On This Day

Birthdays in History on November 8

Person of interestNerva

30 Nerva, Roman Emperor (96-98), born in Narni, Italy (d. 98)

Roman Emperor Nerva
Roman Emperor
Nerva
  • 1342 Julian of Norwich, English saint, born in Norfolk, England (d. 1416)

Person of interestVlad the Impaler

1431 Vlad III the Impaler, Wallachian prince, born in Sighișoara, Transylvania, Romania (d. 1476)

Wallachian Prince Vlad the Impaler
Wallachian Prince
Vlad the Impaler
  • 1491 Teofilo Folengo, Italian macaronic poet, born in Mantua, Italy (d. 1544)
  • 1572 John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg, Duke of Prussia (1618-19), born in Halle, Germany (d. 1619)
  • 1622 Galenus Abrahamsz de Haen, Dutch baptist pastor (Lambs' War), born in Zierikzee, Netherlands (d. 1706)
  • 1622 Charles X Gustav, King of Sweden (1654-60), born in Nyköping Castle, Sweden (d. 1660)
  • 1647 Pierre Bayle, French philosopher and writer (Historical and Critical Dictionary), born in Carla-le-Comte, Kingdom of France (d. 1706)

Person of interestEdmond Halley

1656 Edmond Halley, English mathematician and astronomer (Halley's comet), born in Haggerston, Middlesex (d. 1742) [OS 29 Oct]

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley
  • 1706 Johann Ulrich von Cramer, German judge and philosopher, born in Ulm, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1772)
  • 1710 Sarah Fielding, English writer (The Adventures of David Simple), born in East Stour, England (d. 1768)
  • 1715 Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern, Queen of Prussia as wife of Frederik II the Great, born in Schloss Bevern, Germany (d. 1797)
  • 1723 John Byron, British Royal Navy officer (d. 1786)
  • 1760 Jean-Baptiste Dumonceau, Dutch general, born in Brussels, Austrian Netherlands (d. 1821)
  • 1768 Princess Augusta Sophia of the United Kingdom, 6th child and second daughter of King George III and Queen Charlotte born in London (d. 1840)
  • 1777 Désirée Clary, Queen of Sweden and Norway (1818-44), born in Marseille, France (d. 1860)

  • 1814 Girolamo de Rada, Albanian poet (Skanderbeku), born in Macchia Albanese, Kingdom of Sicily (d. 1903)
  • 1817 Claudius W. Sears, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Peru, Massachusetts (d. 1891)
  • 1817 Théodore-Joseph Canneel, Flemish painter, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1892)
  • 1829 Samuel Wylie Crawford, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Franklin County, Pennsylvania (d. 1892)
  • 1830 Oliver Otis Howard, American Major General (Union Army), born in Leeds, Maine (d. 1909)
  • 1831 Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton, English statesman and Viceroy of India (1876-1880) (d. 1891)
  • 1836 Milton Bradley, American business magnate and game manufacturer, born in Vienna, Maine (d. 1911)

Person of interestBram Stoker

1847 Bram Stoker, Irish theater manager and author (Dracula), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1912)

Novelist Bram Stoker
Novelist
Bram Stoker
  • 1847 Jean Casimir-Périer, French politician (President of France 1894-95), born in Paris (d. 1907)
  • 1848 Gottlob Frege, German mathematician and logician (Begriffsschrift), born in Wismar, Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, German Confederation (d. 1925)
  • 1854 Johannes Rydberg, Swedish physicist (Rydberg formula), born in Halmstad, Sweden (d. 1919)
  • 1862 James Edward Sullivan, American sports official and founder (Amateur Athletic Union), born in NYC, New York (d. 1914)
  • 1863 René Viviani, French historian and 61st Prime Minister of France (1914-15), born in Sidi Bel Abbès, French Algeria (d. 1925)
  • 1866 Herbert Austin, English automobile designer and builder (founder of Austin Motor Company), born in Little Missenden, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1941)
  • 1868 Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician (Hausdorff space), born in Breslau, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1942)
  • 1875 Qiu Jin, Chinese revolutionary, feminist, and writer considered a national heroine in China, born in Shanyin, Shaoxing, Qing Dynasty (d. 1907)
  • 1876 Frank L. Gillespie, American founder of Supreme Life Insurance Company, born in Osceola, Arkansas (d. 1925)
  • 1881 Frank Speck, American anthropologist (Algonquin Tribes and Eastern Woodland Native Americans), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1950)
  • 1881 Robert Esnault-Pelterie, French engineer and aviation pioneer who contributed to early heavier-than-air flight in Europe, born in Paris (d. 1957)
  • 1884 Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst (inkblot test - Rorschach test), born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1922)

  • 1885 Hans Cloos, German geologist and pioneer in the study of granite tectonics (the deformation of crystalline rocks), born in Magdeburg, Germany (d. 1951)
  • 1885 Tomoyuki Yamashita [Yamashita Tomobumi], Imperial Japanese general dubbed "Tiger of Malaya," born in Ōtoyo, Kōchi, Japan (d. 1946)
  • 1885 Emil Fahrenkamp, German architect (Shell-Haus in Berlin), born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1966)
  • 1893 Prajadhipok, Rama VII, last absolute king of Siam (1925–35), born in Bangkok, Thailand (d. 1941)
  • 1895 Photis Kontoglou, Greek writer, painter and iconographer, born in Ayvalık, Turkey (d. 1965)

Person of interestDorothy Day

1897 Dorothy Day, American journalist, social activist and devout Catholic convert, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1980)

Journalist, Socialist and Catholic Convert Dorothy Day
Journalist, Socialist and Catholic Convert
Dorothy Day

Person of interestMargaret Mitchell

1900 Margaret Mitchell, American author (Gone With the Wind), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1949)

  • 1900 Albert F. Frey-Wyssling, Swiss botanist and pioneer of submicroscopic morphology and the discipline of molecular biology, born in Küsnacht, Switzerland (d. 1988)
  • 1901 Gheorge Gheorghiu-Dej, Romanian communist politician (President of the State Council 1961-65), born in Bârlad, Romania (d. 1965)
  • 1904 Cedric Belfrage, English writer and journalist (co-founder of National Guardian), born in Marylebone, London (d. 1990)
  • 1907 Otto Brenner, German trade union leader (Industrial Union of Metalworkers), born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1972)
  • 1908 Martha Gellhorn, American novelist and journalist (one of the first female war correspondents), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1998)
  • 1912 Joseph Fattorini, businessman, born in Bradford, Yorkshire, England (d. 1995)
  • 1914 Lute T de Cock, student/resistance fighter
  • 1914 Peter Mondavi, Napa Valley winemaker (Charles Krug), born in Virginia, Minnesota (d. 2016)
  • 1916 Peter Weiss, German author and playwright (Marat/Sade), born in Nowawes, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1982)
  • 1918 Hermann Zapf, German typeface designer ( Palatino and Optima), born in Nuremberg (d. 2015)
  • 1919 P. L. Deshpande, Indian Marathi writer, born in Mumbai, India (d. 2000)
  • 1920 Eugênio de Araújo Sales, Brazilian Roman Catholic cardinal, born in Acari, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil (d. 2012)
  • 1922 Christiaan Barnard, South African cardiac surgeon (perform 1st heart transplant), born in Beaufort West, Union of South Africa (d. 2001)
  • 1923 Dmitry Jazov, Russian Minister of Defense (1991 coup), born in Omsk Oblast, Soviet Union

Person of interestJack Kilby

1923 Jack Kilby, American electrical engineer (Nobel 2010 - handheld calculator, integrated circuit), born in Jefferson City, Missouri (d. 2005)

Engineer Jack Kilby
Engineer
Jack Kilby
  • 1927 Samuel I Newhouse Jr., American magazine publisher (Parade, Vogue, Vanity Fair), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1929 António Castanheira Neves, Portuguese philosopher, born in Tábua, Portugal
  • 1930 Edmund Happold, British structural engineer (founder of Buro Happold), born in Leeds, England (d. 1996)
  • 1932 Richard E. Lawyer, American astronaut, born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1932 Ben Bova, American sci-fi author (Exiled from Earth), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1934 Roberta Hazard, American retired Rear Admiral (US Navy), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2017)
  • 1935 Alfonso López Trujillo, Colombian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, born in Villahermosa, Colombia (d. 2008)
  • 1936 Edward George Gibson, American astronaut (Skylab 4), born in Buffalo, New York
  • 1936 Claudio Bravo Camus, Chilean born painter, born in Valparaiso, Chile (d. 2011)
  • 1938 John Asprey, British jeweller and multi-millionaire
  • 1938 Driss Basri, Moroccan politician (Interior Minister 1979-99), born in Settat, Morocco (d. 2007)
  • 1938 Murtala Mohammed, Nigerian military ruler, born in Bendel State, Colonial Nigeria (d. 1976)
  • 1942 Aleksandr Yakovlevich Kramarenko, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1945 David Jessel, British TV reporter, born in Abingdon, Berkshire, England
  • 1947 Margaret Rhea Seddon, American physician and NASA astronaut (STS 51D, 40, SK:58), born in Murfreesboro, Tennessee
  • 1948 Dale A Gardner, American naval commander and astronaut (STS 8, STS 51A), born in Fairmont, Minnesota (d. 2014)
  • 1949 Wayne LaPierre, Executive Vice Presidenf of the US National Rifle Association, born in Schenectady, New York
  • 1951 Alfredo Astiz, Argentine general and intelligence officer
  • 1952 Christie Ann Hefner, American businesswoman, CEO of Playboy Enterprises (1988-2009) and daughter of Hugh Hefner, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1953 John Musker, American animation director (Moana), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1954 Michael D. Brown, U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency director (2003-05), born in Guymon, Oklahoma
  • 1954 Kazuo Ishiguro, British author (An Artist of the Floating World, The Remains of the Day, When We Were Orphans), born in Nagasaki, Japan
  • 1970 Tom Anderson, American co-founder of MySpace, born in San Diego, California
  • 1974 Masashi Kishimoto, Japanese manga author, born in Nagi, Okayama Prefecture, Japan
  • 1974 Seishi Kishimoto, Japanese manga author, born in Nagi, Okayama Prefecture, Japan
  • 1976 Colin Strause, American director and one half of the Brothers Strause, born in Waukegan, Illinois
  • 1977 Bucky Covington, American entertainer, born in Rockingham, North Carolina
  • 1982 Lynndie England, former U.S. Army reservist, associated with Abu Ghraib
  • 1986 Aaron H. Swartz, computer programmer and internet activist (Demand Progress), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2013)
  • 2003 Lady Louise Windsor, British royal, born in Surrey, England