On This Day

Birthdays in History on November 27

  • 1127 Emperor Xiaozong, 11th emperor of the Song dynasty in China (d. 1194)
  • 1563 Robbert Robbertsz le Canu, Dutch nautical expert, born in Amersfoort, Netherlands
  • 1576 Shimazu Tadatsune, Japanese ruler of Satsuma (d. 1638)
  • 1582 Pierre Dupuy, French historian and scholar, born in Agen, France (d. 1651)
  • 1588 Valerius Andreas , Flemish historian, born in Dessel, North Brabant (d. 1655)
  • 1630 Sigismund Francis, Archduke of Austria, born in Innsbruck, Austria (d. 1665)
  • 1635 Françoise d'Aubigné, marquise de Maintenon, second wife of Louis XIV of France, born in Niort, Kingdom of France (d. 1719)
  • 1648 Petrus Codde, Dutch Roman Catholic apostole vicar (1688-1704), born in Amsterdam (d. 1710)
  • 1668 Henri François d'Aguesseau, Chancellor of France (1717-50), born in Limoges, France (d. 1751)

Person of interestAnders Celsius

1701 Anders Celsius, Swedish astronomer (proposed the Celsius temperature scale), born in Uppsala, Sweden (d. 1744)

Astronomer Anders Celsius
Astronomer
Anders Celsius
  • 1710 Robert Lowth, British Bishop of the Church of England and grammarian (A Short Introduction to English Grammar), born in Winchester, England (d. 1787)

Person of interestRobert R. Livingston

1746 Robert R. Livingston, US Founding Father who delivered oath of office to George Washington, born in NYC, New York (d. 1813)

American Founding Father Robert R. Livingston
American Founding Father
Robert R. Livingston
  • 1746 Increase Sumner, American politician (5th Governor of Massachusetts), born in Roxbury, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1799)
  • 1756 Paul van Hemert, Dutch theologist and philosopher (Kant) (d. 1825)
  • 1775 Joachim le Sage ten Broek, Dutch notary and publicist, born in Groningen, Netherlands (1847)
  • 1778 John Murray, Scottish publisher (d. 1843)

  • 1779 Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre, French general and statesman, born in Paris (d. 1865)
  • 1787 Jacob earl van Rechteren van Appeltern, governor of Gelderland
  • 1808 Hugh W. Mercer, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Fredericksburg, Virginia (d. 1877)
  • 1833 Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge, granddaughter of George III, grandmother of Edward VIII and George VI and great-grandmother of Elizabeth II, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1897)
  • 1840 Aleksey Apukhtin, Russian poet and friend of Tsjaikovski, born in Bolkhov, Russian Empire (d. 1893) [OS=11/15]
  • 1843 William Cornelius Van Horne, American railway executive (Canadian Pacific Railway), born in Frankfort, Illinois (d. 1899)
  • 1843 Elizabeth Stride "Long Liz", English victim of Jack the Ripper, born in Torslanda, Sweden (d. 1888)
  • 1854 Alois Lexa von Aehrenthal, Austrian diplomat (Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary 1906-12), born in Groß Skal, Bohemia, Austrian Empire (d. 1912)
  • 1857 Charles Scott Sherrington, British physiologist (Nobel 1932-functions of neurons), born in London (d. 1952)
  • 1865 Jose Asunción Silva, Colombian poet (Nocturno III), born in Bogotá, Colombia (d. 1896)
  • 1870 Juho Kusti Paasikivi, Finnish politician (7th President of Finland 1946-56), born in Tampere, Finland (d. 1956)
  • 1871 Giovanni Giorgi, Italian physicist and electrical engineer (Giorgi system of measurement), born in Lucca, Italy (d. 1950)
  • 1874 Chaim Weizmann, Israeli statesman and Zionist leader (1st President of Israel 1949-52), born in Motal, Russian Empire (d. 1952)
  • 1874 Charles A. Beard, American historian (American Continentalism), born in Knightstown, Indiana (d. 1948)
  • 1875 Władysław Orkan [Franciszek Ksawery Smaciarz], Polish author (Nowele Zebrane), born in Poręba Wielka, Austria-Hungary (d. 1930)
  • 1878 Jatindramohan Bagchi, Indian (Bengali) poet, born in Jamsherpur, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1948).
  • 1886 Tsugouharu Foujita, Japanese-French painter and printmaker, born in Tokyo (d. 1968)
  • 1891 Pedro Salinas, Spanish writer (Generation of 1927), born in Madrid (d. 1951)
  • 1894 Forrest C. Shaklee, American chiropractor and founder (Shaklee Products), born in Carlisle, Iowa (d. 1985)
  • 1894 Amphilochius of Pochayiv [Yakov Varnavovich Golovatyuk], Ukrainian Orthodox Christian saint, born in Mala Ilovytsya, Ternopil Oblast, Ukraine (d. 1971)

  • 1894 Kōnosuke Matsushita, Japanese industrialist (founded Panasonic), born in Wakayama, Empire of Japan (d. 1989)
  • 1896 Giovanni Battista Angioletti, Italian author (Il giorno del giudizio), born in Milan, Italy (d. 1961)
  • 1897 Vito Genovese, Italian-American crime syndicate boss, born in Risigliano, Tufino, Italy (d. 1969)
  • 1898 Fredric Warburg, British publisher (Animal Farm) and author, born in Paddington, London (d. 1981)
  • 1907 L. Sprague de Camp, American sci-fi author (Goblin Tower, Hand of Zei), born in NYC, New York (d. 2000)
  • 1909 Donald John Urquhart, English librarian, born in Whitley Bay, England (d. 1994)
  • 1909 James Agee, American author (African Queen, Death in Family), born in Knoxville, Tennessee (d. 1955)
  • 1909 Anatoly Maltsev, Russian mathematician (decidability of various algebraic groups), born in Moscow (d. 1967)
  • 1911 David Merrick, American theatrical producer (Hello Dolly), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 2000)
  • 1911 Fe del Mundo, Filipino pediatrician and National Scientist of the Philippines, born in Manila, Philippine Islands (d. 2011)
  • 1913 Frances Swem Anderson, American technologist (nuclear medicine), born in Grand Rapids, Michigan (d. 2019)
  • 1914 Evangeline Bruce, hostess
  • 1917 Tiny Rowland, [Roland Fuhrop], German/British owner (Observer)
  • 1920 Elaine Greene, literary Agent
  • 1920 John Richard Ravensdale, historian
  • 1920 Max Tripels, Ditch politician, lawyer, and director

Person of interestAlexander Dubček

1921 Alexander Dubček, Czechoslovak politician who headed the Czech Communist Party and was deposed after a Soviet invasion, born in Uhrovec, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia)

Leader of Czechoslovakia Alexander Dubček
Leader of Czechoslovakia
Alexander Dubček
  • 1921 Ole Sarvig, Danish writer/critic (Limbo, Glem Ikke)
  • 1923 Robert A Young, (Rep-D-MO, 1977-86)
  • 1924 Theresa R van der Pant, sculptor
  • 1925 John Maddox, British science writer and editor
  • 1926 Barbara Anderson, New Zealand author
  • 1927 William Simon, US sect of Treasury
  • 1929 Billy Nair, South African union/SACP leader (20 yrs in Robbeneiland Prison)
  • 1930 James M Taylor, Stamps ARK, USAF/astronaut
  • 1930 Vladimir Emel Yanovich Lev Alekseevich Samsonov Maksimov, educator
  • 1930 Joe DeNardo, American Meteorologist, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1932 Benigno Aquino Jr, Philippine opposition leader; assassinated
  • 1934 Lawrence Martin Jenco, priest
  • 1937 Gail Sheehy, American author (Hustling), born in Mamaroneck, New York
  • 1943 Nicole Brossard, French Canadian poet
  • 1944 Martin Corbett, English gay rights activist (Gay Liberation Front, OutRage!), born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1944 Mickey Leland, (Rep-D-TX, 1979- )
  • 1945 Alain de Cadenet, SPEED Channel personality
  • 1946 Ismaïl Omar Guelleh, 2nd President of Djibouti (1999-present), born in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
  • 1952 James D Wetherbee, Lt Cmdr USN/astr (STS 32, 52, 63, 86), born in Flushing, New York
  • 1952 Sheila Copps, Canadian politician
  • 1953 Stephen "Steve" Bannon, American advisor to Trump, chair of Breitbart News, born in Norfolk, Virginia
  • 1957 Caroline Kennedy-Schlossberg, attorney, JFK & Jackie's daughter
  • 1957 Terri R Adams, educator (teacher in space)
  • 1957 Kevin O'Connell, American sound re-recording mixer
  • 1960 Kevin Henkes, American children's book writer/illustrator
  • 1960 Tim Pawlenty, American politician
  • 1960 Yulia Tymoshenko, Ukrainian prime minister
  • 1964 Robin Simone Givens, [Mrs Mike Tyson] (Darlene-Head of the Class), born in NYC, New York
  • 1966 Edward Hall, British theatre director of Hampstead Theatre (Rose Rage), born in England
  • 1967 Shawn Watson, American librarian
  • 1971 Eric Menendez, NY, accused of killing his parents (Menendez Brothers)
  • 1973 Jon Runyan, tackle (Tennessee Oilers)
  • 1994 Shrek the sheep, New Zealand sheep that held world record for biggest shorn fleece, born at Bendigo Station, Otago (d. 2011)