On This Day

Birthdays in History on October 30

  • 1218 Emperor Chūkyō, 85th emperor of Japan (d. 1234)
  • 1391 Edward [Dom Duarte], King of Portugal (1433-38), born in Viseu, Kingdom of Portugal (d. 1438)

Person of interestChristopher Columbus

1451 Christopher Columbus, Italian explorer and navigator who discovered the "New World" for Spain and initiated European colonization, born in the Republic of Genoa on or just before this date (d. 1506)

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1513 Jacques Amyot, French humanist, translator and Abbot of Bellozanne, born in Melun (d. 1593)
  • 1576 Enrico Caterino Davila, Italian writer (Storia delguerre civili Francia), born in Padua, Italy (d. 1631)
  • 1624 Paul Pellisson, French writer, born in Béziers, France (d. 1693)
  • 1668 Sophia Charlotte of Hanover, 1st Queen consort of Prussia (1701-05), born in Iburg Castle, Osnabrück, Hanover (d. 1705)
  • 1712 Christian Wilhelm Ernst Dietrich, German painter, born in Weimar, Thuringia, Germany (d. 1774)

Person of interestJohn Adams

1735 John Adams, 2nd US President (1797-1801), born in Braintree, Massachusetts (d. 1826)

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
  • 1739 Grigory Potemkin, Russian military leader, statesman and favorite of Catherine the Great, born in Chizhovo near Smolensk (d. 1791)
  • 1741 Angelica Kauffmann, Swiss Neoclassical painter, born in Chur, League of God's House (now Switzerland) (d. 1807)
  • 1751 Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Irish playwright (The Rivals, The School for Scandal) and Whig MP, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1816)
  • 1762 André Chénier, French poet killed during French Revolution, born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1794)
  • 1786 Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé, French Canadian writer, born in Quebec City, Quebec (d. 1871)
  • 1790 Rinse Posthumus, Frisian writer and poet, born in Ternaard, Friesland (d. 1859)
  • 1799 Ignace Bourget, French-Canadian Bishop of Montreal, born in Lévis, Province of Lower Canada, British Empire (d. 1885)

  • 1807 James Samuel Wadsworth, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Geneseo, New York (d. 1864)
  • 1817 Hermann Kopp, German chemist (Jahresbericht of Chemistry), born in Hanau, Hesse-Kassel, Germany (d. 1892)
  • 1829 Roscoe Conkling, American politician (U.S. Senator from New York 1867-81), born in Albany, New York (d. 1888)
  • 1830 John S. Bowen, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Bowen's Creek, Georgia (d. 1863)
  • 1839 Alfred Sisley, French impressionist painter, born in Paris (d. 1899)
  • 1840 William Graham Sumner, American sociologist (Folkways), born in Paterson, New Jersey (d. 1910)
  • 1843 Henri Regnault, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1871)
  • 1848 Zinovy Rozhestvensky, Russian vice-admiral (d. 1909)
  • 1849 Johan Willem, son of Dutch princess Marianne & coachman
  • 1857 John H Aberson, 1st chancellor (Dutch Agricultural University)
  • 1857 Georges Gilles de la Tourette, French neurologist and namesake of Tourette's syndrome, born in Saint-Gervais-les-Trois-Clochers, France (d. 1904)
  • 1861 Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor, born in Montauban, Tarn-et-Garonne, France (d. 1929)
  • 1873 Francisco I. Madero, Mexican revolutionary and 33rd President of Mexico (1911-13), born in Parras de la Fuente, Coahuila, Mexico (d. 1913)
  • 1881 Lena Christ, German writer (The Rumplhanni), born in Glonn, Bavaria (d. 1920)
  • 1881 Elizabeth Madox Roberts, American poet and novelist (The Time of Man), born in Perryville, Kentucky (d. 1941)
  • 1882 William Halsey Jr., US vice-admiral (WW II Pacific), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey (d. 1959)

Person of interestEzra Pound

1885 Ezra Loomis Pound, American poet (Cantos), born in Hailey, Idaho (d. 1972)

  • 1886 Zoe Akins, American playwright (Pulitzer Prize for Drama 1935), born in Humansville, Missouri (d. 1958)
  • 1887 Georg Heym, German writer, born in Hirschberg, Lower Silesia (d. 1912)
  • 1893 Charles Atlas [Angelo Siciliano], Italian-American bodybuilder, born in Acri, Cosenza, Italy (d. 1972)

  • 1893 Jan Romein, Dutch historian (Low Countries at Sea), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1962)
  • 1893 Roland Freisler, German Nazi judge (July 20th plotter case) and politician, born in Celle, Lower Saxony, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1894 Jean Rostand, French biologist and philosopher, born in Paris (d. 1977)
  • 1895 Gerhard Domagk, German bacteriologist (Nobel Prize 1939 in Physiology or Medicine - first commercially available antibiotic and marketed under the brand name Prontosil), born in Lagow, Brandenburg (d. 1964)
  • 1895 Dickinson W. Richards, American physician (Nobel 1956 - development of cardiac catheterization and the characterisation of a number of cardiac diseases), born in Orange, New Jersey (d. 1973)
  • 1896 Kostas Karyotakis, Greek poet, born in Tripoli, Greece (d. 1928)
  • 1899 Ernst Herman van Rappard, Dutch SS officer and founder (NSNAP), born in Banyumas Regency, Central Java, Dutch East Indies (d. 1953)
  • 1900 Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist (Nobel 1967 - discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye), born in Helsinge, Finland (d. 1991)
  • 1904 Paul D. Stoop, American vice-admiral (WW II-Coral Sea), born in Zanesville, Ohio (d. 1995)
  • 1906 Alexander Gode, German-American linguist, born in Bremen, Imperial Germany (d. 1970)
  • 1907 Albert Rice Leventhal, American publisher (Little Golden Books), born in NYC, New York (d. 1976)
  • 1907 Sol Tax, American anthropologist (founded the journal Current Anthropology), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Homi J. Bhabha, Indian nuclear physicist, born in Bombay, British India (d. 1966)
  • 1910 Miguel Hernadez Gilabert, Spanish poet (Viento del Pueblo), born in Orihuela, Spain (d. 1942)
  • 1914 Marion Ladewig, American ten-pin bowler (9 time woman bowler of year 1950-63), born in Grand Rapids, Michigan (d. 2010)
  • 1915 Fred W. Friendly, American journalist and broadcast executive, born in NYC, New York (d. 1998)
  • 1917 Nikolai Ogarkov, Soviet field marshal, born in Molokovo, Tver, Russian Republic (d. 1994)
  • 1920 Christy Ring, Irish hurler (Cork 65 games, scoring tally [33-208], 8 x All-Ireland medals), born in Cloyne, Ireland (d. 1979)
  • 1925 Gus Savage, American politician (Rep-D-IL, 1981- 93), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2015)
  • 1928 Ernest Flatt, American choreographer (The Carol Burnett Show), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 1995)
  • 1928 Michael Andrews, British painter, born in Norwich, England (d. 1995)
  • 1928 Daniel Nathans, American microbiologist (Nobel 1978 - discovery of restriction enzymes and their application in restriction mapping), born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1999)
  • 1931 David Wilson, British archaeologist and director of British Museum (1977-92), born in Dacre Banks, England
  • 1932 Barun De, Indian historian, born in Calcutta, India (d. 2013)
  • 1935 Ágota Kristóf, Hungarian writer (The Notebook), born in Csikvánd, Hungary (d. 2011)
  • 1935 Robert Caro, American journalist and biographer (Lyndon B. Johnson), born in NYC, New York
  • 1937 Pat Williams, American politician (Rep-D-Montana, 1979-93), born in Helena, Montana
  • 1939 Leland H. Hartwell, American scientist (Nobel 2001 - discoveries of protein molecules that control the division (duplication) of cells), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1939 Emily Howell Warner, American pilot, 1st woman to captain a commercial American airline plane, born in Denver, Colorado (d. 2020)
  • 1944 Ahmed Chalabi, Iraqi politician (supported US 2003 invasion), born in Kadhimiya, Baghdad (d. 2015)
  • 1945 Glenn Poshard, American politician (Rep-D-Illinois), born in Herald, Illinois
  • 1946 Chris Slade, Welsh rocker (AC/DC), born in Pontypridd, Glamorgan, Wales
  • 1946 Robert L. "Hoot" Gibson, American aviator, aeronautical engineer and astronaut (STS 41B,61C,27,47,71), born in Cooperstown, New York
  • 1950 John Doolittle, American politician (Rep-R-California), born in Glendale, California
  • 1951 Frank Pallone, American politician (Rep-D-New Jersey), born in Long Branch, New Jersey
  • 1953 Alexander Fedorovich Poleshchuk, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-16), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1953 Peter Hoekstra, Dutch-American (Rep-R-Michigan), born in Groningen, Netherlands
  • 1954 Mario Testino, Peruvian-born English fashion photographer, born in Lima, Peru
  • 1956 Tim Roemer, American politician (Rep-D-Indiana), born in South Bend, Indiana
  • 1957 Aleksandr Lazutkin, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-25), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1964 Sandra Magnus, American engineer and NASA astronaut (STS-119 Discovery), born in Belleville, Illinois
  • 1964 Howard Lederer, American poker player, born in Concord, New Hampshire
  • 1977 Charmian Faulkner, Australian crime victim (went missing with her mother from St Kilda, Victoria, Australia, in 1980), born in Colac, Victoria, Australia

Person of interestIvanka Trump

1981 Ivanka Trump, American businesswoman and daughter of Donald Trump, born in New York

Businesswoman and Adviser to Donald Trump Ivanka Trump
Businesswoman and Adviser to Donald Trump
Ivanka Trump