On This Day

Birthdays in History on November 30

Person of interestGregory of Tours

538 St Gregory of Tours, Gallo-Roman chronicler and bishop (Historia Francorum), born in Auvergne, Gaul (d. 594)

Chronicler/Bishop Gregory of Tours
Chronicler/Bishop
Gregory of Tours
  • 1340 John, Duke of Berry, French art collector and third son of King John II of France and Bonne of Luxemburg, born in Château de Vincennes, France (d. 1416)
  • 1364 John FitzAlan, 2nd Baron Arundel, English soldier (d. 1390)
  • 1373 Ferdinand I the Righteous, King of Aragon and Sicily, born in Medina del Campo (d. 1416)
  • 1427 Casimir IV Jagiellon, King of Poland (1447-92), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1492)
  • 1466 Andrea Doria, Genoese statesman and admiral, born in Oneglia, Duchy of Milan (d. 1560)
  • 1485 Veronica Gambara, Italian poet, born in Pralboino, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1550)
  • 1498 Andrés de Urdaneta, Spanish Augustinian friar, sail-captain and explorer, born in Ordizia, Gipuzkoa, Crown of Castile (d. 1568)
  • 1508 Andrea Palladio [Andrea di Pietro della Gondola], Italian architect (Il Redentore, Venice), born in Padua, Italy (d. 1580)
  • 1554 Philip Sidney, English Elizabethan era poet (Arcadia) and soldier, born in Penshurst, Kent, England (d. 1586)
  • 1594 John Cosin, English clergyman, born in Norwich, Norfolk, England (d. 1672)
  • 1602 Otto von Guericke, German scientist, inventor, and politician, born in Magdeburg, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1686)
  • 1622 Thomas of Apshoven, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp
  • 1625 Jean Domat, French jurist, born in Clermont, Auvergne (d. 1696)
  • 1637 Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont, French ecclesiastical historian, born in Paris (d. 1698)

Person of interestJonathan Swift

1667 Jonathan Swift, Irish author and satirist (Gulliver's Travels, A Modest Proposal), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1745)

Author, Poet and Satirist Jonathan Swift
Author, Poet and Satirist
Jonathan Swift

  • 1670 John Toland, Irish rationalist philosopher, born in Ardagh, County Donegal, Ireland (d. 1722)
  • 1683 Ludwig Andreas Graf Khevenhüller, Austrian field marshal, born in Linz, Austria (d. 1744)
  • 1699 Christian VI, King of Denmark and Norway, born in Copenhagen Castle, Denmark (d. 1746)
  • 1719 Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales by marriage to Frederick, Prince of Wales, born in Gotha, Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Germany (d. 1772)
  • 1722 Théodore Gardelle, Swiss painter and enameler, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1761)
  • 1723 William Livingston, American politician and 1st revolutionary Governor of New Jersey, born in Albany, Province of New York (d. 1790)
  • 1726 Jacques Aliamet, French etcher and engraver, born in Abbeville, France (d. 1788)
  • 1768 Jędrzej Śniadecki, Polish writer, physician, chemist (creation of modern Polish terminology in the field of chemistry), born in Żnin, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1838)
  • 1781 Alexander Berry, Scottish surgeon and adventurer (established the first European settlement on the south coast of New South Wales, Australia), born in Hilltarvit Mains Farmhouse, Cupar, Fife, Scotland(d. 1873)
  • 1810 Oliver Winchester, American politician and rifle maker (Winchester Repeating Arms Company), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1880)
  • 1813 Hermann Kurz, German poet and novelist (Schillers Heimatjahre), born in Reutlingen, Germany (d. 1873)
  • 1813 Louise-Victorine Ackermann, French poet (works characterized by a deep sense of pessimism), born in Paris (d. 1890)

Person of interestTheodor Mommsen

1817 Theodor Mommsen, German historian and scholar (Imperial Lives, Nobel Prize in Literature 1902), born in Garding, Duchy of Schleswig (d. 1903)

Historian Theodor Mommsen
Historian
Theodor Mommsen
  • 1821 Gustavus Woodson Smith, American Major General (Confederate States Army), born in Georgetown, Kentucky (d. 1896)
  • 1821 Frederick Temple, 95th Archbishop of Canterbury, born in Levkás, Greece (d. 1902)
  • 1826 George Washington Deitzler, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Pine Grove, Pennsylvania (d. 1884)
  • 1827 Henri Ernest Baillon, French botanist (History of Plants), born in Calais, France (d. 1895)
  • 1828 Jedediah Hotchkiss, American topographer and cartographer, born in Windsor, New York (d. 1899)

Person of interestMark Twain

1835 Mark Twain [Samuel Clemens], American author (Tom Sawyer, Huckleberry Finn), born in Florida, Missouri (d. 1910)

Author Mark Twain
Author
Mark Twain
  • 1836 Lord Frederick Cavendish, English politician who was appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland in May 1882 and murdered only hours after his arrival in Dublin, born in Compton Place, Eastbourne, Sussex (d. 1882)

  • 1840 Henry Birks, Canadian businessman and founder of Henri Birks and Sons, born in Montreal, Lower Canada (d. 1928)
  • 1843 József Kiss, Hungarian literary (Zsido Dalok), born in Mezőcsát, Hungary (d. 1921)
  • 1855 Willem Treub, Dutch economist and politician, born in Voorschoten, Netherlands (d. 1931)
  • 1858 Jagadish Chandra Bose, Indian physicist, polymath and writer, born in Munshiganj, British India (d. 1937)
  • 1861 Franz Gailliard, Belgian painter (Zeustempel in Athens), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1932)
  • 1863 Andrés Bonifacio, Filipino revolutionary leader of 1896 Philippine revolt against Spain, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 1897)

Person of interestGustaf Dalén

1869 [Nils] Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist and industrialist (AGA, Nobel Prize in Physics 1912), born in Stenstorp, Sweden (d. 1937)

Industrialist and Inventor Gustaf Dalén
Industrialist and Inventor
Gustaf Dalén
  • 1870 Princess Henriette, Duchess of Vendôme and Alençon, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1948)

Person of interestJohn McCrae

1872 John McCrae, Canadian physician, soldier and poet (In Flanders Fields), born in Guelph, Ontario (d. 1918)

World War I Soldier & Poet John McCrae
World War I Soldier & Poet
John McCrae

Person of interestWinston Churchill

1874 Winston Churchill, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1940-45, 1951-55) during World War II and winner of the 1953 Nobel Prize in Literature, born in Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England (d. 1965)

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Person of interestLucy Maud Montgomery

1874 Lucy Maud Montgomery, Canadian author (Anne of Green Gables), born in Clifton, Prince Edward Island (d. 1942)

Person of interestAlbert Kesselring

1885 Albert Kesselring, German general during World War II (Commander-in-Chief South and West), born in Marktsteft, German Empire (d. 1960)

German General Albert Kesselring
German General
Albert Kesselring
  • 1889 Edgar Adrian, English physiologist (Nobel 1932-function of neurons), born in Hampstead, London (d. 1977)
  • 1890 Oege Bakker, Dutch economist
  • 1900 Korneel Goossens, Flemish literature/art historian
  • 1903 Germaine Emilie Madame Gres Krebs, haute Couturist
  • 1904 Clyfford Still, American abstract painter
  • 1906 Marina, princess of Greece/Denmark/husband of English prince George
  • 1907 Jacques Barzun, French author (The House of Intellect), born in Créteil, France (d. 2012)
  • 1915 Angier Biddle Duke, American diplomat and the youngest American ambassador in history, born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)
  • 1915 Henry Taube, chemist (Nobel 1983)
  • 1919 Anne S Wadman, Frisian literary (Fioele & faem, Smearlappen)
  • 1919 Jan Elburg, [Joannes G], Dutch poet (Through the Night)

Person of interestShirley Chisholm

1924 Shirley Chisholm, 1st African American Congresswoman (Rep-D-NY) and presidential candidate, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2005)

1st Black Congresswoman Shirley Chisholm
1st Black Congresswoman
Shirley Chisholm
  • 1927 Odvar Nordli, 21st Prime Minister of Norway (Labour: 1976-81), born in Tangen, Norway (d. 2018)
  • 1928 Chic Hecht, (Sen-R-NV, 1983- )
  • 1930 G[eorge] Gordon Liddy, Watergate felon and radio host, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1930 William H Dana, test pilot (X-15), born in Pasadena, California
  • 1932 David Lightbown, British politician and government whip
  • 1932 Cho Namchul, South Korean professional Go player (d. 2006)
  • 1933 Linwood C Ivey, NC, (Mayor-Garysburg NC)
  • 1936 Abbie Hoffman, aka Free, Yippie/activist/author (Steal this Book)
  • 1936 Michael Jinks, child care pioneer
  • 1937 Adeline Yen Mah, Chinese Writer
  • 1940 Glenn English, (Rep-D-OK, 1975- )
  • 1945 Michael Joyce, Irish stage manager and theatre director, born in Galway, Ireland (d. 1994)
  • 1946 Marina Abramović, Serbian American performance artist, born in Belgrade, Serbia
  • 1947 David Mamet, playwright/dir (Speed the Plow, House of Games), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1947 Sergio Badilla Castillo, Chilean poet
  • 1949 Arthur Lee Washington Jr, murderer (FBI Most Wanted), born in Neptune Township, New Jersey
  • 1951 Christian Bernard, mystic
  • 1952 Keith Giffen, American comic book writer and artist
  • 1953 Mike Espy, (Rep-D-Mississippi)
  • 1955 Richard Burr, American politician
  • 1957 Joël Champetier, French Canadian author
  • 1958 Juliette Bergmann, Dutch bodybuilder
  • 1959 Lorraine Kelly, British presenter and journalist
  • 1962 Daniel Keys Moran, American writer
  • 1965 Lee Klein, American Writer
  • 1965 Prince Akishino of Japan
  • 1966 Wil Mara, American author
  • 1971 Kristi Noem, American politician, Governor of South Dakota (2019-), born in Watertown, South Dakota
  • 1976 Cypher Zero, American circus innovator (New York Circus Arts)
  • 1978 Emil Steiner, American writer