Birthdays in History on October 5

  • 1458 Saint Casimir, Kingdom of Poland prince and Roman Catholic saint, born in Wawel, Kraków, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1484)
  • 1609 Paul Fleming, German poet, born in Hartenstein, Saxony (d. 1640)
  • 1641 Françoise-Athénaïs de Rochechouart, Marquise de Montespan, French mistress of King Louis XIV of France, born in Lussac-les-Châteaux, France (d. 1707)
  • 1658 Mary of Modena, Queen of James II of England, born in Ducal Palace, Modena (d. 1718)

Person of interestJonathan Edwards

1703 Jonathan Edwards, Christian preacher, philosopher, and theologian (Original Sin), born in East Windsor, Connecticut Colony (d. 1758)

Christian Preacher and Philosopher Jonathan Edwards
Christian Preacher and Philosopher
Jonathan Edwards
  • 1712 Francesco Guardi, Italian painter, born in Venice (d. 1793)

Person of interestDenis Diderot

1713 Denis Diderot, French enlightenment philosopher (Encyclopédie), born in Langres, Champagne (d. 1784)

Enlightenment Philosopher Denis Diderot
Enlightenment Philosopher
Denis Diderot
  • 1715 Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau, French economist, born in Pertuis, France (d. 1789)
  • 1717 Marie-Anne de Mailly-Nesle, duchess de Châteauroux, French mistress of King Louis XV of France, born in Paris (d. 1744)
  • 1781 Bernard Bolzano, Czech mathematician and philosopher, born in Prague, Bohemia (d. 1848)
  • 1792 Joseph Crosfield, English soap and alkali manufacturer, born in Warrington, England (d. 1844)
  • 1795 Alexander Keith, Scottish-Canadian politician (4th Mayor of Halifax) and brewer (founder of the Alexander Keith's Nova Scotia Brewery), born in Halkirk, Caithness, Highland, Scotland (d. 1873)
  • 1799 Anthony Gerhard Alexander van Rappard, Dutch politician, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1869)
  • 1804 Robert Parker Parrott, American inventor (developed the rifled cannon known as the Parrott gun), born in Lee, New Hampshire (d. 1877)
  • 1808 Thomas Algeo Rowley, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1892)
  • 1808 Winand Staring, Dutch geologist (Geology of Netherlands), born in Wildenborch, Vorden, Netherlands (d. 1877)

  • 1820 David Wilber, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Quaker Street, Duanesburg, New York (d. 1890)

Person of interestChester A. Arthur

1829 Chester A. Arthur, 21st President of the United States (1881-85), born in Fairfield Vermont (d. 1886)

21st US President Chester A. Arthur
21st US President
Chester A. Arthur
  • 1833 Cyrus Bussey, American politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hubbard, Ohio (d. 1915)
  • 1836 George Washington Gordon, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Pulaski, Tennessee (d. 1911)
  • 1840 John Addington Symonds, British historian and writer (Probs in Greek Ethics), born in Bristol, England (d. 1893)
  • 1844 Francis William Reitz, 5th State President of the Orange Free State, born in Swellendam, Cape Colony (d. 1934)
  • 1848 Guido von List, Austrian-German occultist and novelist (Jung Diethers Heimkehr), born in Vienna (d. 1919)
  • 1850 Sergey Muromtsev, Russian lawyer, politician and President of the First Imperial Duma, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1910)
  • 1858 Henry von Battenberg, German son-in-law of Queen Victoria, born in Milan, Lombardy–Venetia (d. 1896)'
  • 1863 Ludwig Borchardt, German Egyptologist, born in Berlin (d. 1938)
  • 1864 Louis Lumière, French inventor, with brother Auguste made 1st motion picture in 1895, born in Besançon, France (d. 1948)
  • 1881 Otto V. Kuusinen, Finnish politician (founder of the Finnish Communist Party), born in Laukaa, Finland (d. 1964)
  • 1882 Giorgio Abetti, Italian astronomer (Solar physics), born in Padua, Italy (d. 1982)

Person of interestRobert H. Goddard

1882 Robert H. Goddard, American rocket pioneer (invented and built the first liquid-fueled rocket), born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 1945)

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • 1884 Hendrik Tilanus, Dutch artillery officer and political leader (CHU 1939-63), born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • 1887 Max Ackermann, German "entartet" painter, born in Berlin (d. 1975)
  • 1887 René Cassin, French jurist and judge (Nobel Peace Prize 1968), born in Bayonne, Basque Country, France (d. 1976)
  • 1889 Teresa de la Parra, Venezuelan writer (Memorias de Mamá Blanca), born in Paris (d. 1936)
  • 1890 Kasimir Edschmid, German writer, born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1966)
  • 1892 Remington Kellogg, American naturalist and director (U.S. National Museum), born in Davenport, Iowa (d. 1969)
  • 1895 Walter Bedell Smith, U.S. Army general (WWII) and head of CIA (1950-52), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1961)
  • 1899 George, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, born in Oranienbaum, Russia (d. 1962)
  • 1901 Willy Lages, German chief of Sicherheitsdienst in Amsterdam (WWII), born in Braunschweig, Germany (d. 1971)
  • 1903 M. King Hubbert, American geologist and geophysicist, born in San Saba, Texas (d. 1989)
  • 1904 George Chesterman Phillips, British naval officer (d. 1995)

  • 1906 Leopold Kohr, Austrian social philosopher, born in Oberndorf, Austria (d. 1994)
  • 1908 Joshua Logan, Broadway producer (South Pacific), born in Texarcana, Texas (d. 1988)
  • 1912 Fritz Fischer, German physician and Nazi war criminal, born in Berlin (d. 2003)
  • 1913 William Lehman, American politician, born in Selma, Alabama (d. 2005)
  • 1913 Eugene B. Fluckey, American Navy submariner, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2007)
  • 1916 Douglas Ranger, British surgeon, born in Furness, Lancashire (d. 1997)
  • 1917 Robert Adams, English sculptor and designer, born in Far Cotton, Northampton (d. 1984)
  • 1920 Robert Feenstra, Dutch law historian
  • 1922 Bil Keane, American cartoonist (The Family Circus), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2011)
  • 1923 Philip Berrigan, American peace activist and Roman Catholic priest, born in Two Harbors, Minnesota (d. 2002)
  • 1923 Stig Dagerman, Swedish writer (Burned Child), born in Älvkarleby, Uppsala County, Sweden (d. 1954)
  • 1924 Jose Donoso, Chilean writer (The Place Without Limits), born in Santiago (d. 1996)
  • 1925 Bob Thaves, American cartoonist (Frank and Ernest), born in Burt, Iowa (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Willi Unsoeld, American mountaineer (First ascent of the West Ridge of Mount Everest), born in Arcata, California (d. 1979)
  • 1927 Al Hansen, American artist (Fluxus), born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)
  • 1928 Louise Fitzhugh, American author and illustrator (Harriet the Spy), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1974)
  • 1929 Autherine Lucy, 1st African-American to enroll in University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa, born in Shiloh, Alabama
  • 1929 Richard F. Gordon Jr., American naval officer and astronaut (Gemini 11, Apol 12), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2017)
  • 1930 Pavel Popovich, Ukrainian cosmonaut (Vostok IV, Soyuz 14), born in Uzyn, Kiev Oblast, Soviet Union (d. 2009)
  • 1930 Reinhard Selten, German economist (Nobel Prize 1994). born in Breslau, Germany (d. 2016)
  • 1932 Yvonne Brathwaite Burke, American politician (first African-American woman to represent the West Coast in Congress), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1934 Angelo Buono, Jr., American serial killer, born in Rochester, New York (d. 2002)

Person of interestVáclav Havel

1936 Vaclav Havel, Czech politician (President of Czechoslovakia, 1990-2, Czech Republic, 1993-2003), born in Prague (d. 2011)

Politician and Author Václav Havel
Politician and Author
Václav Havel
  • 1938 Teresa Heinz Kerry, American philanthropist (wife of John Kerry), born in Lourenço Marques, Portuguese East Africa
  • 1939 Marie-Claire Blais, French Canadian author and playwright, born in Quebec, Canada
  • 1939 Consuelo Ynares-Santiago, Filipino Supreme Court jurist, born in Binangonan, Rizal, Philippines
  • 1939 Walter Wolf, Slovenian-Canadian industrialist, born in Graz, Austria
  • 1941 Eduardo Duhalde, President of Argentina (2002-03), born in Lomas de Zamora, Greater Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 1943 Ben Cardin, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1944 Ben Korthals, Dutch politician and lawyer (VVD), born in Voorschoten, Netherlands
  • 1946 Zahida Hina, Pakistani columnist, born in Sahasram, Bihar, British India
  • 1948 Zoran Živković, Serbian writer, born in Belgrade, Serbia
  • 1949 Ralph Goodale, Canadian politician (Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness), born in Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada
  • 1950 Edward P. Jones, American writer (The Known World), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1953 James Lascelles, British grandson of English princess Mary, born in Bayswater, London
  • 1953 John Stachniewski, scholar/teacher
  • 1957 Mark Geragos, American attorney
  • 1958 Brent W. Jett Jr, American naval officer and NASA astronaut (STS 72, sk:81), born in Pontiac, Michigan
  • 1958 André Kuipers, Dutch astronaut
  • 1959 Maya Lin, American designer (Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Civil Rights Memorial), born in Athens, Ohio
  • 1961 Matthew Kauffman, American journalist and George Polk Award winner
  • 1964 Malik Saidullaev Chechen businessman
  • 1964 Warren E. Miller, Maryland politician
  • 1972 Thomas Roberts, American news anchor
  • 1974 Rich Franklin, American Mixed Martial Artist
  • 1976 Ramzan Kadyrov, Chechen President
  • 1979 Jaime Chambers, American television reporter