On This Day

Birthdays in History on October 29

  • 1463 Alessandro Achillini, Italian physician and philosopher, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1512)
  • 1507 Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, Spanish noble and diplomat (governor of the Netherlands (1567–1573)), born in Piedrahíta, Ávila, Spain (d. 1582)
  • 1682 Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix, French Jesuit prince and historian, born in Saint-Quentin, Picardy, Kingdom of France (d. 1761)
  • 1690 Martin Folkes, English antiquarian and mathematician, born in Westminster, London (d. 1754)
  • 1704 John Byng, English admiral executed by firing squad at 52 for neglecting his duty in defence of Minorca, born in Southill, Bedfordshire, England (d. 1757)
  • 1740 James Boswell, Scottish biographer of Samuel Johnson and diarist, born in Edinburgh (d. 1795)
  • 1815 Ľudovít Štúr, Slovak politician and author of Slovak language, born in Uhrovec, Austrian Empire (d. 1856)
  • 1816 Ferdinand II, German prince of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry and King of Portugal (1837-53), born in Palais Coburg, Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1885)
  • 1822 Joost Gerard Kist, Dutch lawyer and president of High Council (1885-97), born in Zoelen, Netherlands (d. 1897)
  • 1822 Mieczysław Halka-Ledóchowski, Polish Catholic Cardinal (d. 1902)
  • 1824 Joseph Horace Lewis, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Barren County, Kentucky (d. 1904)
  • 1827 Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist (Thomsen–Berthelot principle of thermochemistry), born in Paris (d. 1907)
  • 1837 Abraham Kuyper, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1901-05), born in Maassluis, Netherlands (d. 1920)
  • 1837 Harriet Powers, African-American slave and quilt maker (Bible Quilt 1886), born in Clarke County, Georgia (d. 1910)
  • 1844 Albert Salomon Anselm von Rothschild, Austrian banker and member of the Rothschild banking family of Austria, born in Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1911)
  • 1853 Josephine Beall Bruce, African-American activist (NACW) Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1923)

  • 1855 Paul Bruchési, French Canadian Catholic archbishop of Montreal, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1939)
  • 1857 Konrad Haebler, German historian (Early printers of Spain/Portugal), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1946)
  • 1861 Andrei Ryabushkin, Russian painter, born in Borisoglebsk Uyezd (d. 1904)
  • 1871 Narziss Ach, German psychologist (Analyse des Willens), born in Ermershausen, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire (d. 1946)
  • 1873 Guillermo Valencia, Colombian poet, translator and statesman, born in Popayán, Cauca, Colombia (d. 1943)
  • 1875 Marie, last Queen of Romania as the wife of King Ferdinand I (1914-27), born in Eastwell Park, Kent, England (d. 1938)
  • 1878 Alex von Falkenhausen, German general (China, WW II), born in Gut Blumenthal, Province of Silesia, German Empire (d. 1966)
  • 1879 Franz von Papen, German diplomat and chancellor (1932), born in Werl, Province of Westphalia, German Empire (d. 1969)
  • 1879 Alva B. Adams, American politician (U.S. Senator from Colorado 1933-41), born in Del Norte, Colorado (d. 1941)
  • 1880 Abram F. Joffe, Russian physicist (crystal), born in Romny, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1960)
  • 1882 Jean Giraudoux, French writer and playwright (The Madwoman of Chaillot), born in Bellac, Haute-Vienne, France (d. 1944)
  • 1890 Claire Goll, German-French writer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1977)
  • 1891 Fanny Brice, American singing comedienne (Ziegeld Follies, Baby Snooks), born in NYC, New York (d. 1951)

Person of interestJoseph Goebbels

1897 Joseph Goebbels, German politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda in Nazi Germany (1933-45), born in Rheydt, Germany (d. 1945)

Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph Goebbels
Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information
Joseph Goebbels
  • 1905 Laurence Dowdall, Scottish lawyer, born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Fredric Brown, American sci-fi author (Martians Go Home), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1972)
  • 1910 A. J. Ayer, English Neopositivist philosopher (Logical Positivism), born in London (d. 1989)
  • 1911 Phillip Oppenheimer, British diamond trader (d. 1995)
  • 1918 Bernard Gordon, American writer and producer (Earth vs. the Flying Saucers), born in New Britain, Connecticut (d. 2007)
  • 1920 Baruj Benacerraf, Venezuelan-American immunologist (Nobel 1980 - discovery of genes that regulate immune responses and of the role that some of these genes play in autoimmune diseases), born in Caracas, Venezuela (d. 2011)

  • 1920 Didymos I, Catholicos of the East and Malankara Metropolitan (2005-10), born in Mavelikkara, India (d. 2014)
  • 1921 Bill Mauldin, American cartoonist famous for his World War II cartoons depicting American soldiers (Pulitzer-1945, 59), born in Mountain Park, New Mexico (d. 2003)
  • 1922 Neil Blaney, Irish politician, born in Fanad, County Donegal, Ireland (d. 1995)

Person of interestCarl Djerassi

1923 Carl Djerassi, Austrian-born American chemist and father of the contraceptive pill, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2015)

Chemist Carl Djerassi
Chemist
Carl Djerassi
  • 1924 Zbigniew Herbert, Polish poet and writer, born in Lwów, Poland (d. 1998)
  • 1925 Geraldine Brooks, American actress (Faraday & Co, Dumplings, Act of Murder), born in NYC, New York (d. 1977)
  • 1925 Dominick Dunne, American writer and producer (Panic in Needle Park), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 2009)
  • 1927 Hugo Schiltz, Flemish lawyer and politician, born in Borsbeek, Belgium (d. 2006)
  • 1930 Niki de Saint Phalle, French sculptor, born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, France (d. 2002)
  • 1934 Karl Francis Hettinger, American police officer (Onion Field survivor), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1994)

Person of interestEllen Johnson-Sirleaf

1938 Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, President of Liberia (2006-2018) and the first elected female head of state in Africa, born in Monrovia, Liberia

Africa's First Elected Female Head of State Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf
Africa's First Elected Female Head of State
Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf
  • 1940 Connie Mack III, American politician (U.S. Senator from Florida), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1940 Galen Weston, English-Canadian multi-millionaire industrialist, born in Marlow, England
  • 1940 José Ulises Macías Salcedo, Catholic bishop, born in León, Guanajuato, Mexico
  • 1944 Fausto Leali, Italian entertainer, born in Nuvolento, Brescia, Italy
  • 1946 Strinivasa Moodley, South African anti-apartheid activist, born in Durban, Natal
  • 1947 Helen Coonan, Australian politician (Senator for New South Wales), born in Mangoplah, Australia
  • 1950 Abdullah Gul, Turkish President (2007-14), born in Kayseri, Anatolia
  • 1951 Dirk Kempthorne, (Sen-R Idaho)
  • 1952 Valeri I Tokarev, Russian colonel/cosmonaut
  • 1958 David Remnick, American writer and editor of The New Yorker
  • 1967 Beth Chapman, Star of Dog the Bounty Hunter
  • 1969 Matthew Whitaker, American lawyer and politician (Acting Attorney General 2018-), born in Des Moines, Iowa
  • 1971 Daniel J. Bernstein, American professor
  • 1971 Ma Huateng [Pony Ma], Chinese entrepreneur (Tencent), born in Chaoyang District, Shantou
  • 1972 Takafumi Horie, Japanese entrepreneur
  • 1976 Mohsen Emadi, Iranian Poet
  • 1979 Ignasi Giménez Renom, Catalan politician
  • 1981 Jonathan Brown, Australian rules footballer