On This Day

Birthdays in History on September 30

  • 1207 Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi, Persian mystic and poet, born in Khorassan, Afghanistan (d. 1273)
  • 1227 Pope Nicholas IV (d. 1292)
  • 1530 Geronimo Mercuriali, Italian philologist and physician (d. 1606)
  • 1550 Michael Maestlin, German mathematician (d. 1631)
  • 1627 Robinson Crusoe, fictional character, according to Daniel Defoe
  • 1631 William Stoughton, American judge at the Salem witch trials (d. 1701)
  • 1700 Stanisław Konarski, Polish writer (d. 1773)
  • 1710 John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, British statesman (d. 1771)
  • 1715 Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, French philosopher (d. 1780)

Person of interestJacques Necker

1732 Jacques Necker, French finance minister of Louis XVI whose decisions contributed to the outbreak of the French Revolution, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1804)

Finance Minister Jacques Necker
Finance Minister
Jacques Necker
  • 1765 José María Morelos, Mexican revolutionary (d. 1815)
  • 1788 FitzRoy Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan, British Army officer (commander of the British forces during the Crimean War), born in Badminton, England (d. 1855)
  • 1800 Decimus Burton, British architect (Hyde Park, Palm House Kew Gardens), born in London, England (d. 1881)
  • 1805 Samuel Peter Heintzelman, American Major General (Union Army), born in Manheim, Pennsylvania (d. 1880)
  • 1808 Lambertus GC Ledeboer, Dutch vicar (Folies-old Calvinist communities)
  • 1811 Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, Queen of Prussia and German Empress (d. 1890)

  • 1827 Carlo A Alfieri, Italian MP (Liberal)
  • 1827 Kenner Garrard, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Bourbon County, Kentucky (d. 1879)
  • 1827 Ellis H. Roberts, American politician, Treasurer of the US (Rep(R)-New York), born in Utica, New York(d. 1918)
  • 1832 Frederick Sleigh "Bobs" Roberts, British gov of Natal (Ireland-Boer war)
  • 1833 Ferdinand von Saar, Austrian novelist, playwright and poet, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1906)
  • 1847 Wilhelmina E Drucker [Lensing], Dutch feminist
  • 1857 Hermann Sudermann, German writer (Honor, That Ehre, Frau Sorge), born in Matziken, East Prussia (d. 1928)
  • 1861 William Wrigley Jr., American industrialist (Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1932)

Person of interestReinhard Scheer

1863 Reinhard Scheer, German admiral and commander of the High Seas Fleet in World War I (Battle of Jutland), born in Obernkirchen, Electorate of Hesse (d. 1928)

  • 1870 Jean Perrin, French physicist, studied Brownian motion (Nobel 1926), born in Lille, France (d. 1942)
  • 1870 Thomas W. Lamont, American banker; father of Corliss Lamont; great-grandfather of Ned Lamont (d. 1948)
  • 1871 John Fabricius, Dutch English stage author (Ring of Prophet)
  • 1882 Hans Geiger, German physicist (co-inventor of the Geiger counter), born in Neustadt an der Weinstraße, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1883 Robert Lightfoot, English theologist and exegetist (St John's Gospel) (d. 1953)
  • 1883 Bernhard Rust, Nazi education minister (d. 1945)
  • 1893 Lansdale Ghiselin Sasscer, American politician (REP-Maryland 1939-53), born in Upper Marlboro, Maryland (d. 1964)
  • 1894 Dirk J Bush, Dutch-American mathematician (Concise History of Mathematics)
  • 1898 Felix Kersten, Baltic-German Finnish masseuse (masseuse to Heinrich Himmler who helped save people from Nazi persecution), born in Tartu, Imperial Russia (d. 1960)
  • 1898 Princess Charlotte of Monaco, illegitimate daughter of Louis II and mother of Prince Rainier III born in Constantine, French Algeria (d. 1977)
  • 1899 Hendrik Marsman, Dutch poet, writer and critic, born in Zeist, Netherlands (d. 1940)

  • 1900 Otto Roesch, paleontologist
  • 1902 Piet[er J] "Piet" Lieftinck, Dutch minister of Finance (1945-52)
  • 1905 Nevill Francis Mott, English physicist (Nobel Prize for Physics 1977 for work on amorphous semiconductors), born in Leeds, England (d. 1996)
  • 1905 Savitri Devi [Maximiani Portas], Greek French Nazi writer, born in Lyon, France (d. 1982)
  • 1908 Edzard H Schaper, German Swiss sailor and UP correspondent and antifascist, born in Ostrowo
  • 1912 Oliver Charles Anderson, novelist
  • 1915 Lester Garfield Maddox, (Gov-D-Ga)/restaurant owner
  • 1915 Robert Morris, American lawyer, born in Jersey City (d. 1996)
  • 1917 Chung Hee Park, general/President of South Korea (1961-79), assassinated
  • 1917 Yuri "Petrovich" Lyubimov, USSR, director (Taganka)
  • 1917 Irving B. Kahn, American inventor of the teleprompter, born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1994)
  • 1918 Lewis Nixon, WWII Veteran (d. 1996)
  • 1920 Donald Keech, entrepreneur
  • 1921 Eileen Zhang Ailing Chang, writer
  • 1922 Alan Stretton, Australian general

Person of interestTruman Capote

1924 Truman Capote, American author (In Cold Blood), born in New Orleans, Louisiana

  • 1925 Gwyn A Williams, historian/socialist
  • 1927 W. S. Merwin, American poet

Person of interestElie Wiesel

1928 Elie Wiesel, Jewish Auschwitz survivor and author (Night), Nobel Prize winner 1986, born in Sighet, Romania (d. 2016)

Author Elie Wiesel
Elie Wiesel
  • 1929 Leticia Ramos-Shahani, Filipino Senator, lawmaker and women's rights activist who led the drafting of the international women’s bill of rights, born in Lingayen, Philippine Islands (d. 2017)

  • 1932 Shintaro Ishihara, Japanese author and politician (Governor of Tokyo)
  • 1933 Mars Zakirovich Rafikov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1936 Butler Derrick, (Rep-D-SC, 1974- )
  • 1936 James R Sasser, (Sen-D-Tenn, 1977- )
  • 1937 Jurek Becker, Polish-born German writer (Jacob the Liar), born in Łódź, Poland (d. 1997)
  • 1938 Salvatore Michael Caruana, Mass, criminal (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • 1939 Piet Blauw, Dutch politician (VVD)
  • 1943 Jody Powell, press mouthpiece (Jimmy Carter)
  • 1943 Johann Deisenhofer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1945 Ehud Olmert, twelfth Prime Minister of Israel
  • 1945 Bob Lassiter, American radio personality
  • 1946 Claude Vorilhon, founder of Raelism, a ufo religion
  • 1946 William Thurston, Washington, mathematician (Fields Medal, 1982), (d. 2012)
  • 1947 Dave Arneson, American game designer
  • 1949 Michel Tognini, Vincennes France, astronaut (Soyuz TM-15, sk: STS 93)
  • 1950 Victoria Tennant, London England (All of Me, Chiefs, Winds of War)
  • 1951 Nicholas Yermakov, American sci-fi author (Epiphany, Jehad, Clique)
  • 1951 Barry Marshall, Australian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1953 S.M. Stirling, Canadian-born author
  • 1956 Maria Esmeralda, Belgian princess/daughter of Leopold III/Lilian Baels
  • 1957 Gladys Portugues, American atress, Mrs Jean-Claude Van Damme (It's Alive 3), born in NYC, New York
  • 1960 Blanche Lincoln, American politician
  • 1962 Massimo Bottura, Italian restaurateur (Osteria Francescana), born in Modena, Italy
  • 1964 Stephen N Frick, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1966 Kerry G. Johnson, African American graphic designer and caricaturist
  • 1972 Ari Behn, Norwegian author
  • 1980 Camilla D'Errico, Canadian comic book artist and painter
  • 1992 Marina CAK Windsor, granddaughter of English prince Edward