On This Day

Birthdays in History on October 22

  • 1071 William IX, Duke of Aquitaine and poet (d. 1126)
  • 1197 Emperor Juntoku, 84th emperor of Japan (d. 1242)
  • 1511 Erasmus Reinhold, German mathematician (calculated planetary table), born in Saalfeld, Electorate of Saxony (d. 1553)
  • 1592 Gustaf Horn, Swedish soldier and politician, born in Örbyhus Castle, Uppland (d. 1657)
  • 1688 Nader Shah, Iranian ruler (1736-47) and founder of Afsharid Dynasty of Persia, born in Kobhan, Iran (d. 1747)
  • 1689 John V, King of Portugal (1706-50), born in Ribeira Palace, Lisbon (d. 1750)
  • 1701 Maria Amalia of Austria, Holy Roman Empire Empress as the spouse of Emperor Charles VII, born in Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Archduchy of Austria, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1756)
  • 1729 Johann Reinhold Forster, German botanist (naturalist on James Cook's second Pacific voyage), born in Dirschau (Tczew), Royal Prussia, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1798)
  • 1790 Jan Ackersdijk, Dutch political economist, born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands (d. 1861)
  • 1807 Magnus Huss, Swedish physician who coined the word alcoholism and was the first to define it as a disease, born in Torps, Västernorrland county, Sweden (d. 1890)
  • 1809 Volney E. Howard, American politician, born in Oxford County, Maine (d. 1889)
  • 1810 Henry Bohlen, German-American Brigadier General (Union Army), Bremen, Germany (d. 1862)
  • 1818 Leconte de Lisle, French poet and writer, born in Saint-Paul, Réunion, France (d. 1894)

Person of interestCollis P. Huntington

1821 Collis P. Huntington, American business tycoon and railroad executive (Central Pacific Railroad, Southern Pacific Railroad), born in Harwinton, Connecticut (d. 1900)

Business Tycoon Collis P. Huntington
Business Tycoon
Collis P. Huntington
  • 1843 Stephen Babcock, American agricultural chemist (Babcock test and father of scientific dairying), born in Oneida County, New York (d. 1931)

Person of interestLouis Riel

1844 Louis Riel, Canadian politician, founder of the province of Manitoba and leader of the Métis people of the Canadian prairies, born in Red River Colony, Rupert's Land, British North America (d. 1885)

Politician Louis Riel
Politician
Louis Riel

  • 1847 Jacobus Herculas de la Rey, Boer leader in the South African War (1899–1902), born in Winburg, South Africa (d. 1914)
  • 1865 Kristjan Raud, Estonian painter and one of the founders of the Estonian National Museum, born in Kirikuküla, Vinni Parish, Estonia (d. 1943)
  • 1870 Ivan Bunin, Russian poet and novelist (Gentleman from San Francisco-Nobel 1933), born in Voronezh, Russian Empire (d. 1953)
  • 1870 Alfred Douglas, English poet, journalist and partner of Oscar Wilde, born in Powick, Worcestershire, England (d. 1945)
  • 1873 Gustaf John Ramstedt, Finland-Swedish linguist and diplomat, born in Ekenäs, Finland (d. 1950)
  • 1876 Karl Adam, German theologist (Christ our Brother), born in Freudenberg, Bavaria (d. 1966)
  • 1881 Clinton Davisson, American physicist (Nobel 1937- discovery of electron diffraction in the famous Davisson-Germer experiment), born in Bloomington, Illinois (d. 1958)
  • 1883 Adolph Joffe, Russian Communist revolutionary and writer (Brest-Litovsk), born in Simferopol, Russian Empire (d. 1927)
  • 1886 Erik Bergman, Lutheran pastor (d. 1970)
  • 1887 John Reed, journalist who reported on Mexican, Russian revolutions
  • 1896 Charles Glen King, American biochemist and pioneer of nutrition research who isolated vitamin C, born in Entiat, Washington (d. 1988)
  • 1898 Damaso Alonso, Spanish poet (Hijos de la ira)
  • 1900 Edward Stettinius Jr. 48th US Secretary of State (1944-45) and diplomat, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1949)
  • 1902 Frank Spedding, Canadian Chemist whose uranium extraction process helped make possible the first atomic bomb, born in Hamilton, Ontario
  • 1903 George Beadle, US biologist (Nobel 1958)
  • 1905 Karl Jansky, Czech, discoverer (cosmic radio emissions in 1932)
  • 1906 Sidney Kingsley, US playwright (One in White, Darkness at Noon)
  • 1907 Henriette Wyeth, 1st lady of american art
  • 1908 Helmut Gollwitzer, German theologist/antifascist
  • 1909 Litz Pisk, movement teacher

Person of interestBảo Đại

1913 Bảo Đại, Vietnamese emperor and chief of state (Annam 1926-1945; State of Vietnam, 1949-1955), born in Hue, French Indochina

Emperor of Vietnam Bảo Đại
Emperor of Vietnam
Bảo Đại
  • 1913 Hans-Peter Tschudi, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 2002)

Person of interestRobert Capa

1913 Robert Capa, Hungarian war photographer and photojournalist, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1954)

Photojournalist Robert Capa
Photojournalist
Robert Capa
  • 1915 Harry Hickox, Big Springs Tx, (Herb-Please Don't Eat the Daisies)
  • 1916 Michael F Howard, British Major-General (Gold Stick to the Queen)
  • 1919 Doris Lessing, Iranian novelist (Adore, Memoirs of a Survivor, Golden Notebook), born in Kermanshah, Iran (d. 2013)
  • 1919 Kathleen Ankers, American scenic designer (d. 2001)
  • 1920 Timothy Leary, Harvard prof (LSD taker)
  • 1921 Georges Brassens, French poet/cabaret singer
  • 1921 Alexander Kronrod, Russian mathematician (d. 1986)
  • 1922 Thomas Titus Nkobi, South African ANC-leader (Alexandra-bus boycott 1957), born in Matabeleland, Zimbabwe (d. 1994)
  • 1922 John H Chafee, (Sen-R-Rhode Island, 1976- )
  • 1922 John Weidner, war hero, born in Brussels, Belgium
  • 1925 Robert Rauschenberg, American painter (Gloria), born in Port Arthur, Texas (d. 2008)
  • 1926 Jan A de Jonge, Dutch historian
  • 1927 Helenard J "Allan" Hendrickse, leader of South African Labour Party
  • 1927 Ray Stern, mother of radio personality Howard Stern
  • 1929 Lev Yashin, Soviet-Russian football goalkeeper (Soviet Union 1954-1967)
  • 1933 Donald Herod Peterson, Winona Mississippi, Col USAF/astronaut (STS 6)
  • 1936 John Blashford-Snell, British Army officer (founded Operation Raleigh), born in Hereford, England
  • 1936 Neville E Alexander, South african (10 years in Robbeneiland Jail)
  • 1939 Joaquim Chissano, president of Mozambique (1986- )
  • 1946 Richard Loncraine, director (Missionary, Deep Cover, Bellman & True)
  • 1946 Kelvin MacKenzie, British media tycoon
  • 1947 Edward F Feighan, (Rep-D-OH, 1983- )
  • 1947 Raymond Bachand, French-Canadian politician and businessman
  • 1947 Haley Barbour, American politician, governor of Mississippi
  • 1948 Lynette Fromme, American who attempted to assassinate US President Gerald Ford
  • 1949 Vasilios Magginas, Greek politician
  • 1949 Glenn Ford, American freed death row inmate (wrongly spent 30 years in prison), born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2015)
  • 1953 Roy Ristie, Suriname/Neth radio host (Apintie, Kankantrie)
  • 1954 Carla Dunlap, bodybuilder (Pumping Iron 2), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1959 Arto Salminen, Finnish writer (d. 2005)