On This Day

Birthdays in History on October 9

  • 1201 Robert de Sorbon, French theologian and founder of the Sorbonne College, born in Sorbon, France (d. 1274)
  • 1221 Salimbene di Adam, Italian chronicler, born in Parma, Italy (d. 1288)
  • 1261 Denis of Portugal, King of Portugal (1279-1325), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1325)
  • 1328 Peter I of Cyprus, King of Cyprus (1358-69), born in Nicosia, Cyprus (d. 1369)
  • 1469 John Fisher, English bishop (1504-35), cardinal (Saint John Fisher), born in Beverley, England (beheaded 1535)
  • 1581 Claude Gaspard Bachet de Meziriac, French mathematician and poet, born in Bourg-en-Bresse, France (d. 1638)
  • 1586 Jan III van Foreest, Dutch lawyer, poet and mayor of Hoorn, born in Alkmaar, Netherlands (d. 1651)
  • 1586 Leopold V, Archduke of Austria, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1632)
  • 1663 Giovanni Mario Crescimbeni, Italian literary and critic (Arcadia), born in Macerata, Italy (d. 1728)
  • 1704 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician, born in Bratislava, Slovakia (d. 1777)

Person of interestCharles X

1757 Charles X, King of France (1824-30), born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1836)

King of France Charles X
King of France
Charles X
  • 1771 Frederik Willem, Duke of Brunswick (1813-15), born in Brunswick, Germany (d. 1815)
  • 1782 Lewis Cass, American military officer and politician (U.S. Senator-Michigan), born in Exeter, New Hampshire (d. 1866)
  • 1796 Joseph Bonomi the Younger, English artist and Egyptologist, born in London, England (d. 1878)
  • 1813 John J. Pettus, American politician, Confederate governor (D-Miss, 1859-63), born in Wilson County, Tennessee (d. 1867)
  • 1822 George Sykes, American Major General (Union Army), born in Dover, Delaware (d. 1880)

Person of interestMary Ann Shadd Cary

1823 Mary Ann Shadd Cary, American-Canadian publisher and anti-slavery campaigner, 1st African American newspaper publisher ('Provincial Freeman'), born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1893)

Suffragist and Publisher Mary Ann Shadd Cary
Suffragist and Publisher
Mary Ann Shadd Cary
  • 1830 Harriet Hosmer, American neoclassical sculptor, born in Watertown, Massachusetts (d. 1908)
  • 1840 Simeon Solomon, English Pre-Raphaelite painter, born in London, England (d. 1905)
  • 1847 Andre Dumont, Belgian mine engineer (Limburg's coal basin), born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1920)
  • 1847 Stephanus Jacobus du Toit, South African theologist and journalist (Afrikaner Bond), born in Paarl, South Africa (d. 1911)

Person of interestEmil Fischer

1852 [Hermann] Emil Fischer, German chemist, discovered Fischer esterification (Nobel Prize 1902), born in Euskirchen, Rhine Province (d. 1919)

Chemist and Nobel Laureate Emil Fischer
Chemist and Nobel Laureate
Emil Fischer
  • 1858 Gerard Philips, Dutch industrialist and manufacturer (Philips), born in Zaltbommel, Netherlands (d. 1942)

Person of interestAlfred Dreyfus

1859 Alfred Dreyfus, French Jewish artillery officer (Dreyfus Affair), born in Mulhouse, France (d. 1935)

Jewish Artillery Officer Alfred Dreyfus
Jewish Artillery Officer
Alfred Dreyfus
  • 1871 Gerrit Bolkestein, Dutch minister of Education (1939-45), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • 1871 George Gauthier, Bishop of Montreal and rector of the Université de Montréal, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1940)
  • 1871 Didak Buntić, Croatian monk and scholar, born in Paoča, Bosnia and Herzegovina (d. 1922)
  • 1873 Karl Schwarzschild, German astronomer (Schwarzschild effect), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1916)
  • 1874 Nicholas Roerich, Russian painter, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1947)
  • 1879 Max von Laue, German physicist who discovered the diffraction of X-rays by crystals, born in Pfaffendorf, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1960)
  • 1884 Helene Deutsch [Rosenbach], Polish-American psychoanalyst, born in Przemyśl, Poland (d. 1982)
  • 1888 Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1938)
  • 1890 Aimee Semple McPherson, Canadian-American evangelist (Pentecostal), born in South-West Oxford, Canada (d. 1944)
  • 1892 Ivo Andric, Yugoslavian novelist (Bridge on Drina, Nobel 1961), born in Dolac, Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina (d. 1975)
  • 1892 Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet (The Train of Life), born in Moscow (d. 1941)
  • 1893 Mário de Andrade, Brazilian writer, photographer and modernist, born in São Paulo (d. 1945)
  • 1895 Eugene Bullard, 1st African-American military pilot, flew for France in World War I as part of the French Foreign Legion, born in Columbus, Georgia (d. 1961)
  • 1899 Bruce Catton, American historian and writer (Civil War), born in Petoskey, Michigan (d. 1978)
  • 1904 Johannes Karel Marie Ditto, Dutch dominican and broadcast chairman (KRO, 1938-45), born in Velsen, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • 1906 John Dalrymple, 13th earl of Stair, Lord-Lieutenant of Wigtownshire (1961-83)
  • 1906 Léopold Sédar Senghor, Senegalese poet and 1st President of Senegal (1960-80), born in Joal-Fadiouth, Senegal (d. 2001)
  • 1907 Jacques Tati, French director (Traffic, Playtime), born in La Pecq, France (d. 1982)
  • 1907 Quintin Hogg, British politician, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, born in London (d. 2001)
  • 1908 Jim Folsom, American politician (Alabama-Gov, 1947-51, 1955-59), born in Coffee County, Alabama (d. 1987)
  • 1908 Harry Hooton, Australian poet, born in Doncaster, Yorkshire, England (d. 1961)
  • 1910 Donald Coggan, 101st Archbishop of Canterbury (1974-80), born in Highgate, London (d. 2000)
  • 1911 Joe Rosenthal, American photographer (Pulitzer Prize-Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2006)
  • 1915 Clifford M. Hardin, American politician (17th U.S. Secretary of Agriculture), born in Knightstown, Indiana (d. 2010)
  • 1918 E. Howard Hunt, American intelligence officer involved in Watergate break-in, born in Hamburg, New York (d. 2007)
  • 1919 Irmgard Seefried, German soprano, born Köngetried, Bavaria (d. 1988)
  • 1920 Jens Bjørneboe, Norwegian poet and writer (Dikt, Jonas), born in Kristiansand, Norway (d. 1976)
  • 1924 Robert A. Rushworth, American test pilot (X-15), born in Madison, Maine (d. 1993)
  • 1925 Robert Finch, American politician (8th U.S. Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare), born in Tempe, Arizona (d. 1995)
  • 1927 Ivan Metropolitan Ioann Snychev, Russian Orthodox Priest, born in Novo-Mayachka, Russia (d. 1995)
  • 1933 Bill Tidy, English cartoonist (Fosdyke Saga), born in Tranmere, England
  • 1933 Peter Mansfield, British Physician whose discoveries led to MRI (2003 Nobel Prize), born in London (d. 2017)
  • 1934 Jacobo Majluta Azar, 47th President of the Dominican Republic (1978-82), born in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic (d. 1996)
  • 1934 Jill Ker Conway, Australian-American author, first female president of Smith College, born in Hillston, Australia (d. 2018)
  • 1935 Don McCullin, British photographer, born in London, England
  • 1935 Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, born in London, England
  • 1938 Heinz Fischer, Austrian politician (11th President of Austria), born in Graz, Austria
  • 1939 Pierre Mertens, French-Belgian writer (Lettres Clandestines), born in Brussels, Belgium
  • 1940 Gordon J. Humphrey, US Senator (R) New Hampshire (1979-90), born in Bristol, Connecticut
  • 1941 Trent Lott, American politician (Rep-R-MS, 1973-1989, Senator-R-MS 1989-2007), born in Grenada, Mississippi
  • 1941 Brian Lamb, American founder of c-span, born in Lafayette, Indiana
  • 1942 Shukri Ghanem, Libyan Prime Minister (2003-2006), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2012)
  • 1943 Mike Peters, American cartoonist (Mother Goose and Grimm), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1947 William E. McAnulty, Jr., American lawyer (1st African American justice on the Kentucky Supreme Court), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 2007)
  • 1950 Jody Williams, American political activist and aid worker (Nobel Peace Prize 1997), born in Rutland, Vermont
  • 1957 Yuri Usachyov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-18, TM-23), born in Donetsk, Russia
  • 1959 Boris Nemtsov, Russian politician, born in Sochi, Soviet Union (d. 2015)
  • 1959 Bill Lee, American politician, Governor of Tennessee (2019-), born in Franklin, Tennessee
  • 1966 Christopher Östlund, Swedish publisher and entrepreneur, born in Uppsala, Sweden

Person of interestDavid Cameron

1966 David Cameron, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 2010-16), born in London, England

British Prime Minister David Cameron
British Prime Minister
David Cameron
  • 1971 Simon Atlee, British fashion photographer (d. 2004)
  • 1984 Marie Kondo, Japanese organizational guru (The Life-Changing Magic of Tidying Up), born in Tokyo, Japan