On This Day

Birthdays in History on October 1

  • 1207 Henry III, King of England (1216-72, Provisions of Oxford), born in Winchester Castle, Hampshire, England (d. 1272)
  • 1507 Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect, born in Vignola, Italy (d. 1573)
  • 1540 Johann Jakob Grynaeus, Swiss Protestant clergyman, born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1617)
  • 1549 Anne of Saint Bartholomew, Flemish Roman Catholic nun, born in Almendral de la Cañada, Old Castile, Crown of Castile (d. 1626)
  • 1577 Fidelis of Sigmaringen, Swiss friar, martyr, and saint, born in Sigmaringen, Germany (d. 1622)
  • 1600 Dirck Graswinckel, Dutch States-General court clerk, born in Delft, South Holland, The Netherlands (d. 1666)
  • 1620 Nicolaes Pietersz Berchem, Dutch landscape painter and etcher, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1683)
  • 1671 Luigi Guido Grandi, Italian mathematician and monk, born in Cremona, Italy (d. 1742)

Person of interestCharles VI

1685 Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1711-40), born in Hofburg Palace, Vienna (d. 1740)

Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI
  • 1691 Arthur Onslow, English politician (Speaker of the House of Commons 1728-61), born in Kensington, London (d. 1768)
  • 1730 Richard Stockton, American attorney and signer of Declaration of Independence, born in Princeton, New Jersey (d. 1781)
  • 1760 William Beckford, British writer (Epsiodes of Vathek), born in Soho Square, London (d. 1844)
  • 1770 Vincenzo Cuoco, Italian historian (Naples Revolution 1799), born in Civitacampomarano, Molise, Italy (d. 1823)
  • 1781 James Lawrence, American naval hero (War of 1812-"Don't give up the ship!"), born in Burlington, New Jersey (d. 1813)
  • 1791 Sergey Aksakov, Russian novelist (Chronicles of a Russian Family), born in Ufa, Russian Empire (d. 1859) [OS 09/20]
  • 1799 Rufus Choate, American lawyer (Hall of Fame), born in Ipswich, Massachusetts (d. 1859)

  • 1825 Raleigh Edward Colston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Paris (d. 1896)
  • 1830 Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Madison, Indiana (d. 1890)
  • 1831 Claudius Charles Wilson, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Effingham County, Georgia (d. 1863)
  • 1832 Caroline Harrison, 1st lady of the U.S. (1889-1892), wife of Benjamin Harrison, born in Oxford, Ohio (d. 1892)
  • 1834 Francis Cockrell, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Warrensburg, Missouri (d. 1915)
  • 1835 Robert H. Anderson, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Savannah, Georgia (d. 1888)
  • 1835 William Hicks "Red" Jackson, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Paris, Tennessee (d. 1903)
  • 1835 Ádám Politzer, Hungarian-Austrian physician, born in Albertirsa, Pest, Hungary (d. 1920)
  • 1842 Charles Cros, French inventor and poet (Le Hareng Saur), born in Fabrezan, France (d. 1888)
  • 1847 Annie Besant, English social reformer and supporter of Indian independence, born in London (d. 1933)
  • 1870 Pieter van Essen, Dutch artillery officer and inventor (grape-shot shells)
  • 1872 Israël Querido, Dutch writer (Menschenwee), born in Amsterdam (d. 1932)
  • 1878 Othmar Spann, Austrian economist and sociologist (Geschichtsfilosofie), born in Vienna (d. 1950)

Person of interestWilliam Boeing

1881 William Boeing, American aviation pioneer who founded The Boeing Company, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1956)

Aviation Pioneer William Boeing
Aviation Pioneer
William Boeing
  • 1885 Louis Untermeyer, American poet and critic (Immortal Poems, Story Poems), born in NYC, New York (d. 1977)
  • 1886 Ahmad Amin, Egyptian historian and author (My Life), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1954)
  • 1893 Faith Baldwin, American author (They Who Love), born in New Rochelle, New York (d. 1978)
  • 1893 Ip Man, Chinese martial artist, and a master teacher of Wing Chun, born in Foshan, Guangdong, Qing China (d. 1972)
  • 1895 Liaquat Ali Khan, 1st Prime Minister of Pakistan (1947-51), born in Karnal, Punjab, British India (d. 1951)
  • 1899 Ernest Haycox, American writer (d. 1950)

  • 1904 Otto Robert Frisch, Austrian-born physicist (d. 1979)
  • 1904 A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader (d. 1977)
  • 1906 John Lorne Campbell, Scottish folklorist, born in Argyll, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Samuel Yorty, (Mayor-LA), born in Lincoln, Nebraska
  • 1910 Fritz Köberle, Austrian-born physician (d. 1983)
  • 1910 José Enrique Moyal, Australian mathematical physicist (d. 1998)

Person of interestBonnie Parker

1910 Bonnie Parker, American outlaw of Bonnie and Clyde fame, born in Rowena, Texas (d. 1934)

American Outlaw Bonnie Parker
American Outlaw
Bonnie Parker
  • 1911 Edward P Boland, (Rep-D-MA, 1953- )
  • 1914 Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian and author (The Americans: The Democratic Experience - 1974 Pulitzer Prize)
  • 1916 Tibor Reich, textile designer
  • 1917 René A de Rooy, Suriname/Antillian poet (Juancho Picaflor)

Person of interestJimmy Carter

1924 Jimmy Carter, American politician, 39th US President (D) (1977-81), born in Plains, Georgia

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1924 William Rehnquist, Ws, Supreme Court (1972-86)/chief justice (1987- )
  • 1928 Zhu Rongji, Chinese politician
  • 1930 Naimatullah Khan, Pakistani politician
  • 1931 Reginald Hall, endocrinologist
  • 1936 C, Gordon Fullerton, American USMC Colonel, and NASA astronaut (STS-3; STS-51-F), born in Rochester, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1937 Hedy d'Ancona, Dutch minister of WVC (PvdA)
  • 1940 Richard F Pieternella, Dutch Antilles' minister plenipotentiary
  • 1943 Jean-Jacques Annaud, Draveil France, director (Bear, Black & White, Name of the Rose)

  • 1945 Spider Sabich, American skier (d. 1976)
  • 1945 Ram Nath Kovind, Indian politician, 14th President of India (2017-), born in Paraukh, British India
  • 1947 Aaron Ciechanover, Israeli biologist
  • 1947 Adriano Tilgher, Italian politician
  • 1949 Isaac Bonewits, American author
  • 1950 Boris Morukov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Moscow, USSR (d. 2015)
  • 1953 John Hegley, British poet
  • 1954 Rodney William "Rod" Ansell, Australian bushman and inspiration for "Crocodile Dundee", born in Murgon, Queensland (d. 1999)
  • 1955 Duško Tadić, Bosnian Serb politician and war criminal, born in Kozarac, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Person of interestTheresa May

1956 Theresa May, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 2016-19), born in Eastbourne, England

British Prime Minister Theresa May
British Prime Minister
Theresa May
  • 1956 Gina Haspel, American intelligence officer, First female director of the US CIA, born in Ashland, Kentucky
  • 1961 Gary Ablett Snr, Australian Rules Football forward (All Australian 1992-95; Norm Smith Medal 1989; Coleman Medal 1993-95; Geelong), born in Drouin, Victoria
  • 1965 Chris Reason, Australian journalist
  • 1965 Mia Mottley, Barbadian politician, Prime Minister of Barbados (2018-), born in Barbados
  • 1968 Jon Guenther, American author
  • 1969 Agustin Vasquez-Mendoza, Mexican murderer (FBI Most Wanted)
  • 1973 Rodney Kite-Powell, historian
  • 1976 Antonio Roybal, American painter and sculptor
  • 1978 Andrew JC Jackson, Australian surf lifesaver
  • 1982 Harry Lawrence, Bath born Entrepreneur