Birthdays in History on October 21

  • 1449 George, Duke of Clarence, brother of Edward IV and Richard III (d. 1478)
  • 1527 Louis I, Cardinal of Guise, French cardinal (d. 1578)
  • 1581 Domenico Zampieri, Italian painter (d. 1641)
  • 1582 Johan Ernst earl of Nassau-Siegen, military/son of Johan VII
  • 1650 Jean Bart, French captain/sea hero (Escape from Plymouth)
  • 1660 Georg Ernst Stahl, German scientist (d. 1734)
  • 1672 Pylyp Orlyk, Ukrainian Zaporozhian Cossack starshina and diplomat, born in Vileyka Raion, Belarus (d. 1742)
  • 1675 Emperor Higashiyama of Japan (d. 1710)
  • 1687 Nicolaus I Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (d. 1759)
  • 1712 Sir James Steuart, British economist (d. 1780)
  • 1725 Franz Moritz Graf von Lacy, Austrian field marshal (d. 1801)
  • 1757 Pierre Augereau, Marshal of France and duc de Castiglione (d. 1816)
  • 1761 Louis AG baron de Bacler d'Albe, French cartographer/brigadier general
  • 1762 Herman Willem Daendels, Dutch military leader (Brigadier-General) and politician (Governor-General of Dutch-East Indies, 1808-11; Governor-General of Dutch Gold Coast, 1811-15), born in Hattem, Gelderland, Dutch Republic (d. 1818)

Samuel Taylor ColeridgeSamuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834)

English romantic poet (Rime of Ancient Mariner), born in Ottery St Mary, Devon, England

  • 1790 Alphonse-Marie Louis de Lamartine, Macon France, writer (René)
  • 1803 George Wright, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Norwich, Vermont (d. 1865)
  • 1822 Levinus Keuchenius, Dutch minister of Colonies (1888-90)
  • 1827 Petrus PM Alberdingk Thijm, Dutch historian/writer

Alfred NobelAlfred Nobel (1833-1896)

Swedish chemist who invented dynamite and founded the Nobel Prizes, born in Stockholm, Sweden

  • 1839 Georg von Siemens, founder (Deutsche Bank)
  • 1843 Mark M Antokolski, Russian/French sculptor (Peter the Great)
  • 1846 Edmondo de Amicis, Italian writer (Cuore)
  • 1858 Ramabai Dongre' Medhavi, India, social reformer
  • 1873 George P Gooch, English historian/MP
  • 1874 Albert Aftalion, Bulgaria/French economist
  • 1884 (Don Stephen) "D.S." Senanayake, Ceylonese politician and leader of Sri Lankan independence movement (1st Prime Minister of Ceylon, 1947-52), born in Botale, British Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) (d. 1952)
  • 1885 Jan Altink, Dutch painter/co-founder (Ploeg)
  • 1890 Gerrit Engelke, German writer/poet (Love Letters)
  • 1891 John Metzelaar, Dutch/US (About Tropical Atl Visschen)
  • 1894 Rampo Edogawa, Japanese author and critic (d. 1965)
  • 1895 Alexander d'Arbeloff, entrepreneur
  • 1898 Amedeo duke of Aosta, viceroy of Ethiopia/gov-gen of Italian East-Africa
  • 1901 Gerhard von Rad, German old testament scholar (Deuteronomium)
  • 1904 Edmond [Moore] Hamilton, American sci-fi author (Danger Planet)
  • 1904 Patrick Kavanagh, Irish poet (d. 1967)
  • 1906 Lillian Asplund, last American Titanic survivor (d. 2006)
  • 1907 Nikos Engonopoulos, Greek painter and poet (d. 1985)
  • 1914 Martin Gardner, Scientific American math & puzzles columnist
  • 1919 Claire Sterling, journalist
  • 1919 Daniel John Chapman Cunningham, physiologist
  • 1922 Liliane de Bettencourt, French heir to L'Oreal and richest woman in the world from 2016, born in Paris, France (d. 2017)
  • 1925 Louis J. Robichaud, Canadian premier of New Brunswick (d. 2005)
  • 1928 Yú Guāngzhōng [Yu Kwang-chung], Taiwanese poet, essayist, and translator (Nostalgia), born in Nanjing, Republic of China (d. 2017)
  • 1929 George Stinney, African-American wrongfully executed at 14 for murder, born in Pinewood, South Carolina (d. 1944)
  • 1929 Ursula K. Le Guin, American sci-fi author (The Left Hand of Darkness, Tombs of Atuan), born in Berkeley, California (d. 2018)
  • 1930 Doreen Cannon, teacher of acting (London)
  • 1934 Jerry Lewis, American politician (Rep-R-California, 1979-2013), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2021)
  • 1936 James H "Simon" Gray, English playwright (Butley)
  • 1940 Don Ritter, American politician (Rep-R-PA, 1979-93), born in New York City
  • 1940 Frances FitzGerald, American journalist/author (Fire in the Lake), born in NYC, New York
  • 1941 Marina Ripa, countess/writer (My First 40 Years), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1942 Les AuCoin, American politician (Rep-D-OR, 1975-93), born in Portland, Oregon
  • 1943 Tariq Ali, Pakistani author and historian, born in Lahore, Punjab, British India (now Pakistan)
  • 1944 Janet Ahlberg, illustrator
  • 1945 Nikita Mikhalkov, director (Dark Eyes, Slave of Love)
  • 1948 Moses J "Moss" Mayekiso, South African union/SACP-leader
  • 1948 Shaye Cohen, Historian and Professor at Harvard University

Benjamin NetanyahuBenjamin Netanyahu (73 years old)

1949 9th Israeli prime minister (1996-99 and 2009-21), born in Tel Aviv, Israel

  • 1949 Jonathon Silver, entrepreneur/arts patron
  • 1950 David Lascelles, Earl of Harewood, grandson of English Princess Mary
  • 1950 Ronald E McNair, Lake City SC, astr (STS 41B, 51L-Challenger disaster)
  • 1952 Allen Hoey, American poet and novelist
  • 1953 Peter Mandelson, British politician
  • 1954 Brian Tobin, Canadian premier of Newfoundland
  • 1957 Wolfgang Ketterle, German physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1958 Andre Geim, Russian-British physicist (2010 Nobel Prize for isolation of Graphene), born in Sochi, Russia [1]
  • 1971 Jade Jagger, daughter of Mick & Bianca Jagger, born in Paris, France
  • 1971 Thomas Ulsrud, Norwegian curler (World C'ship gold [skip] 2014; Olympics silver 2010), born in Oslo, Norway (d. 2022)
  • 1972 Evhen Tsybulenko, Ukrainian professor of international law
  • 1976 Mélanie Turgeon, French Canadian alpine skier
  • 1983 Aboudia Diarrassouba, Ivorian-American artist, born in Abengourou, Ivory Coast
  • 1986 Natalee Holloway, U.S teen, disappeared in Aruba
  • 1988 Hope Hicks, American political operative, White House Communications Director (2017-), born in Greenwich, Connecticut