Birthdays in History on September 8

  • 64 Julia Flavia, daughter of Roman Emperor Titus and lover of Domitian, born in Rome (d. 91)
  • 801 Ansgar, German Catholic archbishop and Saint, born in Amiens, France (d. 865)
  • 828 Ali al-Hadi, 10th Shia Imam, born in Medina, Abbasid Empire (d. 868)

Richard the LionheartRichard the Lionheart (1157-1199)

King of England (1189-99) known as Richard the Lion Hearted, born in Oxford, England

  • 1207 Sancho II, King of Portugal (1223-47), born in Coimbra, Portugal (d. 1248)
  • 1271 Charles Martel of Anjou, Son of Charles II of Naples, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1295)
  • 1380 Bernardino of Siena, Italian priest and Franciscan missionary, born in Massa Marittima, Italy (d. 1444)
  • 1474 Ludovico Ariosto, Italian poet (Orlando Furioso), born in Reggio Emilia, Italy (d. 1533)
  • 1515 Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish Jesuit biblical scholar, born in Toledo, Spain (d. 1585)
  • 1588 Marin Mersenne, French mathematician (Number of Mersenne), born in Oizé, Maine, France (d. 1648)
  • 1591 Jacqueline-Marie-Angélique Arnauld, French abbess (Port-Royal de Paris), born in Paris (d. 1661)
  • 1611 Johann Friedrich Gronovius, German classical scholar, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1671)
  • 1621 Louis II Condé, Duke of Bourbon (Rocroy), born in Paris (d. 1686)
  • 1633 Ferdinand IV, King of the Romans, born in Vienna (d. 1654)
  • 1718 François-Thomas-Marie de Baculard d'Arnaud, French sentimental writer (Les Épreuves du sentiment), born in Paris (d. 1805)
  • 1749 Marie Thérèse Louise of Savoy, Princesse de Lamballe, French aristocrat, born in Palazzo Carignano, Turin, Savoy (d. 1792)
  • 1749 Yolande de Polastron, Duchess de Polignac, French aristocrat, favorite of Marie Antoinette at Versailles, born in Paris (d. 1793)
  • 1767 August Wilhelm Schlegel, German poet, translator and critic, born in Hannover, Germany (d. 1845)
  • 1774 Anna Katharina Emmerick, Roman Catholic Augustinian Canoness Regular of Windesheim, Marian visionary, ecstatic and stigmatist, born in Coesfeld, Westphalia, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1824)
  • 1778 Clemens Brentano, German poet and author (The Story of the Just Casper and Fair Annie), born in Ehrenbreitstein, Germany (d. 1842)
  • 1779 Mustafa IV, 29th Sultan of Ottoman Empire (1807-08), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1808)
  • 1783 N. F. S. Grundtvig, Danish writer and philosopher, born in Udby, Zealand, Denmark (d. 1872)
  • 1804 Eduard Friedrich Mörike, German poet, born in Ludwigsburg, Germany (d. 1875)
  • 1814 Charles-Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, French writer and historian, born in Bourbourg, France (d. 1874)
  • 1815 Alexander Ramsey, American politician (1st Governor of Minnesota Territory), born in Hummelstown, Pennsylvania (d. 1903)
  • 1821 Henry Baxter, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Sidney, New York (d. 1873)
  • 1828 Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, American professor and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Brewer, Maine (d. 1914)
  • 1829 George Crook, American Major General (Union Army), born in Taylorsville, Ohio (d. 1890)
  • 1829 Seth Barton, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Fredericksburg, Virginia (d. 1900)

Frederic MistralFrederic Mistral (1830-1914)

French Provencal poet (Nobel 1904), born in Maillane, France

  • 1831 Wilhelm Raabe [Jakob Corvinus], German author (Der Hungerpastor), born in Eschershausen, Germany (d. 1910)

Charles J. GuiteauCharles J. Guiteau (1841-1882)

American assassin of US President James A. Garfield, born in Freeport, Illinois

  • 1852 Gojong, Emperor Gwangmu of Korea (1897-1907), born in Unhyeon Palace, Hanseong, Joseon dynasty, Korea (d. 1919)
  • 1854 Willem Marinus van Rossum, Dutch cardinal and prefect of Propaganda File, born in Zwolle, Overijssel, Netherlands (d. 1932)
  • 1857 Georg Michaelis, Chancellor of German Empire, born in Haynau, Germany (d. 1936)
  • 1857 Ida Henrietta Hyde, American physiologist who invented the micro-electrode and the first woman allowed to do research at Harvard Medical School and to be elected to the American Physiology Society, born in Davenport, Iowa (d. 1945)
  • 1865 Adolfo Albertazzi, Italian writer (Amore & Amore, Top), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1924)
  • 1873 Alfred Jarry, French writer (Ubu Roi), born in Layal, Mayenne, Paris (d. 1907)
  • 1873 David O. McKay, 9th President of Latter-day Saints, born in Huntsville, Utah (d. 1970)
  • 1873 Max Reinhardt [Goldmann], Austrian theatrical director (Oedipus Rex) and founder of the Salzburg Festival, born in Baden, Austria (d. 1943)
  • 1880 Roelof Kranenburg, Dutch social democratic chairman (1st Chamber), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • 1886 Siegfried Sassoon, English poet and writer (Counterattack), born in Matfield, Kent, England (d. 1967)
  • 1887 George, Crown Prince of Serbia, eldest son of King Peter I, born in Cetinje, Montenegro (d. 1972)
  • 1888 Louis Zimmer, Flemish astronomer and clock maker (Jubelklok/Wonder Clock), born in Lier, Belgium (d. 1970)
  • 1889 Robert A. Taft, American politician (U.S. Senator from Ohio), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1953)
  • 1900 Claude Pepper, American politician (Rep-D-FL, 1963-89), born in Dudleyville, Chambers County, Alabama (d. 1989)
  • 1901 Hendrik Verwoerd, South African Prime Minister (1958-66) who was assassinated in 1966, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • 1902 Nico Donkersloot, Dutch literary and writer, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1965)
  • 1906 Andrei Kirilenko, Russian member of Central Committee of Communist Party, born in Alexeyevka, Voronezh Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1990)
  • 1908 Geoffrey Hodges, British bomb disposal expert (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Alexander Mackendrick, American-born Scottish director (Man in the White Suit, Mandy), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1993)
  • 1912 Leo Cherne, American economist and commentator (All Star News), born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)
  • 1914 Dimitrios I, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1973-91), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1991)
  • 1915 N. V. M. González, Filipino novelist, short story writer, and, poet, born in Romblon, Philippines (d. 1999)
  • 1918 Derek Barton, British organic chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1969), born in Gravesend, Kent (d. 1998)
  • 1918 John F. Seiberling, American politician (Rep-D-OH, 1971-86), born in Akron, Ohio (d. 2008)
  • 1919 Gianni Brera, Italian sports journalist and writer, born in San Zenone al Po, Italy (d. 1992)
  • 1922 Lyndon LaRouche, American political activist (National Caucus of Labor Committees), born in Rochester, New Hampshire (d. 2019)
  • 1924 Marie-Claire Kirkland, Quebec lawyer and politician, born in Palmer, Massachusetts (d. 2016)
  • 1924 Mimi Parent, Canadian painter, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2005)
  • 1924 Wendell Ford, American politician (Sen-D-Kentucky, 1974-1999), Governor of Kentucky (1971-74), born in Owensboro, Kentucky (d. 2015)
  • 1930 Emilio Azcarraga Milmo, American Mexican media tycoon (Televisa), born in San Antonio, Texas (d. 1997)
  • 1930 Nguyễn Cao Kỳ, Premier of South Vietnam (1965-67), born in Sơn Tây, Indochina (d. 2011)
  • 1930 Robert W. Firestone, American author and clinical psychologist, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1931 John Garrett, British Labour Party politician, born in Romford, London (d. 2007)
  • 1933 Michael Frayn, English playwright (Copenhagen), born in Mill Hill, England
  • 1933 Paul M. Fleiss, American pediatrician; father of Heidi Fleiss
  • 1934 Rodrigue Biron, Canadian politician, born in Sainte-Croix, Quebec
  • 1937 Les Wexner, American businessman (L Brands - Victoria's Secret), born in Dayton, Ohio
  • 1938 Sam Nunn, American politician (Sen-D-Georgia, 1972-1997), born in Macon, Georgia
  • 1940 Quentin L. Cook, American lawyer and religious leader (Quorum of the Twelve Apostles), born in Logan, Utah

Bernie SandersBernie Sanders (81 years old)

1941 American politician (Rep-(Independent)-Vermont 1991-2007, Senator-(I)-Vermont 2007-), born in Brooklyn, New York

  • 1942 Ansen [Nancy Ann] Dibble, Dutch sci-fi author (Summerfair), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1943 Adelaide C. Eckardt, American politician, born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania
  • 1947 Ann Beattie, American novelist and short story writer (Chilly Scenes of Winter), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1948 Lynn [Lorraine] Abbey, American sci-fi author (Black Flame), born in Peekskill, New York
  • 1950 James Mattis, 26th United States Secretary of Defense under the Trump administration (2017-2019), born in Pullman, Washington
  • 1950 Mike Simpson, American politician (Rep-(R)-Idaho 1999-), born in Burley, Idaho
  • 1951 Randy Odle, American astronaut, born in Port Arthur, Texas
  • 1954 Mark Foley, American politician (Rep-(R)-Florida 1995-2006), resigned after texting scandal, born in Newton, Massachusetts
  • 1954 Ruby Bridges, American civil rights activist (child who ended segregation of a Louisiana school), born in Tylertown, Mississippi
  • 1956 David Carr, American journalist (New York Times), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2015)
  • 1960 Stefano Casiraghi, Italian speedboat racer, businessman and husband of Princess Caroline of Monaco, born in Como, Italy (d. 1990)
  • 1961 Paul Zanetti, Australian political cartoonist, born in Wollongong, Australia
  • 1962 Christopher Klim, American novelist (Jesus Lives in Trenton), born in Trenton, New Jersey
  • 1964 Michael Johns, American conservative commentator and policy analyst, born in Allentown, Pennsylvania
  • 1967 James Packer, Australian businessman, son of Kerry Packer, born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1971 Jocko Willink, American navy seal and author (Extreme Ownership), born in Torrington, Connecticut
  • 1971 Lachlan Murdoch, Australian, British, American businessman (New Corp) and son of Rupert Murdoch, born in London, England
  • 1972 Phil Laak, Irish-American professional poker player, born in Dublin