On This Day

Birthdays in History on October 7

  • 1471 Frederik I, King of Denmark and Norway (1523-33), born in Gottorp, Denmark (d. 1533)
  • 1573 William Laud, English Archbishop of Canterbury (1633-45), born in Reading, Berkshire, England (d. 1645)
  • 1576 John Marston, English poet and playwright (d. 1634)
  • 1577 Ferdinand, of Bayern, prince-bishop of Liege/archbishop
  • 1589 Maria Magdalena of Austria, Grand Duchess of Tuscany (d. 1631)
  • 1713 Granville Elliott, British military officer (d. 1759)
  • 1728 Caesar Rodney, Delaware, judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1734 Ralph Abercromby, English army commander (Dutch Guyana)
  • 1744 Sergey Vyazmitinov, Russian general and statesman (d. 1819)
  • 1748 Charles XIII, King of Sweden (1809-18)/Norway (1814-18)
  • 1769 Solomon Sibley, American politician (d. 1846)
  • 1786 Louis-Joseph Papineau, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 1871)
  • 1817 Bushrod Rust Johnson, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1880)
  • 1821 Richard Heron Anderson, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • 1821 William Sill, with The Underground Railroad
  • 1826 William Brimage Bate, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army) and 23rd Governor of Tennessee (1882-86)

  • 1841 Nicolaas Petrovic Njegos, king of Montenegro (1910-18)
  • 1849 James Whitcomb Riley, American poet (Raggedy Man)
  • 1854 Christiaan R de Wet, South African rebel leader, politician and general in the Boer War
  • 1866 Martha McChesney Berry, American educator who founded Berry School for Children, born near Rome, Georgia (d. 1942)
  • 1866 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (d. 1942)
  • 1881 Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (d. 1918)

Person of interestNiels Bohr

1885 Niels Bohr, Danish physicist who expanded quantum physics (Nobel Prize 1922), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1962)

Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist
Niels Bohr
  • 1886 Johannes B Tielrooy, Dutch literary (Chateaubriand)
  • 1888 Henry A Wallace, (D/P) 33rd VP (1941-45)/founder Progressive Party
  • 1894 Herman Dooyeweerd, Dutch philosopher/lawyer
  • 1894 Del Lord, American director (d. 1970)

Person of interestElijah Muhammad

1896 Elijah Muhammad [Elijah Robert Poole], American religious leader (Nation of Islam), born in Sandersville, Georgia (d. 1975)

Religious Leader Elijah Muhammad
Religious Leader
Elijah Muhammad

Person of interestHeinrich Himmler

1900 Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi and head of the Gestapo, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1945)

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1901 Souvanna Phouma, Prince and Prime Minister of Laos (1951–54, 1956–58, 1960 and 1962–75), born in Luang Phrabang, Laos (d. 1984)
  • 1906 James E Webb, head of NASA (1961-68)
  • 1907 Víctor Paz Estenssoro, Bolivian politician (d. 2001)
  • 1909 Anni Blomqvist, Finnish novelist (d. 1990)
  • 1909 Erastus Corning 2nd, American politician, 72nd Mayor of Albany, New York (d. 1983)
  • 1910 Henry P. McIlhenny, American philanthropist (d. 1986)
  • 1912 Fernando Belaúnde Terry, President of Peru (d. 2002)

  • 1913 Simon Carmiggelt, Dutch journalist (Het Parool, Kinks)
  • 1915 Margarita Aliger, Russian poet (Zoja), born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1992) [NS]
  • 1916 Walt W Rostow, American economist (Politics & Stages of Growth), born in NYC, New York
  • 1918 Marcus Klingburg, Israeli soviet spy and epidemiologist
  • 1919 George Duby, historian
  • 1919 Sir Zelman Cowen, Australian politician
  • 1920 Georg Leber, German politician (SPD), (d. 2012)
  • 1921 John Arthur Giles Gere, English art historian (Pre-Raphaelite painter)
  • 1922 Reina Prinsen Geerligs [Leentje Vandendriesch], Dutch antifascist
  • 1923 Irma Grese, Supervisor at Nazi concentration camps
  • 1923 Jean-Paul Riopelle, Québécois member of Les Automatistes (d. 2002)
  • 1927 R. D. Laing, Scottish psychiatrist, born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1989)
  • 1928 Sohrab Sepehri, Persian poet and painter, born in Kashan, Iran (d. 1980)
  • 1929 Robert Westall, British author, born in North Shields, United Kingdom (d. 1993)
  • 1929 Harold Zirin, American astronomer, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2012)

Person of interestDesmond Tutu

1931 Desmond Tutu, Anglican Archbishop of South Africa and 1984 Nobel Peace Prize winner, born in Klerksdorp, Western Transvaal, South Africa

Anglican Archbishop and Activist Desmond Tutu
Anglican Archbishop and Activist
Desmond Tutu
  • 1932 Joannes M Gijsen, Bishop of Roermond, born in Oeffelt, Netherlands (d. 2013)
  • 1934 Ulrike Meinhof, West German far left militant, born in Oldenburg, Germany (d. 1976)
  • 1935 Thomas Keneally, Australian writer (Schindler's List), born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1936 Gennadi Mikhailovich Kolesnikov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Dauriya, Russia

  • 1937 Maria Szyszkowska, Polish politician, born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1939 John Hopcroft, American computer scientist, born in Seattle, Washington
  • 1939 Harold Kroto, English chemist and Nobel laureate (1996), born in Wisbech (d. 2016)
  • 1940 Bruce F. Vento, American politician (Rep-D-Minnesota, 1977- ), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 2000)
  • 1940 Richard H. Stallings, American politician (Rep-D-ID, 1985- ), born in Ogden, Utah
  • 1941 John Ford Noonan, American playwright (A Coupla White Chicks Sitting Around Talking), born in Stamford, Connecticut (d. 2018)

Person of interestOliver North

1943 Oliver North, American political commentator and retired US Marine (Iran–Contra), born in San Antonio, Texas

Political Commentator and Iran-Contra Figure Oliver North
Political Commentator and Iran-Contra Figure
Oliver North
  • 1944 Donald Tsang, Former Chief executive of Hong Kong (2005-1012), born in Hong Kong
  • 1946 Pengiran Anak Saleha, Queen of Brunei, born in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei
  • 1946 Anita Shreve, American writer (Weight of Water, Past the Island; Drifting), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2018)
  • 1948 Diane Ackerman, American poet and essayist, born in Waukegan, Illinois
  • 1950 Jakaya Kikwete, Tanzanian politician, born in Msoga, Tanzania

Person of interestVladimir Putin

1952 Vladimir Putin, Russian politician (President and Prime Minister), born in Leningrad, Soviet Union

Russian President Vladimir Putin
Russian President
Vladimir Putin
  • 1955 Ralph Johnson, American computer scientist
  • 1959 Lourdes Flores, Peruvian politician, born in Lima, Peru
  • 1959 Jean-Marc Fournier, French-Canadian politician, born in Châteauguay, Canada
  • 1961 Matthew Roloff, American reality star, born in San Francisco, California
  • 1961 Thomas "Tom" Perez, American Chair of the Democratic National Committee, born in Buffalo, New York
  • 1962 Dave Bronconnier, Canadian politician, born in Calgary, Canada
  • 1964 Dan Savage, American sex-columnist and author, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 2001 Princess Senate Seeiso, daughter of King Letsie III of Lesotho, born in Maseru, Lesotho