On This Day

Birthdays in History on October 14

  • 1257 Przemysł II, King of Poland (1295-96), born in Poznań, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1296)
  • 1404 Marie of Anjou, Queen of France (1422-61), born in Angers, France (d. 1463)
  • 1493 Shimazu Tadayoshi, Japanese warlord (d. 1568)
  • 1499 Claude of France, Duchess of Brittany amd wife of Francis I of France, born in Romorantin-Lanthenay, France (d. 1524)
  • 1606 Joan Maetsuyker, Dutch governor-general of Ceylon (1653-78), born in Amsterdam (d. 1678)
  • 1630 Sophia of Hanover, Princess Palatine and Electress of Saxony, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1714)
  • 1633 James II of England and James VII of Scotland [Stuart], King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1685-88), born in St. James's Palace, London (d. 1701)
  • 1639 Simon van der Stel, 1st governor of Dutch Cape Colony (1679-99), born in Indian Ocean en route to Mauritius (d. 1712)
  • 1643 Bahādur Shah I, 7th Mughal Emperor of India, born in Burhanpur, Mughal Empire (d. 1712)

Person of interestWilliam Penn

1644 William Penn, English Philosopher, Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania, born in London, England (d. 1718)

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • 1687 Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician (Simson line), born in West Kilbride, Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1768)

Person of interestGeorge Grenville

1712 George Grenville, British Prime Minister (1763-65) who introduced the Stamp Act (1st international tax to the colonies in America), born in Wotton Underwood, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1770)

British Prime Minister George Grenville
British Prime Minister
George Grenville
  • 1726 Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham, English sailor and politician, born in Leith, Midlothian, Scotland (d. 1813)
  • 1733 François Sébastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt, Austrian field marshal, born in Hainaut, Austrian Netherlands (d. 1798)
  • 1734 Francis Lightfoot Lee, American advocate for independence (signed US Declaration of Independence), born in Stratford Hall Plantation, Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony (d. 1797)
  • 1740 Joannes Siberg, Dutch Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1801-05), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1817)

  • 1774 Hubert Matthijs Adriaan Jan van Asch van Wijck, Dutch lawyer and politician, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1843)
  • 1784 Ferdinand VII, King of Spain, born in El Escorial, Spain (d. 1833)
  • 1789 Constant van Crombrugghe, Flemish monastery founder, born in Geraardsbergen, Belgium (d. 1865)
  • 1790 Thursday October Christian, son of Fletcher Christian (leader of the historical mutiny on the Bounty), born in Pitcairn Island (d. 1831)
  • 1801 Joseph Plateau, Belgian physicist (Plateau's Law), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1883)
  • 1806 Preston King, U.S. Senator from New York (1857-63), born in Ogdensburg, New York (d. 1865)
  • 1827 James Sidney Robinson, American politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Mansfield, Ohio (d. 1892)
  • 1827 William Harcourt, British Home Secretary and Chancellor of the Exchequer, born in York, England (d. 1904)
  • 1837 Ellison Capers, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1908)
  • 1857 Elwood Haynes, American automotive pioneer (built one of 1st US autos), born in Portland, Indiana (d. 1925)
  • 1861 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer, born in Split, Austria-Hungary (d. 1944)
  • 1864 Maurice de Plessys, French poet (Palace Occidental), born in Paris (d. 1924)
  • 1867 Masaoka Shiki, Japanese haiku & tanka poet and diarist (Salt Water Ballads), born in Matsuyama, Japan (d. 1902)
  • 1869 Joseph Duveen, British art connoisseur (Elgin marbles), born in Hull, Yorkshire, England (d. 1939)
  • 1873 Jules Rimet, French football administrator (3rd President of FIFA 1921-54), born in Theuley, Franche-Comté, France (d. 1954)
  • 1874 Margarete Susman, German-Jewish writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1966)
  • 1880 Vilhelm Ekelund, Swedish poet and writer (Sak och sken) (d. 1940)

Person of interestÉamon de Valera

1882 Éamon de Valera, Irish politician (President of Ireland (1937-48, 51-54, 57-59)), born in NYC, New York (d. 1975)

Revolutionary and President of Ireland Éamon de Valera
Revolutionary and President of Ireland
Éamon de Valera

Person of interestKatherine Mansfield

1888 Katherine Mansfield (Katherine Mansfield Beauchamp Murry), New Zealand short story writer (The Garden Party), born in Wellington, New Zealand (d. 1923)

Short story writer Katherine Mansfield
Short story writer
Katherine Mansfield
  • 1889 Jean Canneel, Flemish sculptor, born in Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, Brussels, Belgium (d. 1963)

Person of interestDwight D. Eisenhower

1890 Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th US President (R, 1953-61) and WWII general, born in Denison, Texas (d. 1969)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1891 Paul de Keyser, Flemish philologist and folklorist, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1966)
  • 1892 Sumner Welles, American diplomat (Good neighbor policy), born in New York (d. 1961)
  • 1894 E.E.Cummings (Edward Estlin), poet (Tulips & Chimneys), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1901 Willem A. Wagenaar, Dutch journalist and writer (Shanghai) (d. 1968)

Person of interestHannah Arendt

1906 Hannah Arendt, German-American political theorist and historian (Origins of Totalitarianism), born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1975)

Political Theorist Hannah Arendt
Political Theorist
Hannah Arendt
  • 1906 Hassan al-Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, born in Mahmoudiyah, Beheira, Egypt (d. 1949)
  • 1910 Jozef Keuleers, Belgian worker's union leader, born in Watermael-Boitsfort, Brussels (d. 1986)
  • 1911 Lê Ðức Thọ, Vietnamese revolutionary general, politician and negotiator in Paris (1975), born in Nam Định Province, French Indochina (d. 1990)
  • 1912 Helmut Schelsky, German sociologist (Sociology of Sex), born in Chemnitz, Saxony (d. 1984)
  • 1916 C. Everett Koop, 13th US Surgeon General (1982-89), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1918 Marcel Chaput, French Canadian politician, born in Hull, Quebec (d. 1991)
  • 1919 Edward L. Feightner, American rear-admiral (WW II-Santa Cruz Islands), born in Lima, Ohio
  • 1925 Phillip Tobias, South African palaeoanthropologist and three time Nobel Prize nominee (hominid fossil sites), born in Durban, South Africa (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Lawrence Herkimer, "Grandfather of Cheerleading" (founded National Cheerleading Association, patented the pom-pom), born in Muskegon, Michigan (d. 2015)
  • 1928 Frank E. Resnik, American business executive (Philip Morris USA), born in Pleasant Unity, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)

Person of interestMobutu Sese Seko

1930 Mobutu Sese Seko, Dictator and President of Zaire (1965-97), born in Lisala, Democratic Republic of the Congo (d. 1997)

President of Zaire Mobutu Sese Seko
President of Zaire
Mobutu Sese Seko
  • 1932 Anatoly Larkin, Russian-American physicist, born in Kolomna, Russia (d. 2005)
  • 1938 John Dean, American attorney and former White House counsel (Watergate figure), born in Akron, Ohio
  • 1938 Farah Pahlavi, Queen consort of Iran (1959-61), born in Tehran, Iran

Person of interestRalph Lauren

1939 Ralph Lauren, American fashion designer (Chaps, Polo Ralph Lauren), born in The Bronx, New York

Fashion Designer Ralph Lauren
Fashion Designer
Ralph Lauren
  • 1941 Jim Courter, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey), born in Montclair, New Jersey
  • 1941 Alexander Burdonsky, Russian theater director and Joseph Stalin's grandson, born in Samara, Russia (d. 2017)
  • 1946 Craig Venter, American biotechnologist and geneticist (involved with the first draft sequence of the human genome), born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • 1947 Lukas Resetarits, Austrian cabaret artist, born in Stinatz, Austria
  • 1948 David Ruprecht, American game show host, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1948 Engin Arık, Turkish nuclear physicist, born in Istanbul (d. 2007)
  • 1949 Katha Pollitt, American poet and writer, born in Brooklyn Heights, New York
  • 1953 Marcel Zeeuw, Surinamese soldier (coup 1982), born in Paramaribo, Suriname (d. 2015)
  • 1954 Carole Malone, English newspaper columnist
  • 1957 Michel Després, Quebec politician
  • 1964 Olu Oguibe, Nigerian born American artist, born in Aba, Eastern Nigera
  • 1965 Jüri Jaanson, Estonian rower
  • 1973 Lasha Zhvania, Georgian politician
  • 1976 Ben Pridmore, World Memory Champion