On This Day

Birthdays in History on October 28

  • 1017 Henry III, Holy Roman emperor (1046-56) (d. 1056)

Person of interestErasmus

1466 Desiderius Erasmus, Dutch humanist and theologian (The Praise of Folly), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1536)

Humanist and Theologian Erasmus
Humanist and Theologian
Erasmus
  • 1510 Francis Borgia, 4th Duke of Gandía and Jesuit priest, born in Duchy of Gandía, Kingdom of Valencia, Spain (d. 1572)
  • 1585 Cornelius Jansen, French Roman Catholic reform leader (Jansenism), born in Acquoy, County of Holland, Dutch Republic (d. 1638)
  • 1667 Maria Anna of Neuburg, second wife of Charles II of Spain, born in Benrath Palace, Düsseldorf, Electoral Palatinate (d. 1740)
  • 1691 Peter Tordenskjold, Norwegian naval hero, born in Trondheim, Denmark-Norway (d. 1720)
  • 1703 Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician, born in Portes, Gard, France (d. 1768)
  • 1718 Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary and geographer, born in Kottori, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1793)

Person of interestJohn Laurens

1754 John Laurens, American soldier, diplomat and abolitionist, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1782)

Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist John Laurens
Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist
John Laurens
  • 1767 Marie Sophie of Hesse-Kassel, queen consort of Denmark and Norway, born in Hanau, Hesse, Germany (d. 1852)
  • 1793 Eliphalet Remington, American firearms manufacturer (Remington Arms Co., L.L.C.), born in Suffield, Connecticut (d. 1861)
  • 1795 Leonardus Antonius Lightenvelt, Dutch politician, born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands (d. 1873)
  • 1804 Pierre François Verhulst, Belgian mathematician (logistic curve), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1849)
  • 1806 Alphonse Pyramus de Candolle, French-Swiss botanist, born in Paris (d. 1893)
  • 1810 Adley H. Gladden, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Fairfield District, South Carolina (d. 1862)
  • 1834 Dudley M. DuBose, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1883)

  • 1837 Tokugawa Yoshinobu, 15th and last shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, born in Edo, Japan (d. 1913)
  • 1842 Anna Elizabeth Dickinson, American orator (Joan of Arc of the Civil War), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1932)
  • 1842 Charles Boissevain, Dutch editor of Amsterdam Algemeen Handelsblad (1885-1908), born in Amsterdam (d. 1927)
  • 1845 Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist and chemist, born in Grodno, Russian Empire (d. 1888)
  • 1846 Auguste Escoffier, French chef and culinary writer, 'king of chefs & chef of kings', born in Villeneuve-Loubet, France (d. 1935)
  • 1855 Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin, Russian botanist (more than 300 new types of fruit), born in Vershino estate, Russia (d. 1935)
  • 1864 Adolfo Camarillo, American prominent land owner, horse breeder, and rancher, born in Ventura, California (d. 1958)
  • 1864 Dmitry Ivanovsky, Russian botanist who discovered the organisms that came to be known as viruses, born in Gdov, Russia (d. 1920)
  • 1875 Gilbert H. Grosvenor, American geographer and 1st full-time editor of National Geographic Society (1899-1954), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1966)
  • 1876 Albert E Michotte van den Berck, Belgian psychologist
  • 1879 Channing H. Cox, American politician (49th Governor of Massachusetts), born in Manchester, New Hampshire (d. 1968)
  • 1886 Sergo Ordzhonikidze, Georgian Bolshevik and Soviet politician, born in Ghoresha, Kutais Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1937)
  • 1891 Ormer Locklear, American movie stunt pilot (The Great Air Robbery), born in Greenville, Texas (d. 1920)
  • 1892 Eduard Jan Dijksterhuis, Dutch historian of science (biography of Archimedes), born in Tilburg, Netherlands (d. 1965)
  • 1892 Ludwig Strauss, German-Israeli writer (Night Watch), born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1953)
  • 1893 Christopher Kelk Ingold, English chemist (Cahn–Ingold–Prelog priority rules), born in London (d. 1970)
  • 1893 Otto Huiswoud, Suriname-born political activist and editor-in-chief (Negro Worker), born in Paramaribo, Suriname (d. 1961)
  • 1897 Hans Speidel, German general and NATO-supreme commander (1957-64), born in Metzingen, Kingdom of Württemberg, German Empire (d. 1984)
  • 1901 Eileen Shanahan, Irish poet (The Three Children (Near Clonmel)), born in Dublin (d. 1979)
  • 1903 Evelyn Waugh, English author (Brideshead Revisited, Scoop), born in London, England (d. 1966)

  • 1905 Harry Broadhurst, British Royal Air Force commander and flying ace of the Second World War, born in Frimley, Surrey, England (d. 1995)
  • 1907 John Hewitt, Northern Irish poet, born in Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 1987)
  • 1909 Claude Bourdet, French human rights activist and journalist, born in Paris (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Francis Bacon, Irish-British abstract painter (Study for a Pope), born in Dublin (d. 1992)
  • 1912 Richard Doll, English epidemiologist (pioneer in research linking smoking to health problems), born in Hampton, Middlesex, England (d. 2005)

Person of interestJonas Salk

1914 Jonas Salk, American medical scientist (created the polio vaccine), born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • 1914 Richard Laurence Millington Synge, British biochemist (Nobel 1952), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1994)
  • 1914 Glenn Robert Davis, American politician, born in Vernon, Wisconsin (d. 1988)
  • 1915 Dody Goodman, American comedienne (Mary Hartman!, Max Duggan), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 2008)
  • 1915 Michael Fraser, British Conservative Party political administrator, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Jessie Kesson, Scottish writer and radio producer, born in Inverness (d. 1994)
  • 1922 Simon Muzenda, Zimbabwean politician (1st Vice-President of Zimbabwe), born in Gutu district, Southern Rhodesia (d. 2003)
  • 1925 Leonard Starr, American comic strip cartoonist (Little Orphan Annie), born in NYC, New York (d. 2015)
  • 1925 Ian Hamilton Finlay, Scottish poet, writer, artist and gardener, born in Nassau, Bahamas (d. 2006)
  • 1928 Ion Mihai Pacepa, Romanian three-star general in the Securitate, born in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1929 Airline Falconer, 1st child born in aircraft, in the skies above Miami, Florida
  • 1929 John Hollander, American poet and literary critic, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1936 Horst Antes, German painter and sculptor, born in Heppenheim, Germany
  • 1938 Anne Perry [Juliet Marion Hulme], English-born novelist, born in London, England
  • 1944 Anton Schlecker, German billionaire (Schlecker drug store), born in Ehingen, Germany
  • 1946 John Hewson, Australian politician
  • 1948 Valeri Viktorovich Baberdin, Russian colonel/cosmonaut
  • 1949 Robert Mellors, gay activist
  • 1949 Surin Pitsuwan, Thai foreign minister and 12th Secretary General of ASEAN (2008-2012), born in Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand (d. 2017)
  • 1950 Sihem Bensedrine, Tunisian human rights activist
  • 1951 Ron & Don Galyon, American siamese twins (Jerry Springer Show), born in Dayton, Ohio
  • 1953 Pierre Boivin, Canadian businessman and hockey executive

Person of interestBill Gates

1955 Bill Gates, American businessman and billionaire (founder and CEO of Microsoft, richest person in the world), born in Seattle, Washington

Microsoft Founder Bill Gates
Microsoft Founder
Bill Gates
  • 1955 Indra Nooyi, Indian American businesswoman (CEO of PepsiCo), born in Madras, India

Person of interestMahmoud Ahmadinejad

1956 Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, President of Iran (2005-13), born in Aradan, Iran

Iran President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Iran President
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
  • 1960 Landon Curt Noll, Astronomer, Cryptographer and Mathematician: youngest to hold the world record for the largest known prime 3 times
  • 1962 Bobby Tate, fictional character on Soap
  • 1962 Scotty Nguyen, professional poker player
  • 1963 James Miller, the "Fan Man" (d. 2002)
  • 1965 Luigi Miraglia, Italian Latinist
  • 1966 Aris Spiliotopoulos, Greek politician
  • 1967 Sophie, Hereditary Princess of Liechtenstein
  • 1980 Kanzi, Bonobo, most literate non-human, born at Georgia State University
  • 1985 Richard Smith, American entrepreneur