Birthdays in History on October 26

  • 1427 Sigismund, Archduke of Austria, born in Innsbruck, Austria (d. 1496)
  • 1473 Duke Friedrich of Saxony, 36th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights (1498-1510), born in Torgau, Germany (d. 1510)
  • 1491 Zhengde, 10th Emperor of the Ming Dynasty, born in Beijing (d. 1521)
  • 1556 Ahmad Baba, Islamic jurist and writer (biographical dictionary of the Mālikī), born in Arawān, near Timbuktu, Songhai Empire (d. 1627)
  • 1609 William Sprague, English co-founder of Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1675)
  • 1645 Aert de Gelder, Dutch painter (King David), born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1727)
  • 1673 Dimitrie Cantemir, Romanian historian and Monarch of Moldova (1710-11), born in Silişteni, Moldavia (d. 1723)
  • 1684 Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin, Prussian field marshal, born in Löwitz, Pomerania (d. 1757)
  • 1757 Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (elementary philosophy), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1823)

Georges DantonGeorges Danton (1759-1794)

French politician and revolutionary (1st president of the Committee of Public Safety during the French Revolution), born in Arcis-sur-Aube, France

  • 1768 Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician, born in Radzyń Podlaski, Poland (d. 1844)
  • 1791 Charles Sprague, American banker and poet (Curiosity), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1875)
  • 1794 Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (Grand Kremlin Palace), born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1881)
  • 1800 Helmuth von Moltke the Elder, Prussian general and fieldmarshal, born in Parchim, Mecklenburg-Schwerin (d. 1891)
  • 1802 Miguel I, King of Portugal (1828-34), born in Palace of Queluz, Sintra, Portugal (d. 1866)
  • 1804 Lorenzo Thomas, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in New Castle, Delaware (d. 1875)
  • 1823 Karl Weinhold, German sociologist (founder of Journal of the Association of Folklore), born in Dzierżoniów, Poland (d. 1901)
  • 1824 Arthur Middleton Manigault, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1886)
  • 1830 Stephen Elliott, Jr., Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Beaufort, South Carolina (d. 1866)
  • 1837 James Lawlor Kieran, Irish-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Mountbellew, County Galway (d. 1869)
  • 1843 Vasily Vereshchagin, Russian painter (War & Peace), born in Cherepovets, Russia (d. 1904)
  • 1849 Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, German mathematician (Frobenius–Stickelberger formulae), born in Charlotteburg, Berlin, Germany (d. 1917)
  • 1854 C. W. Post, American manufacturer of breakfast cereals, born in Springfield, Illinois (d. 1914)
  • 1869 Washington Luís, President of Brazil (1926-30), born in Macaé, Rio de Janeiro (d. 1957)
  • 1871 Guillermo Kahlo, German-Mexican photographer and father of Frida Kahlo, born in Pforzheim, Grand Duchy of Baden, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • 1873 Thorvald Stauning, Prime Minister of Denmark (1924-26, 1929-42), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1942)
  • 1874 Martin Lowry, English chemist (Brønsted–Lowry acid–base theory), born in Low Moor, Bradford (d. 1936)
  • 1880 Andrei Bely [Boris Nikolaevich Bugaev], Russian writer (Petersburg), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1934)
  • 1883 Napoleon Hill, American writer and philosopher (Think and Grow Rich), born in Pound, Virginia (d. 1970)
  • 1886 Mark Aldanov,, Russian-French writer and critic (Novy Zhurnal), born in Kiev (d. 1957)
  • 1888 Nestor Makhno, Ukrainian anarchist Insurrectionary leader, born in Hulai-Pole, Russian Empire (d. 1934)
  • 1888 Runar Schildt, Finnish writer (Segrande Eros), born in Helsinki (d. 1925)
  • 1893 Miloš Crnjanski, Serbian poet (Seobe), born in Csongrád, Austria-Hungary (d. 1977)
  • 1894 John S Knight, American journalist and publisher (Knight Newspapers), born in Bluefield, West Virginia (d. 1981)
  • 1900 Ibrahim Abboud, 1st President and 4th Prime Minister of Sudan (1958-64), born in Suakin, Sudan (d. 1983)
  • 1900 Karin Boye, writer (Kallocain), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 1941)
  • 1902 Beryl Markham (née Clutterbuck), British-Kenyan; racehorse trainer, aviator, and memoirist, born in Ashwell, Rutland, England (d. 1986)
  • 1905 George Flahiff, Canadian Cardinal, born in Paris, Ontario, Canada (d. 1989)
  • 1910 John Krol, American former archbishop of Philadelphia (1961-88), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1996)
  • 1911 Sorley MacLean, Scottish poet (Poems to Eimhir and Other Poems), born in Osgaig, Raasay, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Stuart J. Byrne, American sci-fi author (Star Man, God Man), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 2011)

François MitterrandFrançois Mitterrand (1916-1996)

21st President of France (1981-95), born in Jarnac, France

  • 1917 Mario Biaggi, American politician (Rep-D&R-NY, 1969-88), born in New York (d. 2015)
  • 1918 Kamal El Mallakh, Egyptian archaeologist (King Khufu Solar ship), and journalist, born in Upper Egypt (d. 1987)

Edward W. BrookeEdward W. Brooke (1919-2015)

American politician and 1st popularly elected African American to the US Senate (R-Mass: 1967-79), born in Washington, D.C.

Mohammad Reza PahlaviMohammad Reza Pahlavi (1919-1980)

last Shah of Iran (Persia) (1941-79), born in Tehran, Persia

  • 1920 T. C. Jones, American female impersonator, born in Scranton, Pennsylvania (d. 1971)
  • 1921 George Forrest, Northern Irish politician (d. 1968)
  • 1924 Tom Lewis, American politician (Rep-R-Florida, 1983-93), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2003)
  • 1925 Jan Wolkers, Dutch sculptor and novelist (Brief American), born in Oegstgeest, Netherlands (d. 2007)
  • 1926 Yuri Aleksandrovich Letunov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Tomsk, Russia (d. 1983)
  • 1928 Francisco Solano López, Argentine comic artist, born in Buenos Aires (d. 2011)
  • 1929 Georgette Amowitz, French choreographer and educator, born in Paris, France (d. 2008)
  • 1930 John Arden, English novelist and playwright (Left Handed Liberty), born in Barnsley, England (d. 2012)
  • 1932 Anthony Beilenson, American politician (Rep-D-California, 1977-97), born in New York (d. 2017)
  • 1934 Ulrich Plenzdorf, German writer (Die neuen Leiden des jungen W.), born in Berlin (d. 2007)
  • 1938 Charles Stenholm, American politician (Rep-D-Texas, 1979-2005), born in Stamford, Texas
  • 1939 Vladimir Mikhailovich Beloborodov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Oloviyanna, Chita Region, Russia
  • 1940 Gennadi Strekalov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz T-3, T-8, T-11, TM-21), born in Mytishchi, Soviet Union (d. 2004)
  • 1940 Mario Orozco, 1st victim of NYC's Zodiac killer (survives)
  • 1942 John P "Jannie" Roux, South African secretary to Presidents Botha and De Klerk
  • 1944 Ries Smits, Dutch economist and politician (CDA), born in Tricht, Netherlands
  • 1945 Demetris Th. Gotsis, Greek poet and author, born in Thessaloniki, Greece
  • 1945 Pat Conroy, American writer (The Great Santini, Prince of Tides), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 2016)

Hillary ClintonHillary Clinton (75 years old)

1947 US 1st Lady (1993-2001), Senator (NY, 2001-09), Secretary of State (2009-13) and 2016 Democratic Presidential nominee, born in Chicago, Illinois

  • 1947 Trevor Joyce, Irish poet (The Poems of Sweeny Peregrine), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • 1952 Abbas al-Musawi, influential Lebanese Shia cleric, and founder and leader of Hezbollah, born in Al-Nabi Shayth, Lebanon (d. 1992)
  • 1952 Andrew Motion, English poet (British Poet Laureate 1999-2009), born in London
  • 1953 Jennifer Roberson, American sci-fi author (Shapechangers, Sword-Maker), born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • 1953 Rosa Monckton, English businesswoman and notable charity fundraiser, born in Westminster, London
  • 1954 Carlos Agostinho do Rosário, Mozambican politician, Prime Minister of Mozambique (2015-), born in Maxixe, Mozambique
  • 1955 Stephen K Robinson, American PhD, and astronaut (STS 85, sk:95), born in Sacramento, California
  • 1956 Regina Benjamin, 18th US Surgeon General (2009-13), born in Mobile, Alabama
  • 1956 Stephen Gumley, Australian businessman (1st CEO of Australian Defence Materiel Organisation)

Evo MoralesEvo Morales (63 years old)

1959 Bolivian politician and 80th President of Bolivia (2006-2019), born in Isallawi, Bolivia

Uhuru KenyattaUhuru Kenyatta (61 years old)

1961 Kenyan Prime Minister (2013-2022) and son of Jomo Kenyatta, born in Nairobi, Kenya

  • 1963 Ted Demme, American film and television director, born in NYC, New York (d. 2002)
  • 1972 Hamdi Ulukaya, Kurdish founder and CEO of Chobani, born in Erzincan, Turkey
  • 1979 Movsar Barayev, Chechen Islamist militia leader during the Second Chechen War, born in Argun, Chechen–Ingush ASSR, Soviet Union (d. 2002)
  • 1996 Pasaye, twin born 92 days before his brother (Jan 26), born in Palatine, Illinois