Birthdays in History on September 4

  • 973 Al-Biruni, Iranian mathematician, astronomer and polymath, born in Kath, Khwarezm, Afrighid dynasty (d. 1048) [some sources cite 5th as birth date]
  • 1241 Alexander III, King of Scotland, born in Roxburgh Castle, Roxburghshire (d. 1286)
  • 1249 Amadeus V de Great, Count of Flanders and Savoy, born in Le Bourget-du-Lac, France (d. 1323)
  • 1383 Amadeus VIII, Duke of Savoye and last antipope (Felix V, 1439-48), born in Chambéry, France (d. 1451)
  • 1454 Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, English politician, born in Wales (d. 1483)
  • 1557 Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, Queen of Denmark and Norway, born in Wismar, Germany (d. 1631)
  • 1563 Wanli, Emperor of Ming Dynasty, born in China (d. 1620)
  • 1596 Constantijn Huygens, Dutch diplomat and poet, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1687)
  • 1647 Gerhard Noodt, Dutch lawyer, born in Nijemegen, Netherlands (d. 1725)
  • 1717 Job Orton, English minister, born in Shrewsbury, England (d. 1783)
  • 1746 Bernardus Bosch, Dutch vicar and poet, born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1803)
  • 1755 Axel von Fersen the Younger, Swedish Army officer, diplomat and statesman, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1810)
  • 1768 Francois René de Chateaubriand, French novelist (Atala), born in Saint-Malo, France (d. 1848)
  • 1778 Louis Napoléon Bonaparte, French King of Netherlands (1806-10), born in Ajaccio, Corsica, Kingdom of France (d. 1846)
  • 1793 Edward Bates, American lawyer (26th U.S. Attorney General), born in Goochland County, Virginia (d. 1869)
  • 1795 Friedrich August von Alberti, German geologist (Triasic Age), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1878)
  • 1801 Cullen Whipple, American inventor (pointed screw machine), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1868)
  • 1802 Marcus Whitman, American physician and missionary (Oregon Trail), born in Federal Hollow, New York (d. 1847)
  • 1803 Sarah Childress Polk, Wife of the 11th President of the United States, James K. Polk (1845-1849), born in Murfreesboro, Tennessee (d. 1891)
  • 1809 Juliusz Slowacki, Polish poet (Trip to H Land), born in Kremenets, Russian Empire (d. 1849)
  • 1810 Donald McKay, Canadian-American naval architect (built fastest clipper ships), born in Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1880)
  • 1815 Andreas Ignatius Schaepman, Archbishop of Utrecht (1868-82), born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1882)
  • 1824 Phoebe Cary, American poet (Poems of Alice & Phoebe Cary), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1871)
  • 1825 Dadabhai Naoroji, 1st Indian in British parliament, born in Mumbai, India (d. 1917)
  • 1826 Martin Wiberg, Swedish computer pioneer, born in Viby, Scania, Sweden (d. 1905)
  • 1832 Antonio Agliardi, Italian diplomat and Roman Catholic cardinal, born in Cologno al Serio, Italy (d. 1915)
  • 1843 Charles Dilke, British statesman and Radical politician, born in London (d. 1911)
  • 1846 Daniel Burnham, American architect and urban designer (built skyscrapers), born in Henderson, New York (d. 1912)
  • 1848 Lewis Howard Latimer, American inventor (carbon filament lightbulbs), born in Chelsea, Massachusetts (d. 1928)
  • 1850 Luigi Cadorna, Italian fieldmarshal (WW I-Caporetto), born in Verbania, Kingdom of Sardinia (d. 1928)
  • 1851 John Dillon, Irish nationalist and British Lower house leader, born in Blackrock, Dublin (d. 1927)
  • 1853 Hermann Wissmann, German African explorer and governor of East-Africa, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1905)
  • 1869 Geart Aeilco Wumkes, Frisian theologist and writer (Frision Movement), born in Joure, Netherlands (d. 1954)
  • 1869 Karl Seitz, President of Austria (1920), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1950)
  • 1870 Friedrich Panzer, German germanist (Das Nibelungenlied), born in Asch, Bohemia (d. 1956)
  • 1880 Leo Bittermieux, Flemish missionary (Congo) (d. 1946)
  • 1885 Antonio Bacci, Italian cardinal, born in Giugnola, Italy (d. 1971)
  • 1886 Albert Orsborn, 6th General of The Salvation Army, born in Clapton, England (d. 1967)
  • 1888 Oskar Schlemmer, German painter, sculptor and choreographer (Triadisches Ballett), born in Stuttgart, German Empire (d. 1943)
  • 1893 Henry Schultz, American economist (econometrics), born in Sharkawshchyna, Russian Empire (d. 1938)
  • 1900 Cornelis Verolme, Dutch ship builder, born in Nieuwe-Tonge, Netherlands (d. 1981)
  • 1901 Paul Osborn, American playwright (Mornings at 7), born in Evansville, Indiana (d. 1988)

William LyonsWilliam Lyons (1901-1985)

British industrialist and automobile manufacturer (Jaguar cars), born in Blackpool, Lancashire

  • 1904 Julian W. Hill, American research chemist (developed nylon), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1996)
  • 1904 Max Delbrück, German-American biologist and molecular geneticist (bacteriophage, Nobel Prize 1969), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1981)
  • 1905 Mary Renault [Challans], British writer (King Must Die, Funeral Games), born in Forest Gate, Essex, England (d. 1983)
  • 1906 Han G. Hoekstra, Dutch poet (Ongerijmde life), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1988)
  • 1907 Leo Castelli, Italian-American art dealer, born in Trieste, Austrian Littoral, Austria-Hungary (d. 1999)
  • 1907 Maurice Ashley, British historian and editor (The Listener) (d. 1994)
  • 1908 Richard Wright, American author (Native Son, Uncle Tom's Children), born in Roxie, Mississippi (d. 1960)

Eduard WirthsEduard Wirths (1909-1945)

Nazi physician at Auschwitz, born in Würzburg, Germany

  • 1912 Alexander Liberman, Russian-American magazine editor, painter and photographer (639), born in Kiev, Russian Empire (d. 1999)
  • 1913 Kenzo Tange, Japanese architect (Kagawa Prefectural Government Office Building, 1987 Pritzker Prize), born in Sakai, Japan (d. 2005)
  • 1913 Mickey Cohen, American gangster (Cohen crime family), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1976)
  • 1913 Stanford Moore, American biochemist (Nobel 1977), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1982)
  • 1914 Rudolf Leiding, German auto executive and 3rd postwar chairman of Volkswagen, born in Altmark, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 2003)
  • 1916 Robert A. W. Lowndes, American sci-fi author (Puzzle Planet) (d. 1988)
  • 1917 Henry Ford II, American automotive industry businessman, grandson of Henry Ford, and son of Edsel Ford (Ford Motor Company President, 1945-60 & CEO, 1947-79), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1987)
  • 1920 Craig Claiborne, American food columnist (NY Times Cookbook), born in Sunflower, Mississippi (d. 2000)
  • 1920 Teddy Johnson, British singer (Pearl Carr & Teddy Johnson), born in Surbiton, Surrey (d. 2018)
  • 1922 Per Olof Sundman, Swedish writer and politician, born in Vaxholm, Sweden (d. 1992)
  • 1924 Joan Aiken, English writer of children's books (The Whispering Mountain), born in Rye, Sussex, England (d. 2004)
  • 1925 Forrest [Asa Earl] Carter, American author and segregationist speech writer, born in Anniston, Alabama (d. 1979)
  • 1926 Robert J. Lagomarsino, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Ventura, California
  • 1927 Aleksandr Nikolayevich Matinchenko, Russian cosmonaut, born in Verhhyi Mamon, Voronezh Region, Russia (d. 1999)
  • 1928 Donald Petersen, American businessman (CEO of Ford Motor Company), born in Pipestone, Minnesota
  • 1929 Thomas Eagleton, American politician (38th Lieutenant Governor of Missouri), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 2007)
  • 1930 Norman Dorsen, American lawyer, human rights advocate and president of the American Civil Liberties Union, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1932 Carlos Romero Barceló, Puerto Rican politician (5th Governor of Puerto Rico), born in San Juan, Puerto Rico

Clive GrangerClive Granger (1934-2009)

Welsh-born British economist (Nobel Prize for Economic Sciences 2003), born in Swansea, Wales

  • 1941 Marilena Chaui, Brazilian philosopher, born in São Paulo, Brazil
  • 1941 Sushilkumar Shinde, Indian politician (Minister of Home Affairs, 2012-14), born in Solapur, India
  • 1942 Alireza Shapour Shahbazi, Iranian archaeologist and a world expert on Achaemenid archaeology, born in Shiraz, Iran (d. 2006)
  • 1942 Bob Filner, American politician (Rep-D-California 1992-2012; Mayor of San Diego, 2012-13), born in Pittsbugh, Pennsylvania
  • 1944 Christopher Needler, English businessman, born in Kingston upon Hull, England
  • 1951 Marita Ulvskog, Swedish politician, born in Luleå, Sweden
  • 1951 Nicu Ceaușescu, youngest child of Romanian Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu and considered the President's heir apparent, born in Scornicești, Romania
  • 1955 Brian Schweitzer, American politician (Governor of Montana, 2005–13), born in Havre, Montana
  • 1959 Armin Kogler, Austrian skier (2-time winner of jumping World Cup), born in Schwaz, Austria
  • 1959 William Kennedy Smith, American physician and member of the Kennedy family (accused of rape in Florida, 1991), born in Brighton, Massachusetts

Shinya YamanakaShinya Yamanaka (60 years old)

1962 Japanese physician (Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine), born in Osaka, Japan

  • 1962 Ulla Tørnæs, Danish politician, born in Esbjerg, Denmark
  • 1964 Anthony Weiner, American politician (Rep-NY 1999-2011) and sex offender, born in New York City, New York
  • 1969 James Cleverly, British politician (UK Home Secretary 2022-), born in London, England
  • 1976 Clinton R. Nixon, American game designer (The Shadow of Yesterday)
  • 1978 Christian Walz, Swedish artist, born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1980 Tamika Mallory, American activist and founder of Mallory Consulting, born in New York City, New York
  • 1988 John Tyler Hammons, American politician, born in Muskogee, Oklahoma