Birthdays in History on November 30

Gregory of ToursGregory of Tours (538-594 AD)

Gallo-Roman chronicler and bishop (History of the Franks), born in Auvergne, Austrasia, Gaul

  • 1340 John, Duke of Berry, French art collector and third son of King John II of France and Bonne of Luxemburg, born in Château de Vincennes, France (d. 1416)
  • 1364 John FitzAlan, 2nd Baron Arundel, English soldier (d. 1390)
  • 1373 Ferdinand I the Righteous, King of Aragon and Sicily, born in Medina del Campo (d. 1416)
  • 1427 Casimir IV Jagiellon, King of Poland (1447-92), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1492)
  • 1466 Andrea Doria, Genoese statesman and admiral, born in Oneglia, Duchy of Milan (d. 1560)
  • 1485 Veronica Gambara, Italian poet, born in Pralboino, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1550)
  • 1508 Andrea Palladio [Andrea di Pietro della Gondola], Italian architect (Il Redentore, Venice), born in Padua, Italy (d. 1580)
  • 1554 Philip Sidney, English Elizabethan era poet (Arcadia) and soldier, born in Penshurst, Kent, England (d. 1586)
  • 1594 John Cosin, English clergyman, born in Norwich, Norfolk, England (d. 1672)
  • 1602 Otto von Guericke, German scientist, inventor, and politician, born in Magdeburg, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1686)
  • 1622 Thomas van Apshoven, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp (d. 1664)
  • 1625 Jean Domat, French jurist, born in Clermont, Auvergne (d. 1696)
  • 1637 Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont, French ecclesiastical historian, born in Paris (d. 1698)

Jonathan SwiftJonathan Swift (1667-1745)

Irish author and satirist (Gulliver's Travels, A Modest Proposal), born in Dublin, Ireland

  • 1670 John Toland, Irish rationalist philosopher, born in Ardagh, County Donegal, Ireland (d. 1722)
  • 1683 Ludwig Andreas Graf Khevenhüller, Austrian field marshal, born in Linz, Austria (d. 1744)
  • 1699 Christian VI, King of Denmark and Norway, born in Copenhagen Castle, Denmark (d. 1746)
  • 1719 Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales by marriage to Frederick, Prince of Wales, born in Gotha, Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Germany (d. 1772)
  • 1722 Théodore Gardelle, Swiss painter and enameler, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1761)
  • 1723 William Livingston, American politician and 1st revolutionary Governor of New Jersey, born in Albany, Province of New York (d. 1790)
  • 1726 Jacques Aliamet, French etcher and engraver, born in Abbeville, France (d. 1788)
  • 1768 Jędrzej Śniadecki, Polish writer, physician, chemist (creation of modern Polish terminology in the field of chemistry), born in Żnin, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1838)
  • 1781 Alexander Berry, Scottish surgeon and adventurer (established the first European settlement on the south coast of New South Wales, Australia), born in Hilltarvit Mains Farmhouse, Cupar, Fife, Scotland (d. 1873)
  • 1810 Oliver Winchester, American politician and rifle maker (Winchester Repeating Arms Company), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1880)
  • 1813 Hermann Kurz, German poet and novelist (Schillers Heimatjahre), born in Reutlingen, Germany (d. 1873)
  • 1813 Louise-Victorine Ackermann, French poet (works characterized by a deep sense of pessimism), born in Paris (d. 1890)

Theodor MommsenTheodor Mommsen (1817-1903)

German historian and scholar (Imperial Lives, Nobel Prize in Literature 1902), born in Garding, Duchy of Schleswig

  • 1821 Frederick Temple, 95th Archbishop of Canterbury, born in Levkás, Greece (d. 1902)
  • 1821 Gustavus Woodson Smith, American Major General (Confederate States Army), born in Georgetown, Kentucky (d. 1896)
  • 1826 George Washington Deitzler, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Pine Grove, Pennsylvania (d. 1884)
  • 1827 Henri Ernest Baillon, French botanist (History of Plants), born in Calais, France (d. 1895)
  • 1828 Jedediah Hotchkiss, American topographer and cartographer, born in Windsor, New York (d. 1899)

Mark TwainMark Twain (1835-1910)

American author (Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer), born in Florida, Missouri

  • 1836 Lord Frederick Cavendish, English politician who was appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland in May 1882 and murdered only hours after his arrival in Dublin, born in Compton Place, Eastbourne, Sussex (d. 1882)
  • 1840 Henry Birks, Canadian businessman and founder of Henri Birks and Sons, born in Montreal, Lower Canada (d. 1928)
  • 1843 József Kiss, Hungarian literary (Zsido Dalok), born in Mezőcsát, Hungary (d. 1921)
  • 1855 Willem Treub, Dutch economist and politician, born in Voorschoten, Netherlands (d. 1931)
  • 1858 Jagadish Chandra Bose, Indian physicist, polymath and writer, born in Munshiganj, British India (d. 1937)
  • 1861 Franz Gailliard, Belgian painter (Zeustempel in Athens), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1932)
  • 1863 Andrés Bonifacio, Filipino revolutionary leader of 1896 Philippine revolt against Spain, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 1897)

Gustaf DalénGustaf Dalén (1869-1937)

Swedish physicist and industrialist (AGA, Nobel Prize in Physics 1912), born in Stenstorp, Sweden

  • 1870 Princess Henriette, Duchess of Vendôme and Alençon, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1948)

John McCraeJohn McCrae (1872-1918)

Canadian physician, soldier and poet (In Flanders Fields), born in Guelph, Ontario

Lucy Maud MontgomeryLucy Maud Montgomery (1874-1942)

Canadian author (Anne of Green Gables), born in Clifton, Prince Edward Island

Winston ChurchillWinston Churchill (1874-1965)

British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1940-45, 1951-55) during World War II, and writer (Nobel Prize in Literature, 1953), born in Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England

Albert KesselringAlbert Kesselring (1885-1960)

German general during World War II (Commander-in-Chief South and West), born in Marktsteft, German Empire

  • 1889 Edgar Adrian, English physiologist (Nobel 1932-function of neurons), born in Hampstead, London (d. 1977)
  • 1900 Korneel Goossens, Flemish literary figure and art historian (d. 1971)
  • 1903 Madame Grès [Germaine Emilie Krebs], French haute couturier (Grès), born in Paris, France (d. 1993)
  • 1904 Clyfford Still, American abstract painter and leading figure of the Abstract Expressionists, born in Grandin, North Dakota (d. 1980)
  • 1906 Marina, Princess of Greece and Denmark, Duchess of Kent, husband of English Prince George, born in Athens, Greece (d. 1968)
  • 1907 Jacques Barzun, French author (The House of Intellect), born in Créteil, France (d. 2012)
  • 1915 Angier Biddle Duke, American diplomat and the youngest American ambassador in history, born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)
  • 1915 Henry Taube, Canadian-born American chemist (Nobel Prize 1983 - mechanisms of electron-transfer reactions), born in Neudorf, Saskatchewan (d. 2005)
  • 1918 Johnnie Jones, American attorney, civil rights activist (1953 Baton Rouge Bus Boycott), and US Army veteran (Normandy Invasion - Purple Heart; Battle of the Bulge), born in Laurel Hill, Louisiana (d. 2022) [1]
  • 1919 Anne Wadman, Dutch writer who wrote in Frisian (Fioele & faem, Smearlappen), born in Langweer (d. 1997)
  • 1919 Jan Elburg [Joannes G], Dutch poet (Through the Night), bprn in Wemeldinge, Netherlands (d. 1992)

Shirley ChisholmShirley Chisholm (1924-2005)

1st African American Congresswoman (Rep-D-NY) and presidential candidate, born in Brooklyn, New York

  • 1927 Odvar Nordli, 21st Prime Minister of Norway (Labour: 1976-81), born in Tangen, Norway (d. 2018)
  • 1928 Chic Hecht, (Sen-R-NV, 1983- )
  • 1930 G. Gordon Liddy, American Watergate felon and radio host, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2021)
  • 1930 William H Dana, test pilot (X-15), born in Pasadena, California
  • 1931 Cotton Davidson, American football quarterback & punter (AFL All-Star 1961, 63; AFL All-Star Game MVP 1961; Baltimore Colts, Dallas Texans, Oakland Raiders), born in Gatesville, Texas (d. 2022)
  • 1932 Cho Namchul, South Korean professional Go player (d. 2006)
  • 1932 David Lightbown, British politician and government whip
  • 1933 Linwood C Ivey, NC, (Mayor-Garysburg NC)
  • 1934 Lansana Conté, Guinean politician, born in Dubreka, Guinea (d. 2008)
  • 1936 Abbie Hoffman, aka Free, Yippie/activist/author (Steal this Book)
  • 1936 Michael Jinks, child care pioneer
  • 1937 Adeline Yen Mah, Chinese Writer
  • 1940 Glenn English, American politician (Rep-D-OK, 1975-94), born in Cordell, Oklahoma
  • 1945 Michael Joyce, Irish stage manager and theatre director, born in Galway, Ireland (d. 1994)
  • 1946 Marina Abramović, Serbian American performance artist, born in Belgrade, Serbia

David MametDavid Mamet (75 years old)

1947 American playwright (Speed the Plow, House of Games), born in Chicago, Illinois

  • 1947 Sergio Badilla Castillo, Chilean poet, born in Valparaiso, Chile
  • 1949 Arthur Lee Washington Jr, murderer (FBI Most Wanted), born in Neptune Township, New Jersey
  • 1951 Christian Bernard, mystic
  • 1952 Keith Giffen, American comic book writer and artist
  • 1953 (Alphonso) Mike Espy, American lawyer and politician (US Representative for Mississippi, 1987-93 (D); Secretary of Agriculture, 1993-94), born in Yazoo City, Mississippi
  • 1955 Richard Burr, American politician (Senator-R-North Carolina 2005-, Rep-R-North Carolina 1995-2005), born in Charlottesville, North Carolina
  • 1957 Joël Champetier, French Canadian author
  • 1958 Juliette Bergmann, Dutch bodybuilder
  • 1959 Lorraine Kelly, British presenter and journalist
  • 1962 Daniel Keys Moran, American writer
  • 1965 Lee Klein, American Writer
  • 1965 Prince Akishino of Japan
  • 1966 Wil Mara, American author
  • 1971 Kristi Noem, American politician, Governor of South Dakota (2019-), born in Watertown, South Dakota
  • 1976 Cypher Zero, American circus innovator (New York Circus Arts)
  • 1978 Emil Steiner, American writer