Birthdays in History on October 2

  • 1452 Richard III, King of England (1483-85), born in Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire, England (d. 1485)
  • 1470 Isabella of Naples, Duchess of Milan (1489-1494), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1524)
  • 1538 Saint Charles Borromeo, Italian cardinal and Archbishop of Milan (1564-84), born in Arona, Milan, Italy (d. 1584)
  • 1595 Jacob Louys, Flemish engraver, born in Antwerp (d. 1668)
  • 1616 Andreas Gryphius, German lyric poet and dramatist, born in Glogau, Silesia (d. 1664)
  • 1644 François-Timoléon de Choisy, French writer (Quatre dialogues sur l'immortalité de l'âme), born in Paris (d. 1724)
  • 1722 Leopold Widhalm, Austrian luthier, born in Horn, Austria (d. 1776)
  • 1752 Samuel Story, Dutch rear admiral (Battle at Kamperduin), born in Maasbommel, Dutch Republic (d. 1811)
  • 1756 Jacob van Strij, Dutch cartoonist and graphic artist, born in Dordrecht, Dutch Republic (d. 1815)
  • 1768 William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, British general and politician, born in Bedgebury, Kent, England (d. 1854)
  • 1798 Charles Albert, King of Sardinia (1831-49), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1849)

Person of interestNat Turner

1800 Nat Turner, American leader of a major slave rebellion in 1831, born in Southampton County, Virginia (d. 1831)

Rebel Slave Nat Turner
Rebel Slave
Nat Turner
  • 1819 George Washington Getty, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1901)
  • 1821 Alexander P. Stewart, American Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), born in Rogersville, Hawkins County, Tennessee (d. 1908)
  • 1822 Jan Kappeyne van de Coppello, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1877-79), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1895)
  • 1827 Edmund Jackson Davis, American lawyer, soldier, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in St. Augustine, Florida (d. 1883)

  • 1828 Charles Floquet, French statesman and 44th Prime Minister of France, born in Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port, France (d. 1896)
  • 1832 Edward Burnett Tylor, English anthropologist (Primitive Culture), born in London (d. 1917)
  • 1832 Julius von Sachs, German botanist and naturalist, born in Breslau, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1897)
  • 1833 William Corby, American Catholic priest and President of the University of Notre Dame, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1897)
  • 1835 Louis-Antoine Ranvier, French anatomist and historian, born in Lyon, France (d. 1922)
  • 1839 Hans Thoma, German painter, born in Bernau, Black Forest (d. 1924)

Person of interestPaul von Hindenburg

1847 Paul von Hindenburg, German WW1 general and President of Germany (1925-34), born in Posen, Duchy of Posen, Prussia (d. 1934)

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1851 Ferdinand Foch, French Allied military commander and marshal of France during WW I, born in Tarbes, France (d. 1929)
  • 1852 William Ramsay, Scottish chemist who discovered noble gases (Nobel 1904), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1916)
  • 1857 Marthinus Theunis Steyn, South African politician and President of Orange-Free state (1896-1902), born in Winburg, Orange Free State (d. 1916)
  • 1866 Charles Ricketts, British artist and illustrator, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1931)

Person of interestMahatma Gandhi

1869 Mahatma Gandhi [Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi], Indian pacifist and spiritual leader, born in Porbandar, Kathiawar Agency, India (d. 1948)

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1871 Cordell Hull, American Secretary of State (1933-44) who established United Nation (Nobel 1945), born in Olympus, Tennessee (d. 1955)
  • 1871 Martha Brookes Hutcheson, American landscape architect, born in NYC, New York (d. 1959)
  • 1873 Stephen Warfield Gambrill, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), born in Savage, Maryland (d. 1938)
  • 1878 François Conrad Schlumberger, French physicist, born in Guebwiller, Upper Rhine (d. 1936)
  • 1879 Wallace Stevens, American poet (Ideas of Order), born in Reading, Pennsylvania (d. 1955)
  • 1882 Boris Shaposhnikov, Russian military commander, born in Zlatoust, Ufa Governorate Russian Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1885 Ruth Bryan Owen, American politician (first woman appointed as a U.S. ambassador, Denmark 1933-36), born in Jacksonville, Illinois (d. 1954)
  • 1886 Pierre Balledux, Dutch stage manager and resistance fighter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1976)
  • 1895 Louis Lebeer, Dutch art historian, born in Mechelen, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • 1895 Fritz Eberhard, West German lawyer and resistor (Law), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1982)

Person of interestCoco the Clown

1900 Coco the Clown [Nicolai Poliakoff], Famous Russian clown, born in Dvinsk, Russian Empire (d. 1974)

Famous Clown Coco the Clown
Famous Clown
Coco the Clown
  • 1901 Christopher Clarkson, British test pilot, born in Dunsfold, Surrey (d. 1994)
  • 1901 Roy Campbell, South African poet (Flowering Rifle), born in Durban, South Africa (d. 1957)

  • 1901 Charles Stark "Doc" Draper, American Scientist and Engineer who headed the team that invented the Apollo Guidance Computer and inertial navigation technology for aircraft, space vehicles, and submarines, born in Windsor, Missouri (d. 1987)
  • 1902 Leopold Figl, Austrian politician (13th Chancellor of Austria), born in Rust, Michelhausen, Austria-Hungary (d. 1965)
  • 1904 Dermot Boyle, Marshal of the Royal Air Force, born in Rathdowney, County Laois, Ireland (d. 1993)
  • 1904 Godfrey Baseley, British radio executive, born in Alverchurch, Worchestershire, England (d. 1997)
  • 1904 Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indian politician, Prime Minister of India (1964-66), born in Mughalsarai, British India (d. 1966)

Person of interestGraham Greene

1904 [Henry] Graham Greene, English novelist (Brighton Rock, The Power and the Glory), born in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire (d. 1991)

  • 1906 John Humphreys Whitfield, British scholar of Italian language & literature, born in Wednesbury, England (d. 1995)
  • 1907 Alexander Robertus Todd, British organic chemist (Nobel Prize 1957), born in Glasgow (d. 1997)
  • 1911 Stuart Rose, British designer (British Post Office), born in London (d. 1993)
  • 1911 Jack Finney, American sci-fi and thriller author (The Body Snatchers, Time and Again), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Eric Charles Twelves Wilson, English British Army officer (awarded Victoria Cross), born in Sandown, Isle of Wight, England (d. 2008)
  • 1913 Vivian Ridler, British scholar and printer (Oxford University), born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 2009)
  • 1914 Jack Parsons, American rocket scientist and Thelemite occultist, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1952)
  • 1917 Christian de Duve, British cytologist and biochemist (Nobel 1974), born in Thames Ditton, Surrey (d. 2013)
  • 1919 Geoffrey Luttrell, English landowner and Lord Lieutenant of Somerset, born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 2007)
  • 1920 William Cramond, Scottish psychiatrist and vice-chancellor (Stirling University), born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 2004)
  • 1921 Albert Scott Crossfield, American test pilot (XS-1), born in Berkeley, California (d. 2006)
  • 1921 Robert Runcie, Archbishop of Canterbury, born in Liverpool, England (d. 2000)
  • 1923 Jack Dellal, English immovables-goedbezitter/multi-millionaire, (d. 2012)
  • 1924 Sam Wainwright, deputy chairman (British Post Office)
  • 1925 Brian Dillon, British Lord Justice of Appeal (1982-94) (d. 2003)
  • 1926 Jan Morris, Welsh historian and travel writer (Among the Cities, Hong Kong, Journeys), born in Clevedon, Somerset, England
  • 1928 Wolfhart Pannenberg, German theologist (Gingham Girl), born in Stettin, Germany (d. 2014)
  • 1928 Anthony Tippet, British Royal Navy officer and Chief of Fleet Support (d. 2006)
  • 1928 Clay Felker, American journalist (NY Herald Tribune, Esquire), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 2008)
  • 1928 Robin Duthie, British accountant and CEO (Britoil), born in Greenock, Scotland
  • 1929 John Zochonis, British industrialist (PZ Cussons) and philanthropist (d. 2013)
  • 1930 Dave Barrett, 26th Premier of British Columbia (1972-75), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 2018)
  • 1932 Ruairí Ó Brádaigh, Irish paramilitary and political leader of Sinn Féin, born in Longford, Ireland (d. 2013)

Person of interestJohn B. Gurdon

1933 John B. Gurdon, English developmental biologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2012), born in Dippenhall, Hampshire

Developmental biologist John B. Gurdon
Developmental biologist
John B. Gurdon
  • 1934 Duncan Thomson, keeper (Scottish National Portrait Gallery)
  • 1934 Richard Scott, Baron Scott of Foscote, British high court judge, born in Dehradun, India

Person of interestRobert Henry Lawrence, Jr.

1935 Robert Henry Lawrence, Jr., 1st African-American astronaut and U.S. Air Force major, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1967)

  • 1936 Johnnie Cochran, American attorney (O.J. Simpson defense attorney), born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2005)
  • 1936 Roger Sainsbury, Anglican Bishop of Barking
  • 1938 Lloyd Turner, journalist (Daily Express), born in Australia (d. 1996)
  • 1939 Yury Glazkov, Soviet Air Force officer and cosmonaut (Soyuz 24), born in Moscow (d. 2008)
  • 1940 Gheorghe Gruia, Romanian handball player, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 2015)
  • 1941 Zareh Baronian, Armenian theologian, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 2017)
  • 1943 Franklin Rosemont, American poet, artist and co-founder of the Chicago Surrealist Group, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1944 Peter Hobson, British headmaster (Giggleswick School) (d. 2003)
  • 1944 Vernor [Steffen] Vinge, American sci-fi author (Witling, True Names), born in Waukesha, Wisconsin
  • 1945 Frank Tejeda, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas), born in San Antonio, Texas (d. 1997)
  • 1948 Donna Karan, American fashion designer (Coty Award-1977), born in Forest Hills, New York
  • 1948 Leslie Frankenheimer, American film set designer (4 Emmy Awards), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2013)
  • 1950 Philip Wilson, Australian Catholic bishop, jailed for concealing sexual abuse, born in Cessnock, Australia
  • 1952 George Meegan, British adventurer who walked 19,019 miles from Argentina to Alaska, born in London
  • 1953 Ernest Bai Koroma, Sierra Leonean politician, President of Sierra Leone (2007-), born in Makeni, Sierra Leone
  • 1956 Murphy Morobe, South Afr UDF leader (spent 3 yrs in Robbeneiland Jail)
  • 1968 Victoria Derbyshire, British radio presenter
  • 1970 Colin Rivas, Galician artist
  • 1973 Verka Serduchka, Ukrainian entertainer
  • 1973 Maria Wetterstrand, Swedish politician
  • 1974 Paul Teutul Jr., co-star of American Chopper
  • 1976 Jason Dodson, American political consultant and teacher of esotericism
  • 1976 Anita Kulcsár, Hungarian handball player (d. 2005)
  • 1980 Shane Andrus, National Football League kicker
  • 1983 Huda Kattan, American-born make-up artist and beauty entrepreneur, born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma