Birthdays in History on October 22

  • 1071 William IX, Duke of Aquitaine and poet (d. 1126)
  • 1197 Emperor Juntoku, 84th emperor of Japan (d. 1242)
  • 1511 Erasmus Reinhold, German mathematician (calculated planetary table), born in Saalfeld, Electorate of Saxony (d. 1553)
  • 1592 Gustaf Horn, Swedish soldier and politician, born in Örbyhus Castle, Uppland (d. 1657)
  • 1688 Nader Shah, Iranian ruler (1736-47) and founder of Afsharid Dynasty of Persia, born in Kobhan, Iran (d. 1747)
  • 1689 John V, King of Portugal (1706-50), born in Ribeira Palace, Lisbon (d. 1750)
  • 1701 Maria Amalia of Austria, Holy Roman Empire Empress as the spouse of Emperor Charles VII, born in Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Archduchy of Austria, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1756)
  • 1729 Johann Reinhold Forster, German botanist (naturalist on James Cook's second Pacific voyage), born in Dirschau (Tczew), Royal Prussia, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1798)
  • 1790 Jan Ackersdijk, Dutch political economist, born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands (d. 1861)
  • 1807 Magnus Huss, Swedish physician who coined the word alcoholism and was the first to define it as a disease, born in Torps, Västernorrland county, Sweden (d. 1890)
  • 1809 Volney E. Howard, American politician, born in Oxford County, Maine (d. 1889)
  • 1810 Henry Bohlen, German-American Brigadier General (Union Army), Bremen, Germany (d. 1862)
  • 1818 Leconte de Lisle, French poet and writer, born in Saint-Paul, Réunion, France (d. 1894)

Collis P. HuntingtonCollis P. Huntington (1821-1900)

American business tycoon and railroad executive (Central Pacific Railroad, Southern Pacific Railroad), born in Harwinton, Connecticut

  • 1843 Stephen Babcock, American agricultural chemist (Babcock test and father of scientific dairying), born in Oneida County, New York (d. 1931)

Louis RielLouis Riel (1844-1885)

Canadian politician, founder of the province of Manitoba and leader of the Métis people of the Canadian prairies, born in Red River Colony, Rupert's Land, British North America

  • 1847 Jacobus Herculas de la Rey, Boer leader in the South African War (1899–1902), born in Winburg, South Africa (d. 1914)
  • 1865 Kristjan Raud, Estonian painter and one of the founders of the Estonian National Museum, born in Kirikuküla, Vinni Parish, Estonia (d. 1943)
  • 1870 Alfred Douglas, English poet, journalist and partner of Oscar Wilde, born in Powick, Worcestershire, England (d. 1945)
  • 1870 Ivan Bunin, Russian poet and novelist (Gentleman from San Francisco-Nobel 1933), born in Voronezh, Russian Empire (d. 1953)
  • 1873 Gustaf John Ramstedt, Finland-Swedish linguist and diplomat, born in Ekenäs, Finland (d. 1950)
  • 1876 Karl Adam, German theologist (Christ our Brother), born in Freudenberg, Bavaria (d. 1966)
  • 1881 Clinton Davisson, American physicist (Nobel 1937- discovery of electron diffraction in the famous Davisson-Germer experiment), born in Bloomington, Illinois (d. 1958)
  • 1883 Adolph Joffe, Russian Communist revolutionary and writer (Brest-Litovsk), born in Simferopol, Russian Empire (d. 1927)
  • 1886 Erik Bergman, Lutheran pastor (d. 1970)
  • 1887 John Reed, journalist who reported on Mexican, Russian revolutions
  • 1896 Charles Glen King, American biochemist and pioneer of nutrition research who isolated vitamin C, born in Entiat, Washington (d. 1988)
  • 1898 Damaso Alonso, Spanish poet (Hijos de la ira)
  • 1900 Edward Stettinius Jr. 48th US Secretary of State (1944-45) and diplomat, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1949)
  • 1902 Frank Spedding, Canadian chemist whose uranium extraction process helped make possible the first atomic bomb, born in Hamilton, Ontario (d. 1984)
  • 1903 George Beadle, US biologist (Nobel 1958)
  • 1905 Karl Jansky, Czech, discoverer (cosmic radio emissions in 1932)
  • 1906 Sidney Kingsley, US playwright (One in White, Darkness at Noon)
  • 1907 Henriette Wyeth, 1st lady of american art
  • 1908 Helmut Gollwitzer, German theologist/antifascist
  • 1909 Litz Pisk, movement teacher

Bảo ĐạiBảo Đại (1913-1997)

Vietnamese emperor and chief of state (Annam 1926-1945; State of Vietnam, 1949-1955), born in Hue, French Indochina

  • 1913 Hans-Peter Tschudi, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 2002)

Robert CapaRobert Capa (1913-1954)

Hungarian war photographer and photojournalist, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary

  • 1916 Michael F Howard, British Major-General (Gold Stick to the Queen)
  • 1919 Doris Lessing, Iranian novelist (Adore, Memoirs of a Survivor, Golden Notebook), born in Kermanshah, Iran (d. 2013)
  • 1919 Kathleen Ankers, American scenic designer (d. 2001)
  • 1920 Timothy Leary, American psychologist & advocate for psychedelic drug use, born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1996)
  • 1921 Alexander Kronrod, Russian mathematician (d. 1986)
  • 1921 Georges Brassens, French poet/cabaret singer
  • 1922 John H Chafee, (Sen-R-Rhode Island, 1976- )
  • 1922 John Weidner, war hero, born in Brussels, Belgium
  • 1922 Thomas Titus Nkobi, South African ANC-leader (Alexandra-bus boycott 1957), born in Matabeleland, Zimbabwe (d. 1994)
  • 1925 Robert Rauschenberg, American painter (Gloria), born in Port Arthur, Texas (d. 2008)
  • 1926 Jan A de Jonge, Dutch historian
  • 1927 Helenard J "Allan" Hendrickse, leader of South African Labour Party
  • 1927 Ray Stern, mother of radio personality Howard Stern
  • 1933 Donald Herod Peterson, American USAF Colonel, and NASA astronaut (STS-6), born in Winona, Mississippi (d. 2018)
  • 1936 John Blashford-Snell, British Army officer (founded Operation Raleigh), born in Hereford, England
  • 1936 Neville E Alexander, South african (10 years in Robbeneiland Jail)
  • 1939 Joaquim Chissano, president of Mozambique (1986- )
  • 1946 Kelvin MacKenzie, British media tycoon
  • 1946 Richard Loncraine, director (Missionary, Deep Cover, Bellman & True)
  • 1947 Edward F. Feighan, (Rep-D-OH, 1983-93), born in Lakewood, Ohio
  • 1947 Haley Barbour, American politician, governor of Mississippi
  • 1947 Raymond Bachand, French Canadian politician and businessman
  • 1948 Lynette Fromme, American who attempted to assassinate US President Gerald Ford
  • 1949 Glenn Ford, American freed death row inmate (wrongly spent 30 years in prison), born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2015)
  • 1949 Vasilios Magginas, Greek politician
  • 1953 Roy Ristie, Suriname/Neth radio host (Apintie, Kankantrie)
  • 1954 Carla Dunlap, bodybuilder (Pumping Iron 2), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1959 Arto Salminen, Finnish writer (d. 2005)