Birthdays in History on September 12

  • 1492 Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1519)

Francis I of FranceFrancis I of France (1494-1547)

born in Cognac, France

  • 1559 Lodovico Cardi da Cigoli, Italian painter and architect, born in Tuscany, Italy (d. 1613)

Henry HudsonHenry Hudson (c. 1565-1575)

English navigator and explorer (Hudson River), born in England

  • 1605 William Dugdale, English antiquarian and Garter King of Arms (1677-86), born in Shustoke, Warwickshire, England (d. 1686)
  • 1688 Ferdinand Brokoff, Czech sculptor and carver of the Baroque era, born in Chomutov, Czech Republic (d. 1731)
  • 1690 Peter Dens, Flemish Catholic theologian, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1775)
  • 1720 Frederick Philipse III, American land owner (Bronx, Westchester & Putnam), born in NYC, New York (d. 1785)
  • 1725 Guillaume Le Gentil, French astronomer, born in Coutances, France (d. 1792)
  • 1740 Johann Heinrich Jung, German author (Heinrich Stillings Leben), born in Hilchenbach, Germany (d. 1817)
  • 1788 Alexander Campbell, Irish-American clergyman and Founder of Disciples of Christ, born in Ballymena, County Antrim, Ireland (d. 1866)
  • 1801 Giuseppe Concone, Italian singing teacher, born in Turin, Italy (d. 1861)
  • 1806 Andrew Hull Foote, American Rear Admiral (Union Navy), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1863)
  • 1811 James Hall, American geologist and paleontologist (Natural history of NY), born in Hingham, Massachusetts (d. 1898)
  • 1812 Richard Hoe, American inventor and industrialist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1886)

Richard Jordan GatlingRichard Jordan Gatling (1818-1903)

American inventor famous for the Gatling Gun, the 1st hand-cranked machine gun, born in Hertford County, North Carolina

  • 1829 Anselm Feuerbach, German painter, born in Speyer, Germany (d. 1880)
  • 1829 Charles Dudley Warner, American novelist (Being a Boy), born in Plainfield, Massachusetts (d. 1900)
  • 1830 William Sprague IV, American politician and Governor of Rhode Island (1859-63), born in Cranston, Rhode Island (d. 1915)

H. H. AsquithH. H. Asquith (1852-1928)

British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1908-16), born in Morley, England

  • 1855 Jacobus of Looy, Dutch writer and painter (Death of My Cat), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1930)
  • 1855 Simon-Napoléon Parent, Canadian politician and 12th Premier of Quebec (1900-05), born in Beauport, Quebec City (d. 1920)
  • 1857 George H. Breitner, Dutch impressionist painter, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1923)
  • 1858 Fernand Khnopff, Belgian painter and sculptor, born in Grembergen, Dendermonde, Belgium (d. 1921)
  • 1871 Prince Friedrich Aloys Johannes Maria, Prince of Liechtenstein, Romania, born in Arad, Romania (d. 1959)
  • 1879 Fausto Agnelli, Swiss painter, born in Lugano, Switzerland (d. 1944)

H. L. MenckenH. L. Mencken (1880-1956)

American newspaperman and critic (Prejudices, Smart Set), born in Baltimore, Maryland

  • 1881 Daniel Jones, English phoneticist (English pronouncing dictionary), born in London (d. 1967)
  • 1891 Pedro Albizu Campos, Advocate for Puerto Rican independence, born in Ponce, Puerto Rico (d. 1965)
  • 1892 Alfred A Knopf, American publisher (1966 Alexander Hamilton Medal), born in NYC, New York (d. 1984)
  • 1896 Giuseppe Zoppi, Swiss writer (Il Libro Dell'Alpe), born in Broglio, Switzerland (d. 1952)

Irene Joliot-CurieIrene Joliot-Curie (1897-1956)

French chemist and physicist (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1935) and daughter of Marie Curie, born in Paris, France

  • 1898 Ben Shahn, Lithuanian-American painter (1964 Arts & Letters), born in Kaunas, Lithuania (d. 1969)
  • 1899 Gerard Hordijk, Dutch architect and painter, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1958)
  • 1902 Juscelino Kubitschek, President Brazil (1955-60), born in Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brazil (d. 1976)
  • 1905 Ali Amini, Iranian politician and government official (Prime Minister, 1961-62; Ambassador to US, 1956-58; Member of Parliament, 1947-49), born in Tehran, Persia (d. 1992)
  • 1907 Louis MacNeice, Irish poet and playwright, born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1963)
  • 1909 Donald MacDonald, Canadian politician and former president of the Canadian Labour Congress (1967-74), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1986)
  • 1909 Lawrence Brooks, American US Army soldier, 1940-45 (91st Engineer Battalion - New Guinea, The Philippines), and longest-living American World War II veteran, born in Norwood, Louisiana (d. 2022)
  • 1913 Ben Polak, Dutch physician, communist and resistance fighter, born in Nijmegen, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • 1913 Kenneth Lo, cookery writer and restaurateur, born in Foochow, China (d. 1995)
  • 1914 Rais Amrohvi, Pakistani poet and psychoanalyst, born in Amroha, India (d. 1988)
  • 1917 Pierre Sévigny, Canadian military officer and politician, born in Quebec, Canada (d. 2004)
  • 1917 Seamas NacNeill, Classical physicist and piper, born in Glasgow (d. 1996)
  • 1917 Seumas MacNeill, Scottish bagpiper, and educator (College of Bagpipes), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • 1920 Jan W. Schulte Nordholt, Dutch poet and historian (Blossoming Stone), born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • 1921 Stanislaw Lem, Polish sci-fi author (Solaris, Invincible), born in Lwów, Second Polish Republic (d. 2006)
  • 1924 Howard Curtis Nielson, American politician (Rep-R-UT, 1983-91), born in Richfield, Utah (d. 2020)
  • 1927 Ina Muller-van Ast, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in The Hague, Netherlands
  • 1931 Kristin Hunter, African-American author (God Bless the Child), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2008)
  • 1934 Gunther Gebel-Williams, animal trainer and lion tamer (Ringling Bros Circus), born in Świdnica, Poland (d. 2001)
  • 1934 Jaegwon Kim, Korean-born American philosopher, born in Daegu, South Korea
  • 1935 Allan B. Swift, American broadcast journalist and politician (US Representative for Washington (D), 1979-95), born in Tacoma, Washington (d. 2018)
  • 1935 Richard Hunt, American sculptor (We Will; Pyramidal Complex), and 1st African American to have major retrospective at MOMA, born in Chicago, Illinois [1]
  • 1939 Henry Waxman, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1940 Roger K. Crouch, American astronaut (STS 83, 94), born in Jamestown, Tennessee
  • 1940 Stephen Solarz, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in NYC, New York (d. 2010)
  • 1943 Michael Ondaatje, Sri Lankan-Canadian poet and writer, born in Colombo, Ceylon
  • 1944 Leonard Peltier, Native American activist (American Indian Movement), born in Grand Forks, North Dakota
  • 1945 Richard Thaler, American economist (nudge theory, Nobel Prize 2017), born in East Orange, New Jersey
  • 1945 Vern Lindblad, Turkologist, born in Seattle, Washington
  • 1951 Berty Ahern, Prime Minister of Ireland (1997-2008), born in Drumcondra, Dublin, Ireland
  • 1951 Gerald Stano, American serial killer (confessed to killing 41 people), born in Schenectady, New York (d. 1998)
  • 1953 Nancy "Nan" Goldin, American photographer (The Ballad of Sexual Dependency), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1954 Jeff Jarvis, American journalist (This Week in Google) and advocate for the Open Web
  • 1954 Russell G. Alexander, creator of Today In History v1.2
  • 1956 Sam Brownback, American attorney and politician (46th Governor of Kansas), born in Garnett, Kansas
  • 1969 James Frey, American writer (Bright Shiny Morning), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1972 Avijit Roy, Bangladeshi-American activist and blogger, born in Bangladesh (d. 2015)
  • 1973 Tarana Burke, American activist, founder of #MeToo, born in New York City
  • 1974 Caroline Aigle, French first woman fighter pilot in the French Air Force aged 25, born in Montauban, France (d. 2007)