Birthdays in History on October 3

  • 1458 Saint Casimir, Kingdom of Poland prince and Roman Catholic saint, born in Wawel, Kraków, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1484)
  • 1573 Entonius Walaeus, Dutch Calvinist theologist, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1639)
  • 1605 Li Tzu-ch'eng, Chinese revolutionary who dethroned last Ming emperor, born in Mizhi, Shaanxi province, China (d. 1645)
  • 1647 Johannes Voet, Dutch lawyer, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1713)
  • 1716 Giovanni Battista Beccaria, Italian physicist, born in Mondovì, Piedmont, Italy (d. 1781)
  • 1720 Johann Peter Uz, German poet (Lyrische Poem), born in Ansbach, Germany (d. 1796)
  • 1789 Francis Gregory, American Rear Admiral (Union Navy), born in Norwalk, Connecticut (d. 1866)
  • 1790 John Ross, Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation, born in Turkeytown, Alabama (d. 1866)
  • 1792 Francisco Morazán, 2nd President of The Federal Republic of Central America, born in Tegucigalpa, Guatemala, New Spain (d. 1842)
  • 1797 Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, born in Florence (d. 1870)

George BancroftGeorge Bancroft (1800-1891)

American historian (History of the United States), born in Worcester Massachusetts

  • 1803 John Gorrie, American scientist and inventor (cold-air process of refrigeration), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1855)
  • 1804 Allan Kardec, French author and founder of Spiritism, born in Lyon, France (d. 1869)
  • 1804 Townsend Harris, American diplomat (1st Western consul to reside in Japan), born in Washington County, New York (d. 1878)
  • 1806 Oliver Cowdery, American religious leader (Later Day Saint apostle), born in Wells, Vermont (d. 1850)
  • 1814 Mikhail Lermontov, Russian poet and writer (Demon & other poems), born in Moscow (d. 1841)
  • 1826 Hormuzd Rassam, Assyrian archaeologist (discovered Epic of Gilgamesh, world's oldest piece of literature), born in Mosul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1910)
  • 1830 George Brayton, American engineer who developed the Brayton Cycle combustion engine, born on Rhode Island (d. 1892)
  • 1844 Patrick Manson, Scottish physician and parasitologist (Father of tropical medicine), born in Oldmeldrum, Aberdeenshire, Scotland (d. 1922)
  • 1848 Henry Lerolle, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1929)
  • 1854 William Crawford Gorgas, American physician and 22nd Surgeon-General of the U.S. Army (help cure yellow fever), born in Toulminville, Alabama (d. 1920)

Timothy Thomas FortuneTimothy Thomas Fortune (1856-1928)

American orator, civil rights leader, writer and publisher (New York Age), born in Marianna, Florida

  • 1860 Annie Horniman, English theater owner (Abbey Theatre, Dublin), born in Surrey Mount, Forest Hill, London (d. 1937)
  • 1863 Pyotr Kozlov, Russian explorer, born in Dukhovshchina, Russia (d. 1935)
  • 1865 Johan Eilerts de Haan, Dutch sea officer (Lucie R, Suriname), born in Noordwolde, Friesland, Netherlands (d. 1910)
  • 1867 Pierre Bonnard, French painter and illustrator, born in Fontenay-aux-Roses, Hauts-de-Seine, France (d. 1947)
  • 1869 Clara Noyes, American nurse (head of the American Red Cross WW1), born in Port Deposit, Maryland (d. 1936)
  • 1871 Stijn Streuvels [Frank Lateur], Flemish writer (De Valschaard), born in Heule, Belgium (d. 1969)
  • 1882 A. Y. Jackson, Canadian painter (Group of Seven), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1974)

Günther von KlugeGünther von Kluge (1882-1944)

German field marshal during World War II (Invasion of Poland, Battle of France, Operation Barbarossa), born in Posen, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire

  • 1885 Langley Collyer, American hoarder, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1947)
  • 1885 Sophie Treadwell, American playwright and journalist, born in Stockton, California (d. 1970)
  • 1886 Henri Alain-Fournier, French novelist (Le Grand Meaulnes), born in La Chapelle-d'Angillon, Cher, France (d. 1914)
  • 1889 Carl von Ossietzky, German journalist and pacifist (Nobel Peace Prize 1935), born in Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1938)
  • 1894 Elmer Robinson, American politician (33rd Mayor of San Francisco), born in San Francisco (d. 1982)
  • 1894 Walter Warlimont, German General WWII, born in Osnabrück, Hanover, Prussia, Germany (d. 1976)
  • 1896 Gerardo Diego, Spanish poet (Versos humanos), born in Santander, Spain (d. 1987)
  • 1897 Josephine "Mama Jo" Riley Matthews, African-American midwife (SC)
  • 1897 Louis Aragon, French poet and writer (Les Lettres françaises, Pour un réalisme socialiste), born in Paris, France (d. 1982)
  • 1900 Jay Irving, American cartoonist (Draw Me a Laugh), born in NYC, New York (d. 1970)

Thomas WolfeThomas Wolfe (1900-1938)

American novelist (Look Homeward Angel), born in Asheville, North Carolina

  • 1902 Arturo da Costa e Silva, 27th President of Brazil (1967-69), born in Taquari, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (d. 1969)
  • 1904 Charles J. Pedersen, American organic biochemist (Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1987), born in Busan, Korean Empire (d. 1989)
  • 1908 David Herbert, British writer and raconteur (d. 1995)

James HerriotJames Herriot (1916-1995)

British veterinarian and novelist (All Creatures Great and Small), born in Sunderland, County Durham

  • 1916 María de los Ángeles Alvariño González, Spanish marine biologist and oceanographer, born in El Ferrol, Spain (d. 2005)
  • 1919 James M. Buchanan, American economist (Nobel Memorial 1986), born in Murfreesboro, Tennessee (d. 2013)
  • 1919 John Boyd [Boyd Bradfield Upchurch], American sci-fi author (The Last Starship from Earth), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 2013)
  • 1923 Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican politician, born in Vieille Case, Dominica (d. 2004)
  • 1924 Harvey Kurtzman, American cartoonist and founding editor of Mad magazine, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1993)
  • 1925 Gore Vidal, American author (Myra Breckinridge, Lincoln), born in West Point, New York (d. 2012)
  • 1927 Kenojuak Ashevak, Canadian Inuit artist, born in Ikirasaqa, Baffin Island, Canada (d. 2013)
  • 1928 Shridath Ramphal, Guyanese Secretary-General (1975-90), born in New Amsterdam, British Guiana
  • 1929 Bert Stern, American photographer, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1934 Hiteswar Saikia, Indian politician and Chief Minister of Assam (1983-85, 1991-96), born in Nazira, Assam, British India (d. 1996)
  • 1935 Charles "Charlie" Duke Jr, American Brigadier General and astronaut (Apol 16), born in Charlotte, North Carolina
  • 1938 Dave Obey, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Wisconsin), born in Okmulgee, Oklahoma
  • 1938 Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, Peruvian economist and 66th President of Peru (2016-present), born in Lima, Peru
  • 1943 Jeff Bingaman, American politician (U.S. Senator from New Mexico), born in El Paso, Texas
  • 1944 Bob Riley, American politician (52nd Governor of Alabama), born in Ashland, Alabama
  • 1944 Pierre Deligne, Belgian mathematician, born in Etterbeek, Belgium
  • 1944 Roy Horn, German-American Las Vegas entertainer (Siegfried & Roy), born in Nordenham, Germany (d. 2020)
  • 1945 Kay Baxter, American bodybuilder (NPC Gold's Classic 1981), born in Monroe County, Ohio (d. 1988)
  • 1947 Fred DeLuca, American co-founder of the Subway chain, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2015)
  • 1949 Yekaterina Aleksandrowna Ivanova, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz T-15A)
  • 1951 Bernard Cooper, American novelist and short story writer, born in Hollywood, California
  • 1951 Kathryn [Kathy] Sullivan, American geologist and astronaut (1st American woman to walk in space), born in Paterson, New Jersey
  • 1953 Karen Bass, American politician and social worker (1st woman elected Mayor of Los Angeles 2022-; Rep-(D)-California 2011-2022), born in Los Angeles, California

Al SharptonAl Sharpton (68 years old)

1954 American minister and civil rights activist (Keepin' It Real), born in Brooklyn, New York

  • 1957 Tim Westwood, Pimp My Ride UK presenter and DJ
  • 1959 Carmen Russo, Miss Teenage Italy (1972), born in Genoa, Italy
  • 1960 Cinzia De Ponti [Fiordeponti], Pescara Italy (Miss Italy 1979)
  • 1963 Marion Peck, American artist and painter
  • 1967 Denis Villeneuve, French Canadian director (Arrival, Dune), born in Bécancour, Canada
  • 1967 Rob Liefeld, American comic book writer and artist
  • 1967 Walter Polovchak, Ukrainian-American asylum seeker, born in Ukraine
  • 1981 Beth Revis, American fantasy and science fiction author (Across the Universe trilogy), born in North Carolina