Birthdays in History on October 3

  • 1573 Entonius Walaeus, Dutch Calvinist theologist, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1639)
  • 1605 Li Tzu-ch'eng, Chinese revolutionary who dethroned last Ming emperor, born in Mizhi, Shaanxi province, China (d. 1645)
  • 1647 Johannes Voet, Dutch lawyer, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1713)
  • 1716 Giovanni Battista Beccaria, Italian physicist, born in Mondovì, Piedmont, Italy (d. 1781)
  • 1720 Johann Peter Uz, German poet (Lyrische Poem), born in Ansbach, Germany (d. 1796)
  • 1728 Charles-Geneviève-Louis-Auguste-André-Timothée d'Éon de Beaumont, French spy and transvestite, born in Tonnerre, France (d. 1810)
  • 1789 Francis Gregory, American Rear Admiral (Union Navy), born in Norwalk, Connecticut (d. 1866)
  • 1790 John Ross, Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation, born in Turkeytown, Alabama (d. 1866)
  • 1792 Francisco Morazán, 2nd President of The Federal Republic of Central America, born in Tegucigalpa, Guatemala, New Spain (d. 1842)
  • 1797 Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, born in Florence (d. 1870)

Person of interestGeorge Bancroft

1800 George Bancroft, American historian (History of the United States), born in Worcester Massachusetts (d. 1891)

Father of U.S. History George Bancroft
Father of U.S. History
George Bancroft
  • 1803 John Gorrie, American scientist and inventor (cold-air process of refrigeration), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1855)
  • 1804 Townsend Harris, American diplomat (1st Western consul to reside in Japan), born in Washington County, New York (d. 1878)
  • 1804 Allan Kardec, French author and founder of Spiritism, born in Lyon, France (d. 1869)
  • 1806 Oliver Cowdery, American religious leader (Later Day Saint apostle), born in Wells, Vermont (d. 1850)
  • 1814 Mikhail Lermontov, Russian poet and writer (Demon & other poems), born in Moscow (d. 1841)

  • 1830 George Brayton, American engineer who developed the Brayton Cycle combustion engine, born on Rhode Island (d. 1892)
  • 1844 Patrick Manson, Scottish physician and parasitologist (Father of tropical medicine), born in Oldmeldrum, Aberdeenshire, Scotland (d. 1922)
  • 1848 Henry Lerolle, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1929)
  • 1854 William Crawford Gorgas, American physician and 22nd Surgeon-General of the U.S. Army (help cure yellow fever), born in Toulminville, Alabama (d. 1920)
  • 1860 Annie Horniman, English theater owner (Abbey Theatre, Dublin), born in Surrey Mount, Forest Hill, London (d. 1937)
  • 1863 Pyotr Kozlov, Russian explorer, born in Dukhovshchina, Russia (d. 1935)
  • 1865 Johan Eilerts de Haan, Dutch sea officer (Lucie R, Suriname), born in Noordwolde, Friesland, Netherlands (d. 1910)
  • 1867 Pierre Bonnard, French painter and illustrator, born in Fontenay-aux-Roses, Hauts-de-Seine, France (d. 1947)
  • 1869 Clara Noyes, American nurse (head of the American Red Cross WW1), born in Port Deposit, Maryland (d. 1936)
  • 1871 Stijn Streuvels [Frank Lateur], Flemish writer (De Valschaard), born in Heule, Belgium (d. 1969)
  • 1882 Gunther von Kluge, German field marshal, born in Posen, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (d. 1944)
  • 1882 A. Y. Jackson, Canadian painter (Group of Seven), born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada (d. 1974)
  • 1885 Langley Collyer, American hoarder, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1947)
  • 1885 Sophie Treadwell, American playwright and journalist, born in Stockton, California (d. 1970)
  • 1886 Henri Alain-Fournier, French novelist (Le Grand Meaulnes), born in La Chapelle-d'Angillon, Cher, France (d. 1914)
  • 1889 Carl von Ossietzky, German journalist and pacifist (Nobel Peace Prize 1935), born in Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1938)
  • 1894 Elmer Robinson, American politician (33rd Mayor of San Francisco), born in San Francisco (d. 1982)
  • 1894 Walter Warlimont, German General WWII, born in Osnabrück, Hanover, Prussia, Germany (d. 1976)
  • 1896 Gerardo Diego, Spanish poet (Versos humanos), born in Santander, Spain (d. 1987)
  • 1897 Josephine "Mama Jo" Riley Matthews, African-American midwife (SC)
  • 1897 Louis Aragon, French poet and writer (Les Lettres françaises, Pour un réalisme socialiste), born in Paris, France (d. 1982)
  • 1900 Jay Irving, American cartoonist (Draw Me a Laugh), born in NYC, New York (d.1970)

Person of interestThomas Wolfe

1900 Thomas Wolfe, American novelist (Look Homeward Angel), born in Asheville, North Carolina (d. 1938)

Novelist Thomas Wolfe
Novelist
Thomas Wolfe
  • 1902 Arturo da Costa e Silva, 27th President of Brazil (1967-69), born in Taquari, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (d. 1969)
  • 1904 Charles J. Pedersen, American biochemist (Nobel 1987), born in Pusan, Korea (d. 1989)

  • 1908 David Herbert, British writer and raconteur (d. 1995)
  • 1916 María de los Ángeles Alvariño González, Spanish marine biologist and oceanographer, born in El Ferrol, Spain (d. 2005)

Person of interestJames Herriot

1916 James Herriot [Alfred Wight], English veterinarian and novelist (All Creatures Great and Small), born in Sunderland, County Durham (d. 1995)

Novelist James Herriot
Novelist
James Herriot
  • 1919 John Boyd [Boyd Bradfield Upchurch], American sci-fi author (The Last Starship from Earth), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 2013)
  • 1919 James M. Buchanan, American economist (Nobel Memorial 1986), born in Murfreesboro, Tennessee (d. 2013)
  • 1923 Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican politician, born in Vieille Case, Dominica (d. 2004)
  • 1924 Harvey Kurtzman, American cartoonist and founding editor of Mad magazine, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1993)
  • 1925 Gore Vidal, American author (Myra Breckinridge, Lincoln), born in West Point, New York (d. 2012)
  • 1927 Kenojuak Ashevak, Canadian Inuit artist, born in Ikirasaqa, Baffin Island, Canada (d. 2013)
  • 1928 Shridath Ramphal, Guyanese Secretary-General (1975-90), born in New Amsterdam, British Guiana
  • 1929 Bert Stern, American photographer, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1935 Charles "Charlie" Duke Jr, American Brigadier General and astronaut (Apol 16), born in Charlotte, North Carolina
  • 1938 Dave Obey, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Wisconsin), born in Okmulgee, Oklahoma
  • 1938 Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, Peruvian economist and 66th President of Peru (2016-present), born in Lima, Peru
  • 1943 Jeff Bingaman, American politician (U.S. Senator from New Mexico), born in El Paso, Texas
  • 1944 Roy Horn, German-American Las Vegas entertainer (Siegfried & Roy), born in Nordenham, Germany
  • 1944 Pierre Deligne, Belgian mathematician, born in Etterbeek, Belgium
  • 1944 Bob Riley, American politician (52nd Governor of Alabama), born in Ashland, Alabama
  • 1945 Kay Baxter, American female bodybuilder pioneer (Best Bodybuilder in World (1983-85)), born in Monroe County, Ohio
  • 1947 7th earl of Bradford, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1947 Fred DeLuca, American co-founder of the Subway chain, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2015)
  • 1949 Yekaterina Aleksandrowna Ivanova, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz T-15A)
  • 1951 Kathryn Sullivan, Paterson NJ, geologist and astronaut (1st American woman to walk in space), born in Paterson, New Jersey
  • 1951 Bernard Cooper, American writer

Person of interestAl Sharpton

1954 Al Sharpton [Alfred Charles], American minister and civil rights activist (Keepin' It Real), born in Brooklyn, New York

Minister and Civil Rights Activist Al Sharpton
Minister and Civil Rights Activist
Al Sharpton
  • 1957 Tim Westwood, Pimp My Ride UK presenter and DJ
  • 1959 Carmen Russo, Miss Teenage Italy (1972), born in Genoa, Italy
  • 1960 Cinzia De Ponti, [Fiordeponti], Pescara Italy (Miss Italy 1979)
  • 1963 Marion Peck, American artist and painter
  • 1967 Rob Liefeld, American comic book writer and artist
  • 1967 Walter Polovchak, Ukrainian-American asylum seeker, born in Ukraine
  • 1967 Denis Villeneuve, French Canadian director (Arrival), born in Bécancour, Canada