On This Day

Birthdays in History on September 16

  • 16 Drusilla, daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina the Elder (d. 38)
  • 1386 Ambrose Traversari, Italian theologian and monk, born in Portico di Romagna, Forlì, Papal States (d. 1439)
  • 1387 Henry V, King of England (1413-22) and France (1416-19), born in Monmouth Castle, Monmouth, Principality of Wales (date disputed) (d. 1422)
  • 1507 Jiajing, 12th Emperor of Ming Dynasty of China (d. 1567)
  • 1547 Abu al-Faiz ibn Mubarak Faizi, Persian-Dutch East Indies poet, born in Agra, Mughal India (d. 1595)
  • 1574 Samuel Coster, Dutch physician and playwright (Polyxena), born in Amsterdam (d. 1665)
  • 1577 Pietro Tacca, Italian sculptor and architect (Aanbidding of the Point), born in Carrara, Italy (d. 1640)
  • 1584 Matthias Gallas, Austrian earl of Campo and Duke of Lucerna, born in Trento, Italy (d. 1647)
  • 1651 Engelbert Kaempfer, German physician and traveler, born in Lemgo, Lippe, Germany (d. 1716)
  • 1666 Antoine Parent, French mathematician, born in Paris (d. 1716)
  • 1678 Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, English statesman and philosopher, born in Battersea, Surrey, England (d. 1751)
  • 1722 Gabriel Christie, British general, born in Stirling, Scotland (d. 1799)
  • 1725 Nicolas Desmarest, French geologist and geographer (Volcanos), born in Soulaines-Dhuys, France (d. 1815)
  • 1736 Johann Nikolaus Tetens, German-Danish philosopher and mathematician, born in Tetenbüll, Duchy of Schleswig, Denmark (d. 1807)
  • 1745 Mikhail Kutuzov, Russian field marshal, born in St Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1813)
  • 1762 Charles de Merode, Earl of Merode, Mayor of Brussels and French senator, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1830)

  • 1782 Daoguang, 8th Emperor of Qing Dynasty, born in Forbidden City, Beijing, China (d. 1850)
  • 1818 Francis Seymour Haden, English surgeon and etcher, born in London (d. 1910)

Person of interestCharles Crocker

1822 Charles Crocker, American business tycoon and railroad executive (Central Pacific Railroad, Southern Pacific Railroad), born in Troy, New York (d. 1888)

Business Tycoon and Railroad Executive Charles Crocker
Business Tycoon and Railroad Executive
Charles Crocker
  • 1823 Francis Parkman, American historian and author (Oregon Trail), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1893)
  • 1823 Michael Obrenovic, ruler of Serbia (1839-42,1860-68), born in Kragujevac, Serbia (d. 1868)
  • 1827 Jean Albert Gaudry, French geologist and palaeontologist, born in St Germain-en-Laye, France (d. 1908)
  • 1832 George Washington Custis Lee, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Fort Monroe, Virginia (d. 1913)
  • 1837 Pedro V van Alcantara, King of Portugal (1853-61), born in Lisbon (d. 1861)
  • 1838 James J. Hill, Canadian-American railroad entrepreneur (Great Northern Railroad), born in Eramosa Township, Ontario (d. 1916)
  • 1851 Emilia Pardo Bazán, Spanish countess and writer (Pascual López: Autobiography of a Medical Student), born in La Coruña, Spain (d. 1921)
  • 1853 Albrecht Kossel, German physician (Nobel 1910), born in Rostock, Germany (d. 1927)

Person of interestBonar Law

1858 Andrew Bonar Law, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1922-23), born in Kingston, Colony of New Brunswick (now Canada)

British Prime Minister Bonar Law
British Prime Minister
Bonar Law
  • 1859 Yuan Shikai, Chinese general and President of the Republic of China (1916), born in Xiangcheng, Henan, Qing dynasty, China (d. 1916)

Person of interestJames Cash Penney

1875 James Cash Penney, American department store founder (J C Penney), born in Hamilton, Missouri (d. 1971)

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney
  • 1877 Willem Huibert Rassers, Dutch cultural anthropologist (Pandji), born in Roosendaal, Netherlands (d. 1973)
  • 1878 Karl Albiker, German sculptor (German Art, female nudes), born in Ühlingen-Birkendorf, Germany (d. 1961)
  • 1880 Alfred Noyes, British poet and essayist (Loom of Years, Highwayman), born in Wolverhampton, England (d. 1958)
  • 1881 Clive Bell, English art critic, born in East Shefford, Berkshire (d. 1964)
  • 1883 T. E. Hulme, English writer and poet, born in Endon, Shaffordshire (d. 1917)
  • 1885 Karen Horney, German-American neo-freudian psychoanalyst, born in Blankenese, Schleswig-Holstein, Prussia, German Empire (d. 1952)

  • 1887 Jean Arp [Hans Arp], French-Swiss sculptor, artist and poet, born in Strassburg, Germany (d. 1966)
  • 1889 Claude Albert Barnett, American journalist and founder (Associated Negro Press), born in Sanford, Florida (d. 1967)
  • 1891 Stephanie von Hohenlohe, Austrian-German princess by her marriage to the diplomat Prince Friedrich Franz von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst and spy, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1972)

Person of interestKarl Dönitz

1891 Karl Dönitz, German naval leader, born in Grünau, German Empire (d. 1980)

Naval Commander and Nazi leader Karl Dönitz
Naval Commander and Nazi leader
Karl Dönitz
  • 1893 Albert Szent-Györgyi, Hungarian biochemist (Vitamin C, Nobel 1937), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1986)
  • 1898 H. A. Rey, American children's author and creator of "Curious George", born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1977)
  • 1905 Vladimír Holan, Czech poet, born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1980)
  • 1906 Jack Churchill, British Army commando, born in Colombo, British Ceylon (d. 1996)
  • 1908 Beecher Moore, British sailor, born in Rochester, New York (d. 1996)
  • 1909 John Megaw, British Lord Justice of Appeal, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1997)
  • 1909 Fernand Lodewick, literature historian (d. 1995)
  • 1910 Erich Kempka, German chauffeur to Adolf Hitler, born in Oberhausen, Germany (d. 1975)
  • 1911 Wilfred Burchett, Australian communist and writer (Catapult to Freedom), born in Clifton Hill, Melbourne (d. 1983)
  • 1912 Jerry Wald, American producer (Mildred Pierce, Johnny Belinda), born in NYC, New York (d. 1962)
  • 1916 Don Ryder, Baron Ryder of Eaton Hastings, CEO (Intl Publishing House), born in Brentford, Middlesex (d. 2003)
  • 1916 Willem Noordhoek, Dutch photographer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • 1916 Frank Leslie Walcott, Barbadian labour leader, born in Saint Peter, Barbados (d. 1999)
  • 1916 Julius B. Richmond, 12th US Surgeon General (1977-81) created Head Start program, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)
  • 1918 Mervyn Pike [Baroness Pike], politician (C), born in Castleford, West Yorkshire (d. 2004)
  • 1919 Laurence J. Peter, Canadian author (Peter Princible), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 1990)
  • 1920 Hannie Schaft, Dutch communist resistance fighter known as the "Girl with red hair", born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • 1920 Sheila Quinn, British nurse and adviser (British Red Cross), born in Blackpool, England (d. 2016)
  • 1921 Dusty Hughers, English playwright, born in Boston, Lincolnshire
  • 1921 William Johnston, Chaplain to Queen of Scotland, born in Edinburgh (d. 2005)
  • 1922 Marcel Mouloudji, French singer, born in Paris (d. 1994)
  • 1922 Guy Hamilton, British director (Goldfinger), born in Paris (d. 2016)

Person of interestLee Kuan Yew

1923 Lee Kuan Yew, Founding father of modern Singapore and 1st Prime Minister of Singapore (1959-90), born in Singapore (d. 2015)

Founder of Modern Singapore Lee Kuan Yew
Founder of Modern Singapore
Lee Kuan Yew
  • 1924 Paddy Stone, choreographer (Piccadilly Palace), born in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • 1925 Charles Haughey, Irish Taoiseach (1979-81, 82, 87-92), born in Castlebar, County Mayo, Ireland (d. 2006)
  • 1926 John Knowles, American writer (Morning in Antibes), born in Fairmont, West Virginia (d. 2001)
  • 1926 Robert Schuller, American Christian televangelist (Glass Cathedral, Hour of Power), born in Alton, Iowa (d. 2015)
  • 1929 Dale Kildee, American politician (Rep-D-Michigan, 1977-2013), born in Flint, Michigan
  • 1930 Ken Coates, British Labour politician and writer, born in Leek, Staffordshire (d. 2010)
  • 1933 Jim Gilbert, British artist and criminal, born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1934 Eva Clayton, American politician (Rep-D-North Carolina), born in Savannah, Georgia
  • 1935 Carl Andre, American sculptor (minimal/conceptual art), born in Quincy, Massachusetts
  • 1935 Bob Kiley, American public transit specialist, born in Minneapolis (d. 2016)
  • 1936 Frits Niessen, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • 1941 Richard Perle, American political advisor, born in NYC, New York
  • 1943 David Wilshire, British MP (C)
  • 1943 James Alan MacPherson, American writer, 1st black writer to win Pulitzer Prize, born in Savannah, Georgia (d. 2016)
  • 1946 John Walton, Baron Walton of Detchant, British physician (Warden of Green College Oxford) (d. 2016)
  • 1946 Mike Reynolds, Australian politician (Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland 2006-09), born in Manly, New South Wales
  • 1947 Alexander Rutskoy, Russian politician (Vice President of Russia 1991-93) and Soviet military officer (led the putsch against President Boris Yeltsin during Russian constitutional crisis of 1993), born in Proskuriv, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
  • 1947 Michael R. McNulty, American politician (Rep-D-NY), born in Troy, New York
  • 1947 Enrique Krauze, Mexican historian and writer, born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1947 Dumisani Kumalo, South African anti-apartheid activist and UN ambassador, born in KwaMbunda, South Africa (d. 2019)
  • 1948 Julia Donaldson, English children's writer (The Gruffalo), born in London, England
  • 1953 Gene Taylor, American politician (Rep-D-Mississippi), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1953 Nancy Huston, Canadian novelist (Cantique des plaines) and essayist, born in Calgary, Alberta
  • 1955 Liz Knights, publisher

Person of interestDavid Copperfield

1956 David Copperfield [Kotkin], American magician, born in Metuchen, New Jersey

  • 1956 Kevin R. Kregel, American pilot and astronaut (STS 70, 78, 87), born in Amityville, New York
  • 1956 Mark Daniel Gearan, American campaign manager (Al Gore), born in Gardner, Massachusetts
  • 1956 Nick Banton, founder of Body Positive (d. 1994)
  • 1960 Kurt Busiek, American comic book writer (Astro City), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1961 Alessandro Cecchi Paone, Italian entertainer (Lo psicologo di famiglia), born in Rome, Lazio, Italy
  • 1966 John Bel Edwards, American politician, Governor of Louisiana (2016-), born in Amite City, Louisiana
  • 1967 Hiroya Oku, Japanese Manga artist (creator of Gantz), born in Fukuoka, Japan
  • 1973 Justin Haythe, American novelist (The Honeymoon), born in London
  • 1974 Julian Castro, American politician, born in San Antonio, Texas
  • 1977 Greg Ball, American politician (Member of the New York Senate 2011-14), born in Pawling, New York
  • 2005 Princess Jalilah bint Ali of Jordan, eldest child of Prince Ali bin Al Hussein and Rym Brahimi, born in Amman, Jordan