On This Day

Birthdays in History on September 9

Person of interestAurelian

214 Aurelian, Roman Emperor (270-275), born in Serdica (d. 275)

Roman Emperor Aurelian
Roman Emperor
  • 384 Flavius Honorius, Eastern Roman Republic emperor (395-423), born in Constantinople (d. 423)
  • 1349 Albert III, Duke of Austria (1365-95), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1395)
  • 1427 Thomas de Ros, 9th Baron de Ros of Helmsley, English politician, born in Conisbrough Castle, Yorkshire (d. 1464)
  • 1466 Ashikaga Yoshitane, 10th Japanese shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate (d. 1523)
  • 1558 Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercoeur, French soldier, born in Nomeny, Meurthe-et-Moselle (d. 1602)
  • 1585 Armand Jean du Plessicide de Richelieu, premier of France (1624-42), born in Paris (d. 1642)
  • 1629 Cornelis Tromp, Dutch naval officer and son of Maarten Tromp, born in Rotterdam, Dutch Republic (d. 1691)
  • 1646 Zeger Bernhard van Espen, Flemish theologist, born in Leuven, Belgium (d. 1728)
  • 1700 Princess Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, daughter of Louis Frederick I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, born in Rudolstadt (d. 1780)
  • 1711 Thomas Hutchinson, Loyalist politician of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, born in Boston, Massachusetts Bay British America (d. 1780)
  • 1731 Francisco Javier Clavijero, Mexican Jesuit teacher and writer, born in Veracruz, Mexico (d. 1787)

Person of interestWilliam Bligh

1754 William Bligh, British naval commander (mutinied against on HMS Bounty), born in Plymouth (probable), England (d. 1817)

Naval Commander William Bligh
Naval Commander
William Bligh
  • 1755 Benjamin Bourne, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Rhode Island), born in Bristol, Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, British America (d. 1808)
  • 1769 Cornelis Felix van Maanen, Dutch minister of Justice (1807-42), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1846)
  • 1789 William Cranch Bond, American astronomer (codiscovered Hyperion), born in Falmouth, Maine (d. 1859)

  • 1794 William Lonsdale, English geologist and paleontologist (fossil coral), born in Bath, Somerset, England (d. 1871)
  • 1807 Richard Chenevix Trench, Irish Anglican clergyman and philologist, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1886)
  • 1809 William Radford, U.S. Navy rear admiral, born in Fincastle, Virginia (d. 1890)
  • 1817 Speed Smith Fry, American lawyer, judge, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Mercer County, Kentucky (d. 1892)
  • 1819 Martin Luther Smith, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Danby, New York (d. 1866)
  • 1822 Napoléon JKP Bonaparte, French prince and member of National Convention, born in Trieste, Austrian Empire (d. 1891)
  • 1826 Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden (1856-1907), born in Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg (d. 1907)
  • 1826 Thomas John Lucas, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Dearborn County, Indiana (d. 1908)

Person of interestLeo Tolstoy

1828 Leo Tolstoy [Lev Nikolayevich], Russian novelist (Anna Karenina, War and Peace), born in Yasnaya Polyana, Russia (d. 1910)

Novelist Leo Tolstoy
Leo Tolstoy
  • 1834 Joseph Henry Shorthouse, English writer (John Inglesant), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1903)
  • 1834 William MacRae, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1882)
  • 1850 Harishchandra, Indian poet, dramatist and commonly referred as "father of modern Hindi", born in Vārānasi, India (d. 1885)
  • 1850 Jane Ellen Harrison, British anthropologist and linguist, born in Cottingham, Yorkshire (d. 1928)
  • 1855 Houston Stewart Chamberlain, British-German philosopher (wrote works about political philosophy and natural science), born in Southsea, Hampshire, England (d. 1927)
  • 1855 Anthony Francis Lucas, Croatian-American oil exploration pioneer, born in Split, Austria-Hungary (d. 1921)
  • 1858 Benjamin Kidel, English Sudan (Control of the Tropics)
  • 1868 Mary Austin, Ill, feminist/nature writer (Land of Little Rain)
  • 1872 Delilah L Beasley, American author/columnist (Negro trail-blazers)
  • 1878 Adelaide Crapsey, American poet (d. 1914)
  • 1878 Sergio Osmeña, 4th President of the Philippines (d. 1961)

  • 1887 Alf (Alfred) Landon, (R-Ks) American politician and Presidential candidate (1932, 1936). Dies 1987

Person of interestColonel Sanders

1890 Colonel Harland Sanders, American founder of Kentucky Fried Chicken, born in Henryville, Indiana (d. 1980)

Businessman and Restaurateur Colonel Sanders
Businessman and Restaurateur
Colonel Sanders
  • 1899 Brassaï [Gyula Halász], Hungarian-French artist, born in Brassó, Austria-Hungary (d. 1984)
  • 1900 James Hilton, English novelist (Goodbye Mr Chips)
  • 1903 Phyllis Whitney, American writer (d. 2008)
  • 1905 Hussain Sha - Indian Saint, Philosopher, Pithapuram
  • 1907 Leon Edel, American biographer (Henry James: A Biography 1953–1972 - Pulitzer 1963), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1997)
  • 1908 Cesare Pavese, Italian writer (La belle estate)
  • 1911 John Gorton, Australian politician, 19th Prime Minister of Australia (1968-71), born in Wellington New Zealand (disputed) (d. 2002)
  • 1911 Paul Goodman, American poet and writer (d. 1972)
  • 1918 Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, Italian President (1992-99), born in Novara, Italy (d. 2012)
  • 1919 Gottfried Dienst, Swiss football referee (d. 1998)
  • 1920 Robert Wood Johnson III, American philanthropist (d. 1970)
  • 1920 Feng Kang, Chinese mathematician (d. 1993)
  • 1922 Anthony Derrick Parsons, diplomat
  • 1922 MacKenzie John, pipe major
  • 1922 Manolis Glezos, Greek politician and writer
  • 1922 Hans Dehmelt, German-born American physicist (Nobel Prize 1989), born in Gorlitz (d. 2017)
  • 1923 Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, American virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1926 Annie nee Becker Kriegel, historian

  • 1926 Yusuf al-Qaradawi, prominent Egypt Muslim cleric
  • 1929 Stan Parris, (Rep-R-VA, 1973-74, 81- )
  • 1934 Sonia Sanchez, US playwright/poet (The Bronx is Next)
  • 1935 Gopal Baratham, Singaporean author
  • 1938 Don Hogan Charles, American photographer and first African-American photographer hired by The New York Times, born in NYC, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1939 Howard P McKeon, (Rep-R-California)
  • 1941 Les Braid, England, bass (Swinging Blue Jeans-You're No Good)
  • 1941 Dennis Ritchie, American computer scientist (created C programming language, helped developed Unix), born in Bronxville, New York (d. 2011)
  • 1942 John Linder, (Rep-R-Georgia)
  • 1945 Omukama Patrick David Matthew Olimi Kaboyo II, king of Toro
  • 1946 Pete Gavin, English rocker (Heads Hands & Feet), born in London
  • 1949 Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Indonesian politician
  • 1951 Alexander Downer, Australian politician
  • 1952 Angela Cartwright, England (Make Room for Daddy, Lost in Space)
  • 1952 Lee M Morin, cmdr USN/astronaut, born in Manchester, New Hampshire
  • 1953 Alisher B Usmanov, Russian business magnate and investor, born in Chust, Uzbekistan
  • 1956 Anatoli Pavlovich Artsebarsky, Russian colonel/cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-12)
  • 1957 Gabriele Tredozi, Italian engineer
  • 1960 Mario Batali, American chef and restaurateur, born in Seattle, Washington
  • 1962 Aleta Rzepecki Sill, bowler (1983 WIBC single), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1972 Natasha Kaplinsky, British newsreader, born in Brighton, United Kingdom
  • 1974 Vikram Batra, Indian army officer, born in Palampur, India (d. 1999)
  • 1984 Farrah Gray, American entrepreneur and author (Reallionaire), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 2000 Victoria Federica de Marichalar y de Borbón, granddaughter of king Juan Carlos I of Spain