Birthdays in History on October 15

VirgilVirgil (70-19 BC)

Roman poet of the Augustan period (Aeneid), born in Andes, Cisalpine Gaul

Temür KhanTemür Khan (1265-1307)

Second Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty (1294-1307), grandson and successor of Kublai Khan, born in Khanbaliq (Dadu or modern day Beijing), Mongol Empire

  • 1471 Konrad Mutian, German humanist, born in Homberg, Hesse, Germany (d. 1526)

AkbarAkbar (1542-1605)

3rd Mughal Emperor of India (1556-1605), born in Umerkot, Sindh

  • 1550 Henry, earl of Nassau-Dillenburg and brother of William of Orange
  • 1608 Evangelista Torricelli, Italian physicist (inventor of barometer), born in Rome, Papal States (d. 1647)
  • 1686 Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (Gentle Shepherd), born in Leadhills, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1758)
  • 1701 Marie-Marguerite d'Youville, first native Canadian canonized (founded the Order of Sisters of Charity of Montreal), born in Varennes, Quebec (d. 1771)
  • 1711 Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine, Queen consort of Sardinia (1737-41), born in Château de Lunéville, Lorraine (d. 1741)
  • 1784 Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Marshal of France and duke of Isly, born in Limoges, France (d. 1849)

José Miguel CarreraJosé Miguel Carrera (1785-1821)

1st President of Chile (1811-14), born in Santiago, Chile

  • 1795 Frederick William IV, King of Prussia (1840-61) and Germany (1849-61), born in Berlin (d. 1861)
  • 1816 Amiel Weeks Whipple, American Major General (Union Army), born in Greenwich, Massachusetts (d. 1863)
  • 1818 Irvin McDowell, American Major General (Union Army), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1885)
  • 1819 Marinus Frederik Andries Gerardus Campbell, Dutch bibliographer, born in Kampen, Netherlands (d. 1890)
  • 1822 Alfred Meissner, Austrian poet (Ziska), born in Teplice, Czech Republic (d. 1885)
  • 1825 Marie of Prussia, Queen consort of Bavaria (1848-64), born in Berlin City Palace, Prussia (d. 1889)
  • 1829 Asaph Hall, American astronomer who discovered satellites of Mars (Phobos & Deimos), born in Goshen, Connecticut (d. 1907)
  • 1831 Helen Hunt Jackson, American author (Ramona), born in Amherst, Massachusetts (d. 1885)
  • 1832 Henry Harrison Walker, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Sussex County, Virginia (d. 1912)
  • 1833 Klaas Kater, Dutch Christian Worker's Union Leader, born in Amsterdam (d. 1916)
  • 1836 James Tissot, French artist, born in Nantes, France (d. 1902)
  • 1836 Thomas Lafayette Rosser, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Campbell County, Virginia (d. 1910)
  • 1840 Honoré Mercier, Canadian politician and 9th Premier of Quebec (1887-91), born in Saint-Athanase, Lower Canada (d. 1894)

Friedrich NietzscheFriedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900)

German philosopher and philologist (Beyond Good and Evil), born in Röcken, Saxony, Prussia

  • 1851 George Foot Moore, American theologist (Hebrews, Old Testament), born in West Chester, Pennsylvania (d. 1931)
  • 1856 Robert Nivelle, French military officer, born in Tulle, France (d. 1924)
  • 1859 Jaime de Magalhães Lima, Portuguese author and poet (Salmos do Prisoneiro), born in Vera Cruz, Portugal (d. 1936)
  • 1865 Walther Amelung, German archaeologist, born in Szczecin, Poland (d. 1927)
  • 1872 Wilhelm Miklas, Austrian politician and 3rd President of Austria (1928-38), born in Krems, Lower Austria, Austria-Hungary (d. 1956)
  • 1874 Prince Alfred of Edinburgh, grandson of Queen Victoria, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1899)
  • 1878 Paul Reynaud, Premier of France (May-June 1940), born in Barcelonette, France (d. 1966)
  • 1881 P. G. Wodehouse, British-American writer (Bertie Wooster novels), born in Guildford, England (d. 1975)
  • 1884 Archibald Hoxsey, American pioneer aviator (worked for the Wright brothers), born in Staunton, Illinois (d. 1910)
  • 1885 Dirk Filarski, Dutch painter and lithographer (Bergense School), born in Amsterdam (d. 1964)
  • 1888 S.S. Van Dine [pseudonym for William Huntingdon Wright], American art critic and crime writer (Philo Vance), born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1939)
  • 1893 Carol II, King of Romania (1930-40), born in Peleș Castle, Sinaia, Kingdom of Romania (d. 1953)
  • 1894 Moshe Sharett, 2nd Prime Minister of Israel (1954-55), born in Kherson, Russian Empire (d. 1965)
  • 1895 Alfred Neumann, German playwright (Devil), born in Lautenburg, Germany (now in Poland) (d. 1952)
  • 1896 Célestin Freinet, French pedagogue & educational reformer, born in Gars, France (d. 1966)
  • 1901 Bernard von Brentano, German writer (Big Cats), born in Offenbach, Germany (d. 1964)
  • 1901 Hermann Abs, German banker to Adolf Hitler & Konrad Adenauer and director of Deutsche Bank (1938-45), born in Bonn, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1901 Robert Bromston Thesiger Daniell, English soldier, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1904 Julian Hodge, British financier and multi-millionaire (Hodge Group), born in Camberwell, London (d. 2004)
  • 1905 Charles P. Snow, English novelist (Death Under Sail, Strangers and Brothers) and physical chemist, born in Leicester, England (d. 1980)
  • 1906 Hiram Fong, American businessman and politician (U.S. Senator from Hawaii), born in Honolulu, Hawaii (d. 2004)
  • 1907 John Dearden, American cardinal (1969-88) and archbishop of Detroit, born in Valley Falls, Rhode Island (d. 1988)
  • 1907 Varian Fry, American journalist and recognized as "Righteous Among the Nations", born in New York (d. 1967)
  • 1907 Wolfgang Weyrauch, German writer, born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1980)

John Kenneth GalbraithJohn Kenneth Galbraith (1908-2006)

Canadian-American economist and writer (Affluent Society - Sidney Hillman Award, 1958), born in Iona Station, Ontario

  • 1911 James H. Schmitz, American sci-fi author (Lion Game), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1981)
  • 1913 Frances Tustin, English child psychologist, born in Darlington, England (d. 1994)

Yitzhak ShamirYitzhak Shamir (1915-2012)

Israeli Prime Minister (1983–84, 1986–1992) and Zionist, born in Ruzinoy, Belarus, Russian Empire

  • 1917 Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr, American historian (1946 Pulitzer-Age of Jackson), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 2007)
  • 1919 Edwin Charles Tubb, British sci-fi writer (Earth is Heaven, Earthfall), born in London (d. 2010)
  • 1919 Malcolm Ross, American balloonist and atmospheric physicist, born in Momence, Illinois (d. 1985)

Mario PuzoMario Puzo (1920-1999)

American novelist (The Godfather, Cotton Club, Earthquake), born in NYC, New York

  • 1922 Agustina Bessa-Luís, Portuguese writer (A Sibila), born in Vila Mea, Portugal
  • 1923 Italo Calvino, Italian author (If on a Winter's Night a Traveler), born in Santiago de Las Vegas, Cuba (d. 1985)
  • 1924 Henry Sy Sr., Chinese Malay businessman 'Philippines Retail King', born 1924 Jinjiang, China (d. 2019)
  • 1924 Lee Iacocca, American automotive executive (CEO of Chrysler Corp), born in Allentown, Pennsylvania (d. 2019)
  • 1924 Marguerite Andersen, German francophone writer and educator, born in Germany
  • 1926 Ed McBain [Evan Hunter], American writer (Blackboard Jungle), born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)
  • 1926 Michel Foucault, French philosopher and historian (The History of Sexuality), born in Poitiers, France (d. 1984)
  • 1927 Mary Perot Nichols, American journalist, born in York, Pennsylvania (d. 1996)
  • 1927 Oswald Moxley Gibbs, Grenadian diplomat (High Commissioners to the United Kingdom 1974-78), born in Grenada (d. 1995)
  • 1930 FM-2030 [Fereidoun M. Esfandiary], Iranian-American author and transhumanist (Are You a Transhuman?), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 2000)
  • 1931 A. P. J. [Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen] Abdul Kalam, Indian scientist and politician, 11th President of India (2002-07), born in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu (d. 2015)
  • 1932 Riekus Waskowsky, Dutch poet, born in Rotterdam (d. 1977)
  • 1935 Murdo Alex MacLeod, Free Church of Scotland minister, born in Ness, Lewis (d. 1995)
  • 1937 Anthony Hopkins, English clinical neurologist and Director of the Research Unit at the Royal College of Physicians, born in Poole, Dorset (d. 1997)
  • 1940 Peter C. Doherty, Australian immunologist and veterinary surgeon (Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine1996), born in Brisbane, Australia
  • 1942 Jim Leach, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Iowa), born in Davenport, Iowa
  • 1944 Haim Saban, Israeli-American media proprietor (Saban Entertainment), born in Alexandria, Kingdom of Egypt
  • 1944 Kay Ivey, American politician, 54th Governor of Alabama (2017-), born in Camden, Alabama
  • 1944 Mac Collins, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Georgia), born in Jackson, Georgia
  • 1944 Sali Berisha, 41st Prime Minister of Albania (2005-13) and 3rd President of Albania (1992-97), born in Viçidol, Albania
  • 1946 Stewart Stevenson, Scottish National Party politician, born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1951 Hani Al-Mulki, Prime Minister of Jordan (2016-present), born in Amman, Jordan
  • 1953 Betsy Clifford, Canadian alpine skier, born in Ottawa, Ontario
  • 1955 Cathy Ladman, American comedienne (Don't Tell Mom the Babysitter's Dead)
  • 1959 Emeril Lagasse, American chef (Emeril Live), born in Fall River, Massachusetts
  • 1959 Sarah Margaret Ferguson, English Duchess of York, born in London, England
  • 1964 Roberto Vittori, Italian air force officer and ESA astronaut, born in Viterbo, Lazio, Italy
  • 1971 Annbjørg Lien, Norwegian folk fiddler and nyckelharpa player, born in Ålesund, Norway
  • 1978 Wes Moore, American politician (1st black governor of Maryland 2023-), born in Takoma Park, Maryland
  • 2005 Prince Christian of Denmark, Danish son of f Crown Prince Frederik, born in Copenhagen, Denmark