Birthdays in History on November 29

  • 1338 Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, son of Edward III of England, born in Antwerp, Buchy of Brabant (d. 1368)
  • 1435 Zhu Qizhen, Chinese Emperor Yingzong of Ming (1435-49 and 1457-64), born in Beijing, Ming China (d. 1464)
  • 1484 Joachim Vadian, Swiss humanist (d. 1551)
  • 1627 John Ray, English naturalist (advances in taxonomy), born in Black Notley, England (d. 1705)
  • 1690 Christian Augustus of Anhalt-Zerbst, father of Catherine II of Russia (d. 1747)
  • 1752 Jemima Wilkinson [Publick Universal Friend], American preacher, founded Universal Friends sect, born in Cumberland, Rhode Island (d. 1819)
  • 1762 Pierre André Latreille, French entomologist (first detailed classification of crustaceans and insects), born in Brive-la-Gaillarde, Corrèze, France (d. 1833)
  • 1781 Andres Bello, Venezuela poet, diplomat and scholar (Silvas Americanas), born in Caracas, Venezuela (d. 1865)
  • 1798 Alexander Brullov, Russian painter (d. 1877)
  • 1799 Amos Bronson Alcott, American educator and poet (Concord Days), born in Wolcott, Connecticut (d. 1888)
  • 1802 Wilhelm Hauff, German writer, born in Stuttgart (d. 1827)

Christian DopplerChristian Doppler (1803-1853)

Austrian physicist (Doppler effect), born in Salzburg, Austria

  • 1811 Wendell Phillips, American abolitionist, women's suffrage advocate and prison reformer, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1884)
  • 1813 Franz von Miklosich, Slovenian linguist (d. 1891)
  • 1815 Stephen Augustus Hurlbut, American politician, commander of US Army of the Gulf, Major General (Union Army), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1882)
  • 1816 Morrison Waite, American jurist (Seventh Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court), born in Lyme, Connecticut (d. 1888)
  • 1818 George Brown, Birtish-Canadian journalist, publisher (Toronto Globe), Premier of Canada West (Liberal: 1858) and one of the Fathers of Confederation, born in Alloa, Clackmannanshire, Scotland (d. 1880)
  • 1825 Jean-Martin Charcot, French neurologist, born in Paris, France (d. 1893)

Louisa May AlcottLouisa May Alcott (1832-1888)

American author (Little Women), born in Germantown, Pennsylvania

  • 1833 Louis Douglass Watkins, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Tallahassee, Florida, (d. 1868)
  • 1834 Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom, American civil engineer, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Norwich, Vermont (d. 1864)
  • 1835 Cixi, Chinese Empress Dowager and ruler, born in Beijing, China (d. 1908)
  • 1838 Aeneas Mackay, Dutch minister of the Interior and the Colonies (d. 1909)
  • 1839 Ludwig Anzengruber, Austrian playwright (Der Schandfleck), born in Vienna (d. 1889)
  • 1849 John Ambrose Fleming, English electrical engineer, physicist and inventor (vaccum diode- 1st electronic rectifier of radio waves), born in Lancaster, England (d. 1945)
  • 1856 Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg, Chancellor of the German Empire (1909-17), born in Hohenfinow, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1921)
  • 1857 Theodor Escherich, German pediatrician (d. 1911)
  • 1870 Andre Lichtenberger, French sociologist and writer (Le petit roi), born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1940)
  • 1874 Antonio Egas Moniz, Portuguese neurosurgeon (Nobel Prize 1949 for developing lobotomy procedure), born in Avanca, Portugal (d. 1955)
  • 1874 Francis Dodd, British artist, born in Holyhead, Wales (d. 1949)
  • 1891 Julius Raab, Austrian politician (Chancellor 1953-61), born in Sankt Pölten, Austria (d. 1964)
  • 1895 William V. S. Tubman, Liberian politician (President of Liberia 1943-70), born in Harper, Liberia (d. 1971)
  • 1896 Philip L. Carret, American investor and founder of Pioneer Fund, born in Lynn, Massachusetts (d. 1998)
  • 1897 Emiel van Hemeldonck, Belgian writer (Mary, My Child), (d. 1981)

C. S. LewisC. S. Lewis (1898-1963)

British author (The Chronicles of Narnia), born in Belfast, Northern Ireland

  • 1899 Andrija Artuković, Croatian war criminal (d. 1988)
  • 1902 Carlo Levi, Italian painter and novelist (Of Fear & Freedom), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1975)
  • 1902 Georges Poulet, French-Belgian critic (Temps Humain), born in Chênée, Belgium (d. 1991)
  • 1904 Egon Eiermann, German architect (d. 1970)
  • 1905 Marcel Lefebvre, French Roman catholic bishop (d. 1991)
  • 1905 Mowbray Howard, 6th Earl of Effingham, English peer (d. 1996)

Adam Clayton Powell Jr.Adam Clayton Powell Jr. (1908-1972)

American politician (Rep-D-NY), born in New Haven, Connecticut

  • 1909 Rupert Davies, British Methodist scholar, born in London, England (d. 1994)

Klaus FuchsKlaus Fuchs (1911-1988)

German-British atomic physicist and spy, born in Rüsselsheim, German Empire

  • 1913 Benjamin Markarian, Armenian astrophysicist (Markarian galaxies), born in Shaumiani, Russian Empire (d. 1985)
  • 1914 Edith Tilton Penrose, American-born British economist (The Theory of the Growth of the Firm), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1996)
  • 1914 Taisen Deshimaru, Japanese founder of several Zen centers in France, born in Saga City, Japan (d. 1982)
  • 1915 Earl W. Sutherland, American pharmacologist (1971 Nobel Prize Medicine or Physiology 1971 - cyclic AMP), born in Burlingame, Kansas (d. 1974)
  • 1918 Madeleine L'Engle, American writer of young adult fiction, novelist, and poet (Wrinkle in Time and sequels; Ilsa; Lines Scribbled on an Envelope), born in New York City (d. 2007)
  • 1920 Yegor Ligachev, Soviet politician
  • 1922 Benjamin Smit, Curacaos architect (St Elizabeth Hospital)

Beji Caid EssebsiBeji Caid Essebsi (1926-2019)

Tunisia's 1st freely elected President (2014-2019), born in Sidi Bou Said, Tunisia

  • 1928 Paul Simon, American politician (U. S. House of Representatives, 1975-85; U.S. Senator from Illinois, 1985-97), born in Eugene, Oregon (d. 2003)
  • 1928 Tahir Salahov, Azerbaijani painter
  • 1929 Jackie Stallone, American astrologer and mother of Sylvester Stallone, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1930 Shirley Porter, English politician
  • 1931 Frank T Mdlalose, KwaZulu minister of Internal minister

Jacques ChiracJacques Chirac (1932-2019)

President of France (1995-2007) and Prime Minister of France (1974-76, 1986-88), born in Paris, France

  • 1932 John Anthony Kaiser, American Roman Catholic priest, born in Perham, Minnesota (d. 2000)
  • 1933 David Reuben, American author (Everything You Wanted to Know about Sex)
  • 1933 James Rosenquist, American pop artist, born in Grand Forks, North Dakota (d. 2017)
  • 1936 Gerti Tetzner, German writer, born in Thuringia
  • 1937 Johan Jørgen Holst, Norwegian minister of Foreign affairs (worked on the Oslo Peace Accords), born in Oslo, Norway (d. 1994)
  • 1941 Ronald D. Coleman, American politician (Rep-D-TX, 1983-97), born in El Paso, Texas
  • 1942 Maggie Thompson, American librarian and magazine editor (Comics Buyer's Guide)
  • 1943 Sue Miller, American author (While I Was Gone), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1947 Petra Kelly, German politician and activist (German Green Party), born in Gunzburg, Bavaria
  • 1949 Kenneth D. Cameron, American Lt Colonel and astronaut (STS 37, 56, 74), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1950 Kevin O'Donnell Jr, American sci-fi author (Caverns, Reefs, Lava)
  • 1953 Alex Grey, American artist, born in Columbus, Ohio
  • 1953 Rosemary West, English serial killer (killed nine with husband Fred West), born in Northam, England
  • 1958 Mario Petrucci, Anglo-Italian Poet and Ecologist
  • 1959 Rahm Emanuel, American politician (Mayor of Chicago 2011-19; White House Chief of Staff 2009-10; U.S Representative from Illinois, 2003-09), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1965 Wallis Buchanan, British rock didgeridoo player (Jamiroquai - "When You Gonna Learn"), born in London, England
  • 1968 Dany Garcia, American producer (works with The Rock), born in Belleville, New Jersey
  • 1973 Sarah Jones, American playwright, born in Winter Springs, Florida
  • 1977 Andy Beshear, American politician, Governor of Kentucky (2019-), born in Louisville, Kentucky
  • 1985 Taguchi Junnosuke, Japanese idol (KAT-TUN), born in Sagamihara, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan