Birthdays in History on September 7

  • 786 Emperor Saga, 52nd Emperor of Japan (809-823) (d. 842)
  • 1438 Louis II, Landgrave of Hesse (d. 1471)
  • 1524 Thomas Erastus, Swiss physician and theologist, born in Baden, Switzerland (d. 1583)

Elizabeth IElizabeth I (1533-1603)

Queen of England and Ireland (1558-1603) and daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, born in Greenwich, London

  • 1674 Ernest Augustus, Duke of York and Albany, German soldier and served under Emperor Leopold I, born in Osnabrück, Germany (d. 1728)
  • 1683 Maria Anna of Austria, Archduchess of Austria and Queen consort of Portugal, born in Linz, Austria (d. 1754)
  • 1694 Johan Ludvig, Danish politician (Minister of State, 1735-51) (d. 1763)
  • 1705 Matthäus Günther, German painter, born in Peissenberg, Germany (d. 1788)
  • 1707 George-Louis Leclerc, count de Buffon, French naturalist and writer on natural history (Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière), born in Montbard, France (d. 1788)
  • 1735 Thomas Coutts, Anglo-Scottish banker (Coutts & Co.), born in Ediburgh, Scotland (d. 1822)
  • 1737 Luigi Galvani, Italian anatomist and physicist ("animal electricity"), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1798)
  • 1740 Johan Tobias Sergel, Swedish sculptor, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1814)
  • 1756 Willem Bilderdijk, Dutch poet and literature (Disease of Scientists), born in Amsterdam (d. 1831)
  • 1782 Bernardus Johannes Dibbets, Dutch baron and general-major (Maastricht), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1839)
  • 1805 Samuel Wilberforce, English bishop and one of the greatest public speakers of his day (remembered for his opposition to Darwin's theory of evolution), born in London (d. 1873)
  • 1810 Hermann Heinrich Gossen, Prussian economist, born in Düren, Germany (d. 1858)
  • 1811 William Hemsley Emory, American Major General (Union Army), born in Queen Anne's County, Maryland (d. 1887)
  • 1815 Howell Cobb, American politician (U.S. Secretary of Treasury), born in Jefferson County, Georgia (d. 1868)
  • 1815 John McDouall Stuart, Australian explorer, born in Dysart, Fife, Scotland (d. 1866)
  • 1817 Louise of Hesse-Kassel, Queen of Denmark, born in Kassel, Electorate of Hesse, Imperial Confederate of Germany (d. 1898)
  • 1818 Thomas Talbot, American politician, 31st Governor of Massachusetts, born in Cambridge, New York (d. 1885)
  • 1819 Adriaan van Bevervoorde, Dutch journalist (History of Holland), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1851)
  • 1819 Thomas A. Hendricks, 21st Vice President of the United States (D), born in Fultonham, Ohio (d. 1885)
  • 1829 August Kekule von Stradonitz, German chemist who discovered structure of benzene ring, born in Darmstadt, Hesse (d. 1896)
  • 1829 Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden, American geologist (Geograph Survey 1859-86), born in Westfield, Massachusetts (d. 1887)
  • 1831 Alexandre Falguière, French sculptor and painter, born in Toulouse, France (d. 1900)
  • 1836 August Toepler, German physicist, born in Brühl bei Bonn, Germany (d. 1912)

Henry Campbell-BannermanHenry Campbell-Bannerman (1836-1908)

British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1905-08), born in Glasgow, Scotland

  • 1837 Olive Oatman, American (as a teen captured and released by Native Americans), born in La Harpe, Illinois (d. 1903)
  • 1851 Edward Asahel Birge, American pioneer in limnology, born in Troy, New York (d. 1950)
  • 1855 William Friese-Greene, British photographer and inventor (motion pictures), born in Bristol, England (d. 1921)

Grandma MosesGrandma Moses (1860-1961)

American primitive painter (Old Oaken Bucket), born in Greenwich, New York

  • 1860 Willem Hubert Nolens, Dutch priest and ambassador to Vatican, born in Venlo (d. 1931)
  • 1866 Tristan Bernard, French playwright and novelist, born in Besançon, Doubs, France (d. 1947)
  • 1867 Camilo Pessanha, Portuguese poet (China), born in Coimbra, Portugal (d. 1926)
  • 1867 J. P. Morgan, Jr. [John Pierpont], American financier and son of J.P. Morgan, Sr., (J.P. Morgan & Co.), born in Irvington, New York (d. 1943)
  • 1869 Margo Scharten-Antink, Dutch author (Catherina, Sprotje), born in Zutphen, Netherlands (d. 1957)
  • 1870 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Pojedinok), born in Narovchat, Penza Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1938) [OS=Aug 26]
  • 1876 C. J. Dennis, Australian poet (The Songs of a Sentimental Bloke), born in Auburn, South Australia (d. 1938)
  • 1882 Johanna Zandstra-Giezen, Dutch supercentenarian (oldest person in Netherland - dies at 111 years and 9 days), born in Friesland, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • 1887 Edith Sitwell, English poet and author (Wheels), born in Scarborough, North Yorkshire (d. 1964)
  • 1889 Albert Plesman, Dutch aviation pioneer and founder (KLM), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1953)
  • 1889 Bruce Frederick Cummings, English author (Journal of a Disappointed Man), born in barnstaple, England (d. 1919)
  • 1893 Leslie Hore-Belisha, British politician (Minister of Transport, 1934-37; War Secretary, 1937–40), born in Hampstead, London (d. 1957)
  • 1899 Leendert Antonie Donker, Dutch Minister of Justice (PvdA), born in Almkerk, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • 1900 Taylor Caldwell [Janet Miriam Holland Taylor Caldwell], Anglo-American novelist (Dynasty of Death, Dear and Glorious Physician), born in Manchester, England (d. 1985)
  • 1905 John Whitley, British air-marshal (d. 1997)
  • 1908 Michael DeBakey, Lebanese-American cardiac surgeon and artificial heart pioneer, born in Lake Charles, Louisiana (d. 2008)
  • 1911 Todor Zhivkov, Bulgaria communist leader of the People's Republic of Bulgaria (PRB), 1954-89, born in Pravets, Kingdom of Bulgaria (d. 1998)
  • 1912 David Packard, American electronic engineer and businessman, born in Pueblo, Colorado (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Oswald Szemerényi, Hungarian linguist, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Wim van der Grinten, Dutch lawyer and KVP politician (State Secretary of Economic Affairs), born in Nijmegen, Netherlands (d. 1994)
  • 1914 Billy Hughes, British educationist and Labour Party politician, born in Swindon, England (d. 1995)
  • 1914 Ian Ball, Indian newspaper photographer, born in Dhariwal, India (d. 1995)
  • 1914 James Van Allen, American physicist (discovered Van Allen radiation belts), born in Mount Pleasant, Iowa (d. 2006)
  • 1917 Jacob Lawrence, African-American artist (Sanitarium), born in Atlantic City, New Jersey (d. 2000)
  • 1917 John Cornforth, Australian-British chemist (Nobel Prize 1975), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 2013)
  • 1918 Robin Lorimer, Scottish publisher (New Testament from Greek into Scots), born in Glasgow (d. 1996)
  • 1920 Harri Webb, Welsh poet and nationalist, born in Swansea, Wales (d. 1994)
  • 1921 Josep Lluís Núñez, Spanish President of FC Barcelona (1978 - 2000), born in Guriezo, Cantabria, Spain
  • 1922 Lucien Jarraud, Canadian radio host, born in Paris (d. 2007)
  • 1924 Daniel K. Inouye, American politician (US Senator, 1963-2012), born in Honolulu, Hawaii (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Allan Blakeney, Canadian politician (10th Premier of Saskatchewan), born in Bridgewater, Nova Scotia (d. 2011)
  • 1925 Laura Ashley, Welsh fashion designer, businesswoman and co-founder of Laura Ashley, born in Dowlais, Merthyr Tydfil, Wales (d. 1985)
  • 1926 Donald J. Irwin, American politician (32nd Mayor of Norwalk, Connecticut), born in Rosario, Argentina (d. 2013)

Ed WarrenEd Warren (1926-2006)

American paranormal investigator (Amityville haunting), born in Bridgeport, Connecticut

  • 1927 Eric Hill, British children's books author and illustrator (Where's Spot), born in Holloway, London (d. 2014)
  • 1927 François Billetdoux, French author (Word Awake), born in Paris (d. 1991)
  • 1928 Donald Henderson, American epidemiologist, led world campaign that eradicated smallpox, born in Lakewood, Ohio (d. 2016)
  • 1929 Gil Wolman, French artist, born in Paris (d. 1995)
  • 1930 Baudouin I, King of Belgium (1951-93), born in Stuyvenberg Castle, Laeken, Brussels, Belgium (d. 1993)
  • 1932 John Paul Getty Jr., American-born British oil magnate and billionaire (Getty Oil), born onboard ship in the waters near Genoa, Italy (d. 2003)
  • 1934 Mary Bauermeister, German artist, born in Frankfurt
  • 1934 Omar Karami, Prime Minister of Lebanon (1990-92, 2004-05), born in An Nouri (d. 2015)
  • 1935 Abdou Diouf, 2nd President of Senegal (1981-2000), born in Louga, French West Africa
  • 1936 Apostolos Kaklamanis, Greek politician, born in Lefkada, Greece
  • 1939 Stanley David Griggs, American astronaut (STS 51-D), STS 33), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 1989)
  • 1940 Abdurrahman Wahid, 4th President of Indonesia, born in Denanyar, East Java, Dutch East Indies (d. 2009)
  • 1940 Dario Argento, Italian director (Creepers, Deep Red, Tenebrae), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1941 Mogoboya Noko Nelson Ramodike, South African politician in Lebowa (d. 2012)

Roy DeMeoRoy DeMeo (1942-1983)

American gangster (Gambino crime family), born in Brooklyn, New York

  • 1943 Beverley McLachlin, Canadian jurist (17th Chief Justice of Canada), born in Pincher Creek, Alberta, Canada
  • 1944 Bertel Haarder, Danish politician (Minister of Education), born in Kruså, Denmark
  • 1948 Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, 2nd President of the United Arab Emirates (2004-2022), born in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (d. 2022)
  • 1949 Barry Siegel, American journalist (Pulitzer Prize - A Father's Pain, a Judge's Duty, and a Justice Beyond Their Reach), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1950 Peggy Noonan, American author (What I Saw at the Revolution), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1955 Efim Zelmanov, Russian-American mathematician, born in Khabarovsk, Russia
  • 1957 Melvin Edward Mays, American felon (one of FBI's most wanted, arrested 1995 for conspiracy to commit terror on behalf of Libya)
  • 1962 Jennifer Egan, American novelist (A Visit from the Goon Squad), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1963 Chris Coons, American politician (Senator-D-Delaware 2010-), born in Greenwich, Connecticut
  • 1979 Pavol & Peter Hochschorner, Slovak slalom canoists, born in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia
  • 1993 Joshua Wilkinson, prince of self proclaimed principality sealand