Birthdays in History on September 11

  • 1182 Minamoto no Yoriie, Japanese shogun, born in Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan (d. 1204)
  • 1458 Bernardo Accolti [Unico Aretino], Italian writer (Virginia), born in Arezzo, Italy (d. 1535)
  • 1476 Louise of Savoy, French mother of King Francois I, born in Pont-d'Ain, France (d. 1531)
  • 1522 Ulisse Aldrovandi, Italian biologist and naturalist, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1605)
  • 1523 Pierre de Ronsard, French poet, born in Couture-sur-Loir, Vendômois (d. 1585)
  • 1525 Johan Georg, Elector of Brandenburg (1571-91), born in Cölln, Germany (d. 1598)
  • 1584 Thomas Erpenius [van Erpe], Dutch orientalist and Arabist (grammar), born in Gorinchem, Netherlands (d. 1624)
  • 1611 Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, Marshal of France, born in Château de Sedan, Sedan, France (d. 1675)
  • 1681 Johann Gottlieb Heineccius, German jurist, born in Eisenberg, Germany (d. 1741)
  • 1700 James Thomson, Scottish poet (Rule Britannia), born in Ednam, Scotland (d. 1748)
  • 1723 Johann Bernhard Basedow, German educational reformer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1790)
  • 1741 Johann Jakob Engel, German author (Herr Lorenz Stark), born in Parchim, Germany (d. 1802)
  • 1762 Joanna Baillie, Scottish poet and playwright, born in Bothwell, Scotland (d. 1851)
  • 1771 Mungo Park, Scottish explorer (first westerner to travel the central Niger River in Africa), born in Selkirkshire, Scotland (d. 1806)
  • 1798 Franz E. Neumann, German mineralogist, mathematician and physicist, born in Joachimsthal, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1800 Daniel S. Dickinson, New York senator, born in Goshen, Connecticut (d. 1866)
  • 1804 Aleksandr Polezhayev, Russian poet (Sasjka), born in Penza Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1838) [OS 30 Sep]
  • 1806 Joshua Blackwood Howell, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Woodbury, New Jersey (d. 1864)
  • 1813 Conrad Feger Jackson, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Alsace Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1862)
  • 1816 Carl Zeiss, German scientific instrument and lens maker (Carl Zeiss AG), born in Weimar, German Confederation (d. 1888)
  • 1821 Erastus Flaval Beadle, American publisher (Beadle's Dime Novels), born in Oswego County, New York (d. 1894)
  • 1835 William Wirt Allen, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1894)
  • 1836 Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American author (The Hasheesh Eater), born in NYC, New York (d. 1870)
  • 1838 John Ireland, Irish-American archbishop of St Paul (1888-1918), born in Burnchurch, Ireland (d. 1918)
  • 1859 Vjenceslav Novak, Croatian Realist writer (Pavao Šegota), born in Senj, Croatia (d. 1905)
  • 1861 Juhani Aho, Finnish journalist and writer (Panu, Tuomio), born in Lapinlahti, Finland (d. 1921)
  • 1862 Hawley Harvey Crippen [Dr Crippen], American homeopath and first killer to be caught with the aid of wireless telegraphy, born in Coldwater, Michigan (d. 1910)
  • 1862 Julian Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, British army officer, born in Wrotham Park, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1935)

O. HenryO. Henry (1862-1910)

American short story writer (Cabbages and Kings), born in Greensboro, North Carolina

  • 1865 Rainis [Jānis Pliekšāns], Latvian poet and playwright, born in Dunava parish, Russian Empire (d. 1929)
  • 1877 Felix Dzerzhinsky [Iron Felix, Bloody Felix], Polish-born Bolshevik leader established and developed Soviet secret police (Cheka, forerunner to the KGB), born in Ivyanets, Lithuania (d. 1926)
  • 1877 James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (The Mysterious Universe), born in Southport, Lancashire (d. 1946)
  • 1883 Grigory Zinoviev [Hirsch Apfelbaum], Russian revolutionary, born in Yelizavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1936)

D. H. LawrenceD. H. Lawrence (1885-1930)

English poet and writer (Lady Chatterley's Lover), born in Eastwood, Nottinghamshire

  • 1891 William Thomas Walsh, American author (Isabella of Spain), born in Waterbury, Connecticut (d. 1949)
  • 1894 Tom Howard, American photo-journalist, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1961)
  • 1900 D. W. Brooks, American farmer and businessman, born in Royston, Georgia (d. 1999)
  • 1903 Theodor W. Adorno, German philosopher and sociologist, born in Frankfurt (d. 1969)
  • 1906 Roye England, creator and founder President of the Pendon Museum of Miniature Landscape and Transport, born in Perth, Australia (d. 1995)
  • 1908 Everhardus Jacobus van Romondt, Dutch Antillean minister, born in Willemstad, Curaçao (d. 1960)
  • 1909 William Natcher, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Kentucky 1953-94), born in Bowling Green, Kentucky (d. 1994)

Ferdinand MarcosFerdinand Marcos (1917-1989)

10th President of the Philippines (1965-86), dictator and kleptocrat, born in Sarrat, Ilocos Norte, Philippines

  • 1917 Jessica "Decca" Mitford, English author (American Way of Death), activist and one of the Mitford sisters, born in Gloucestershire (d. 1996)
  • 1918 Donald Blakeslee, American aviator who led 4th Fighter Group during World War II, born in Fairport Harbor, Ohio (d. 2008)
  • 1922 Charles Evers, American civil rights leader (1st Black mayor in Mississippi since Reconstruction), born in Decatur, Mississippi (d. 2020)
  • 1924 Daniel Akaka, American educator and politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Hawaii), born in Honolulu, Hawaii (d. 2018)
  • 1924 Rudolf Vrba, Slovak-Jewish biochemist and Holocaust survivor, born in Topoľčany, Czechoslovakia (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Gerrit van Niekerk Viljoen, South African minister of Legislation, born in Cape Town, South Africa
  • 1927 G. David Schine, American businessman, born in Gloversville, New York (d. 1996)
  • 1928 Reubin Askew, American politician (37th Governor of Florida), born in Muskogee, Oklahoma (d. 2014)
  • 1929 David S. Broder, American journalist (Pulitzer 1973), born in Chicago Heights, Illinois (d. 2011)
  • 1931 Hans-Ulrich Wehler, German historian, born in Freudenberg, Germany (d. 2014)

Bob PackwoodBob Packwood (90 years old)

1932 American attorney and politician (U.S. Senator from Oregon, 1969-95), born in Portland, Oregon

  • 1932 Sonny Callahan [Herbert Leon Callahan], American politician (Rep-R-Alabama 1985-2003), born in Mobile, Alabama (d. 2021)
  • 1933 William Luther Pierce, American author and activist, born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 2002)
  • 1935 Gherman Stepanovich Titov, Soviet cosmonaut (Vostok II), born in Kosikhinsky District, Russia (d. 2000)
  • 1937 Paola Ruffo di Calabria, Italian princess and Queen of Belgium (1993-2013), born in Villa Claudia, Forte dei Marmi, Italy
  • 1937 Robert Crippen, American astronaut (STS 1, 7, 41C, 41G), born in Beaumont, Texas
  • 1939 Charles Geschke, American computer scientist, inventor and businessman (co-founder of Adobe Systems), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2021)
  • 1940 Robert Palmer, American businessman and last CEO of Digital Equipment Corporation, born in Gorman, Texas
  • 1940 Theodore Olson, American attorney (42nd Solicitor General of the United States, 2001-04), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1940 Tom Gallagher, American diplomat, gay activist, and 1st Foreign Service officer to publicly come out in 1976, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2018)
  • 1943 Raymond Villeneuve, Canadian terrorist (founding member of the Front de libération du Québec)
  • 1944 Freddy Thielemans, Belgian socialist politician (Mayor of Brussels), born in Laeken, Belgium
  • 1951 Richard D. Gill, British-Dutch mathematician, born in Redhill, Surrey
  • 1953 Jani Allan, South African journalist and media personality, born in London
  • 1961 Philip Ardagh, English children's books author (Eddie Dickens series), born in Kent, England
  • 1962 Filip Dewinter, Belgian politician (Vlaams Belang), born in Bruges, Belgium

Bashar al-AssadBashar al-Assad (57 years old)

1965 President of Syria (2000-), born in Damascus, Syria

  • 1966 Princess Akishino, Japanese Imperial Family, born in Suruga-ku, Shizuoka, Japan
  • 1967 Maria Bartiromo, American financial broadcast journalist, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1968 Paul Mayeda Berges, American film writer and director, born in Torrance, California
  • 1971 Markos Moulitsas, American blogger and author (Daily Kos), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1979 Nathan Gale, American murderer (Heavy metal Pantera's concert murder), born in Marysville, Ohio (d. 2004)
  • 1981 Dylan Klebold, American Columbine High School Massacre co-perpetrator, born in Lakewood, Colorado (d. 1999)

Sviatlana TsikhanouskayaSviatlana Tsikhanouskaya (40 years old)

1982 Belarusian human rights activist and politician who claimed victory in the disputed 2020 Belarusian presidential election, born in Mikashevichy, Byelorussian SSR, Soviet Union

  • 1994 Ei Thinzar Maung, Burmese politician and activist, born in Burma