Birthdays in History on October 25

  • 1102 William Clito, Count of Flanders (1127-28), born in Rouen, France (d. 1128)
  • 1330 Louis II, Count of Flanders, born in Male Castle, Flanders, France (d. 1384)
  • 1510 Renée of France, French princess and Duchess of Ferrara, born in Château de Blois, Touraine, France (d. 1574)
  • 1528 Seerp Galama, Dutch nobleman, soldier and politician, born in Koudum, Netherlands (d. 1581)
  • 1612 James Graham, Marquis of Montrose "the Great Montrose", Scottish general and poet, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1650)
  • 1683 Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, British politician, born in London (d. 1757)
  • 1692 Elisabeth Farnese, Princess of Parma and Queen of Spain (1714-24), born in Palazzo della Pilotta, Parma (d. 1766)
  • 1709 Jan Wagenaar, Dutch merchant and historian, born in Amsterdam (d. 1773)
  • 1735 James Beattie, Scottish poet and philosopher (Essay on Truth), born in Laurencekirk, Kincardineshire, Scotland (d. 1803)
  • 1759 Maria Feodorovna of Russia, second wife of Tsar Paul I of Russia, born in Stettin, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1828)

William GrenvilleWilliam Grenville (1759-1834)

1st Baron Grenville, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig: 1806-07), born in Wotton Underwood, Buckinghamshire, England

  • 1782 Levi Lincoln, Jr., American lawyer and 13th Governor of Massachusetts (1825-34), born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 1868)
  • 1800 Thomas Babington Macaulay, English poet and historian (Ivry, Naaseby), born in Leicestershire, England (d. 1859)
  • 1802 Joseph Montferrand, French Canadian logger and strong man, born in St. Lawrence, Montreal (d. 1864)
  • 1803 Maria van Ackere-Doolaeghe, Flemish poet (Daisies, Avondlamp), born in Diksmuide, Belgium (d. 1884)
  • 1806 Max Stirner [Johann Kaspar Schmidt], German philosopher (Der Einzige), born in Bayreuth, Bavaria (d. 1856)
  • 1811 Évariste Galois, French mathematician (Group theory), born in Bourg-la-Reine, France (d. 1832)
  • 1814 Prince Louis, French Duke of Nemours, born in Palais Royal, Paris (d. 1896)
  • 1818 Pavel Melnikov, Russian historian and author (In the Forests) [NS=Nov 6], born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Empire (d. 1883)
  • 1819 Zachariah C. Deas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1882)
  • 1843 Gleb Uspensky, Russian author (Power of the Soil), born in Tula, Russian Empire (d. 1902)
  • 1856 Dragutin Gorjanovic-Kramberger, Croatian paleontologist (discovery and descriptions of the Neandertal remains from the Huŝnjakova rock shelter at Krapina in northwestern Croatia), born in Zagreb, Croatia (d. 1936)
  • 1859 Hélène Swarth, Dutch author (Lonely Flowers), born in Amsterdam (d. 1941)
  • 1864 John Francis Dodge, American automobile pioneer (Co-Founder of Dodge Brothers Company), born in Niles, Michigan (d. 1920)
  • 1867 Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general, serving with the Imperial Russian and then Polish armies, born in Stary Garbów, Poland (d. 1937)
  • 1877 Henry Norris Russell, American astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram), born in Oyster Bay, New York (d. 1957)
  • 1878 Nico van Suchtelen, Dutch writer and publisher, born in Amsterdam (d. 1949)

Pablo PicassoPablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Spanish painter (The Three Dancers, Guernica) and sculptor who co-founded the Cubist movement, born in Malaga, Andalusia, Spain

  • 1884 Eduardo Barrios, Chilean novelist (The Love-Crazed Boy), born in Valparaíso, Chile (d. 1963)
  • 1887 Emma "Grandma" Gatewood, American ultra-light hiking pioneer and 1st woman to hike the Appalachian Trail alone, born in Mercerville, Ohio (d. 1973)
  • 1888 François Pauwels, Dutch writer and attorney, born in Amsterdam (d. 1966)
  • 1888 Nils Dardel, Swedish post-impressionist painter, born in Bettna, Södermanland, Sweden (d. 1943)

Richard E. ByrdRichard E. Byrd (1888-1957)

American aviator and polar explorer (1st to reach both the North Pole and South Pole by air - disputed), born in Winchester, Virginia

  • 1891 Father Coughlin, Canadian-American Roman Catholic priest and pro-Fascist radio broadcaster, born in Hamilton, Canada (d. 1979)
  • 1895 Levi Eshkol [Sjkolnik], Israeli PM (MWP) (1963-69), born in Oratov, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1969)
  • 1898 Sidney James van den Bergh, Dutch businessman and politician, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • 1902 Henry Steele Commager, American historian (Atlas of Civil War), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1998)
  • 1903 Harry Shoulberg, American expressionist painter, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • 1903 Katharine Byron, U.S. Congresswoman, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1976)
  • 1908 Edmond Pidoux, Swiss writer (L'histoire de Jonas), born in Belgium (d. 2004)
  • 1909 Philleo Nash, American politician and Commissioner of the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs (1961-66), born in Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin (d. 1987)
  • 1910 William Higinbotham, American physicist (member of team who developed first nuclear bomb), born in Bridgeport, Connecticut (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Minnie Pearl [Sarah Ophelia Colley], American country comedienne (Grand Old Opry, Hee-Haw), born in Centerville, Tennessee (d. 1996)

Klaus BarbieKlaus Barbie (1913-1991)

German Gestapo chief (Butcher of Lyon), born in Godesberg, German Empire

  • 1914 John Berryman, American poet (The Dream Songs), born in McAlester, Oklahoma (d. 1972)
  • 1915 Ivan M. Niven, Canadian-American mathematician, born in Vancouver (d. 1999)
  • 1921 Brian Malzard Foss, British psychologist, born in Whittlesey, Cambridgeshire (d. 1997)
  • 1921 Michael I, King of Romania (1927-30, 1940-47), born in Peleș Castle, Sinaia, Romania (d. 2017)
  • 1926 Ismail Gulgee, Pakistani painter, born in Peshawar, Pakistan (d. 2007)
  • 1927 Jorge Batlle Ibáñez, Uruguayan politician, President of Uruguay (2000-2005), born in Montevideo (d. 2016)
  • 1929 Peter Rohmkorf, German writer, born in Dortmund, Germany (d. 2008)
  • 1929 Roger John Tayler, British astrophysicist (author of The Origin of the Chemical Elements), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1997)
  • 1931 Klaus Hasselmann, German oceanographer (2021 Nobel Prize for Physics for pioneering work on climate change), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1933 Larry J. Hopkins, American politician (Rep-R-KY, 1979-93), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2021)
  • 1935 Russell Luis Schweickart, astronaut (Apollo 9), born in Neptune Township, New Jersey
  • 1936 Sir Martin Gilbert, British historian (Winston Churchill biography), born in London, England
  • 1941 Anne Tyler, American writer (Accidental Tourist), born in Hennepin County, Minnesota
  • 1943 Selly Fernandes, Curacao poetess (Winking with Selly)
  • 1944 Haruhiko Kuroda, Governor of the Bank of Japan, born in Ōmuta, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 1944 James Carville, American political stategist and commentator, born in Carville, Louisiana
  • 1945 David Schramm, American astrophysicist (pioneer in establishing particle astrophysics as a vibrant research field), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1997)
  • 1948 Daniel Mark Epstein, American poet and biographer (Abraham Lincoln), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1956 Danny Gans, American entertainer, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2009)
  • 1960 June Brigman, American comic book artist, born in Atlantta, Georgia
  • 1960 Scott Anthony Haneline, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • 1972 Esther Duflo, French American economist (2019 Nobel Prize for Economics), born in Paris
  • 1975 Zadie Smith, British novelist (White Teeth; On Beauty; Swing Time), born in Brent, London, England
  • 1986 Eddie Gaven, American footballer (Columbus Crew), born in Hamilton Township, New Jersey
  • 2001 Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant, heir apparent to the Belgian throne, born in Erasmus Hospital, Anderlecht, Brussels