Birthdays in History on October 20

  • 1435 Andrea Della Robbia, Italian sculptor, nephew of Luca, born in Florence (d. 1525)
  • 1475 Giovanni Rucellai, Italian poet (Le Api)
  • 1496 Claude de Lutherans, 1st duke of Guise, French general (Battle of Marignano), born in Condé-sur-Moselle, France (d. 1550)
  • 1616 Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (d. 1680)
  • 1620 Aelbert Cuyp, Dutch painter, born in Dordrecht (d. 1691)

Christopher WrenChristopher Wren (1632-1723)

English astronomer and architect (St. Paul's Cathedral), born in East Knoyle, Wiltshire

  • 1637 Nicolaas van der Veken, Flemish sculptor (confessional chairs)
  • 1656 Nicolas de Largillière, French painter (d. 1746)
  • 1660 Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (d. 1723)
  • 1677 Stanislaus I Leszczyński, King of Poland (d. 1766)
  • 1679 Samuel von Cocceji, German lawyer, Grand Chancellor of Prussia, born in Heidelberg (d. 1755)
  • 1700 Charlotte Aglaé of Orléans, Duchess of Modena (d. 1761)
  • 1711 Timothy Ruggles, American-born Tory politician (d. 1795)
  • 1719 Gottfried Achenwall, German lawyer, statistician and economist
  • 1740 Belle van Zuylen, Dutch-Swiss writer (Three Women), born at Castle Zuylen near Utrecht (d. 1805)
  • 1751 Hendrik van Stralen, Dutch politician
  • 1759 Chauncey Goodrich, U.S. Senator from Connecticut (d. 1815)
  • 1780 Pauline Bonaparte, Corsican duchess of Parma and Guastalla, sister of Napoleon Bonaparte, born in Ajaccio, Corsica (d. 1825)

Henry John TempleHenry John Temple (1784-1865)

3rd Viscount Palmerston, British Prime Minister (1855-58 and 1859-65), born in Westminster, Middlesex

  • 1785 George Ormerod, English historian and antiquarian (d. 1873)
  • 1792 Colin Campbell, Lord Clyde, British army officer (Opium Wars, Sepoy-uprising), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1863)
  • 1808 Karl [Theodor] Andree, German geographer and journalist (Globus)
  • 1812 Austin Flint, American physician and heart research pioneer (Austin heart murmur), born in Petersham, Massachusetts (d. 1886)
  • 1819 Daniel Edgar Sickles, American politician, diplomat and Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1914)
  • 1819 The Báb, Persian founder of the Bábí Faith, born in Shiraz, Iran (d. 1850)
  • 1820 Benjamin Franklin Cheatham, American Major General in the Confederate Army (let General John M. Schofield escape), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1886)
  • 1820 George Jerrison Stannard, American farmer, teacher, governmental official and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Georgia, Vermont (d. 1886)
  • 1822 Mansfield Lovell, American Major General in Confederate Army (Commander when New Orleans fell), born in the Dictrict of Columbia (d. 1884)
  • 1823 Thomas Hughes, English politician and author (Tom Brown's School Days), born in Uffington (d. 1896)
  • 1832 Constantin Lipsius, German architect (Lipsius-Bau), born in Leipzig (d. 1894)
  • 1843 Victor de Stuers, Dutch art connoisseur

Arthur RimbaudArthur Rimbaud (1854-1891)

French poet and adventurer (The Drunken Boat, Illuminations), born in Charleville, France

  • 1858 John Burns, English politician and trade Unionist, born in London, England (d. 1943)

John DeweyJohn Dewey (1859-1952)

American philosopher, educational theorist and writer (learn by doing), born in Burlington, Vermont

  • 1864 James F. Hinkle, American politician, sixth Governor of New Mexico, born in Franklin County, Missouri (d. 1951)

James ChadwickJames Chadwick (1891-1974)

English physicist (Nobel 1935 discovered neutron), born in Bollington, Cheshire

Jomo KenyattaJomo Kenyatta (1891-1978)

1st Prime Minister of Kenya (1963-64) and the 1st President of Kenya (1964-78), born in Gatundu, Kenya

  • 1897 Yevsei Liberman, Ukrainian Soviet economist (Plan, profit, bonuses), born in Slavuta, Russia (d. 1983)
  • 1897 Yi Un of Korea, last crown prince of Korea, born at Deoksu Palace, Seoul (d. 1970)
  • 1899 Evelyn Brent, American actress (Panama Lady, Last Command), born in Tampa, Florida (d. 1975)
  • 1899 Marnix Gijsen [baron Jan-Albert Goris], Flemish writer (Grote God Pan)
  • 1900 Wayne Morse, American politician (Senator-(R&D)-Oregon 1945-69), born in Madison, Wisconsin (d. 1974)

Tommy DouglasTommy Douglas (1904-1986)

Canadian politician (Father of Medicare), born in Falkirk, Scotland

  • 1909 Sugiyama Yasushi, Japanese Nihonga style painter, and designer, born in Asakusa, (d. 1993)
  • 1917 Efrain Jonckheer, Premier of the Dutch Antilles, born in Curaçao (d. 1987)
  • 1917 Jean-Pierre Melville, French director (A Cop), born in Paris, France
  • 1918 Robert Lochner, German journalist (help JFK with "Ich bin ein Berliner" speech), born in New York City (d. 2003)
  • 1919 Tracy Hall, American inventor (grew synthetic diamond), born in Ogden, Utah (d. 2008)
  • 1920 Dov Noy, Polish-born Jewish scholar of Jewish folklore, born in Kolomyja, Poland
  • 1921 Hans Warren, Dutch writer, poet and critic (Secret Diary)
  • 1921 Pierre Laporte, Canadian journalist and statesman (Revolution Script)
  • 1923 Joe Minogue, British journalist (Guardian)
  • 1924 Kenneth W. Gatland, British aerospace scientist (d. 1997)
  • 1924 Stanley Booth-Clibborn, British Anglican Bishop of Manchester, born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • 1925 Art Buchwald, American columnist and author (Have I Ever Lied to You), born in Mt Vernon, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1925 Theodore Hall, American Physicist and atomic spy for the Soviet Union, born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)
  • 1927 Joyce Brothers, American pop psychologist ($64,000 Question, Naked Gun), born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1927 Oskar Pastior, Romanian-born German writer (Oulipo), born in Sibiu (d. 2006)
  • 1928 Li Peng, Chinese leader, Premier of China (1987-98), born in Shanghai French Concession (d. 2019)
  • 1931 Ken Morrison, English supermarket tycoon (Morrisons), born in Bradford, England (d. 2017)
  • 1934 Michiko, empress of Japan, wife of Akihito, Emperor of Japan, first commoner to marry into the Japanese royal family, born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1937 Emma Tennant, English writer (Pemberley: or, Pride and Prejudice Continued), born in London (d. 2017)
  • 1938 Iain Macmillan, Scottish Abbey Road photographer, born in Carnoustie, Scotland (d. 2006)
  • 1940 Robert Pinsky, American poet and Poet Laureate of the United States, born in Long Branch, New Jersey
  • 1945 Vladimir Kozlov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Moscow (d. 2012)
  • 1946 Elfriede Jelinek, Austrian novelist, poet, and playwright (Nobel Prize for Literature, 2004 -The Piano Teacher), born in Mürzzuschlag, Austria
  • 1948 Robert A. Borski, American politician (Rep-D-PA, 1983-2003), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1951 Leif Pagrotsky, Swedish politician and diplomat, born in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • 1955 David Profumo, English novelist (Bringing the House Down), born in London, England
  • 1955 Sheldon Whitehouse, American politician (Senator-D-Rhode Island 2007-), born in New York City
  • 1958 Lynn Flewelling, American fantasy author (Nightrunner series), born in Maine
  • 1959 Shuping Wang, Chinese doctor who exposed China's HIV crisis, born in Fugou County, Henan, China (d. 2019)
  • 1961 Les Stroud, Canadian survival expert (Survivorman), born in Etobicoke, Ontario
  • 1963 Julie Payette, Canadian scientist, astronaut and Governor General (2017-2021), born in Montreal, Quebec

Kamala HarrisKamala Harris (58 years old)

1964 American lawyer, politician and 49th Vice President of the United States (2021-) who was the 1st African-American, Asian-American attorney general of California, born in Oakland, California

  • 1966 Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, Al-Qaeda leader (d. 2006)
  • 1966 Patrick J. Volkerding, American founder and maintainer of the Slackware Linux distribution
  • 1966 Stefan Raab, German entertainer (TV Total), born in Cologne, West Germany
  • 1970 Michelle Malkin, American political commentator and author (Fox News), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1972 Brian Schatz, American politician (Senator-D-Hawaii 2012-), born in Ann Arbor, Michigan