On This Day

Birthdays in History on November 4

  • 1448 Alphonso II, King of Naples (1494-95), born in Naples (d. 1495)
  • 1575 Guido Reni, Italian Baroque painter, born in Bologna, Papal States (d. 1642)
  • 1590 Gerard van Honthorst, Dutch painter, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1656)
  • 1631 Mary, 1st British Princess Royal and the Princess of Orange, born in St James's Palace, London (d. 1660)
  • 1661 Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine (1716-42), born in Neuburg an der Donau, Germany (d. 1742)
  • 1756 Anthony van Hoboken, Dutch merchant and ship owner, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1850)
  • 1765 Pierre-Simon Girard, French mathematician and engineer (fluid mechanics), born in Caen, France (d. 1836)
  • 1779 Jan Willem Pieneman, Dutch historical painter (Battle at Waterloo), born in Abcoude, Dutch Republic (d. 1853)
  • 1790 Carlos Antonio López, 1st President of Paraguay (1844-62), born in Asunción, Paraguay (d. 1862)
  • 1797 Aleksander Bestuzhev-Marlinsky, Russian author, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1837)
  • 1809 Benjamin Robbins Curtis, American attorney and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, born in Watertown, Massachusetts (d. 1874)
  • 1812 Aleardo [Gaetano] Aleardi, Italian poet (Lettere a Maria), born in Verona, Austrian Empire (d. 1878)
  • 1816 William Polk Hardeman, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Williamson County, Tennessee (d. 1898)
  • 1816 Stephen Johnson Field, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1899)
  • 1818 Alexander Robert Lawton, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)
  • 1820 Robert Vinkler Richardson, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Granville County, North Carolina (d. 1870)

  • 1835 Lunsford L. Lomax, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1913)
  • 1836 Henry J. Lutcher, American businessman and sawmill partner, born in Williamsport, Pennsylvania (d. 1912)
  • 1842 William Barker Cushing, American naval officer (best known for sinking the CSS Albemarle during a daring nighttime raid on 27 October 1864), born in Delafield, Wisconsin (d. 1874)
  • 1845 Vasudeo Balwant Phadke, Indian independence activist and revolutionary, born in Shirdhon village, Panvel taluka, Raigad district, British India (d. 1883)
  • 1862 Eden Phillpotts, English novelist, poet and playwright (Red Madymaynes), born in Mount Abu, Rajasthan, India (d. 1960)
  • 1867 Tomasz Arciszewski, 31st Prime Minister of Poland, 3rd Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile in London (1944-47), born in Sierzchowy, Piotrków Governorate, Congress Poland (d. 1955)
  • 1873 G. E. Moore, English philosopher (systematic approach to ethical problems), born in London (d. 1958)
  • 1874 Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1920)
  • 1876 James Earle Fraser, American sculptor (Indian Head (Buffalo) nickel), born in Winona, Minnesota (d. 1953)
  • 1881 Milton Rosmer, British director (Murder in the Red Barn), born in Southport, Lancashire, England (d. 1971)
  • 1884 Henry George "Harry" Ferguson, Irish aviator, engineer and inventor (Modern tractor), born in County Down, Ireland, United Kingdom (d. 1960)
  • 1890 Klabund, [Alfred Henschke], German writer (Bracke, Borgia), born in Crossen, Germany (d. 1928)
  • 1896 Carlos P. Garcia, 8th President of the Philippines (1957-61), born in Talibon, Bohol, Philippines (d. 1971)
  • 1900 Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist and sociologist, born in Bacău, Romania (d. 1954)
  • 1901 Yi Bangja, Crown Prince Euimin of Korea (1926-70), born in Tokyo, Japan d. 1989)
  • 1901 Spyridon Marinatos, Greek archaeologist (discovery of the site of an ancient port city on the island of Thera, in the southern Aegean Sea), born in Lixoúrion, Cephalonia, Greece (d. 1974)
  • 1904 Walter Bauer, German Canadian writer, born in Merseburg (d. 1976)
  • 1904 Tadeusz Żyliński, Polish technician and textilist, born in Vilnius, Lithuania (d. 1967)
  • 1905 Martin Raschke, German author and publisher, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1906 Roswell Leavitt Gilpatric, American lawyer and diplomat, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1996)

  • 1908 Joseph Rotblat, Polish Physicist, Nobel Peace Prize 1995, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2005)
  • 1909 Evelyn Johnson, American pilot (most flying hours - 57,685), born in Corbin, Kentucky (d. 2012)
  • 1912 Pauline Trigère, French-American fashion designer (Bell Bottoms), born in Paris (d. 2002)
  • 1914 Carlos Castillo Armas, Dictator and President of Guatemala (1954-57), born in Santa Lucía Cotzumalguapa, Guatemala (d. 1957)
  • 1915 Alistair Cameron Crombie, Australian historian of science, born in Brisbane, Australia (d. 1996)
  • 1915 Lloyd James Austin, Australian linguist and literary scholar, born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 1994)
  • 1916 Ruth Handler [née Mosko], American toy manufacturer (invented the Barbie doll), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 2002)
  • 1916 John Basilone, US Marine (Medal of Honor at the Battle for Henderson Field), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1945)
  • 1920 Georges Papy, Belgian mathematician (Numbers Game), born in Anderlecht, Belgium (d. 2011)
  • 1922 Fernand Bonnier de La Chapelle, French resistance fighter and assassin of Admiral of the Fleet and Vichy Prime Minister François Darlan, born in Algiers, French Empire (d. 1942)
  • 1923 Freddy Heineken, Dutch beer brewer (Heineken), born in Amsterdam (d. 2002)
  • 1928 Hannah Weiner, American experimental poet, born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1997)
  • 1931 Bernard Francis Law, Disgraced American cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church (1982-2002), born in Torreón, Coahuila, Mexico (d. 2017)
  • 1932 Thomas Klestil, President of Austria (1992-2004), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2004)
  • 1934 Judith Herzberg, Dutch poet and author (Charlotte Life or Theater), born in Amsterdam
  • 1936 Didier Ratsiraka, President of Madagascar (1975-93), born in Vatomandry, French Madagascar
  • 1936 Charles Kenneth "C K" Williams, American poet and translator (Pulitzer prize 2000), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2015)
  • 1946 Robert Mapplethorpe, American photographer, born in Floral Park, New York (d. 1989)
  • 1946 Laura Bush, U.S. First Lady (2001-09), born in Midland, Texas
  • 1950 Markie Post, American actress (Christine-Night Court), born in Palo Alto, California
  • 1950 Charles Frazier, American novelist (Cold Mountain), born in Asheville, North Carolina
  • 1951 Traian Băsescu, 4th President of Romania (2004-14), born in Basarabi, Romania
  • 1953 Carlos Gutierrez, American politician (35th United States Secretary of Commerce 2005-09), born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1953 Marvel Williamson, American educator, born Holton, Kansas
  • 1955 Matti Vanhanen, 40th Prime Minister of Finland (2003-10), born in Jyväskylä, Finland
  • 1957 Tony Abbott, Australian Prime Minister (2013-15), born in London, England
  • 1960 Kathy Griffin, American comedienne (Suddenly Susan, Kathy Griffin: My Life on the D-List), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1960 Marc Awodey, American artist and writer, born in Birmingham, Michigan (d. 2012)
  • 1963 Wang Shu, Chinese architect, born in Ürümqi, Xinjiang
  • 1966 H. John Heinz IV, American medieval armor craftsman; son of Teresa Heinz
  • 1975 Eduard Kokcharov, Russian handball player