Birthdays in History on October 25

  • 1102 William Clito, Count of Flanders (1127-28), born in Rouen, France (d. 1128)
  • 1330 Louis II, Count of Flanders, born in Male Castle, Flanders, France (d. 1384)
  • 1360 Louis, founder of house of Anjou
  • 1510 Renée of France, French princess and Duchess of Ferrara, born in Château de Blois, Touraine, France (d. 1574)
  • 1528 Seerp Galama, Dutch nobleman, soldier and politician, born in Koudum, Netherlands (d. 1581)
  • 1612 James Graham, Marquis of Montrose "the Great Montrose", Scottish general and poet, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1650)
  • 1683 Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, British politician, born in London (d. 1757)
  • 1692 Elisabeth Farnese, Princess of Parma and Queen of Spain (1714-24), born in Palazzo della Pilotta, Parma (d. 1766)
  • 1709 John Wagenaar, Amsterdam merchant/historian, baptised
  • 1735 James Beattie, Scottish poet and philosopher (Essay on Truth), born in Laurencekirk, Kincardineshire, Scotland (d. 1803)

Person of interestWilliam Grenville

1759 William Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig: 1806-07), born in Wotton Underwood, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1834)

British Prime Minister William Grenville
British Prime Minister
William Grenville
  • 1759 Maria Feodorovna of Russia, second wife of Tsar Paul I of Russia, born in Stettin, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1828)
  • 1782 Levi Lincoln, Jr., American lawyer and 13th Governor of Massachusetts (1825-34), born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 1868)
  • 1800 Thomas Babington Macaulay, English poet and historian (Ivry, Naaseby), born in Leicestershire, England (d. 1859)
  • 1802 Joseph Montferrand, French-Canadian logger and strong man, born in St. Lawrence, Montreal (d. 1864)
  • 1803 Maria van Ackere-Doolaeghe, Flemish poet (Daisies, Avondlamp), born in Diksmuide, Belgium (d. 1884)

  • 1806 Max Stirner [Johann Kaspar Schmidt], German philosopher (Der Einzige), born in Bayreuth, Bavaria (d. 1856)
  • 1811 Évariste Galois, French mathematician (Group theory), born in Bourg-la-Reine, France (d. 1832)
  • 1814 Prince Louis, French Duke of Nemours, born in Palais Royal, Paris (d. 1896)
  • 1818 Pavel Melnikov, Russian historian and author (In the Forests), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Empire [NS=Nov 6]
  • 1819 Zachariah C. Deas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1882)
  • 1843 Gleb Uspensky, Russian author (Power of the Soil), born in Tula, Russian Empire (d. 1902)
  • 1856 Dragutin Gorjanovic-Kramberger, Croatian paleontologist (discovery and descriptions of the Neandertal remains from the Huŝnjakova rock shelter at Krapina in northwestern Croatia), born in Zagreb, Croatia (d. 1936)
  • 1859 Hélène Swarth, Dutch author (Lonely Flowers), born in Amsterdam (d. 1941)
  • 1864 John Francis Dodge, American automobile pioneer (Co-Founder of Dodge Brothers Company), born in Niles, Michigan (d. 1920)
  • 1867 Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general, serving with the Imperial Russian and then Polish armies, born in Stary Garbów, Poland (d. 1937)
  • 1877 Henry Norris Russell, American astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram), born in Oyster Bay, New York (d. 1957)
  • 1878 Nico van Suchtelen, Dutch writer and publisher, born in Amsterdam (d. 1949)

Person of interestPablo Picasso

1881 Pablo Picasso, Spanish artist (3 Dancers, Guernica), born in Malaga, Andalusia, Spain (d. 1973)

Painter Pablo Picasso
Painter
Pablo Picasso
  • 1884 Eduardo Barrios, Chilean novelist (The Love-Crazed Boy), born in Valparaíso, Chile (d. 1963)
  • 1887 Emma "Grandma" Gatewood, American ultra-light hiking pioneer and 1st woman to hike the Appalachian Trail alone, born in Mercerville, Ohio (d. 1973)
  • 1888 François Pauwels, Dutch writer and attorney, born in Amsterdam (d. 1966)

Person of interestRichard E. Byrd

1888 Richard E. Byrd, American aviator and polar explorer (1st to reach both the North Pole and South Pole by air - disputed), born in Winchester, Virginia (d. 1957)

Aviator and Polar Explorer Richard E. Byrd
Aviator and Polar Explorer
Richard E. Byrd
  • 1888 Nils Dardel, Swedish post-impressionist painter, born in Bettna, Södermanland, Sweden (d. 1943)
  • 1891 Father Coughlin, Canadian-American Roman Catholic priest and pro-Fascist radio broadcaster, born in Hamilton, Canada (d. 1979)
  • 1895 Levi Eshkol, [Sjkolnik], Israeli PM (MWP) (1963-69), born in Oratov, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1969)
  • 1898 Sidney James van den Bergh, Dutch businessman and politician, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • 1902 Henry Steele Commager, American historian (Atlas of Civil War), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1903 Katharine Byron, U.S. Congresswoman, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1976)
  • 1903 Harry Shoulberg, American expressionist painter, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • 1908 Edmond Pidoux, Swiss writer (L'histoire de Jonas), born in Belgium (d. 2004)

  • 1909 Philleo Nash, US Bureau of Indian Affairs (1961-67), born in Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin (1961-67)
  • 1910 William Higinbotham, American physicist (member of team who developed first nuclear bomb), born in Bridgeport, Connecticut (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Minnie Pearl [Sarah Ophelia Colley], American country comedienne (Grand Old Opry, Hee-Haw), born in Centerville, Tennessee (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Klaus Barbie, Gestapo chief (Butcher of Lyon), born in Godesberg, German Empire (d. 1991)
  • 1914 John Berryman, American poet (The Dream Songs), born in McAlester, Oklahoma (d. 1972)
  • 1915 Ivan M. Niven, Canadian-American mathematician, born in Vancouver (d. 1999)

Person of interestMohammad Reza Pahlavi

1919 Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, last Shah of Iran (Persia) (1941-79), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 1980)

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
  • 1921 Brian Malzard Foss, British psychologist, born in Whittlesey, Cambridgeshire (d. 1997)
  • 1921 Michael I, King of Romania (1927-30, 40-47), born in Peleș Castle, Sinaia, Romania
  • 1921 Michael I, King of Romania (1927-1930 and 1940-1947), born in Sinaia, Romania (d. 2017)
  • 1926 Ismail Gulgee, Pakistani painter, born in Peshawar, Pakistan (d. 2007)
  • 1927 Jorge Batlle Ibáñez, Uruguayan politician, President of Uruguay (2000-2005), born in Montevideo (d. 2016)
  • 1929 Peter Rohmkorf, German writer, born in Dortmund, Germany (d. 2008)
  • 1929 Roger John Tayler, British astrophysicist (author of The Origin of the Chemical Elements), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1997)
  • 1933 Larry J. Hopkins, American politician (Rep-R-KY, 1979-93), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1935 Russell Luis Schweickart, astronaut (Apollo 9), born in Neptune Township, New Jersey
  • 1936 Sir Martin Gilbert, British historian (Winston Churchill biography), born in London, England
  • 1941 Anne Tyler, American writer (Accidental Tourist)
  • 1943 Selly Fernandes, Curacao poetess (Winking with Selly)
  • 1944 James Carville, American political stategist and commentator
  • 1944 Haruhiko Kuroda, Governor of the Bank of Japan, born in Ōmuta, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 1945 David Norman Schramm, physicist
  • 1948 Daniel Mark Epstein, American poet and biographer
  • 1956 Danny Gans, American entertainer, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2009)
  • 1960 Scott Anthony Haneline, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • 1960 June Brigman, American comic book artist, born in Atlantta, Georgia
  • 1975 Zadie Smith, British novelist (White Teeth, On Beauty, Swing Time), born in Brent, London, England
  • 1986 DJ Webstar, American disc jockey
  • 1986 Eddie Gaven, American footballer
  • 2001 Princess Elisabeth of Belgium