Birthdays in History on October 12

  • 1008 Emperor Go-Ichijō of Japan, 68th Emperor of Japan (1016-36), born in Heian-kyō, Japan (d. 1036)
  • 1350 Dmitry Donskoy, Grand Prince of Moscow (1359-89), born in Moscow (d. 1389)
  • 1537 Edward VI Tudor, King of England (1547-53), born in Hampton Court Palace, Middlesex, England (d. 1553)
  • 1558 Maximilian III, Archduke of Austria (1612-18), born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria (d. 1618)
  • 1558 Jacques Sirmond, French scholar and Jesuit, born in Riom, France (d. 1651)
  • 1576 Thomas Dudley, British colonial governor of Massachusetts, born in Northamptonshire, England (d. 1653)
  • 1602 William Chillingworth, English religious leader, born in Oxford, England (d. 1644)
  • 1710 Jonathan Trumbull, American politician and statesman, born in Lebanon, Connecticut (d. 1785)
  • 1712 William Shippen, American physician and delegate to the Continental Congress, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1801)
  • 1725 Etienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist, born in Paris (d. 1810)
  • 1742 Johann Peter Melchior, German sculptor, born in Lindorf, Germany (d. 1825)
  • 1762 Jan Willem Janssens, Dutch Governor-General of Cape colony and Dutch-Indies, born in Nijmegen, Netherlands (d. 1838)
  • 1792 Christian Gmelin, German chemist, born in Tübingen, Germany (d. 1860)
  • 1798 Pedro I of Brazil, Emperor of Brazil (1822-31) and King of Portugal (1826), born in Queluz Palace, Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1834)
  • 1801 Friedrich Frey-Herosé, Swiss politician, born in Lindau, Germany (d. 1873)
  • 1813 Lyman Trumbull, U.S. Senator from Illinois (1855-73), born in Colchester, Connecticut (d. 1896)
  • 1815 William J. Hardee, U.S. Army officer (Confederate Army), born in Camden County, Georgia (d. 1873)
  • 1822 Joseph Haydn Potter, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Concord, New Hampshire (d. 1892)
  • 1832 Walter T Watts-Dunton, English lawyer, poet and writer (Aylwin), born in St. Ives, England (d. 1914)
  • 1844 George W. Cable, American writer (Northampton Years), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1925)
  • 1855 August Sauer, Austrian literature historian (Euphorion), born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria (d. 1926)
  • 1860 Elmer Ambrose Sperry, American entrepreneur and inventor (gyrocompass), born in Cincinnatus, New York (d. 1930)
  • 1865 Arthur Harden, English biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), born in Manchester, England (d. 1940)
  • 1866 Antonie Waldrop, painter/lithographer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1866 Ramsay MacDonald, British Prime Minister (Labour: 1924, 1929-35), born in Lossiemouth, Morayshire, Scotland (d. 1937)

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
  • 1875 Aleister Crowley, British occultist, founded the religion of Thelema, born in Royal Leamington Spa, Warwickshire England (d. 1947)
  • 1878 Karl Buresch, Austrian lawyer and politician, born in Groß-Enzersdorf, Austria (d. 1936)
  • 1880 Louis Hémon, French novelist (Maria Chapdelaine), born in Brest, France (d. 1913)
  • 1881 William Nigh, American director (Ape, Doomed to Die, Mr Wong), born in Berlin, Wisconsin (d. 1955)
  • 1887 Paula von Preradović, Croatian-Austrian poet and writer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1951)
  • 1891 Edith Stein, German philosopher and Discalced Carmelite nun (St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross), born in Breslau (Silesia), Germany (d. 1987)
  • 1893 Velvalee Dickinson, American spy, convicted of espionage against the United States on behalf of Japan during World War II, born in Sacramento, California (d. 1980)
  • 1894 Charles Hodge, California, NYU professor (Answers for Americans)
  • 1894 Elisabeth A de Vreugd, chambermaid of Dutch queen
  • 1896 Eugenio Montale, Italian poet and translator (Xenia-Nobel 1975), born in Genoa, Italy (d. 1981)
  • 1902 Dick Binnendijk, Dutch poet and literary critic (Authoritarian Regimes in Transistion), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1984)
  • 1903 Grayson L. Kirk, 14th President of Columbia University (1953-68), born in Jeffersonville, Ohio (d. 1997)
  • 1904 Ding Ling, Chinese writer (The Sun Shines over the Sanggan River), born in Linli, Hunan, China (d. 1986)
  • 1904 Lester Dent, American writer (Doc Savage), born in La Plata, Missouri (d. 1959)
  • 1906 Eddie Myers, British WWII soldier and engineer, born in Kensington, London (d. 1997)
  • 1908 Ann Lane Petry, American journalist and author (Street), born in Old Saybrook, Connecticut (d. 1997)
  • 1908 Paul Engle, American poet and writer (Worm Earth, American Song), born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa (d. 1991)
  • 1910 Robert Fitzgerald, American poet and translator, born in Springfield, Illinois (d. 1985)
  • 1911 Louis de Guiringaud, French foreign minister (1976-78), born in Limoges, France (d. 1982)
  • 1913 William James Moyce, armaments scientist
  • 1919 Gilles Beaudoin, Quebec politician (d. 2007)
  • 1920 Christy Ring, Irish hurler, born in Cloyne, Ireland (d. 1979)
  • 1923 Jean Nidetch, businesswoman and founder of Weight Watchers, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1925 Fons Jansen, Dutch news reader and cabaretier, born in Bussum, Netherlands (d. 1991)
  • 1925 Denis Lazure, Canadian physician and politician, born in Napierville, Quebec (d. 2008)
  • 1928 Thomas Burnett Swann, American sci-fi author (Day of Minotaur), born in Tampa, Florida (d. 1976)

  • 1928 Al Held, American painter and sculptor (hard edge-style), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2005)
  • 1929 Robert Coles, American author (Anna Freud, Pulitzer 1973), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1932 Dusan Makavejev, Serbian film director (Man is Not a Bird), born in Belgrade, Yugoslavia
  • 1932 Jake Edwin Garn, American politician (Sen-R-Utah, 1974-93) and astronaut (STS 51D), born in Richfield, Utah
  • 1933 Guido Molinari, Canadian painter, born in Montreal, Canada (d. 2004)
  • 1934 Richard Meier, American architect and abstract artist, born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1934 Albert Shiryaev, Russian mathematician, known for his work in probability theory, statistics and financial mathematics, born in Shchyolkovo, Russia
  • 1935 William Raspberry, American columnist (Pulitzer 1994), born in Okolona, Mississippi (d. 2012)
  • 1937 Robert Mangold, American minimalist artist, born in North Tonawanda, New York
  • 1939 Carolee Schneemann, American performance artist, born in Fox Chase, Philadelphia
  • 1941 Craig Washington, American politician (Rep-D-Texas), born in Longview, Texas
  • 1941 Michael Mansfield, English barrister, born in London
  • 1943 Jeffrey MacDonald, American medical doctor convicted of murdering his wife and two daughters, born in Queens, New York City
  • 1949 Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, Venezuelan international terrorist, born in Michelena, Venezuela
  • 1950 Dave Freudenthal, American economist and politician (31st Governor of Wyoming), born in Thermopolis, Wyoming
  • 1951 Ed Royce, American politician (Rep-R-California), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1953 Serge Lepeltier, French politician, born in Le Veurdre, Allier, France
  • 1954 Tom Blomberg, Dutch radio host and producer (Evening Rush Hour), born in Haarlem, Netherlands
  • 1955 Ante Gotovina, Croatian army general accused of war crimes, born in Tkon, Croatia
  • 1959 Abigail Kingsley Alling, American executive (Biosphere 2), born in NYC, New York
  • 1959 Anna Escobedo Cabral, 42nd Treasurer of the United States
  • 1962 Branko Crvenkovski, Macedonian President
  • 1963 Lane Frost, American professional bull rider, born in La Junta, Otero County Colorado (d. 1989)
  • 1963 Satoshi Kon, Japanese anime director
  • 1965 Scott O'Grady, American military officer
  • 1974 Stephen Lee, English snooker player
  • 1977 Bode Miller, American alpine ski-racer
  • 1997 Prince Boris of Bulgaria