Birthdays in History on October 19

  • 1276 Prince Hisaaki, Japanese shogun (d. 1328)
  • 1433 Marsilio Ficino, Italian philosopher (d. 1499)
  • 1507 Viglius ab Aytta Zuichemus [Aytta van Zwichem], Dutch priest
  • 1562 George Abbott, English theologist and the Archbishop of Canterbury (1611-1633), born in Guildford, Surrey, England (d. 1633)
  • 1582 Dmitry Ivanovich [Dmitry of Uglich], Russian Tsarevich and son of Ivan IV "the Terrible" (d. 1591)
  • 1605 Thomas Browne, English philosopher and writer (Garden of Cyrus), born in London (d. 1682)
  • 1610 James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde, English statesman and soldier (d. 1688)
  • 1658 Adolf Friedrich II of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1704)
  • 1669 Wirich Philipp von Daun, Austrian nobleman and field marshal, Viceroy of Naples, Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands, born in Vienna, Habsburg Empire (d. 1741)
  • 1680 John Abernethy, Irish Protestant minister (d. 1740)
  • 1688 William Cheselden, English surgeon and anatomist (d. 1752)
  • 1718 Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, Marshal of France (d. 1804)
  • 1720 John Woolman, American Quaker preacher and abolitionist, born in Province of New Jersey (d. 1772)
  • 1721 Joseph de Guignes, French orientalist (d. 1800)
  • 1784 John McLoughlin, Hudson's Bay Co pioneer in Oregon Country
  • 1784 Leigh Hunt, British writer
  • 1792 Dirk Donker Curtius, Dutch attorney/minister of Justice (liberal)
  • 1810 Cassius Marcellus Clay, American Major General (Union Army), born in Madison County, Kentucky (d. 1903)
  • 1819 Joseph C Juglar, French physician/economist (Crises Commercial)
  • 1819 Samuel McGowan, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Laurens County, South Carolina (d. 1897)
  • 1824 Rufus Saxton, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Greenfield, Massachusetts (d. 1908)
  • 1834 Francis Channing Barlow, US lawyer/gen-major/co-founder (ABA)
  • 1850 Annie Smith Peck, American mountain climber/explorer/diplomat, born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1935)
  • 1851 Empress Myeongseong, Empress of Korea (d. 1895)
  • 1858 George Albert Boulenger, Belgian naturalist (d. 1937)
  • 1863 John Huston Finley, Ill, editor (NY Times (1937-38)
  • 1868 Bertha Landes, 1st woman elected mayor of a major US city (Seattle)
  • 1871 Walter B Cannon, US physiologist (Wisdom of the Body)
  • 1878 Hermann Claudius, German folk poet (Meister Bertram), born in Langenfelde near Hamburg (d. 1980)
  • 1882 Vincas Kreve-Mickievicius, Lithuania, poet/philologist/playwright
  • 1885 Charles E. Merrill, American investment banker (Merrill Lynch), born in Green Cove Springs, Florida (d. 1956)
  • 1895 Frank Durbin, last American veteran of the Battle of Verdun (d. 1999)
  • 1895 Louis Mumford, cultural historian/city planner/writer
  • 1897 Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Pakistani scientist and scholar (d. 1994)

Miguel Ángel AsturiasMiguel Ángel Asturias (1899-1974)

Guatemalan novelist (Hombres de Maiz, Nobel 67), journalist and poet, born in Guatemala City

  • 1901 Arleigh A Burke, Colo, admiral (WW II, Solomon Islands, Navy Cross)
  • 1909 Marguerite Perey, French physicist (d. 1975)
  • 1910 Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, India, astrophysicist (Nobel Prize 1983 for work on structure and evolution of the stars), born in Lahore, British India (d. 1995)
  • 1911 Hilde Spiel, Austrian writer, born in Vienna (d. 1990)
  • 1913 Jean Urruty, French Jai-Alai champion
  • 1913 Vasco Pratolini, Italian writer (Le ragazze di San Frediano)
  • 1916 Toby Rowland, theatrical manager
  • 1918 Louis Althusser, French philosopher (For Marx, Strangled His Wife)
  • 1918 Robert Charles Evans, mountaineer/doctor
  • 1920 Pandurang Shastri Athavale, Indian philosopher (d. 2003)
  • 1922 Jack Anderson, American journalist (Washington Post), born in Long Beach, California
  • 1925 Victor Zorza, journalist/Russian specialist
  • 1926 Joel Feinberg, American moral philosopher (d. 2004)
  • 1930 Thomas ap Rees, British botanist, born in Frome, England (d. 1996)
  • 1931 John le Carré [pen name for David Cornwell], English novelist (The Spy Who Came in from the Cold), born in Poole, England (d. 2020)

Yakubu GowonYakubu Gowon (88 years old)

1934 Nigerian army chief, dictator and head of state (1966–75), born in Kanke, Nigeria

James BevelJames Bevel (1936-2008)

American civil rights activist (Southern Christian Leadership Conference, Direct Action), born in Itta Bena, Mississippi

  • 1936 Johnetta Betsch Cole, educator/president (Spellman College)/(Sen-D-KY)
  • 1936 Sylvia Browne, American author and self-proclaimed medium dubbed "America's most controversial psychic", born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2013)

Peter MaxPeter Max (85 years old)

1937 American psychedelic artist (Dynamite Chicken), born in Berlin, Germany

  • 1938 Ton Regtien, Dutch student leader
  • 1942 Andrew Vachss, American author and attorney
  • 1945 Ahmed Abel-Wadoud Karadawi, academic/activist
  • 1945 Patricia Ireland, American feminist (National Organization of Women president, 1991-2001), born in Oak Park, Illinois
  • 1946 Philip Pullman, English writer
  • 1947 Giorgio Cavazzano, Italian comic strip artist
  • 1949 Jamie McGrigor, British politician
  • 1951 Demetrios Christodoulou, Greek mathematical physicist, recipient of the Bôcher Memorial Prize, born in Athens, Greece
  • 1954 Deborah Blum, American writer
  • 1957 Doug Kirby, American travel guide writer (Roadside America), born in Holmdel, New Jersey
  • 1962 Tracy Chevalier, American author
  • 1963 Prince Laurent of Belgium, Château de Belvédère, Laeken, son of King Albert II and Queen Paola
  • 1967 Amy Carter, US President Jimmy Carter's daughter and peace activist
  • 1969 DJ Sammy [Samuel Bouriah], Spanish DJ, born in Mallorca
  • 1969 John Edward, American TV Psychic, born in Glen Cove, New York
  • 1969 Pedro Castillo, Peruvian teacher, union leader and politician (President of Peru 2021-22), born in Puña,, Peru
  • 1977 Louis-José Houde, Canadian stand-up comic, born in Saint-Apollinaire, Quebec