Birthdays in History on September 25

  • 1358 Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, Japanese shogun, born in Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan (d. 1408)
  • 1525 Steven Borough, English explorer, born in Northam, Devon, England (d. 1584)
  • 1593 Matthew Merian the Elder, Swiss engraver and bookseller, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1650)
  • 1599 Francesco Borromini, Italian sculptor and architect, born in Bissone, Italy (d. 1667)
  • 1612 Mark Zuesius Boxhorn, Dutch historian, born in Bergen-op-Zoom, The Netherlands (d. 1653)
  • 1613 Claude Perrault, French Architect and Physician (east facade of the Louvre), born in Paris, France
  • 1644 Ole Rømer, Danish astronomer, born in Aarhus, Denmark (d. 1710)

Person of interestHenry Pelham

1694 Henry Pelham, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1743-54) who introduced the Gin Acts, born in Laughton, England (d. 1754)

British Prime Minister Henry Pelham
British Prime Minister
Henry Pelham
  • 1711 Qianlong Emperor of China, 6th Emperor of the Qing Dynasty, born in Beijing, China (d. 1799)
  • 1729 Christian G. Heyne, German archaeologist, born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 1812)
  • 1738 Nicholas Van Dyke, American lawyer and President of Delaware, born in New Castle County, Delaware (d. 1789)
  • 1744 Frederick Willem II, King of Prussia (1786-97), born in Berlin Palace, Berlin (d. 1797)
  • 1764 Fletcher Christian, English Bounty mutineer, born in Eaglesfield, Cumberland, England (d. 1793)
  • 1766 Armand-Emmanuel, Duc de Richelieu, Prime Minister of France (1815-18, 1820-21), born in Paris (d. 1822)
  • 1773 Agostino Bassi, Italian entomologist, born in Mairago, Italy (d. 1856)
  • 1780 Jason Fairbanks, American murderer, born in Dedham, Massachusetts (d. 1801)

  • 1782 Charles Robert Maturin, Irish playwright and novelist, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1824)
  • 1793 Felicia Dorothea Hemans, English poet, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1835)
  • 1796 Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor, born in Paris (d. 1875)
  • 1798 Henri Scheffer, Dutch painter, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1862)
  • 1798 Jean-Baptiste Élie de Beaumont, French mine engineer and geologist, born in Canon, Calvados, France (d. 1874)
  • 1805 Henry P Scholte, Dutch/US vicar/founder (Pella colony in Iowa)
  • 1807 Alfred Vail, American inventor and early telegraph pioneer, born in Morristown, New Jersey (d. 1859)
  • 1822 Adolph von Steinwehr, German-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Blankenburg, Brunswick, Germany (d. 1877)
  • 1823 Thomas John Wood, American Major General (Union Army), born in Munfordville, Kentucky (d. 1906)
  • 1829 William Michael Rossetti, English writer and civil servant, born in London (d. 1919)
  • 1832 William Le Baron Jenney, American architect (father of skyscraper), born in Fairhaven, Massachusetts (d. 1907)
  • 1839 Karl Alfred Ritter von Zittel, German geologist and paleontologist (Libya), born in Bahlingen, Germany (d. 1904)
  • 1839 Mina Kruseman, Dutch writer and feminist, born in Velp, Netherlands (d. 1922)
  • 1843 Thomas Chrowder Chamberlin, American geologist and educator, born in Mattoon, Illinois (d. 1928)
  • 1843 Melville Reuben Bissell, American inventor of the carpet sweeper, born in Hartwick, New York (d. 1889)
  • 1846 Wladimir Köppen [Vladimir Köppen], German Meteorologist and Climatologist who mapped and classified the climatic regions of the world (Köppen climate classification system), born in St. Petersburg, Russia
  • 1852 Cornelis Jacobus Snijders, Supreme commander of Dutch Navy (1910-18), born in Nieuwe-Tonge, Netherlands (d. 1939)
  • 1852 Hans Vaihinger, German philosopher (Nietzsche Philosophy), born in Nehren, Germany (d. 1933)
  • 1862 Billy Hughes, 7th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor, Nationalist: 1915-23), born in London (d. 1952)
  • 1866 Thomas Hunt Morgan, American evolutionary biologist, geneticist and embryologist (Nobel Prize 1933), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1945)
  • 1867 Evgenii Miller, Russian counter-revolutionary, born in Dünaburg, Vitebsk Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1938)
  • 1872 Charles Blake Cochran, English theatrical manager and impresario, born in Sussex, England (d. 1951)
  • 1877 Plutarco Elias Calles, Mexican revolutionary and president (1924-28), born in Guaymas, Mexico (d. 1945)
  • 1879 Lope K. Santos, Filipino writer and Father of the Philippine National Language and Grammar, born in Pasig, Philippines (d. 1963)
  • 1881 Lu Xun, Chinese writer of modern Chinese literature, born in Shaoxing, Zhejiang, Qing dynasty China (d. 1936)

  • 1884 Kees Boeke, Dutch reformist educator (Cosmic View), born in Alkmaar, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • 1884 John Howard Lawson, American scriptwriter and playwright (Blockade, Algiers, Sahara), born in NYC, New York (d. 1977)
  • 1889 G. D. H. Cole, English political theorist and socialist, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1959)
  • 1889 C. K. Scott-Moncrieff, Scottish writer and translator, born in Stirlingshire, Scotland (d. 1930)
  • 1896 Elsa Triolet [Ella Kagan], Russian-French writer and Resistance fighter, born in Moscow (d. 1970)
  • 1896 Sandro Pertini, 7th President of Italy (1978-85), born in Rome (d. 1990)

Person of interestWilliam Faulkner

1897 William Faulkner, American author (Sound & Fury-Nobel 1949), born in New Albany, Mississippi (d. 1962)

Author and Nobel Laureate William Faulkner
Author and Nobel Laureate
William Faulkner
  • 1898 Robert Brackman, American artist, born in Odes'ka Oblast, Ukraine (d. 1980)
  • 1902 Ernst von Salomon, German writer (Kette Der Tausend Kraniche), born in Kiel, Germany (d. 1972)
  • 1903 Olive Ann Beech, American businesswoman (Co-Founder of Beech Aircraft Company), born in Waverly, Kansas (d. 1993)
  • 1903 John Everett Allen, American businessman (d. 1995)
  • 1903 Mark Rothko [Marcus Rothkovich], American abstract expressionist (Green on Blue), born in NYC, New York (d. 1970)
  • 1904 Columbus O'Donnell Iselin, American oceanographer, born in New Rochelle, New York (d. 1971)
  • 1905 Nahman Avigad, Israeli archaeologist (Discovering Jerusalem), born in Zavaliv, Ukraine (d. 1992)
  • 1905 Edith Barstow, American choreographer (Frankie Laine Time, The Gem of the Ocean), born in Ashtabula, Ohio (d. 1960)
  • 1906 Madeleine Bourdouxhe, Belgian writer, born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Phyllis Pearsall, British painter and writer (A to Z Map Company), born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Florizel Glasspole, 3rd Governor-General of Jamaica (1973-91), born in Kingston, Jamaica (d. 2000)
  • 1911 Eric Williams, 1st Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago (People's National Movement: 1962-81), born in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago (d. 1981)

Person of interestEthel Rosenberg

1915 Ethel Rosenberg, American communist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1953)

Alleged Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Alleged Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg
  • 1920 Sergei Bondarchuk, Soviet director (Destiny of a Man, War and Peace), born in Belozerka, Ukraine (d. 1994)
  • 1921 Remy C. van de Kerckhove, Flemish poet, born in Mechelen, Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1958)

Person of interestRobert Muldoon

1921 Robert Muldoon, New Zealand politician (Prime Minister, 1975-1984), born in Auckland (d. 1992)

New Zealand Prime Minister Robert Muldoon
New Zealand Prime Minister
Robert Muldoon
  • 1922 Hammer DeRoburt, First President of Nauru, born in Nauru (d. 1992)
  • 1925 William Mitchell, British physicist, born in Kingsbridge, Devon, England (d. 2002)
  • 1925 Paul MacCready, American aeronautical engineer and inventor (1st man-powered aircraft), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 2007)
  • 1926 Jack Hyles, Independent Baptist pastor (First Baptist Church of Hammond 1959-2001), born in Italy, Ellis County, Texas (d. 2001)
  • 1929 Kevin White, American politicians (Mayor of Boston, 1968-1984), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2012)
  • 1930 Herbert Heckmann, German writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1999)
  • 1931 Patric Walker, American-British astrologer, born in Hackensack, New Jersey (d. 1995)
  • 1931 Manouchehr Atashi, Persian poet, born in Dashtestan, Iran (d. 2005)
  • 1933 Adolfo Suárez, Prime Minister of Spain (1976-81), born in Cebreros, Spanish Republic (d. 2014)
  • 1934 John S. Bull, American naval officer and NASA astronaut, born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 2008)
  • 1934 Struther Arnott, Scottish molecular biologist and chemist (cancer research), born in Larkhall, Lanarkshire (d. 2013)
  • 1936 Edward Jones, British Army officer (UK Military Representative to NATO in Brussels), born in Altrincham, Cheshire, England
  • 1939 David S. Mann, American Democratic politician (Vice Mayor of Cincinnati), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1939 Leon Brittan, British politician, Home Secretary and member of the European Commission, born in London (d. 2015)
  • 1940 Timothy Severin, British author and explorer, born in Assam, British India
  • 1943 Robert Gates, American statesman (22nd U.S. Secretary of Defense), born in Wichita, Kansas
  • 1944 Doris Matsui, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Poston, Arizona
  • 1945 Kathleen Brown, American Democratic politician (29th Treasurer of California), born in San Francisco, California
  • 1949 Jerry Costello, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois), born in East St. Louis, Illinois
  • 1952 Bell Hooks [Gloria Jean Watkins], American author, feminist, scholar and social activist, born in Hopkinsville, Kentucky
  • 1956 Jamie Hyneman, American visual effects technician (MythBusters), born in Marshall, Michigan
  • 1958 Eamonn Healy, Irish professor of chemistry, organic chemistry, and biochemistry at St. Edward's University in Austin, Texas, born in Newcastle West, Ireland
  • 1963 Keely Shaye Smith, correspondent (Unsolved Mysteries)
  • 1964 Gary Ayles, British racing driver
  • 1968 Johan Friso, prince of Orange-Nassau, Netherlands
  • 1968 John Worsfold, Australian rules football coach
  • 1977 Mike Krahulik, Illustrator
  • 1983 Terrance Pennington, National Football League guard, born in Los Angeles, California