Birthdays in History on October 5

  • 1609 Paul Fleming, German poet, born in Hartenstein, Saxony (d. 1640)
  • 1641 Françoise-Athénaïs de Rochechouart, Marquise de Montespan, French mistress of King Louis XIV of France, born in Lussac-les-Châteaux, France (d. 1707)
  • 1658 Mary of Modena, Queen of James II of England, born in Ducal Palace, Modena (d. 1718)

Jonathan EdwardsJonathan Edwards (1703-1758)

Christian preacher, philosopher, and theologian (Original Sin), born in East Windsor, Connecticut Colony

  • 1712 Francesco Guardi, Italian painter, born in Venice (d. 1793)

Denis DiderotDenis Diderot (1713-1784)

French enlightenment philosopher (Encyclopédie), born in Langres, Champagne

  • 1715 Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau, French economist, born in Pertuis, France (d. 1789)
  • 1717 Marie-Anne de Mailly-Nesle, duchess de Châteauroux, French mistress of King Louis XV of France, born in Paris (d. 1744)
  • 1728 Chevalier d'Éon [Charles-Geneviève-Louis-Auguste-André-Timothée d'Éon de Beaumont], French spy, diplomat, and transvestite, born in Tonnerre, France (d. 1810)
  • 1737 Alexei Grigoryevich Orlov, Russian count (helped Catherine the Great to the throne) and military commander (Battle of Çeşme), born in Lyutkino, Russia (d. 1808) (NS date)
  • 1781 Bernard Bolzano, Czech mathematician and philosopher, born in Prague, Bohemia (d. 1848)
  • 1792 Joseph Crosfield, English soap and alkali manufacturer, born in Warrington, England (d. 1844)
  • 1795 Alexander Keith, Scottish-Canadian politician (4th Mayor of Halifax) and brewer (founder of the Alexander Keith's Nova Scotia Brewery), born in Halkirk, Caithness, Highland, Scotland (d. 1873)
  • 1799 Anthony Gerhard Alexander van Rappard, Dutch politician, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1869)
  • 1804 Robert Parker Parrott, American inventor (developed the rifled cannon known as the Parrott gun), born in Lee, New Hampshire (d. 1877)
  • 1808 Thomas Algeo Rowley, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1892)
  • 1808 Winand Staring, Dutch geologist (Geology of Netherlands), born in Wildenborch, Vorden, Netherlands (d. 1877)
  • 1820 David Wilber, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Quaker Street, Duanesburg, New York (d. 1890)

Chester A. ArthurChester A. Arthur (1829-1886)

21st President of the United States (1881-85), born in Fairfield Vermont

  • 1833 Cyrus Bussey, American politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hubbard, Ohio (d. 1915)
  • 1836 George Washington Gordon, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Pulaski, Tennessee (d. 1911)
  • 1840 John Addington Symonds, British historian and writer (Probs in Greek Ethics), born in Bristol, England (d. 1893)
  • 1844 Francis William Reitz, 5th State President of the Orange Free State, born in Swellendam, Cape Colony (d. 1934)
  • 1848 Guido von List, Austrian-German occultist and novelist (Jung Diethers Heimkehr), born in Vienna (d. 1919)
  • 1850 Sergey Muromtsev, Russian lawyer, politician and President of the First Imperial Duma, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1910)
  • 1858 Henry von Battenberg, German son-in-law of Queen Victoria, born in Milan, Lombardy–Venetia (d. 1896)'
  • 1863 Ludwig Borchardt, German Egyptologist, born in Berlin (d. 1938)
  • 1864 Louis Lumière, French inventor, with brother Auguste made 1st motion picture in 1895, born in Besançon, France (d. 1948)
  • 1879 John Erskine, American poet and writer (Private Life of Helen of Troy), born in NYC, New York (d. 1951)
  • 1881 Otto V. Kuusinen, Finnish politician (founder of the Finnish Communist Party), born in Laukaa, Finland (d. 1964)
  • 1882 Giorgio Abetti, Italian astronomer (Solar physics), born in Padua, Italy (d. 1982)

Robert H. GoddardRobert H. Goddard (1882-1945)

American Rocket Pioneer (invented and built the first liquid-fueled rocket), born in Worcester, Massachusetts

  • 1884 Hendrik Tilanus, Dutch artillery officer and political leader (CHU 1939-63), born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • 1887 Max Ackermann, German "entartet" painter, born in Berlin (d. 1975)
  • 1887 René Cassin, French jurist and judge (Nobel Peace Prize 1968), born in Bayonne, Basque Country, France (d. 1976)
  • 1889 Teresa de la Parra, Venezuelan writer (Memorias de Mamá Blanca), born in Paris (d. 1936)
  • 1890 Kasimir Edschmid, German writer, born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1966)
  • 1892 Remington Kellogg, American naturalist and director (U.S. National Museum), born in Davenport, Iowa (d. 1969)
  • 1895 Walter Bedell Smith, U.S. Army general (WWII) and head of CIA (1950-52), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1961)
  • 1899 George, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, born in Oranienbaum, Russia (d. 1962)
  • 1901 Willy Lages, German chief of Sicherheitsdienst in Amsterdam (WWII), born in Braunschweig, Germany (d. 1971)
  • 1903 M. King Hubbert, American geologist and geophysicist, born in San Saba, Texas (d. 1989)
  • 1904 George Chesterman Phillips, British naval officer (d. 1995)
  • 1906 Leopold Kohr, Austrian social philosopher, born in Oberndorf, Austria (d. 1994)
  • 1908 Joshua Logan, Broadway producer (South Pacific), born in Texarcana, Texas (d. 1988)
  • 1912 Fritz Fischer, German physician and Nazi war criminal, born in Berlin (d. 2003)
  • 1913 Eugene B. Fluckey, American Navy submariner, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2007)
  • 1913 William Lehman, American politician, born in Selma, Alabama (d. 2005)
  • 1916 Douglas Ranger, British surgeon, born in Furness, Lancashire (d. 1997)
  • 1917 Robert Adams, English sculptor and designer, born in Far Cotton, Northampton (d. 1984)
  • 1920 Robert Feenstra, Dutch law historian
  • 1922 Bil Keane, American cartoonist (The Family Circus), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2011)
  • 1923 Philip Berrigan, American peace activist and Roman Catholic priest, born in Two Harbors, Minnesota (d. 2002)
  • 1923 Stig Dagerman, Swedish writer (Burned Child), born in Älvkarleby, Uppsala County, Sweden (d. 1954)
  • 1924 Jose Donoso, Chilean writer (The Place Without Limits), born in Santiago (d. 1996)
  • 1925 Bob Thaves, American cartoonist (Frank and Ernest), born in Burt, Iowa (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Willi Unsoeld, American mountaineer (First ascent of the West Ridge of Mount Everest), born in Arcata, California (d. 1979)
  • 1927 Al Hansen, American artist (Fluxus), born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)
  • 1928 Louise Fitzhugh, American author and illustrator (Harriet the Spy), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1974)
  • 1929 Autherine Lucy, 1st African-American to enroll in University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa, born in Shiloh, Alabama
  • 1929 Richard F. Gordon, Jr., American naval officer and astronaut (Gemini 11; Apollo 12), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2017)
  • 1930 Pavel Popovich, Ukrainian cosmonaut (Vostok IV, Soyuz 14), born in Uzyn, Kiev Oblast, Soviet Union (d. 2009)
  • 1930 Rahmon Nabiyev, Tajik politician (First Secretary of The Communist Party, 1982-85; President of Tadzjikistan, 1991-92), born in Leninabad, Tajik SSR (now Khujand, Tajikistan) (d. 1992)
  • 1930 Reinhard Selten, German economist (Nobel Prize 1994), born in Breslau, Germany (d. 2016)
  • 1932 Yvonne Brathwaite Burke, American politician (first African-American woman to represent the West Coast in Congress), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1934 Angelo Buono, Jr., American serial killer, born in Rochester, New York (d. 2002)

Václav HavelVáclav Havel (1936-2011)

Czech politician (President of Czechoslovakia, 1990-2, Czech Republic, 1993-2003), born in Prague

  • 1938 Teresa Heinz Kerry, American philanthropist (wife of John Kerry), born in Lourenço Marques, Portuguese East Africa
  • 1939 Consuelo Ynares-Santiago, Filipino Supreme Court jurist, born in Binangonan, Rizal, Philippines
  • 1939 Marie-Claire Blais, French Canadian author and playwright, born in Quebec, Canada
  • 1939 Walter Wolf, Slovenian-Canadian industrialist, born in Graz, Austria
  • 1941 Eduardo Duhalde, President of Argentina (2002-03), born in Lomas de Zamora, Greater Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 1943 Ben Cardin, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1944 Ben Korthals, Dutch politician and lawyer (VVD), born in Voorschoten, Netherlands
  • 1946 Marvin "Popcorn" Sutton, American Appalachian moonshiner, bootlegger, and how-to book author (Me and My Likker), born in Maggie Valley, North Carolina (d. 2009)
  • 1946 Zahida Hina, Pakistani columnist, born in Sahasram, Bihar, British India
  • 1948 Zoran Živković, Serbian writer, born in Belgrade, Serbia
  • 1949 Ralph Goodale, Canadian politician and diplomat (Member of Parliament, 1993-2019; Minister of Public Safety, 2015-19; High Commissioner to UK, 2019-), born in Regina, Saskatchewan
  • 1950 Edward P. Jones, American writer (The Known World), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1953 James Lascelles, British grandson of English princess Mary, born in Bayswater, London
  • 1953 John Stachniewski, scholar/teacher
  • 1957 Mark Geragos, American attorney
  • 1958 André Kuipers, Dutch astronaut
  • 1958 Brent W. Jett Jr, American naval officer and NASA astronaut (STS 72, sk:81), born in Pontiac, Michigan
  • 1959 David Shannon, American Caldecott Medal-winning children's book writer and illustrator (No, David!), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1959 Maya Lin, American designer (Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Civil Rights Memorial), born in Athens, Ohio
  • 1961 Matthew Kauffman, American journalist and George Polk Award winner
  • 1964 Malik Saidullaev Chechen businessman
  • 1964 Warren E. Miller, Maryland politician
  • 1972 Thomas Roberts, American news anchor, born in Towson, Maryland
  • 1976 Ramzan Kadyrov, Chechen President, born in Tsentaroy, Russia
  • 1979 Jaime Chambers, American television reporter, born in Los Angeles, California