Birthdays in History on November 27

  • 1127 Emperor Xiaozong, 11th emperor of the Song dynasty in China (d. 1194)
  • 1563 Robbert Robbertsz le Canu, Dutch nautical expert, born in Amersfoort, Netherlands (d. c. 1630)
  • 1576 Shimazu Tadatsune, Japanese ruler of Satsuma (d. 1638)
  • 1582 Pierre Dupuy, French historian and scholar, born in Agen, France (d. 1651)
  • 1588 Valerius Andreas, Flemish historian, born in Dessel, North Brabant (d. 1655)
  • 1630 Sigismund Francis, Archduke of Austria, born in Innsbruck, Austria (d. 1665)
  • 1635 Françoise d'Aubigné, marquise de Maintenon, second wife of Louis XIV of France, born in Niort, Kingdom of France (d. 1719)
  • 1648 Petrus Codde, Dutch Roman Catholic apostole vicar (1688-1704), born in Amsterdam (d. 1710)
  • 1668 Henri François d'Aguesseau, Chancellor of France (1717-50), born in Limoges, France (d. 1751)

Anders CelsiusAnders Celsius (1701-1744)

Swedish astronomer (proposed the Celsius temperature scale), born in Uppsala, Sweden

  • 1710 Robert Lowth, British Bishop of the Church of England and grammarian (A Short Introduction to English Grammar), born in Winchester, England (d. 1787)
  • 1746 Increase Sumner, American politician (5th Governor of Massachusetts), born in Roxbury, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1799)

Robert R. LivingstonRobert R. Livingston (1746-1813)

US Founding Father who delivered the oath of office to George Washington, born in NYC, New York

  • 1756 Paul van Hemert, Dutch theologist and philosopher (Kant) (d. 1825)
  • 1775 Joachim le Sage ten Broek, Dutch notary and publicist, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1847)
  • 1778 John Murray II, Scottish publisher (publisher Lord Byron) (d. 1843)
  • 1779 Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre, French general and statesman, born in Paris (d. 1865)
  • 1787 Jacob van Rechteren van Appeltern, Dutch politician (advocated for elections as one of "Nine Men"), born in Appeltern, Netherlands (d. 1845)
  • 1808 Hugh W. Mercer, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Fredericksburg, Virginia (d. 1877)
  • 1833 Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge, granddaughter of George III, grandmother of Edward VIII and George VI and great-grandmother of Elizabeth II, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1897)
  • 1840 Aleksey Apukhtin, Russian poet and friend of Tsjaikovski, born in Bolkhov, Russian Empire (d. 1893) [OS=11/15]
  • 1843 Elizabeth Stride "Long Liz", English victim of Jack the Ripper, born in Torslanda, Sweden (d. 1888)
  • 1843 William Cornelius Van Horne, American-Canadian railway executive (Canadian Pacific Railway), born in Frankfort, Illinois (d. 1915)
  • 1854 Alois Lexa von Aehrenthal, Austrian diplomat (Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary 1906-12), born in Groß Skal, Bohemia, Austrian Empire (d. 1912)
  • 1857 Charles Scott Sherrington, British physiologist (Nobel 1932-functions of neurons), born in London (d. 1952)
  • 1865 Jose Asunción Silva, Colombian poet (Nocturno III), born in Bogotá, Colombia (d. 1896)
  • 1870 Juho Kusti Paasikivi, Finnish politician (7th President of Finland 1946-56), born in Tampere, Finland (d. 1956)
  • 1871 Giovanni Giorgi, Italian physicist and electrical engineer (Giorgi system of measurement), born in Lucca, Italy (d. 1950)

Chaim WeizmannChaim Weizmann (1874-1952)

Israeli statesman and Zionist leader (1st President of Israel 1949-52), born in Motal, Russian Empire

  • 1874 Charles A. Beard, American historian (American Continentalism), born in Knightstown, Indiana (d. 1948)
  • 1875 Władysław Orkan [Franciszek Ksawery Smaciarz], Polish author (Nowele Zebrane), born in Poręba Wielka, Austria-Hungary (d. 1930)
  • 1878 Jatindramohan Bagchi, Indian (Bengali) poet, born in Jamsherpur, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1948).
  • 1886 Tsugouharu Foujita, Japanese-French painter and printmaker, born in Tokyo (d. 1968)
  • 1891 Pedro Salinas, Spanish writer (Generation of 1927), born in Madrid (d. 1951)
  • 1894 Amphilochius of Pochayiv [Yakov Varnavovich Golovatyuk], Ukrainian Orthodox Christian saint, born in Mala Ilovytsya, Ternopil Oblast, Ukraine (d. 1971)
  • 1894 Forrest C. Shaklee, American chiropractor and founder (Shaklee Products), born in Carlisle, Iowa (d. 1985)
  • 1894 Kōnosuke Matsushita, Japanese industrialist (founded Panasonic), born in Wakayama, Empire of Japan (d. 1989)
  • 1896 Giovanni Battista Angioletti, Italian author (Il giorno del giudizio), born in Milan, Italy (d. 1961)
  • 1897 Vito Genovese, Italian-American crime syndicate boss, born in Risigliano, Tufino, Italy (d. 1969)
  • 1898 Fredric Warburg, British publisher (Animal Farm) and author, born in Paddington, London (d. 1981)
  • 1907 L. Sprague de Camp, American sci-fi author (Goblin Tower, Hand of Zei), born in NYC, New York (d. 2000)
  • 1909 Anatoly Maltsev, Russian mathematician (decidability of various algebraic groups), born in Moscow (d. 1967)
  • 1909 Donald John Urquhart, English librarian, born in Whitley Bay, England (d. 1994)
  • 1909 James Agee, American author (African Queen, Death in Family), born in Knoxville, Tennessee (d. 1955)
  • 1911 David Merrick, American theatrical producer (Hello Dolly), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 2000)
  • 1911 Fe del Mundo, Filipino pediatrician and National Scientist of the Philippines, born in Manila, Philippine Islands (d. 2011)
  • 1913 Frances Swem Anderson, American technologist (nuclear medicine), born in Grand Rapids, Michigan (d. 2019)
  • 1914 Evangeline Bruce, American society hostess and writer, born in England (d. 1995)
  • 1917 Tiny Rowland [Roland Fuhrop], German-British businessman and corporate raider (Observer, tried to take over Harrods), born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1998)
  • 1920 Elaine Greene, literary Agent
  • 1920 John Richard Ravensdale, historian
  • 1920 Max Tripels, Dutch politician, lawyer, and director, born in Maastricht, Netherlands (d. 1993)

Alexander DubčekAlexander Dubček (1921-1992)

Slovak politician who headed the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia and was deposed after the Soviet invasion, born in Uhrovec, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia)

  • 1921 Ole Sarvig, Danish writer and critic (Limbo, Glem Ikke), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1981)
  • 1923 Robert A. Young, American politician (Rep-D-MO, 1977-87), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 2007)
  • 1924 Theresia van der Pant, Dutch sculptor, born in Schiedam. Netherlands (d. 2013)
  • 1925 John Maddox, British science writer and editor (Nature), born in Penllergaer, Wales (d. 2009)
  • 1926 Lucienne Schmidt-Couttet, French alpine skier (World C'ship gold Giant Slalom 1954), born in Chamonix-Mont-Blanc, France (d. 2022)
  • 1927 William E. Simon, American businessman, US Secretary of Treasury under Nixon, born in Paterson, New Jersey (d. 2000)
  • 1929 Billy Nair, South African union/SACP leader (20 yrs in Robbeneiland Prison)
  • 1930 James M. Taylor, American USAF/astronaut, born in Stamps, Arkansas (d. 1970)
  • 1930 Joe DeNardo, American Meteorologist, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1930 Vladimir Maksimov, Russian writer and dissident, born in Moscow, Soviet Union (d. 1995)
  • 1932 Benigno Aquino Jr, Philippine opposition leader who was assassinated, born in Concepcion, Philippines (d. 1983)
  • 1934 Lawrence Jenco, American Roman Catholic priest held hostage in Beirut, Lebanon, born in Joliet, Illinois (d. 1996)
  • 1937 Gail Sheehy, American author (Hustling), born in Mamaroneck, New York
  • 1943 Nicole Brossard, French Canadian poet, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1944 Martin Corbett, English gay rights activist (Gay Liberation Front, OutRage!), born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1944 Mickey Leland, American politician (Rep-D-TX, 1979-89), born in Lubbock, Texas (d. 1989)
  • 1946 Ismaïl Omar Guelleh, 2nd President of Djibouti (1999-present), born in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
  • 1952 James D. Wetherbee, American Naval officer and astronaut (STS 32, 52, 63, 86), born in Flushing, New York
  • 1952 Sheila Copps, Canadian politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Canada (1993-97), born in Hamilton, Ontario
  • 1953 Stephen "Steve" Bannon, American advisor to Trump, chair of Breitbart News, born in Norfolk, Virginia
  • 1957 Caroline Kennedy. American attorney and diplomat ,daughter of JFK & Jackie Kennedy, born in New York City
  • 1957 Kevin O'Connell, American sound re-recording mixer (Hacksaw Ridge), born in Long Island, New York
  • 1957 Terri R Adams, educator (teacher in space)
  • 1960 Kevin Henkes, American children's book writer/illustrator (Caldecott Medal), born in Racine, Wisconsin
  • 1960 Tim Pawlenty, American politician, Governor of Minnesota (2003-11), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota
  • 1960 Yulia Tymoshenko, Ukrainian politician and co-leader of the Orange Revolution, Prime Minister (2005, 2007-10), born in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
  • 1966 Edward Hall, British theatre director of Hampstead Theatre (Rose Rage), born in England
  • 1971 Eric Menendez, American accused of killing his parents (Menendez Brothers), born in NYC
  • 1994 Shrek the sheep, New Zealand sheep that held world record for biggest shorn fleece, born at Bendigo Station, Otago (d. 2011)