Birthdays in History on October 29

  • 1463 Alessandro Achillini, Italian physician and philosopher, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1512)
  • 1507 Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, Spanish noble and diplomat (governor of the Netherlands (1567–1573)), born in Piedrahíta, Ávila, Spain (d. 1582)
  • 1682 Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix, French Jesuit priest and historian, born in Saint-Quentin, Picardy, Kingdom of France (d. 1761) [some sources cite birth as Oct 24]
  • 1690 Martin Folkes, English antiquarian and mathematician, born in Westminster, London (d. 1754)
  • 1704 John Byng, English admiral executed by firing squad at 52 for neglecting his duty in defence of Minorca, born in Southill, Bedfordshire, England (d. 1757)
  • 1740 James Boswell, Scottish biographer of Samuel Johnson and diarist, born in Edinburgh (d. 1795)
  • 1815 Ľudovít Štúr, Slovak politician and author of Slovak language, born in Uhrovec, Austrian Empire (d. 1856)
  • 1816 Ferdinand II, German prince of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry and King of Portugal (1837-53), born in Palais Coburg, Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1885)
  • 1822 Joost Gerard Kist, Dutch lawyer and president of High Council (1885-97), born in Zoelen, Netherlands (d. 1897)
  • 1822 Mieczysław Halka-Ledóchowski, Polish Catholic Cardinal (d. 1902)
  • 1824 Joseph Horace Lewis, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Barren County, Kentucky (d. 1904)
  • 1827 Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist (Thomsen–Berthelot principle of thermochemistry), born in Paris (d. 1907)

Abraham KuyperAbraham Kuyper (1837-1920)

Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1901-05), born in Maassluis, Netherlands

  • 1837 Harriet Powers, African-American slave and quilt maker (Bible Quilt 1886), born in Clarke County, Georgia (d. 1910)
  • 1844 Albert Salomon Anselm von Rothschild, Austrian banker and member of the Rothschild banking family of Austria, born in Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1911)
  • 1853 Josephine Beall Bruce, African-American activist (NACW) Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1923)
  • 1855 Paul Bruchési, French Canadian Catholic archbishop of Montreal, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1939)
  • 1857 Konrad Haebler, German historian (Early printers of Spain/Portugal), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1946)
  • 1861 Andrei Ryabushkin, Russian painter, born in Borisoglebsk Uyezd (d. 1904)
  • 1871 Narziss Ach, German psychologist (Analyse des Willens), born in Ermershausen, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire (d. 1946)
  • 1873 Guillermo Valencia, Colombian poet, translator and statesman, born in Popayán, Cauca, Colombia (d. 1943)
  • 1875 Marie, last Queen of Romania as the wife of King Ferdinand I (1914-27), born in Eastwell Park, Kent, England (d. 1938)
  • 1878 Alex von Falkenhausen, German general (China, WW II), born in Gut Blumenthal, Province of Silesia, German Empire (d. 1966)
  • 1879 Alva B. Adams, American politician (U.S. Senator from Colorado 1933-41), born in Del Norte, Colorado (d. 1941)

Franz von PapenFranz von Papen (1879-1969)

German diplomat and chancellor (1932), born in Werl, Province of Westphalia, German Empire

  • 1880 Abram F. Joffe, Russian physicist (crystal), born in Romny, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1960)
  • 1882 Jean Giraudoux, French writer and playwright (The Madwoman of Chaillot), born in Bellac, Haute-Vienne, France (d. 1944)
  • 1889 Li Dazhao [Ta-chao], Chinese intellectual, revolutionary and co-founder of the Chinese Communist Party with Chen Duxiu, born in Laoting, Zhili Province (now Hebei), Qing dynasty of China (d. 1927)
  • 1890 Claire Goll, German-French writer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1977)

Joseph GoebbelsJoseph Goebbels (1897-1945)

German politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda in Nazi Germany (1933-45), born in Rheydt, Germany

  • 1905 Laurence Dowdall, Scottish lawyer, born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Fredric Brown, American sci-fi author (Martians Go Home), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1972)
  • 1910 A. J. Ayer, English Neopositivist philosopher (Logical Positivism), born in London (d. 1989)
  • 1911 Phillip Oppenheimer, British diamond trader (d. 1995)
  • 1918 Bernard Gordon, American writer and producer (Earth vs. the Flying Saucers), born in New Britain, Connecticut (d. 2007)
  • 1920 Baruj Benacerraf, Venezuelan-American immunologist (Nobel 1980 - discovery of genes that regulate immune responses and of the role that some of these genes play in autoimmune diseases), born in Caracas, Venezuela (d. 2011)
  • 1920 Didymos I, Catholicos of the East and Malankara Metropolitan (2005-10), born in Mavelikkara, India (d. 2014)
  • 1921 Bill Mauldin, American cartoonist famous for his World War II cartoons depicting American soldiers (Pulitzer-1945, 59), born in Mountain Park, New Mexico (d. 2003)
  • 1922 Neil Blaney, Irish politician, born in Fanad, County Donegal, Ireland (d. 1995)

Carl DjerassiCarl Djerassi (1923-2015)

Austrian-born American chemist and father of the contraceptive pill, born in Vienna, Austria

  • 1924 Zbigniew Herbert, Polish poet and writer, born in Lwów, Poland (d. 1998)
  • 1925 Dominick Dunne, American writer and producer (Panic in Needle Park), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 2009)
  • 1925 Geraldine Brooks [Stroock], American stage and screen actress (Brightower; Embraceable You; The Dumplings), born in NYC, New York (d. 1977)
  • 1927 Hugo Schiltz, Flemish lawyer and politician, born in Borsbeek, Belgium (d. 2006)
  • 1930 Niki de Saint Phalle, French sculptor, born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, France (d. 2002)
  • 1934 Karl Francis Hettinger, American police officer (Onion Field survivor), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1994)

Ellen Johnson-SirleafEllen Johnson-Sirleaf (84 years old)

1938 President of Liberia (2006-2018) and the first elected female head of state in Africa, born in Monrovia, Liberia

  • 1940 Connie Mack III, American politician (U.S. Senator from Florida), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1940 Galen Weston, English-Canadian multi-millionaire industrialist, born in Marlow, England
  • 1940 José Ulises Macías Salcedo, Catholic bishop, born in León, Guanajuato, Mexico
  • 1944 Fausto Leali, Italian entertainer, born in Nuvolento, Brescia, Italy
  • 1946 Strinivasa Moodley, South African anti-apartheid activist, born in Durban, Natal
  • 1947 Helen Coonan, Australian politician (Senator for New South Wales), born in Mangoplah, Australia
  • 1950 Abdullah Gul, Turkish President (2007-14), born in Kayseri, Anatolia
  • 1951 Dirk Kempthorne, American politician, Secretary of the Interior (Senator-R Idaho 1993-99), born in San Diego, California
  • 1952 Valeri Tokarev, Russian colonel and cosmonaut, born in Kapustin Yar, Soviet Union
  • 1954 Lee Child [James Grant], English author (Jack Reacher novels), born in Coventry, England
  • 1958 David Remnick, American writer and editor of The New Yorker, born in Hackensack, New Jersey
  • 1959 John Magufuli, Tanzanian politician (President of Tanzania (2015-2021), born in Chato, Tanganyika (d. 2021)
  • 1967 Beth Chapman, American bounty hunter and reality star (Dog the Bounty Hunter), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 2019)
  • 1969 Matthew Whitaker, American lawyer and politician (Acting Attorney General, Nov. 2018-Feb. 2019), born in Des Moines, Iowa
  • 1971 Daniel J. Bernstein, American professor and cryptologist, born in East Patchogue, New York
  • 1971 Ma Huateng [Pony Ma], Chinese entrepreneur (Tencent), born in Chaoyang District, Shantou
  • 1972 Takafumi Horie, Japanese entrepreneur (Livedoor), born in Yame, Japan
  • 1976 Mohsen Emadi, Iranian-Mexican Poet, born in Sari, Iran
  • 1981 Jonathan Brown, Australian rules footballer (Brisbane Lions), born in Port Fairy, Australia