Birthdays in History on October 23

Marcus AgrippaMarcus Agrippa (c. 63-12 BC)

Roman general (Battle of Actium), born in an uncertain location but possibly in Arpino, Istria or Asisium [or 64 BC]

  • 1491 Ignatius of Loyola, Spanish-Basque nobleman, priest, and co-founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuit) religious order, born in Azpeitia, Spain (d. 1556)
  • 1516 Charlotte of Valois, Princess of France as second daughter of King Francis I and his wife Claude, born in Château d'Amboise, France (d. 1524)
  • 1543 Juan de la Cueva, Spanish dramatist, born in Sevilla, Spain (d. 1612)
  • 1634 Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen of Sweden by marriage to Charles X Gustav of Sweden (1654-60) (d. 1715)
  • 1698 Ange-Jacques Gabriel, French court architect (Palace de la Concorde), born in Paris (d. 1782)
  • 1705 Maximilian Ulysses Count Browne, Austrian field marshal, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1757)
  • 1713 Pieter Burman the Younger, Dutch philologist, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1778)
  • 1715 Peter II Alexeyevich, Tsar of Russia (1727-30), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1730)
  • 1762 Samuel Morey, American inventor (early internal combustion engines and was a pioneer in steamships), born in Hebron, Connecticut (d. 1843)
  • 1766 Emmanuel, marquis de Grouchy, French general and marshal, born in Paris (d. 1847)
  • 1767 Benjamin Constant [de Rebeque], French politician and writer (Adolphe), born in Lausanne, Switzerland (d. 1830)
  • 1771 Jean-Andoche Junot, French general under Napoleon, born in Bussy-le-Grand, France (d. 1813)
  • 1790 Chauncey Allen Goodrich, American clergyman (d. 1860)
  • 1796 Stefano Franscini, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1857)
  • 1797 John Jacob Rochussen, Dutch governor-general of Dutch-Indies (1845-51), born in Etten, Batavian Republic (d. 1871)
  • 1805 Adalbert Stifter, Austrian author (Nachsommer)
  • 1805 John Russell Bartlett, American linguist (d. 1886)
  • 1810 William Leidesdorff, Mixed-race early Californian businessman, born in Christiansted, Virgin Islands, Danish West Indies (d. 1848)

Ludwig LeichhardtLudwig Leichhardt (1813-1848)

German explorer of northern and central Australia, born in Trebatsch, Prussia

  • 1815 João Maurício Wanderley, Brazilian magistrate and politician (d. 1889)
  • 1817 Pierre Athanase Larousse, French lexicographer (d. 1875)
  • 1820 James Monroe Goggin, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1889)
  • 1824 Thomas Gamble Pitcher, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Rockport, Indiana (d. 1895)
  • 1828 Turner Ashby, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • 1835 Adlai Stevenson I, American politician (D), 23rd Vice President of the United States (1893-97), born in Christian County, Kentucky (d. 1914)
  • 1844 Robert Bridges, English poet (Testament of beauty) and British Poet Laureate (1913-30), born in Walmer, Kent (d. 1930)
  • 1852 Jean-Louis Forain, French impressionist etcher and lithographer, born in Reims, France (d. 1931)
  • 1865 Neltje Blanchan, American nature writer, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1918)
  • 1868 Frederick Lanchester, English Engineer who built the first British petrol automobile (1896), born in London, England (d. 1946)
  • 1870 Francis Kelley, Catholic Bishop of Oklahoma (d. 1948)
  • 1873 William D. Coolidge, American physicist and inventor (modern x-ray tube), born in Hudson, Massachusetts (d. 1975)
  • 1875 Gilbert N. Lewis, American chemist (theory of covalent bonding), born in Weymouth, Massachusetts (d. 1946)
  • 1876 Franz Schlegelberger, German judge and politician (d. 1970)
  • 1885 Lawren Harris, Canadian landscape painter, born in Brantford, Ontario (d. 1970)
  • 1888 Onésime Gagnon, Canadian politician, 20th Lieutenant Governor of Québec (d. 1961)
  • 1893 Ernest Julius Öpik, Kunda, Estonian Astronomer and Astrophysicist known for his studies of meteors and the structure and evolution of the cosmos
  • 1896 André Lévêque, French engineer, born in Beauvais, France (d. 1930)
  • 1905 Felix Bloch, Swiss-American nuclear physicist (1st Director of CERN, Nobel Prize for Physics 1952), born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1983)
  • 1908 Ilya Mikhaylovich Frank, Russian Physicist and Nobel Laureate (Cherenkov radiation), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1990
  • 1909 Zellig S. Harris, Russian-American linguist, born in Balta, Russia (d. 1992)
  • 1914 Dick Durrance, American skier, born in Tarpon Springs, Florida (d. 2004)
  • 1919 Manolis Andronikos, Greek archaeologist who discovered ancient royal Macedonian tombs in northern Greece, born in Bursa, Ottoman Empire (d. 1992)
  • 1920 Ted Fujita, Japanese meteorologist (d. 1998)
  • 1921 Tom Manders, Dutch cabaret artist (Dorus)
  • 1922 Stuart Sloan, British war hero and pilot, born in Whitecraig, Scotland (d. 1994)
  • 1927 Edward Kienholz, American sculptor (Roxy), born in Fairfield, Washington (d. 1994)
  • 1927 Leszek Kolakowski, Polish philosopher (Conversations with the Devil), born in Radom, Poland (d. 2009)
  • 1932 Vasily Belov, Russian author, poet and playwright (Business as Usual, Everything's Ahead), born in Northern Krai, USSR (d. 2012)
  • 1936 Philip Kaufman, American director (Right Stuff, Henry & June), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1938 John Heinz, American businessman and Republican politician (Senator from Pennsylvania, 1977-1991), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1991)
  • 1941 Igor Smirnov, Transnistrian politician, President of breakaway region of Moldova, born in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Soviet Union
  • 1942 Anita Roddick, English businesswoman and cosmetic manufacturer (Body Shop), born in Littlehampton, West Sussex (d. 2007) [1]

Michael CrichtonMichael Crichton (1942-2008)

American novelist (Andromeda Strain, Congo, Looker) and filmmaker (Jurassic Park, ER), born in Chicago, Illinois

  • 1946 Mel Martinez, American politician (Senator-R-Florida 2005-9), born in Sagua La Grande, Cuba
  • 1948 Hermann Hauser, Austrian-born entrepreneur (Acorn Computers), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1949 Nick Tosches, American writer (bio of Jerry Lee Lewis), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2019)
  • 1951 Fatmir Sejdiu, Kosovar politician, First President of Kosovo (2006-10), born in Pakashticë, Yugoslavia

Paul KagamePaul Kagame (65 years old)

1957 Rwandan leader, head of Rwandan Patriotic Front, President of Rwanda (2000-), born in Tambwe, Ruanda-Urundi

  • 1958 Michael Eric Dyson, American activist, professor, author, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1960 Randy Pausch, American computer science professor, author
  • 1961 Laurie Halse Anderson, American writer (Speak), born in Potsdam, New York
  • 1962 Daria Scagliola, Italian-Dutch photographer (vuurtorenpostzegels)
  • 1965 Augusten Burroughs [Christopher Richter Robison], American writer (Running with Scissors), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1970 Grant Imahara, American TV Mythbuster, born in Lod Angeles, California (d. 2020)
  • 1974 Derek Landy, Irish author (Skulduggery Pleasant series), born in Lusk, Ireland
  • 1983 Josh Strickland, American entertainer, born in Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1985 James Kotecki, American political blogger, born in Syracuse, New York
  • 1991 Princess Mako of Akishino of Japan