Birthdays in History on September 13

  • 1087 John II Komnenos, Emperor of the Byzantine Empire (1118-43), born in Constantinople, Byzantine Empire (d. 1143)
  • 1157 Alexander Neckam, English theologist and encyclopedist, born in St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1217)
  • 1475 Cesare Borgia, Duke of Valentinois, Italian aristocrat, born in Rome, Papal States (d. 1507)
  • 1502 John Leland, English poet and antiquarian, born in London (d. 1552)
  • 1520 William Cecil, 1st baron Burghley, English statesman, born in Bourne, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1598)
  • 1604 William Brereton, 1st Baronet, English soldier and politician, born in Brereton Hall, Cheshire, England (d. 1661)

Person of interestDaniel Defoe

1660 Daniel Defoe, English novelist (Robinson Crusoe), born in London, England (d. 1731)

Novelist Daniel Defoe
Novelist
Daniel Defoe
  • 1676 Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans, Duchess of Lorraine, born in Château de Saint-Cloud, France (d. 1741)
  • 1694 Yeongjo of Joseon, 21st king of the Korean Joseon Dynasty, born in Changdeok Palace, Kingdom of Joseon (d. 1776)
  • 1723 François Joseph Paul de Grasse, French admiral (commanded the French fleet at the Battle of the Chesapeake), born in Le Bar-sur-Loup, France (d. 1788)
  • 1751 Henry Kobell, Dutch painter and cartoonist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1779)
  • 1755 Oliver Evans, American inventor who pioneered high-pressure steam engine, born in Newport, Delaware (d. 1819)
  • 1766 Samuel Wilson, American meat packer and possible namesake of Uncle Sam, born in Menotomy, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1854)

Person of interestLaura Secord

1775 Laura Secord, Canadian war heroine, born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts Bay (d. 1868)

Canadian War Heroine Laura Secord
Canadian War Heroine
Laura Secord
  • 1802 Arnold Ruge, German political philosopher and writer, born in Bergen auf Rügen, Germany (d. 1880)
  • 1806 Joseph L. Hogg, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Morgan County, Georgia (d. 1862)

  • 1813 John Sedgwick, American Major General (Union Army), who is best remembered for his famous last words "they couldn't hit an elephant at this distance" before being shot in battle, born in Cornwall, Connecticut (d. 1864)
  • 1814 Nicolas Beets [Hildebrand], Dutch writer (Camera Obscura) and theologian, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1903)
  • 1817 John M. Palmer, American politician (U.S. Senator from Illinois) and American Civil War General (Union), born in Eagle Creek, Kentucky (d. 1900)
  • 1818 Gustave Aimard, French world explorer and writer (Grande Flibuste), born in Paris (d. 1883)
  • 1830 Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, Austrian writer (The Child of the Parish), born in Zdislavič, Moravia (d. 1916)
  • 1831 Andrew Noble, Scottish physicist who was a founder of the science of ballistics, born in Greenock (d. 1915)
  • 1836 John McCausland, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1927)
  • 1841 Johannes de Koo, Dutch journalist and playwright, born in Middelie, Netherlands (d. 1909)
  • 1842 John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator from Alabama, born in Moscow, Marion County, Alabama (d. 1920)
  • 1846 Richard Kiepert, German cartographer (Africa), born in Weimar, Germany (d. 1915)
  • 1851 Walter Reed, U.S. Army physician and bacteriologist who proved mosquitoes transmit yellow fever, born in Belroi, Virginia (d. 1902)
  • 1853 Sophia Perovskaya, Soviet icon, aristocrat, and socialist revolutionary (Narodnaya Volya), who helped orchestrate the successful assassination of Alexander II of Russia, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1881)

Person of interestMilton S. Hershey

1857 Milton S. Hershey, American chocolate tycoon (The Hershey Chocolate Company) and philanthropist, born in Derry Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1945)

Chocolate Tycoon Milton S. Hershey
Chocolate Tycoon
Milton S. Hershey
  • 1857 Michał Drzymała, Polish peasant rebel (Drzymała's wagon), born in Province of Posen, Poland (d. 1937)

Person of interestJohn J. Pershing

1860 John J. Pershing [Blackjack], American general and WWI commander, born in Laclede, Missouri (d. 1948)

US WW1 Commander John J. Pershing
US WW1 Commander
John J. Pershing
  • 1862 Dirk Bos, Dutch Liberal 2nd Member of Parliament, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1916)
  • 1863 Arthur Henderson, British Labour minister (Nobel Peace Prize 1934), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • 1866 Adolf Meyer, American psychiatrist and neurologist (pioneered mental hygiene), born in Niederweningen, Switzerland (d. 1950)
  • 1874 Henry F. Ashurst, American Democratic politician (U.S. Senator from Arizona), born in Winnemucca, Nevada (d. 1962)
  • 1876 Sherwood Anderson, American author and publisher (Winesburg Ohio), born in Camden, Ohio (d. 1941)
  • 1877 Wilhelm Filchner, German explorer who led the German Antarctic expedition of 1911–12, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1957)
  • 1877 Stanley Lord, Captain of the SS Californian the night of the Titanic disaster, born in Bolton, Lancashire, England (d. 1962)
  • 1882 Ramón Grau, 6th and 10th President of Cuba, born in La Palma, Spanish Cuba (d. 1969)
  • 1885 Wilhelm Blaschke, Austrian integral geometer, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1962)
  • 1886 Alain LeRoy Locke, African-American writer and philosopher “Father of the Harlem Renaissance”, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1954)

  • 1887 Leopold Ružička, Croatian-Swiss chemist (Nobel 1939), born in Vukovar, Croatia (d. 1976)
  • 1889 Pierre Reverdy, French poet (Nord-Sud), born in Occitanie (d. 1960)
  • 1894 Anton Roosjen, Dutch politician and NCRV-chairman, born in Aalsmeer, Netherlands (d. 1978)
  • 1894 J. B. Priestly, English novelist and scriptwriter (The Good Companions, An Inspector Calls), born in Bradford, United Kingdom
  • 1899 Anton Constandse, Dutch anarchist and writer, born in Brouwershaven, Netherlands (d. 1985)
  • 1899 Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, Romanian politician (founder and leader of the Iron Guard), born in Huși, Vaslui County, Romania (d. 1938)
  • 1902 Leland Hayward, American producer (Mister Roberts, Spirit of St Louis), born in Nebraska City, Nebraska (d. 1971)
  • 1907 Victor Reinganum, English artist and illustrator, born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1915 Peter Wykeham, Royal Air Force fighter pilot, born in Kotra, Sandhurst, Berkshire (d. 1995)

Person of interestRoald Dahl

1916 Roald Dahl, British author (Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, The BFG), born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 1990)

Author Roald Dahl
Author
Roald Dahl
  • 1919 Mary Midgley, British-American philosopher (Animals and Why They Matter), born in London
  • 1919 George Weidenfeld, British publisher (Weidenfeld & Nicolson), born in Vienna (d. 2016)
  • 1923 Reninca [Renée Lauwers], Flemish author (Seed in the Wind), born in Puurs, Antwerp
  • 1923 Édouard Boubat, French photographer, born in Montmartre, Paris (d. 1999)
  • 1928 Ernest L. Boyer, American educator and chancellor (NY's State Universities-SUNY), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1995)
  • 1930 Robert Gavron, Baron Gavron, English publisher and multi-millionaire (St Ives Group), born in London (d. 2015)
  • 1936 Stefano Delle Chiaie, Italian neo-fascist activist, born in Caserta, Italy
  • 1938 Judith Martin, American author, journalist and columnist (Miss Manners), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1939 Larry Speakes, Acting White House Press Secretary under President Ronald Reagan, born in Cleveland, Mississippi (d. 2014)
  • 1939 Bill Janklow, American politician and four-term Governor of South Dakota (Republican: 1979-87, 1995-2003), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • 1940 Óscar Arias, 40th & 45th President of Costa Rica (Nobel Peace 1987), born in Heredia, Costa Rica
  • 1941 Tadao Ando, Japanese self-taught architect, born in Osaka, Japan
  • 1941 Ahmet Necdet Sezer, Turkish politician (10th President of Turkey), born in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey
  • 1942 Hissène Habré, Dictator of Chad (1982-90), born in Faya-Largeau
  • 1945 Andres Küng, Swedish-Estonian politician and journalist, born in Ockelbo, Gävleborg County, Sweden (d. 2002)
  • 1948 Dimitri Nanopoulos, Greek physicist, born in Athens, Greece
  • 1950 Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz, Polish politician (8th Prime Minister of Poland), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1950 Jeff Lowe, American mountain climber (co-founder Lowe Alpine), born in Ogden, Utah (d. 2018)
  • 1956 Alain Ducasse, French-born Monégasque chef, born in Orthez, France
  • 1957 John G. Trueschler, American politician (member of the Maryland House of Delegates), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1961 Peter Roskam, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois), born in Hinsdale, Illinois
  • 1962 Tõnu Õnnepalu, Estonian poet and author, born in Tallinn, Estonia
  • 1963 Theodoros Roussopoulos, Greek politician (Minister of State), born in Messinia, Greece
  • 1964 Simegnew Bekele, Ethiopian dam engineer (Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam), born in Maksegnit, Ethiopia (d. 2018)
  • 1965 Annie Duke, American poker player, born in Concord, New Hampshire