermont (d. 1971)

Karl ZieglerKarl Ziegler (1898-1973)

German chemist and Nobel Laureate (polymers), born in Helsa, German Empire

  • 1899 Bruno Hauptmann, German kidnapper of Charles Augustus Lindbergh III, born in Kamenz, Saxony, Germany (d. 1936)
  • 1901 Philip Idenburg, Dutch statistician, born in Hillegersberg, Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • 1902 Gerrit Jan van der Veen [Wolffensperger], Dutch resistance fighter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1944)
  • 1904 Armand Frappier, French Canadian physician and microbiologist, born in Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Quebec, Canada (d. 1991)
  • 1907 Ruth Patrick, American botanist and limnologist, born in Topeka, Kansas (d. 2013)
  • 1908 Charles Forte, Italian-British hotel magnate (Savoy), born in Mortale, Italy (d. 2007)
  • 1909 Eugene Ionesco, Romanian-French playwright (Rhinoceros, Bald Soprano), born in Slatina, Romania (d. 1994)
  • 1911 Raymond Scheyven, Belgian minister of Economic Affairs, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1987)
  • 1918 Patricio Aylwin, Chilean lawyer, politician and President of Chile (1990-94), born in Viña del Mar, Chile (d. 2016)
  • 1919 Frederik Pohl, American sci-fi author (3 Hugo, Gateway, Bipohl), born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Paul Rodenko, Dutch poet and author (Stolen Lover), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1976)
  • 1921 Françoise Gilot, French painter, designer, and author (Life with Picasso), born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
  • 1921 Verghese Kurien, Indian engineer (billion-litre idea), born in Calicut, India (d. 2012)

Charles M. SchulzCharles M. Schulz (1922-2000)

American cartoonist (Peanuts), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota

  • 1924 George Segal, American painter and sculptor of lifelike mixed-media figures (Bus Driver), born in NYC, New York (d. 2000)

Gregorio ÁlvarezGregorio Álvarez (1925-2016)

Uruguayan dictator and President of Uruguay (1981-85), born in Montevideo, Uruguay [1]

  • 1926 Michael Butler, American theatrical producer (Hair; Lenny), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2022)
  • 1927 Ernie Coombs, American-Canadian children's entertainer (Mr. Dressup), born in Lewiston, Maine (d. 2001)
  • 1928 John Barton, British theatre director and co-founder of the Royal Shakespeare Company, born in London, England (d. 2018)
  • 1929 Joyce McCartan, Irish peace campaigner, born in Banbridge, County Down, Ireland (d. 1995)
  • 1930 Berthold Leibinger, German entrepreneur (Trumpf) and philanthropist, born in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 2018)
  • 1931 Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Argentine painter and activist (1980 Nobel Peace Prize), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 1931 Adrianus Johannes Simonis, Archbishop of Utrecht (1983-2007), born in Lisse, Netherlands
  • 1932 Marten Beinema, Dutch politician (CDA)
  • 1936 Margaret Boden, English philosopher (Research Professor of Cognitive Science in the Department of Informatics at the University of Sussex), born in London
  • 1937 Boris Yegorov, Soviet physician and cosmonaut (Voskhod I), born in Moscow, Soviet Union (d. 1994)
  • 1938 Porter Goss, American politician (Rep-R-Florida) and 1st Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, born in Waterbury, Connecticut
  • 1938 Rodney Jory, Australian physicist, born in Adelaide, Australia
  • 1939 Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, Malaysian politician (5th Prime Minister of Malaysia, 2003-09), born in Bayan Lepas, Penang, Malaysia
  • 1939 Jeremy Boorda, U.S. Navy admiral (25th Chief of Naval Operations), born in South Bend, Indiana (d. 1996)
  • 1943 Jerry Kleczka, American politician (Rep-D-WI, 1984-2005), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 2017)
  • 1943 Marilynne Robinson, American writer (Gilead), born in Sandpoint, Idaho
  • 1943 Paul Burnett, English radio disc jockey, born in Hulme, Manchester, England
  • 1945 Björn von Sydow, Swedish politician (Minister for Defence), born in Solna, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1946 Angus Suttie, English potter and teacher of art ceramics, born in Tealing, Scotland (d. 1993)
  • 1949 Maggie Donnelly, London bag lady (d. 1996)
  • 1951 La Cicciolina [Ilona Staller], Italian MP, born in Budapest, Hungary
  • 1953 Hilary Benn, British Labour Party politician, born in Hammersmith, London
  • 1953 Shelley Moore Capito, American politician (Senator-R-West Virginia, Rep-R-WV 2001-15), born in Glen Dale, West Virginia
  • 1954 Roz Chast, American cartoonist (Can't We Talk About Something More Pleasant?), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1954 Velupillai Prabhakaran, Sri Lankan founder and leader of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, born in Valvettithurai, Dominion of Ceylon (d. 2009)
  • 1955 Tracy Hickman, American sci-fi author (Dragons of Spring Dawning), born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • 1956 Nico Slothouwer, Dutch poet (The Man and His Bag), born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • 1958 Steve Buyer, American politician (Rep-R-Indiana), born in Rensselaer, Indiana
  • 1969 Kara Walker, American artist (The Subtlety), born in Stockton, California
  • 1979 B.J. Averell, American reality television contestant (The Amazing Race 9), born in Camden, New Jersey
  • 1981 Jamie Fiske, liver transplant recipient
  • 1981 Natalie Gauci, Australian Idol 2007 winner, born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1983 Chris Hughes, American businessman and co-founder of Facebook, born in Hickory, North Carolina
  • 1987 Summer Lee, American politician (1st back woman elected to Congress for Pennsylvania (D) 2023-), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1992 Louis Ducruet, Prince of Princess Stéphanie of Monaco & Daniel Ducruet, born in Princess Grace Hospital Centre, La Colle, Monaco