Birthdays in History on October 18

  • 1127 Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan (d. 1192)
  • 1239 Stefanus V, prince of Transylvania/king of Hungary (1270-72)
  • 1405 Pius II [Aenea S Piccolomini], Italian pope (1458-64) (Cynthia)
  • 1517 Manoel da Nóbrega, Portuguese Jesuit in Brazil (d. 1570)
  • 1547 Justus Lipsius [Joost Lips], Dutch classic philologist/historian
  • 1569 Giambattista Marini, Italian poet (d. 1625)
  • 1595 Edward Winslow, Plymouth Colony founder (d. 1655)
  • 1634 Luca Giordano, Italian artist (d. 1705)
  • 1638 Lars Johnstown [Lasse Lucidor], Swedish poet
  • 1653 Abraham van Riebeeck, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1713)
  • 1662 Matthew Henry, English non-conformist minister (d. 1714)
  • 1663 Prince Eugene of Savoy, French-born Austrian field marshal in the Holy Roman Empire and for the Habsburg Monarchy against the Ottomans and the French, born in Paris, France (d. 1736) [1]
  • 1668 Johan Georg IV, elector of Saxony (1691-94)
  • 1679 Ann Putnam, Jr., American accuser in the Salem Witch Trials (d. 1716)
  • 1697 Giovanni Canaletto, Italian painter (Regatta on the Grand Canal) and printmaker, born in Venice (d. 1768)
  • 1701 Charles le Beau, French historian (d. 1778)
  • 1712 Jeremias van Riemsdijk, gov-general of Dutch Indies (1775-77)
  • 1741 Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, French army general and writer (Les Liaisons dangereuses (Dangerous Liaisons)), born in Amiens, Kingdom of France (d. 1803)
  • 1774 Adolf Muller, German dramatist and critic, born near Weissenfels (d. 1829)
  • 1777 Heinrich von Kleist, German dramatist/poet (Penthesilea)
  • 1785 Thomas Love Peacock, English author (Headlong Hall)
  • 1804 Rama IV [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua], king of Thailand (1851-68)
  • 1806 John Breckinridge Grayson, Brig Genl (Confederate Army), (d. 1861)
  • 1811 Hugh Thompson Reid, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Union City, Indiana (d. 1874)
  • 1818 Edward Otho Cresap Ord, American engineer and Major General (Union Army), born in Cumberland, Maryland (d. 1883)
  • 1829 Charles Sidney Winder, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • 1829 Lucius Marshall Walker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • 1831 Frederick III, German Emperor (1888), born in Potsdam, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1888)
  • 1837 Friedrich Wilhelm Mengelberg, German-Dutch sculptor and architect of church interiors, born in Cologne (d. 1919)
  • 1844 Harvey W. Wiley, American chemist known for leadership in the passage of the landmark Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906, born in Kent, Indiana (d. 1930)
  • 1854 Charles Scribner II, American magazine and book publisher, born in New York City (d. 1930)
  • 1854 Salomon August Andrée, Swedish engineer, balloonist and polar explorer, born in Gränna, Sweden (d. 1897)
  • 1859 Henri Bergson, French philosopher (Creative Evolution-Nobel 1927)
  • 1859 Paolo Orsi, Rovereto, Italian Archaeologist (Sicilian excavations)
  • 1865 Arie de Jong, Dutch linguist (d. 1957)
  • 1865 Logan Pearsall Smith, American essayist and critic (d. 1946)
  • 1868 Ernst Didring, Swedish author (d. 1931)
  • 1870 D T Suzuki, Kanazawa Japan, Zen Buddhist scholar
  • 1872 Joséphine Caroline, Belgian royal princess, and later (1935) Benedictine nun, taking the name of Sister Marie-Josephine, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1958)
  • 1872 Mikhail Kuzmin, Russian writer and poet born in Yaroslavl, Russian Empire (d. 1936)
  • 1873 Ivanoe Bonomi, Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1951)
  • 1875 James E K Aggrey, Ghana, US theologian/educationalist
  • 1877 Florence Dahl Walrath, humanitarian, founded Cradle society
  • 1878 James Truslow Adams, historian (Pul-1921, Founding of New England)
  • 1889 Fannie Hurst, novelist (Anatomy of Me)
  • 1890 [Agathe] Henriette [M de Beaufort], Dutch author (Rembrandt)
  • 1893 Georges Ohsawa, Japanese founder of Macrobiotics (d. 1966)
  • 1893 Roy Del Ruth, DE, director (About Face, Babe Ruth Story, Star Show)
  • 1893 Sidney Holland, Prime Minister of New Zealand (National: 1949-57), born in Greendale, New Zealand (d. 1961)
  • 1894 H. L. Davis, American author (d. 1960)
  • 1895 Raymond Brulez, Flemish author (Appearance at Kallista)
  • 1897 Isabel Briggs Myers, American psychological theorist (d. 1980)
  • 1902 Pascual Jordan, German physicist (d. 1980)
  • 1904 A. J. Liebling, American journalist (d. 1963)
  • 1905 Felix Houphouet-Boigny, President of Ivory coast (1960-93)
  • 1906 James Brooks, US mural painter (Acquisition of Long Island)
  • 1907 Alexander Hardie Williamson, artist
  • 1909 Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher and legal theorist (d. 2004)
  • 1916 Peter Shepherd, English contractor/multi-millionaire
  • 1918 Constantine Mitsotakis [Konstantinos Mitsotakis], Prime Minister of Greece (1990 –1993), born in Halepa, Crete (d. 2017)
  • 1918 James Cameron Tudor, politician
  • 1918 Willem J "Molly" Geertsema, Dutch liberal/interior minister)

Pierre TrudeauPierre Trudeau (1919-2000)

15th Canadian Prime Minister (Liberal: 1968-79, 1980-84), born in Montreal, Quebec

  • 1919 Ric Nordman, Canadian politician (d. 1996)
  • 1921 Jesse Helms, American politician (Senator -D/R-North Carolina, 1973-2003), born in Monroe, North Carolina (d. 2008)
  • 1922 Richard Stankiewicz, US sculptor (1974 Akston Award, 1966 Brandeis)
  • 1923 Suzanne Perlman, Hungarian/Dutch Antilian painter
  • 1924 Frank Liedel [Leo van Assche], Flemish writer (Kaperbrief)
  • 1925 Ramiz Alia, political leader of Albania
  • 1926 Thomas Millar, Australian historian and political scientist, born in Kalamunda, Western Australia (d. 1994)
  • 1929 Violeta Barrios de Chamorro, president of Nicaragua (1990- )
  • 1930 Frank C. Carlucci, National Security Adviser/Sec of Defense (1987-89), born in Scanton, Pennsyslvania (d. 2018)
  • 1931 Catharina I "Ien" Dales, Dutch Internal minister (1989-94)
  • 1932 Vytautas Landsbergis, Lithuanian politician (European Parliament, 2003-14; Speaker of the Seimas, 1996-2000), and writer, born in Kaunas, Lithuania
  • 1934 Chuck Swindoll, American evangelist
  • 1935 John B. Coleman, American hotel magnate (Ritz Carlton), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1939 Flavio Cotti, member of the Swiss Federal Council

Lee Harvey OswaldLee Harvey Oswald (1939-1963)

American assassin of JFK, born in New Orleans, Louisiana

  • 1942 Larry Pickering, Australian newspaper cartoonist
  • 1943 Birthe Rønn Hornbech, Danish politician
  • 1943 Elena Ferrante, pseudonymous Italian novelist (Neapolitan Novels), born in Naples, Italy (claimed)
  • 1944 Katherine Kurtz, UK, sci-fi author (Deryni Rising, Saint Camber)
  • 1945 Christopher Shays, American politician (Rep-R-Connecticut 1987-2009), born in Stamford, Connecticut
  • 1947 Job Cohen, Dutch politician, Mayor of Amsterdam
  • 1947 Luc Journet, Belgian physician (Order of Zonnetempel)
  • 1948 Isabel E Allen, biostatician
  • 1948 Ntozake Shange, American author
  • 1950 Pat Swindall, American politician convicted of perjury (Rep-R-GA, 1985-89), born in Gadsden, Alabama (d. 2018)
  • 1950 Wendy Wasserstein, American playwright (The Heidi Chronicles), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1951 Terry McMillan, American author
  • 1952 Bảo Ninh, Vietnamese novelist
  • 1955 Rita Verdonk, Dutch politician
  • 1956 Jim Talent, American politician (Rep-R-Missouri), born in Des Peres, Missouri
  • 1957 Doug Isaacson, Alaskan politician
  • 1959 Kirby Chambliss, Aerobatic pilot and Red Bull Air Racer
  • 1959 Steve Swayne, Dartmouth Professor
  • 1970 José Padilla, American former gang member and alleged supporter of terrorism
  • 1972 James Stream Thurmond Jr, son of US senator Strom Thurmond