Birthdays in History on October 27

  • 1156 Raymond VI, Count of Toulouse (1194-1222), born in Saint-Gilles, Gard, France (d. 1222)
  • 1335 Taejo of Joseon [Yi Seong-gye], King of Joseon (1392-98), born in Hamhung, North Korea (d. 1408)
  • 1401 Catherine of Valois, Queen of Henry V of England, born in Paris (d. 1437)

Person of interestJames Cook

1728 James Cook, British explorer, navigator and cartographer who was the first European to explore much of Australia, the Pacific Islands and New Zealand, born in Marton, Yorkshire, England (d. 1779)

Explorer James Cook
Explorer
James Cook
  • 1744 Mary Moser, English painter (Flowers Still Life), born in London (d. 1819)
  • 1760 August Neidhardt von Gneisenau, Prussian field marshal, born in Schildau, Saxony (d. 1831)
  • 1761 Matthew Baillie, Scottish Physician (first systematic study of pathology in 1793), born in Shotts Manse, Lanarkshire (d. 1823)
  • 1762 Gijsbert Karel van Hogendorp, Dutch count and Minister of Foreign affairs (1813-14), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1834)
  • 1763 William Maclure, Scottish-American Geologist (first geological map), born in Ayr, Scotland (d. 1840)
  • 1800 Benjamin Franklin Wade, American politician, US Senator from Ohio (1851-69), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1878)
  • 1809 Peter Donders, Dutch Roman Catholic missionary to Suriname, born in Tilburg, Netherlands (d. 1887)
  • 1811 Isaac Singer, American inventor (1st practical home sewing machine), born in Pittstown New York (d. 1875)
  • 1811 Stevens T. Mason, First Governor of Michigan (1835-40), born in Leesburg, Virginia (d. 1843)
  • 1814 Daniel H. Wells, Mormon leader and 3rd Mayor of Salt Lake City, born in Trenton, New York (d. 1891)
  • 1828 Jacob Dolson Cox, Canadian-American statesman, lawyer, and Major General (Union Army), born in Montreal, Canada (d. 1900)
  • 1829 Christopher Columbus Andres, American diplomat, newspaperman, author, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hillsborough, New Hampshire (d. 1922)
  • 1838 John Davis Long, 32nd Governor of Massachusetts (1880-1915), born in Buckfield, Maine (d. 1915)
  • 1842 Giovanni Giolitti, 5x Prime Minister of Italy (1892-93, 1903-05, 1906-09, 1911-14, 1920-21), born in Mondovì, Kingdom of Sardinia (d. 1928)
  • 1844 Klas Arnoldson, Swedish politician and pacifist (Nobel Peace 1908), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 1916)
  • 1854 Sir William Alexander Smith, Scottish founder of the Boys' Brigade, born in Pennyland House, Thurso, Scotland (d. 1914)

Person of interestTheodore Roosevelt

1858 Theodore Roosevelt, 26th US President (R: 1901-09; Nobel 1906), born in NYC, New York (d. 1919)

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1865 Charles Spencelayh, English painter (Why War), born in Rochester, Kent (d. 1958)
  • 1872 Emily Post, American authority on social behaviour and writer (Etiquette), born in Baltimore, Maryland [or Oct 3rd, 1873] (d. 1960)

Person of interestOwen D. Young

1874 Owen D. Young, American industrialist (RCA) and diplomat (Young Plan), born in Stark, New York (d. 1962)

Diplomat and Industrialist Owen D. Young
Diplomat and Industrialist
Owen D. Young
  • 1885 Sigrid Hjertén, Swedish modernist painter, born in Sundsvall, Sweden (d. 1948)
  • 1889 Enid Bagnold, British novelist (Chalk Garden, 1956 Award of Merit), born in Rochester, Kent (d. 1981)
  • 1892 Graciliano Ramos, Brazilian author (Vidas Secas), born in Quebrangulo, Brazil (d. 1953)
  • 1892 Victor E. van Vriesland, Dutch poet (Mirror of Dutch Poetry), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1974)
  • 1894 Fritz Sauckel, German Nazi General of Labor, born in Hassfurt, Germany (d. 1946)
  • 1894 Oliver Leese, British World War II general, born in Westminster, London (d. 1978)
  • 1896 Edith Haisman, the oldest survivor of Titanic, born in Cape Town, South Africa (d. 1997)
  • 1906 Earle Cabell, American politician, 48th Mayor of Dallas (1961-64), born in Dallas County, Texas (d. 1975)
  • 1907 Moises Frumencio da Costa Gomez, 1st Prime Minister of Dutch Antilles (d. 1966)
  • 1908 Lee Krasner, American abstract expressionist painter, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1984)
  • 1910 Bryan Guinness, 2nd Baron Moyne and Guinness brewing heir, born in Mandatory Palestine (d. 1992)
  • 1913 Joseph Medicine Crow, Native American chief and historian, born near Lodge Grass, Montana (d. 2013)
  • 1914 Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet (Child's Christmas in Wales), born in Swansea, Wales (d. 1953)
  • 1914 Stanislaw Brunstein, artist
  • 1916 Kazimierz Brandys, Polish essayist and writer, born in Łódź, Poland (d. 2000)
  • 1917 Oliver Tambo, South African lawyer, anti-apartheid politician and co-founder (African National Congress), born in Nkantolo, Bizana, South Africa (d. 1993)
  • 1917 Augustine Harris, British Bishop of Middlesbrough, born in West Derby, Liverpool (d. 2007)
  • 1918 Paul Dixon, Ohio talk show host (Paul Dixon Show), born in Albia, Iowa (d. 1974)
  • 1920 K. R. Narayanan, 10th President of India (1997-2002), born in Uzhavoor, Kerala (d. 2005)
  • 1921 Warren Allen Smith, American gay rights activist and writer, born in Minburn, Iowa (d. 2017)
  • 1922 Carlos Andrés Pérez, President of Venezuela (1974-79, 89-94), born in Rubio, Venezuela (d. 2010)
  • 1923 Roy Lichtenstein, Pop art painter (painted comic book panels), born in NYC, New York (d. 1997)
  • 1924 Alain Bombard, French Biologist, Physician, and Politician who sailed across the Atlantic Ocean in a small boat to test his theory that a shipwrecked person could survive without provisions, born in Paris, France
  • 1925 Warren M Christopher, 63rd United States Secretary of State (1993-97), born in Scranton, North Dakota (d. 2011)
  • 1925 Albert Medwin, American electrical engineer and inventor
  • 1926 H. R. Haldeman, Nixon's White House Chief of Staff (Watergate figure), born in Los Angeles (d. 1993)
  • 1927 Edward Keinholz, American artist and sculptor, born in Fairfield, Washington (d. 1994)

  • 1928 Stefan Wewerka, German architect and sculptor, born in Magdeburg, Germany (d. 2013)
  • 1929 Marino Iandioro, canned Tomato Pioneer
  • 1931 David Bryant, English world champion bowler, born in Clevedon, North Somerset, England
  • 1931 Nawal el-Saadawi, Egyptian feminist writer and activist, born in Kafr Tahla, Egypt

Person of interestSylvia Plath

1932 Sylvia Plath, American poet and novelist (Colossus, 3 Women, Bell Jar), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1963)

Author and Poet Sylvia Plath
Author and Poet
Sylvia Plath
  • 1934 David Barclay, British hotel magnate and multi-millionaire, born in Hammersmith, London
  • 1934 Frederick Barclay, British hotel magnate and multi-millionaire, born in Hammersmith, London
  • 1938 Maurice Hinchey, American politician (Rep-D-New York), born in NYC, New York
  • 1940 Maxine Hong Kingston, American author (The Woman Warrior), born in Stockton, California

Person of interestJohn Gotti

1940 John Gotti, mafia head of the Gambino family, born in The Bronx, New York

Gangster John Gotti
Gangster
John Gotti
  • 1945 Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, 35th President of Brazil (2003-11), born in Caetés, Pernambuco, Brazil
  • 1946 Leslie Byrne, American politician (Rep-D-Virginia), born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • 1946 Steven R. Nagel, American astronaut, USAF (STS 51-G, 61-A, 37, 55), born in Canton, Illinois (d. 2014)
  • 1946 Terry J. Hart, American astronaut (STS 41C), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1947 Terry Anderson, American journalist, US hostage held in Lebanon (1985-91), born in Lorain, Ohio
  • 1949 Mike Kopetski, American businessman and politician (Rep-D-Oregon), born in Pendleton, Oregon
  • 1949 Clifford Antone, American businessman, born in Port Arthur, Texas (d. 2006)
  • 1951 Carlos Frenk, Mexican/British cosmologist
  • 1951 Nancy Jacobs, American politician (R), Senator Maryland (1999-2015), born in Charleston, West Virginia

Person of interestEdward Lee Howard

1951 Edward Lee Howard, American CIA Case Officer and alleged Soviet spy who defected to the Soviet Union in 1985, born in Alamogordo, New Mexico (d. 2002)

Alleged Soviet Spy Edward Lee Howard
Alleged Soviet Spy
Edward Lee Howard
  • 1953 Michael Baker, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 43, 52, 68, 81), born in Memphis, Tennessee
  • 1955 Debra Bowen, American politician, 31st Secretary of State of California (2007-15), born in Rockford, Illinois
  • 1956 Jaq D. Hawkins, British author, occultist and lecturer, born in California
  • 1958 Lee Carter, Alabama Judge of the 25th Judicial Circuit
  • 1966 Matt Drudge, American political commentator and blogger (Drudge Report), born in Takoma Park, Maryland
  • 1971 Jade Arcade, American comics artist and writer
  • 1981 Kristi Richards, Canadian freestyle skier
  • 1982 Dennis Moran, American computer hacker