Birthdays in History on October 15

Person of interestVirgil

70 BC Virgil [Publius Vergilius Maro], Roman poet of the Augustan period (Aeneid), born in Andes, Cisalpine Gaul (d. 19 BC)

Roman Poet Virgil
Roman Poet
Virgil

Person of interestTemür Khan

1265 Temür Khan, Second Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty (1294-1307), grandson and successor of Kublai Khan, born in Khanbaliq (Dadu or modern day Beijing), Mongol Empire (d. 1307)

Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty Temür Khan
Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty
Temür Khan
  • 1471 Konrad Mutian, German humanist, born in Homberg, Hesse, Germany (d. 1526)

Person of interestAkbar

1542 Akbar, 3rd Mughal Emperor of India (1556-1605), born in Umerkot, Sindh (d. 1605)

Mughal Emperor Akbar
Mughal Emperor
Akbar
  • 1550 Henry, earl of Nassau-Dillenburg and brother of William of Orange
  • 1608 Evangelista Torricelli, Italian physicist (inventor of barometer), born in Rome, Papal States (d. 1647)
  • 1686 Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (Gentle Shepherd), born in Leadhills, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1758)
  • 1701 Marie-Marguerite d'Youville, first native Canadian canonized (founded the Order of Sisters of Charity of Montreal), born in Varennes, Quebec (d. 1771)
  • 1711 Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine, Queen consort of Sardinia (1737-41), born in Château de Lunéville, Lorraine (d. 1741)
  • 1784 Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Marshal of France and duke of Isly, born in Limoges, France (d. 1849)
  • 1785 José Miguel Carrera, 1st President of Chile (1811-14), born in Santiago, Chile (d. 1821)
  • 1795 Frederick William IV, King of Prussia (1840-61) and Germany (1849-61), born in Berlin (d. 1861)
  • 1816 Amiel Weeks Whipple, American Major General (Union Army), born in Greenwich, Massachusetts (d. 1863)
  • 1818 Irvin McDowell, American Major General (Union Army), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1885)
  • 1819 Marinus Frederik Andries Gerardus Campbell, Dutch bibliographer, born in Kampen, Netherlands (d. 1890)
  • 1822 Alfred Meissner, Austrian poet, born in Teplice, Czech Republic (d. 1885)

  • 1825 Marie of Prussia, Queen consort of Bavaria (1848-64), born in Berlin City Palace, Prussia (d. 1889)
  • 1829 Asaph Hall, American astronomer who discovered satellites of Mars (Phobos & Deimos), born in Goshen, Connecticut (d. 1907)
  • 1831 Helen Hunt Jackson, American author (Ramona), born in Amherst, Massachusetts (d. 1885)
  • 1832 Henry Harrison Walker, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Sussex County, Virginia (d. 1912)
  • 1833 Klaas Kater, Dutch Christian Worker's Union Leader, born in Amsterdam (d. 1916)
  • 1836 Thomas Lafayette Rosser, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Campbell County, Virginia (d. 1910)
  • 1836 James Tissot, French artist, born in Nantes, France (d. 1902)
  • 1840 Honoré Mercier, Canadian politician and 9th Premier of Quebec (1887-91), born in Saint-Athanase, Lower Canada (d. 1894)

Person of interestFriedrich Nietzsche

1844 Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Beyond Good and Evil), born in Röcken, Saxony, Prussia (d. 1900)

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Philosopher
Friedrich Nietzsche
  • 1851 George Foot Moore, American theologist (Hebrews, Old Testament), born in West Chester, Pennsylvania (d. 1931)
  • 1856 Robert Nivelle, French military officer, born in Tulle, France (d. 1924)
  • 1859 Jaime de Magalhães Lima, Portuguese author and poet (Salmos do Prisoneiro), born in Vera Cruz, Portugal (d. 1936)
  • 1865 Walther Amelung, German archaeologist, born in Szczecin, Poland (d. 1927)
  • 1872 Wilhelm Miklas, Austrian politician and 3rd President of Austria (1928-38), born in Krems, Lower Austria, Austria-Hungary (d. 1956)
  • 1874 Prince Alfred of Edinburgh, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1899)
  • 1878 Paul Reynaud, Premier of France (May-June 1940), born in Barcelonette, France (d. 1966)
  • 1881 P. G. Wodehouse, British-American writer (Bertie Wooster novels), born in Guildford, England (d. 1975)
  • 1884 Archibald Hoxsey, American pioneer aviator (worked for the Wright brothers), born in Staunton, Illinois (d. 1910)
  • 1885 Dirk Filarski, Dutch painter and lithographer (Bergense School), born in Amsterdam (d. 1964)
  • 1888 S.S. Van Dine [pseudonym for William Huntingdon Wright], American art critic and crime writer (Philo Vance), born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1939)
  • 1893 Carol II, King of Romania (1930-40), born in Peleș Castle, Sinaia, Kingdom of Romania (d. 1953)
  • 1894 Moshe Sharett, 2nd Prime Minister of Israel (1954-55), born in Kherson, Russian Empire (d. 1965)
  • 1895 Alfred Neumann, German playwright (Devil), born in Lautenburg, Germany (now in Poland) (d. 1952)
  • 1896 Melville Cooper, English TV panelist (I Got a Secret), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1979)
  • 1901 Bernard von Brentano, German writer (Big Cats), born in Offenbach, Germany (d. 1964)

  • 1901 Hermann Abs, German banker to Adolf Hitler & Konrad Adenauer and director of Deutsche Bank (1938-45), born in Bonn, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1901 Robert Bromston Thesiger Daniell, English soldier, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1904 Julian Hodge, British financier and multi-millionaire (Hodge Group), born in Camberwell, London (d. 2004)
  • 1905 Charles P. Snow, English novelist (Death Under Sail, Strangers and Brothers) and physical chemist, born in Leicester, England (d. 1980)
  • 1906 Hiram Fong, American businessman and politician (U.S. Senator from Hawaii), born in Honolulu, Hawaii (d. 2004)
  • 1907 John Dearden, American cardinal (1969-88) and archbishop of Detroit, born in Valley Falls, Rhode Island (d. 1988)
  • 1907 Wolfgang Weyrauch, German writer, born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1980)
  • 1907 Varian Fry, American journalist and recognized as "Righteous Among the Nations", born in New York (d. 1967)

Person of interestJohn Kenneth Galbraith

1908 John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian economist (Affluent Society-58 Hillman Award), born in Iona Station, Ontario (d. 2006)

Economist and Author John Kenneth Galbraith
Economist and Author
John Kenneth Galbraith
  • 1911 James H. Schmitz, American sci-fi author (Lion Game), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1981)
  • 1913 Frances Tustin, English child psychologist, born in Darlington, England (d. 1994)
  • 1915 Yitzḥak Shamir, Israeli Prime Minister (1983–84, 1986–1992), born in Ruzinoy, Poland (d. 2012)
  • 1917 Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr, American historian (1946 Pulitzer-Age of Jackson), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 2007)
  • 1919 Edwin Charles Tubb, British sci-fi writer (Earth is Heaven, Earthfall), born in London (d. 2010)
  • 1919 Malcolm Ross, American balloonist and atmospheric physicist, born in Momence, Illinois (d. 1985)

Person of interestMario Puzo

1920 Mario Puzo, American novelist (The Godfather, Cotton Club, Earthquake), born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)

Novelist Mario Puzo
Novelist
Mario Puzo
  • 1922 Agustina Bessa-Luís, Portuguese writer (A Sibila), born in Vila Mea, Portugal
  • 1923 Italo Calvino, Italian author (Winter's Night a Traveler), born in Santiago de Las Vegas, Cuba (d. 1985)
  • 1924 Lee Iacocca, American automotive executive (CEO of Chrysler Corp), born in Allentown, Pennsylvania
  • 1924 Marguerite Andersen, German francophone writer and educator, born in Germany
  • 1926 Ed McBain [Evan Hunter], American writer (Blackboard Jungle), born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)
  • 1926 Michel Foucault, French philosopher and historian (The History of Sexuality), born in Poitiers (d. 1984)
  • 1927 Mary Perot Nichols, American journalist, born in York, Pennsylvania (d. 1996)
  • 1927 Oswald Moxley Gibbs, Grenadian diplomat (High Commissioners to the United Kingdom 1974-78), born in Grenada (d. 1995)
  • 1930 FM-2030 [Fereidoun M. Esfandiary], Iranian-American author and transhumanist (Are You a Transhuman?), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 2000)
  • 1931 A. P. J. [Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen] Abdul Kalam, Indian scientist and politician, 11th President of India (2002-07), born in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu (d. 2015)
  • 1932 Riekus Waskowsky, Dutch poet, born in Rotterdam (d. 1977)
  • 1935 Murdo Alex MacLeod, Free Church of Scotland minister, born in Ness, Lewis (d. 1995)
  • 1937 Anthony Hopkins, English clinical neurologist and Director of the Research Unit at the Royal College of Physicians, born in Poole, Dorset (d. 1997)
  • 1940 Peter C. Doherty, Australian immunologist and veterinary surgeon (Nobel 1996), born in Brisbane, Australia
  • 1942 Jim Leach, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Iowa), born in Davenport, Iowa
  • 1944 Mac Collins, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Georgia), born in Jackson, Georgia
  • 1944 Sali Berisha, 41st Prime Minister of Albania (2005-13) and 3rd President of Albania (1992-97), born in Viçidol, Albania
  • 1944 Haim Saban, Israeli-American media proprietor (Saban Entertainment), born in Alexandria, Kingdom of Egypt
  • 1944 Kay Ivey, American politician (54th Governor of Alabama), born in Camden, Alabama
  • 1946 Stewart Stevenson, Scottish National Party politician, born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1948 Aleksandr Puchkov, Russian colonel and cosmonaut
  • 1951 Hani Al-Mulki, Prime Minister of Jordan (2016-present), born in Amman, Jordan
  • 1953 Betsy Clifford, Canadian alpine skier, born in Ottawa, Ontario
  • 1955 Cathy Ladman, American comedienne (Don't Tell Mom the Babysitter's Dead)
  • 1957 Stacy Peralta, American director (Dogtown and Z-Boys), born in Venice, California
  • 1959 Sarah Margaret Ferguson, Duchess of York, born in London, England
  • 1959 Emeril Lagasse, American chef (Emeril Live), born in Fall River, Massachusetts
  • 1964 Roberto Vittori, Italian air force officer and ESA astronaut, born in Viterbo, Lazio, Italy

Person of interestJack Ma

1964 Jack Ma, Chinese entrepreneur and founder of Alibaba Group, born in Hangzhou, China

Alibaba Entrepreneur Jack Ma
Alibaba Entrepreneur
Jack Ma
  • 1991 Owen Joseph Kline, son of Phoebe Cates & Kevin Kline
  • 2005 Prince Christian of Denmark