Birthdays in History on October 16

  • 1396 William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, English soldier (d. 1450)
  • 1430 King James II of Scotland (d. 1460)
  • 1483 Gasparo Contarini, Italian diplomat and cardinal (d. 1542)
  • 1535 Niwa Nagahide, Japanese warlord (d. 1585)
  • 1622 Pierre Paul Puget, French artist, born in Marseille, France (d. 1694)
  • 1708 Albrecht von Haller, Swiss experimental physiologist, biologist and author (Acadamy of Science), born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1777)
  • 1710 Andreas Hadik, Austro-Hungarian general (d. 1790)
  • 1714 Giovanni Arduino, Italian geologist (d. 1795)
  • 1726 Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish painter (d. 1801)
  • 1751 Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt, Queen of Prussia (d. 1805)
  • 1754 Morgan Lewis, Governor of New York (1804-07) (d. 1844)

Noah WebsterNoah Webster (1758-1843)

American lexicographer (Webster's Dictionary), born in West Hartford, Connecticut

  • 1762 Paul Hamilton, Governor of South Carolina (1804-06) and U.S. Secretary of Navy (1809-12) (d. 1816)
  • 1789 William Burton, Governor of Delaware (1859-63) (d. 1866)
  • 1795 William Buell Sprague, American clergyman and author (d. 1876)
  • 1797 James Brudenell, British Earl Of Cardigan (led the Charge of the Light Brigade), born in Hambleden, England (d. 1868)
  • 1802 Isaac Murphy, Governor of Arkansas (1864-68) (d. 1882)
  • 1806 William Pitt Fessenden, Secy Treas (Union), (d. 1869)
  • 1815 Francis Lubbock, Governor of Texas (d. 1905)
  • 1816 William Preston, American lawyer, politician and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1887)
  • 1819 Austin F. Pike, American politician from New Hampshire (d. 1886)
  • 1825 Thomas Turpin Crittenden, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Huntsville, Alabama (d. 1905)
  • 1830 Ferdinand van der Haeghen, Flemish librarian/bibliography
  • 1832 George Crockett Strong, American Major General (Union Army), born in Stockbridge, Vermont (d. 1863)
  • 1832 Vicente Riva Palacio, Mexican writer/diplomat

Itō HirobumiItō Hirobumi (1841-1909)

Japanese samurai, 1st Prime Minister of Japan (4 terms between 1885 and 1901) and Resident-General of Korea (1905-09), born in Tsukari, Suō, Japan

  • 1851 James A. Ten Eyck, American champion rower and coach (Ten Eyck Trophy namesake), born in Tompkins Cove, New York (d. 1938)
  • 1854 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist

Oscar WildeOscar Wilde (1854-1900)

Irish playwright and novelist (Importance of Being Earnest, The Picture of Dorian Gray), born in Dublin, Ireland

  • 1855 Camille Looten, Belgian priest/literature historian
  • 1855 Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (d. 1931)
  • 1861 J. B. Bury, Irish historian (d. 1927)
  • 1863 Austen Chamberlain, British Foreign Secretary (Nobel 1925)
  • 1866 Pieter J Kromsigt, theologist/publicist (Troffel & Sword)
  • 1868 Franz X Ritter von Epp, German general (China)
  • 1870 Helge Rode, Danish poet/essayist
  • 1884 Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (d. 1916)
  • 1886 Armin T Wegner, writer

David Ben-GurionDavid Ben-Gurion (1886-1973)

1st Prime Minister of Israel (1948-53, 1955-63), born in Płonsk, Poland

Eugene O'NeillEugene O'Neill (1888-1953)

American playwright (Desire Under the Elms-Nobel 1936), born in NYC, New York

  • 1888 Paul Popenoe, American activist (d. 1979)
  • 1890 Maria Goretti, Italian saint (d. 1902)

Michael CollinsMichael Collins (1890-1922)

Irish revolutionary leader and leading figure in the struggle for Irish independence in the early 20th century, born in Clonakilty, Ireland

  • 1890 Paul Strand, American photographer (Native Land-1942), born in NYC, New York
  • 1896 Edmond van Dooren, Flemish painter
  • 1897 Louis de Cazenave, France's oldest living man
  • 1898 Arthur H Dean, lawyer/advisor to FDR
  • 1898 William O. Douglas, American 81st Supreme Court justice (1939-75), born in Maine (d. 1980)
  • 1900 Edward Ardizzone, artist and illustrator (d. 1979)
  • 1900 Primo Conti, Italian painter (d. 1988)
  • 1903 Cecile de Brunhoff, French storyteller (d. 2003)
  • 1906 Dino Buzzati, Italian writer (The Tartar Steppe), born in San Pellegrino, Belluno, (d. 1972)

Enver HoxhaEnver Hoxha (1908-1985)

Albanian post-war communist leader and dictator of Albania (1944-85), born in Gjirokastër, Albania

  • 1914 Christian J Modeste, gypsey king
  • 1916 George Turner, Australian author (d. 1997)
  • 1918 Bill Nichols, American politician (Rep-D-AL, 1967-88), born in Monroe County, Mississippi (d. 1988)
  • 1919 Kathleen Winsor, American writer (d. 2003)
  • 1925 Daniel J Evans, (Sen-R-WA, 1983- )
  • 1925 Lorraine Sweeny, communications specialist

Günter GrassGünter Grass (1927-2015)

German writer, playwright (The Tin Drum) and Nobel Prize laureate (1999), born in the Free City of Danzig

  • 1928 Mary Daly, American feminist
  • 1929 Bill Green, American politician (Rep-R-NY, 1978-93), born in New York City (d. 2002)
  • 1931 Charles W Colson, presidential adviser (Watergate figure), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2012)
  • 1932 John Grant, British politician (d. 2000)
  • 1936 Akira Machida, Japanese judge
  • 1936 Andrei Chikatilo, Soviet-Russian serial killer who murdered at least 52 women and children between 1978 and 1990, born in Yabluchne, Ukraine, Soviet Union (d. 1994)
  • 1938 Carl Gunter Jr, Louisiana State Representative (d. 1999)
  • 1945 Paul Monette, American writer and LBT activist, born in Lawrence, Massachusetts (d. 1995)
  • 1947 David Zucker, American director (Airplane, Naked Gun, Top Secret), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1949 André Leon Talley, American fashion expert, former Vogue editor, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1951 Alan Wheat, American politician (Rep-D-Missouri, 1983-95), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • 1952 Christopher Cox, American politician (Rep-R-California 1989-2005), born in St. Paul, Minnesota
  • 1956 James H Newman, Trust Territory of Pacific, PhD/Astronaut (STS 51, 69)
  • 1961 Marc Levy, French novelist
  • 1964 Stephen Paul "Steve" Lamacq [Lammo], British disc jockey (BBC Radio 6), born in Islington, London
  • 1969 Gregory Metcalf, Ellensburg Wash, 3k steeplechase
  • 1976 Ryan Fitzgerald, Australian football (AFL) player and media personality