On This Day

Birthdays in History on September 8

  • 64 Julia Flavia, daughter of Roman Emperor Titus and lover of Domitian, born in Rome (d. 91)
  • 801 Ansgar, German Catholic archbishop and Saint, born in Amiens, France (d. 865)
  • 828 Ali al-Hadi, 10th Shia Imam, born in Medina, Abbasid Empire (d. 868)

Person of interestRichard the Lionheart

1157 Richard I [Richard the Lion Hearted], King of England (1189-99), born in Oxford, England (d. 1199)

  • 1207 Sancho II, King of Portugal (1223-47), born in Coimbra, Portugal (d. 1248)
  • 1271 Charles Martel of Anjou, Son of Charles II of Naples, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1295)
  • 1380 Bernardino of Siena, Italian priest and Franciscan missionary, born in Massa Marittima, Italy (d. 1444)
  • 1474 Ludovico Ariosto, Italian poet (Orlando Furioso), born in Reggio Emilia, Italy (d. 1533)
  • 1515 Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish Jesuit biblical scholar, born in Toledo, Spain (d. 1585)
  • 1588 Marin Mersenne, French mathematician (Number of Mersenne), born in Oizé, Maine, France (d. 1648)
  • 1591 Jacqueline-Marie-Angélique Arnauld, French abbess (Port-Royal de Paris), born in Paris (d. 1661)
  • 1611 Johann Friedrich Gronovius, German classical scholar, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1671)
  • 1621 Louis II Condé, Duke of Bourbon (Rocroy), born in Paris (d. 1686)
  • 1633 Ferdinand IV, King of the Romans, born in Vienna (d. 1654)
  • 1718 François-Thomas-Marie de Baculard d'Arnaud, French sentimental writer (Les Épreuves du sentiment), born in Paris (d. 1805)
  • 1749 Yolande de Polastron, Duchess de Polignac, French aristocrat, born in Paris (d. 1793)

  • 1749 Marie Thérèse Louise of Savoy, Princesse de Lamballe, French aristocrat, born in Palazzo Carignano, Turin, Savoy (d. 1792)
  • 1767 August Wilhelm Schlegel, German poet, translator and critic, born in Hannover, Germany (d. 1845)
  • 1774 Anna Katharina Emmerick, Roman Catholic Augustinian Canoness Regular of Windesheim, Marian visionary, ecstatic and stigmatist, born in Coesfeld, Westphalia, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1824)
  • 1778 Clemens Brentano, German poet and author (The Story of the Just Casper and Fair Annie), born in Ehrenbreitstein, Germany (d. 1842)
  • 1779 Mustafa IV, 29th Sultan of Ottoman Empire (1807-08), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1808)
  • 1783 N. F. S. Grundtvig, Danish writer and philosopher, born in Udby, Zealand, Denmark (d. 1872)
  • 1804 Eduard Friedrich Mörike, German poet, born in Ludwigsburg, Germany (d. 1875)
  • 1814 Charles-Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, French writer and historian, born in Bourbourg, France (d. 1874)
  • 1815 Alexander Ramsey, American politician (1st Governor of Minnesota Territory), born in Hummelstown, Pennsylvania (d. 1903)
  • 1821 Henry Baxter, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Sidney, New York (d. 1873)
  • 1828 Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, American professor and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Brewer, Maine (d. 1914)
  • 1829 George Crook, American Major General (Union Army), born in Taylorsville, Ohio (d. 1890)
  • 1829 Seth Barton, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Fredericksburg, Virginia (d. 1900)

Person of interestFrederic Mistral

1830 Frederic Mistral, French Provencal poet (Nobel 1904), born in Maillane, France (d. 1914)

Provencal Poet Frederic Mistral
Provencal Poet
Frederic Mistral
  • 1831 Wilhelm Raabe [Jakob Corvinus], German author (Der Hungerpastor), born in Eschershausen, Germany (d. 1910)

Person of interestCharles J. Guiteau

1841 Charles J. Guiteau, American assassin of US President James A. Garfield, born in Freeport, Illinois (d. 1882)

  • 1852 Gojong, Emperor Gwangmu of Korea (1897-1907), born in Unhyeon Palace, Hanseong, Joseon dynasty, Korea (d. 1919)
  • 1854 Willem Marinus van Rossum, Dutch cardinal and prefect of Propaganda File, born in Zwolle, Overijssel, Netherlands (d. 1932)
  • 1857 Georg Michaelis, Chancellor of German Empire, born in Haynau, Germany (d. 1936)
  • 1857 Ida Henrietta Hyde, American physiologist who invented the micro-electrode and the first woman allowed to do research at Harvard Medical School and to be elected to the American Physiology Society, born in Davenport, Iowa (d. 1945)

  • 1865 Adolfo Albertazzi, Italian writer (Amore & Amore, Top), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1924)
  • 1873 David O. McKay, 9th President of Mormon church, born in Huntsville, Utah (d. 1970)
  • 1873 Max Reinhardt [Goldmann], Austrian theatrical director (Oedipus Rex) and founder of the Salzburg Festival, born in Baden, Austria (d. 1943)
  • 1873 Alfred Jarry, French writer (Ubu Roi), born in Layal, Mayenne, Paris (d. 1907)
  • 1880 Roelof Kranenburg, Dutch social democratic chairman (1st Chamber), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • 1886 Siegfried Sassoon, English poet and writer (Counterattack), born in Matfield, Kent, England (d. 1967)
  • 1887 George, Crown Prince of Serbia, eldest son of King Peter I, born in Cetinje, Montenegro (d. 1972)
  • 1888 Louis Zimmer, Flemish astronomer and clock maker (Jubelklok/Wonder Clock), born in Lier, Belgium (d. 1970)
  • 1889 Robert A. Taft, American politician (U.S. Senator from Ohio), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1953)
  • 1900 Claude Pepper, American politician (Rep-D-FL, 1963-89), born in Dudleyville, Chambers County, Alabama (d. 1989)
  • 1901 Hendrik Verwoerd, South African Prime Minister (1958-66) who was assassinated in 1966, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • 1902 Nico Donkersloot, Dutch literary and writer, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1965)
  • 1906 Andrei Kirilenko, Russian member of Central Committee of Communist Party, born in Alexeyevka, Voronezh Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1990)
  • 1908 Geoffrey Hodges, bomb disposal expert (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Alexander Mackendrick, American-born Scottish director (Man in the White Suit, Mandy), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1993)
  • 1912 Leo Cherne, American economist and commentator (All Star News), born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)
  • 1914 Dimitrios I, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1973-91), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1991)
  • 1918 Derek Barton, British organic chemist (Nobel 1969), born in Gravesend, Kent (d. 1998)
  • 1918 John F. Seiberling, American politician (Rep-D-OH, 1971-86), born in Akron, Ohio (d. 2008)
  • 1919 Richard Pool, naval Officer
  • 1919 Gianni Brera, Italian sports journalist and writer, born in San Zenone al Po, Italy (d. 1992)
  • 1922 Lyndon LaRouche, American presidential candidate (1980)
  • 1924 Wendell Ford, American politician (Sen-D-Kentucky, 1974-1999), Governor of Kentucky (1971-74), born in Owensboro, Kentucky (d. 2015)
  • 1924 Mimi Parent, Canadian painter, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2005)
  • 1924 Marie-Claire Kirkland, Quebec lawyer and politician, born in Palmer, Massachusetts (d. 2016)
  • 1930 Emilio Azcarraga Milmo, American Mexican media tycoon (Televisa) , born in San Antonio, Texas (d. 1997)
  • 1930 Nguyễn Cao Kỳ, Premier of South Vietnam (1965-67), born in Sơn Tây, Indochina (d. 2011)
  • 1930 Robert W. Firestone, American author and clinical psychologist, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1931 John Garrett, British Labour Party politician, born in Romford, London (d. 2007)
  • 1933 Paul M. Fleiss, American pediatrician; father of Heidi Fleiss
  • 1933 Michael Frayn, English playwright (Copenhagen), born in Mill Hill, England
  • 1934 Rodrigue Biron, Canadian politician, born in Sainte-Croix, Quebec
  • 1938 Sam Nunn, American politician (Sen-D-Georgia, 1972 - 1997), born in Macon, Georgia
  • 1940 Quentin L. Cook, American lawyer and religious leader (Quorum of the Twelve Apostles), born in Logan, Utah

Person of interestBernie Sanders

1941 Bernie Sanders, American politician and Senator (Independent - Vt), born in Brooklyn, New York

US Senator Bernie Sanders
US Senator
Bernie Sanders
  • 1942 Ansen [Nancy Ann] Dibble, Dutch sci-fi author (Summerfair), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1943 Adelaide C. Eckardt, American politician, born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania
  • 1947 Ann Beattie, American novelist and short story writer (Chilly Scenes of Winter), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1948 Lynn [Lorraine] Abbey, American sci-fi author (Black Flame), born in Peekskill, New York
  • 1950 Mike Simpson, American politician (R-HoR: 1999-present), born in Burley, Idaho
  • 1950 James Mattis, 26th United States Secretary of Defense under the Trump administration (2017-2019), born in Pullman, Washington
  • 1951 Randy Odle, American astronaut, born in Port Arthur, Texas
  • 1954 Mark Foley, American politician (R) (US Rep Florida 1995-2006), resigned after texting scandal, born in Newton, Massachusetts
  • 1956 David Carr, American journalist (New York Times), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2015)
  • 1960 Stefano Casiraghi, Italian speedboat racer, businessman and husband of Princess Caroline of Monaco, born in Como, Italy (d. 1990)
  • 1961 Paul Zanetti, Australian political cartoonist, born in Wollongong, Australia
  • 1962 Christopher Klim, American novelist (Jesus Lives in Trenton)
  • 1964 Michael Johns, American conservative commentator and policy analyst, born in Allentown, Pennsylvania
  • 1967 James Packer, Australian businessman, son of Kerry Packer, born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1972 Phil Laak, Irish-American professional poker player, born in Dublin