On This Day

Birthdays in History on September 18

Person of interestTrajan

53 Trajan, XIII Roman Emperor (98 - 117 AD) famous for Trajan's Forum, born in Italica, Ancient Hispania (d. 117)

Roman Emperor Trajan
Roman Emperor
Trajan
  • 1344 Marie of Valois, Princess of France, born in Château De Saint Germain-En-, Ile-De-France, France (d. 1404)
  • 1434 Eleanor of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress, born in Torres Vedras, Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1467)
  • 1574 Claudio Achillini, Italian lawyer and poet, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1640)
  • 1676 Eberhard Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg, born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1733)

Person of interestSamuel Johnson

1709 Samuel Johnson, English scholar and lexicographer (A Dictionary of the English Language), born in Lichfield Staffordshire (d. 1784)

Scholar and Lexicographer Samuel Johnson
Scholar and Lexicographer
Samuel Johnson
  • 1713 Jean Allamand, Swiss-Dutch natural philosopher, born in Lausanne, Switzerland (d. 1787)
  • 1733 George Read, American judge and signer (Declaration of Independence), born in Cecil County, Maryland (d. 1798)
  • 1750 Tomás de Iriarte, Spanish writer (Fabulas Literarias), born in La Orotava, Tenerife, Canary Islands of Spain (d. 1791)
  • 1752 Adrien-Marie Legendre, French mathematician (worked on elliptic integrals), born in Paris (d. 1833)
  • 1765 Gregory XVI [Bartolomeo Alberto Mauro Cappellari], Pope (1831-1846), born in Belluno, Venetia, Austrian Empire (d. 1846)
  • 1779 Joseph Story, American lawyer and 19th Supreme Court justice (1812-45), born in Marblehead, Massachusetts (d. 1845)
  • 1786 Justinus Kerner, German physician and medical writer (first detailed description of botulism), born in Ludwigsburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1862)
  • 1786 Christian VIII, King of Denmark (1839-1848) and King of Norway (1814), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1848)
  • 1787 Johann David Passavant, German historian, painter and graphic artist, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1861)
  • 1805 Robert Cowdin, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Jamaica, Vermont (d. 1874)

  • 1812 Herschel Vespasian Johnson, American politician (41st Governor of Georgia), born in Burke County, Georgia (d. 1880)
  • 1815 Henry C. Wayne, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Savannah, Georgia (d. 1883)
  • 1818 Marcellus Augustus Stovall, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Sparta, Georgia (d. 1895)
  • 1837 Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, Portuguese Roman Catholic Archbishop of Goa, born in Funchal, Madeira, Portugal (d. 1880)
  • 1838 Anton Mauve, Dutch realist painter and cousin of Vincent Van Gogh, born in Zaandam, Netherlands (d. 1888)
  • 1859 John L. Bates, American lawyer and politician (41st Governor of Massachusetts), born in Easton, Massachusetts (d. 1946)
  • 1859 Lincoln Loy McCandless, American cattle rancher and politician, born in Indiana, Pennsylvania (d. 1940)
  • 1863 Hermann Kutter, Swiss Protestant theologian (founder of Christian Socialism in Switzerland), born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1931)
  • 1870 Clark Wissler, American anthropologist (American Indian), born in Hagerstown, Indiana (d. 1947)
  • 1874 Johannes Anker Larsen, Danish writer (Vises Sten), born in Langeland, Denmark (d. 1957)
  • 1875 Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (founder of Villa Lo Burgos), born in Osorno, Chile (d. 1945)
  • 1876 Milan Rakic, Serbian poet (Nove Pesme), born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1938)
  • 1876 James Scullin, Australian Labour Party politician and 9th Prime Minister of Australia, born in Trawalla, Victoria, Australia (d. 1953)
  • 1889 Doris Blackburn, Australian politician (Member of the Australian Parliament for Bourke), born in Hawthorn, Melbourne, Australia (d. 1970)
  • 1893 William March, American writer (Company K), born in Mobile, Alabama (d. 1954)

Person of interestJohn Diefenbaker

1895 John Diefenbaker, 13th Prime Minister of Canada (Conservative: 1957-63), born in Neustadt, Ontario (d. 1979)

13th Prime Minister of Canada John Diefenbaker
13th Prime Minister of Canada
John Diefenbaker
  • 1895 Tomoji Tanabe, Japanese supercentenarian who dies of old age at 113, born in Miyakonojo, Miyazaki, Japan (d. 2009)
  • 1906 Semjon I Kirsanov, Ukrainian poet (Semj Dnej Nedeli), born in Odessa, Ukraine [OS=Sept 5]
  • 1907 Edwin M. McMillan, American physicist and discoverer of plutonium (Nobel 1951), born in Redondo Beach, California (d. 1991)
  • 1908 Victor Ambartsumian, Russian astronomer (Stalin Prize 1946, 50), born in Tiflis, Russian Empire (d. 1996)

  • 1910 Hendrik Cornelis, Belgian colonial civil servant and Governor-General of the Belgian Congo, born in Oudenaarde, Belgium (d. 1999)
  • 1912 Kurt Lotz, German business executive and second postwar CEO of Volkswagen, born in Frielendorf, Hesse, Germany (d. 2005)
  • 1915 Hetta Empson, South African-British artist, born in Orange Free State, South Africa (d. 1996)
  • 1916 John Jacob Rhodes, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona), born in Council Grove, Kansas (d. 2003)
  • 1916 Frank Bell, British educator and founder of The Bell Educational Trust Limited (d. 1989)
  • 1917 Gerrit Borgers, Dutch literary, born in Brummen, Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • 1923 Jur Mellema, Dutch politician (CHU), born in Nieuw-Scheemda, Netherlands (d. 2017)
  • 1923 Peter Smithson, English architect, born in Stockton-on-Tees, England (d. 2003)
  • 1923 Queen Anne of Romania [Princess Anne of Bourbon-Parma], wife of Michael I King of Romania, born in Paris (d. 2016)
  • 1923 Bertha Wilson, Canadian lawyer and the 1st woman appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada, born in Kirkcaldy, Scotland (d. 2007)
  • 1924 J. D. Tippit, American police officer murdered by Lee Harvey Oswald shortly after the assassination of John F. Kennedy, born in Texas (d. 1963)
  • 1927 Gerlando Alberti, Sicilian Mafioso (Ciaculli massacre, 1963, 'Mafia! What is that? A kind of cheese'), born in Palermo, Sicily (d. 2012)
  • 1929 June Rosemary Thorndycraft, teacher and trade unionist (d. 1995)
  • 1932 Nikolay Rukavishnikov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 10, 16, 33), born in Tomsk, Russia (d. 2002)
  • 1932 Valery Ryumin, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 25, 32/34, 35/37), born in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Russia
  • 1933 Robert "Bob" Bennett, American politician (U.S. Senator from Utah), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2016)
  • 1933 Valentina Ponomaryova, Soviet cosmonaut (Vostok 6 backup), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1939 Bob Whittaker, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Kansas), born in Eureka, Kansas
  • 1939 Jorge Sampaio, 18th President of Portugal (Socialist Party: 1996-2006), born in Lisbon, Portugal
  • 1941 Clive Burton, neuropathologist (d. 1996)
  • 1942 Koos van den Berg, Dutch politician (SGP), born in The Hague, Netherlands
  • 1944 Charles Lacy Veach, American astronaut (STS 39, STS 52), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1995)
  • 1946 Alan "Bam" King, English rocker, born in Muswell Hill, North London
  • 1949 Jim McCrery, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana), born in Shreveport, Louisiana
  • 1949 Mo Mowlam, British Labour Party politician (Member of Parliament for Redcar), born in Watford, Hertfordshire, England (d. 2005)
  • 1950 Helene Virginie Weijel, Dutch author (In the Street Without a Coat), born in Amsterdam (d. 1995)
  • 1951 Ben Carson, American neurosurgeon, Republican politician and US Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1953 Betsy Boze, American academic (9th president of The College of The Bahamas), born in Shreveport, Louisiana
  • 1954 Murtaza Bhutto, Pakistani politician, born in Karachi, Pakistan (d. 1996)
  • 1954 Takao Doi, Japanese astronaut (STS 87), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1956 Chris Hedges, American journalist and author (War Is a Force That Gives Us Meaning), born in St. Johnsbury, Vermont
  • 1958 Don Geronimo, American radio personality (Don and Mike Show)
  • 1960 Karim Rashid, Egyptian-Canadian industrial designer, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1963 Rob Brettle, British historian
  • 1970 Dan Eldon, British-Kenyan photojournalist, born in Hampstead, London (d. 1993)
  • 1973 Mark Shuttleworth, South African entrepreneur (founder and CEO of Canonical Ltd.), born in Welkom, Orange Free State, South Africa
  • 1975 "Habacuc" Guillermo Vargas, Costa Rican artist
  • 1975 Youssef Chahed, Tunisian politician and Prime Minister of Tunisia (2016-present), born in Tunis, Tunisia
  • 1977 Kieran West, British oarsman
  • 1985 Pete Cashmore, Scottish blogger (Mashable), born in Banchory, Scotland
  • 1988 Annette Obrestad, Norwegian poker player