Birthdays in History on September 15

Marco PoloMarco Polo (1254-1324)

Italian explorer (Il Milione), born in Venice, Venetian Republic

  • 1505 Maria, Queen of Hungary as wife of Louis II and Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands (1531-55), born in Brussels (d. 1558)
  • 1533 Catherine of Austria, Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania, born in Innsbruck or Vienna, Austria (d. 1572)
  • 1580 Charles Annibal Fabrot, French lawyer, born in Aix-en-Provence, France (d. 1659)
  • 1613 François VI, duc de La Rochefoucauld, French writer of maxims and memoirs, born in Paris, Kingdom of France (d. 1680)
  • 1649 Titus Oates, English minister and plotter, born in Oakham, Rutland, England (d. 1705)
  • 1666 Princess Sophia Dorothea of Celle, repudiated wife of future King George I of Great Britain, and mother of George II, born in Celle, Germany (d. 1726)
  • 1736 Jean-Sylvain Bailly, French astronomer noted for his computation of an orbit for Halley’s Comet (1759) and author of History of Ancient Astronomy from Its Origin to the Establishment of the School of Alexandria, born in Paris (d. 1793)
  • 1760 Bogislav Friedrich Emanuel von Tauentzien, Prussian general of the Napoleonic Wars, born in Potsdam, Brandenburg (d. 1824)

James Fenimore CooperJames Fenimore Cooper (1789-1851)

1st major American novelist (The Last of the Mohicans), born in Burlington, New Jersey

  • 1811 Willem Josephus van Zeggelen, Dutch author, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1879)
  • 1828 Aleksandr Mikhailovich Butlerov, Russian chemist (discoverer of hexamine (1859)), born in Chistopol, Kazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1886)
  • 1830 José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz Mori, President of Mexico (1877-1911), born in Oaxaca, Mexico (d. 1915)
  • 1834 Heinrich von Treitschke, German historian and political writer, born in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony (d. 1896)
  • 1843 Maurice, Prince of the Netherlands, son of King William III (d. 1850)
  • 1852 Edward Bouchet, American physicist, 1st African American to receive US Ph.D, born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1918)
  • 1852 Jan Matzeliger, Surinamese-Dutch inventor (shoe lacing machine), born in Paramaribo, Suriname (d. 1889)

William Howard TaftWilliam Howard Taft (1857-1930)

27th US President (Republican: 1909-13) and Chief Justice, born in Cincinnati, Ohio

  • 1858 Charles Eugène, vicomte de Foucauld, French explorer and a hermit, born in Strasbourg, French Empire (d. 1916)
  • 1860 M. Visvesvaraya, Indian civil engineer and statesman (19th Diwan of the Mysore Kingdom), born in Muddenahalli, Chikkaballapura, Kingdom of Mysore, born in (d. 1962)
  • 1865 Henri Capitant, French lawyer (Loi Falcidie) (d. 1937)
  • 1865 Nicolaus Adriani, Dutch linguist (Middle-Celebes languages), born in Oud-Loosdrecht, North Holland, Netherlands (d. 1926)
  • 1868 Dirk Berend Nanninga, Dutch painter (d. 1954)
  • 1876 Frank Gannett, American newspaper publisher (Gannett), born in Rochester, New York (d. 1957)
  • 1876 Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Indian Bengali novelist (Devdas), born in Debanandapur, Hooghly district, Bengal Presidency, India (d. 1938)
  • 1877 Jakob Ehrlich, Austrian politician and Zionist, born in Bystřice pod Hostýnem, Czech Republic (d. 1938)
  • 1877 Max Factor, Polish-American make-up artist, inventor and founder of cosmetics manufacturer Max Factor & Company, born in Zduńska Wola, Poland, Russian Empire (d. 1938)
  • 1879 Joseph Lyons, 10th Prime Minister of Australia (1932-39), born in Stanley, Tasmania (d. 1939)
  • 1881 Ettore Bugatti, Italian-French automobile designer and manufacturer (Automobiles E. Bugatti), born in Milan, Italy (d. 1947)
  • 1883 Esteban Terradas i Illa, Spanish mathematician, scientist and engineer, born in Barcelona (d. 1950)
  • 1887 Carlos Dávila, President of Government Junta of Chile (1932), born in Los Ángeles, Chile (d. 1955)

Agatha ChristieAgatha Christie (1890-1976)

English crime writer (Murder on the Orient Express, Mousetrap), born in Torquay, Devon

  • 1890 Claude McKaye, Jamaican-American author (Songs of Jamaica, Banjo), born in Clarendon Parish, Jamaica (d. 1948)
  • 1892 Silpa Bhirasri [Corrado Feroci], Italian-Thai sculptor, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1962)
  • 1894 Oskar Klein, Swedish physicist (d. 1977)
  • 1895 Magda Lupescu, consort of King Carol II of Romania (d. 1977)
  • 1898 John J. Slauerhoff, Dutch ship's doctor, writer and poet (El Dorado)
  • 1899 Milton S. Eisenhower, American University President (Pennsylvania State) and brother of Dwight, born in Abilene, Kansas (d. 1985)
  • 1901 Sir Donald Bailey, British engineer (d. 1985)
  • 1904 Umberto II, van Piemonte, the last King of Italy (ruled 1946)
  • 1908 Gerd Gaiser, German writer (Ship in the Mountain)
  • 1909 C. N. Annadurai, Indian politician and 1st Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, born in Kancheepuram, Madras, British India (d. 1969)

Jean BattenJean Batten (1909-1982)

New Zealand aviator (first-ever solo flight from England to New Zealand in 1936), born in Rotorua, New Zealand

  • 1910 George D. Kilpatrick, Canadian-British bible scholar
  • 1910 Richard Baerlein, British racing writer (d. 1911)
  • 1911 Luther Terry, 9th Surgeon General of the United States (1961-65) warned against smoking, born in Red Level, Alabama (d. 1985)
  • 1913 Hans Filbinger, German politician (CDU), born in Mannheim, German Empire (d. 2007)
  • 1913 John Mitchell, American lawyer, political operative (US Attorney General, 1969-72), and convicted perjurer (Watergate Scandal), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1988)
  • 1913 John N. Mitchell, American lawyer, US attorney general, convicted and jailed as Nixon's campaign manager, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1988)
  • 1914 Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentine writer (d. 1999)
  • 1914 Creighton Abrams, American general (commander of American forces in the Vietnam War, 1968-72), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1974)
  • 1914 Jens Otto Krag, Danish politician, premier of Denmark (1962-68, 71-72), born in Randers, Denmark (d. 1978)
  • 1915 Helmut Schoen, football coach (manager of West Germany (1964-1978, 1974 World Cup), born in Dresden, German Empire (d. 1996)
  • 1924 Lucebert, Dutch poet, painter and cartoonist (Boozz, PC Hooft prize 1967)
  • 1925 Carlo Rambaldi, Italian special effects artist (Alien, E.T.), born in Vigarano Mainarda, Italy (d. 2012)
  • 1926 Edward Derwinski, American congressman for Chicago 1959-83, first Secretary of Veteran Affairs 1989-1992, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1926 Jean-Pierre Serre, French mathematician (1954 Fields Medal), born in Bages, France
  • 1927 David Stove, Australian philosopher, (d. 1994)
  • 1928 Rod Robbie, Canadian architect and planner (Roger's Centre/Sky Dome, Toronto), born in Poole, England (d. 2012)
  • 1929 Eva Burrows, Austrian Salvation Army officer, 13th General of The Salvation Army, born in Newcastle, Australia (d. 2015)
  • 1929 Murray Gell-Mann, American physicist who predicted quarks (1969 Nobel Prize for Physics for theory of elementary particles), born in Manhattan, NYC, New York (d. 2019)
  • 1934 Fred Nile, Australian politician and minister, born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1937 Fernando de la Rúa, Argentine politician, 51st President of Argentina (1999-2001), born in, Argentina (d. 2019)
  • 1937 Robert Lucas, Jr., American economist (1995 Nobel Prize for Economics for rational expectations theory), born in Yakima, Washington
  • 1939 Breyten Breytenbach, South African poet and painter, born in Bonnievale, South Africa
  • 1939 Jim Kimsey, American co-founder of AOL, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2016)
  • 1940 Norman [Richard] Spinrad, American sci-fi author (Child of Fortune), born in New York City
  • 1941 Mirosław Hermaszewski, Polish cosmonaut (Soyuz 30), born in Lipniki, Reichskommissariat Ukraine, German-occupied Poland
  • 1942 Chelsea Quinn Yarbro, American sci-fi author (Hotel Transylvania), born in Berkeley, California

Emmerson MnangagwaEmmerson Mnangagwa (80 years old)

1942 Zimbabwean politician (President 2017-), born in Zvishavane, South Rhodesia

  • 1944 Sotirios Hatzigakis, Greek politician, born in Trikala,, Greece
  • 1946 Howard Waldrop, American sci-fi author (The Ugly Chickens), born in Houston, Mississippi
  • 1949 Joe Barton, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives, 1985-2019), born in Waco, Texas
  • 1954 Hrant Dink, Turkish-Armenian journalist and newspaper editor (Agos), born in Malatya, Turkey (d. 2007)
  • 1954 John Hervey, 7th marquess of Bristol, English flamboyant peer who lost his fortune to drug addiction, born in Bury St Edmunds, England (d. 1999)
  • 1955 Mac Sweeney, American politician (Rep-R-TX, 1985-89), born in Wharton, Texas
  • 1955 Renzo Rosso, Italian clothing designer and (Diesel), born in Brugine, Italy
  • 1955 Željka Antunović, Croatian politician, 1st female Minister of Defence, born in Virovitica, Yugoslavia
  • 1958 Lesley Player, English lover of Sarah Ferguson's father, born in Redhill, England
  • 1960 Lisa Vanderpump, American restaurateur and reality star (Vanderpump Rules), born in London, England
  • 1962 Rebecca Miller, American director and writer (The Ballad of Jack and Rose), born in Roxbury, Connecticut
  • 1964 Róbert Fico, Slovak Prime minister (2006-10, 2012-18), born in Topoľčany, Slovakia
  • 1964 Ryoko Kikuchi, Japanese cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-11) and reporter, born in Zama City, Kanagawa, Japan
  • 1971 Dario Antonio Úsuga [Otonie], Columbian drug baron (Gulf Clan cartel),
  • 1972 Queen Letizia of Spain, Spanish consort to King Felipe VI, born in Oviedo, Spain

Chimamanda Ngozi AdichieChimamanda Ngozi Adichie (45 years old)

1977 Nigerian writer (Half of a Yellow Sun), born in Enugu, Enugu State

  • 1981 Mark Duggan, Englishman whose shooting death sparked widespread riots in England, born in London (d. 2011)

Prince HarryPrince Harry (38 years old)

1984 Duke of Sussex, 5th in British succession, born in London, England