On This Day

Birthdays in History on November 3

  • 39 Lucan, Latin poet (Bellum Civile), born in Cordova, Spain
  • 1560 Annibale Carracci, Italian painter, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1609)
  • 1604 Osman II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1618-22), born in Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1622)
  • 1611 Henry Ireton, English general and parliament leader (Marston Moor), born in Attenborough, Nottinghamshire, England (d. 1651)
  • 1618 Aurangzeb, 6th Mughal Emperor (1658-1707), born in Dahod, Mughal Empire (d. 1707)
  • 1619 Willem Kalf, Dutch painter (still lifes), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1693)
  • 1621 Renatus Rapinus [René Rapin], French Jesuit theologian and poet (Hortorum libri IV), born in Tours, France (d. 1687)
  • 1718 John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, British statesman who claimed to have invented the sandwich, born in Chiswick, England (d. 1792)
  • 1736 Christiaan Brunings, Dutch hydraulic engineer, born in Mannheim-Neckarau, Germany (d. 1805)
  • 1749 Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (isolation of nitrogen in 1772), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1819)
  • 1753 August Gottlieb Meißner, German Enlightenment author who helped develop the detective story genre in German literature, born in Bautzen, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1807)

Person of interestStephen F. Austin

1793 Stephen F. Austin, Founded and helped colonize the US state of Texas, born in Austinville, Virginia (d. 1836)

Founder of Texas Stephen F. Austin
Founder of Texas
Stephen F. Austin
  • 1794 William Cullen Bryant, American poet (Thanatopsis), born in Cummington, Massachusetts (d. 1878)
  • 1798 Mason James Murray, American senator and Confederate diplomat (Trent Affair), born in Fairfax, Virginia (d. 1871)
  • 1799 William Sprague III, American politician (U.S. Senator from Rhode Island 1842-44)), born in Cranston, Rhode Island (d. 1856)
  • 1801 Karl Baedeker, German publisher (known for guidebooks for tourists), born in Essen, Germany (d. 1859)

  • 1815 John Mitchel, Irish nationalist (Jail Journal), born in Camnish, County Londonderry (d. 1875)
  • 1816 Jubal Early, American General (Confederate Army), born in Franklin County, Virginia (d. 1894)
  • 1818 Gustavus Adolphus DeRussy, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1891)
  • 1826 Jasper Adalmorn Maltby, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Kingsville, Ohio (d. 1867)
  • 1830 Jacob Maarten van Bemmelen, Dutch physicist and chemist, born in Almelo, Netherlands (d. 1911)
  • 1833 Edward D. Tracy, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Macon, Georgia (d. 1863)
  • 1841 Johannes Eugenius Bülow Warming, Danish botanist (plant ecology, environment-organism interactions), born in Mandø, Denmark (d. 1924)
  • 1845 Edward Douglass White, American politician and jurist (9th Chief Justice of the United States), born in Thibodaux, Louisiana (d. 1921)
  • 1852 Emperor Meiji [Mutsuhito], 122nd emperor of Japan (1867-1912), born in Kyōto, Japan (d. 1912)
  • 1854 Jokichi Takamine, Japanese-American biochemist who isolated adrenaline (epinephrine), which causes the body to respond to emergencies, the first pure hormone isolated from natural sources, born in Takaoka, Toyama, Japan (d. 1922)
  • 1857 Mikhail Vasilyevich Alekseyev, Imperial Russian general and WW I Chief of Staff, born in Vyazma, Smolensk Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1918) [OS]
  • 1861 Johann Peter Kirsch, Luxembourg church historian and archaeologist, born in Dippach, Luxembourg (d. 1941)
  • 1870 John Motley Morehead III, American chemist (commercial production of calcium carbide, important for welding), born in Spray, North Carolina (d. 1922)
  • 1872 Wilfred Trotter, English surgeon who was a pioneer in neurosurgery, popularized the concept of herd instinct, and was an authority in cancers of the head and neck, born in Coleford, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1939)
  • 1876 Stephen Alencastre, Portuguese Roman Catholic prelate, born in Porto Santo, Madeira Islands, Portugal (d. 1940)
  • 1877 Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, 19th and 25th President of Chile, born in Chillán, Chile (d. 1960)
  • 1879 Vilhjalmur Stefansson, Canadian-American Arctic explorer and ethnologist, born in Arnes, Manitoba (d. 1961)
  • 1884 Apie [Adrian P] Prince, Dutch author (Me Own Way)
  • 1887 Samuil Marshak, Russian-Soviet writer, translator and children's poem poet, born in Voronezh, Russian Empire (d. 1964)
  • 1889 Heinrich Campendonk, German painter and wood carver, born in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany (d. 1957)

  • 1890 Eustáquio van Lieshout, Dutch priest and missionary in Brazil, born in Aarle-Rixtel, North Brabant, Netherlands (d. 1943)

Person of interestWilliam George Barker

1894 William George Barker, Canadian flying ace (Victoria Cross recipient), born in Dauphin, Manitoba (d. 1930)

First World War Flying Ace William George Barker
First World War Flying Ace
William George Barker
  • 1897 Frederick Stratten Russell, English marine biologist (plankton life history and linked their depth in the seas to light availability helping explain long-term changes in the ecosystem), born in Bridport, Dorset, England (d. 1984)
  • 1899 Gleb Wataghin, Ukrainian-Italian physicist, born in Birzula, Russian Empire (d. 1986)

Person of interestAndré Malraux

1901 André Malraux [Berger], French novelist and art historian (La Condition Humaine), born in Paris, France (d. 1976)

Novelist André Malraux
Novelist
André Malraux
  • 1901 Leopold III [Filip von Saksen-Coburg], King of the Belgians (from 1934, abdicated 1951), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1983)
  • 1903 Walker Evans, American photographer (Fortune Magazine), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1975)
  • 1905 Lois Mailou Jones, American painter (Peasants on Parade), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1998)
  • 1905 William Donald Campbell, diarist/ornithologist
  • 1909 James Reston, American journalist (New York Times), born in Clydebank, Dunbartonshire, Scotland (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Alfredo Stroessner, 42nd President of Paraguay (1954-89), born in Encarnación, Paraguay (d. 2006)
  • 1918 Russell B. Long, American politician (Sen-D-LA, 1948-86), born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2003)
  • 1918 Elizabeth P. Hoisington, American Brigadier General (one of the first two women to attain the rank of brigadier general), born in Newton, Kansas (d. 2007)
  • 1919 Jesús Blasco, Spanish comic book author (Cuto), born in Barcelona (d. 1995)
  • 1920 Oodgeroo Noonuccal, Australian Aboriginal political activist and writer (We Are Going), born in Minjerribah, Queensland, Australia (d. 1993)
  • 1923 Tomás Cardinal Ó Fiaich, Northern Irish clergyman (d. 1990)
  • 1925 Dieter Wellershoff, German author (Minotaur)
  • 1926 Valdas Adamkus, President of the Republic of Lithuania
  • 1927 Harrison McCain, Canadian businessman (McCain Foods Limited), born in Florenceville, New Brunswick
  • 1928 Osamu Tezuka, Japanese manga artist (Kimba the White Lion), born in Toyonaka City, Japan (d. 1989)
  • 1930 Philip M Crane, (Rep-R-IL, 1969- )
  • 1930 William H Dana, pilot (X-15)
  • 1930 D. James Kennedy, American theologian (d. 2007)
  • 1931 Yon Hyong-muk, North Korean politician (d. 2005)
  • 1932 Thomas J Manton, (Rep-D-NY, 1985- )
  • 1933 Louis W Sullivan, US Sec of Health & Human Services (1989- )
  • 1933 Michael Dukakis, Governor of Massachusetts (1975-79 and 1983-91) and 1988 Democratic presidential nominee, born in Brookline, Massachusetts

Person of interestAmartya Sen

1933 Amartya Sen, Indian economist and Nobel Prize laureate (welfare economics and social choice theory), born in Santiniketan, West Bengal, India

Economist/Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen
Economist/Nobel Laureate
Amartya Sen
  • 1934 Hans Janmaat, Dutch politician (CP, CD)
  • 1937 Lynn Woolsey, (Rep-D-California)
  • 1938 Pupi Avati, Italian director (Festival, Bix, Impiegati), born in Bologna, Italy
  • 1938 Martin Dunwoody, British mathematician
  • 1939 Terrence McNally, American playwright (Kiss of the Spider Woman), born in St Petersburg, Florida (d. 2020)
  • 1947 Mazie Hirono, American politician

Person of interestAnna Wintour

1949 Anna Wintour, English-American editor (Editor of US Vogue), born in London, England

Magazine Editor Anna Wintour
Magazine Editor
Anna Wintour
  • 1950 Joe Queenan, American writer
  • 1950 Massimo Mongai, Italian writer
  • 1950 James Rothman, American Biochemist and Nobel Laureate (2013) for work on vesicle trafficking, born in Haverhill, Massachusetts
  • 1951 Ed Murawinski, American cartoonist, New York Daily News
  • 1952 Felix R de Rooy, Curacaos poet/sculptor

Person of interestDavid Ho

1952 David Ho, Taiwanese-American pioneering HIV/AIDS researcher, born in Taichung, Taiwan

AIDS Researcher David Ho
AIDS Researcher
David Ho
  • 1954 Godzilla, Japanese monster (Godzilla)
  • 1954 Kevin P Chilton, American General, test pilot and NASA astronaut (STS 49, 59, 76), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1961 David AC viscount Linley, son of English princess Margaret/mystic
  • 1962 Phil Katz, American computer programmer (Zip file format), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 2000)
  • 1962 Jacqui Smith UK Home Secretary
  • 1962 Gaben "Gabe" Newell, American computer programmer, businessman and co-founder of "Valve Corporation", born in Colorado
  • 1980 Hans Andersen, Danish speedway rider (captain Denmark Speedway World Cup gold 2006, 08), born in Odense, Denmark
  • 1983 Suzane von Richthofen, Brazilian murderess
  • 1984 Ryo Nishikido, Japanese Idol (member of NEWS (band) and Kanjani8)
  • 1987 Elizabeth A. Smart, American abductee and activist