Year 1291 in History

Events in History

  • May 10 Scottish nobles recognize authority of English King Edward I
  • May 18 After 100 years of Crusader control, Acre is the last Crusader stronghold reconquered and destroyed by the Mamluks under Sultan al-Ashraf Khalil
  • Jul 31 Egyptian Mamelukken occupies Akko, crusaders driven out of Palestine
  • Aug 1 Everlasting League forms, basis of Swiss Confederation (Independence)
  • Nov 28 Eleanor of Castile, wife of King Edward I of England, dies in Northamptonshire. Crosses are erected where her body rests on the way to London.

Historical Figures Born in 1291

  • Feb 8 Afonso IV, King of Portugal (1325-57)

Historical Figures Who Died in 1291

  • Mar 5 Sa'ad al'Da'ulah, Jewish grand vizier of Persia, assassinated
  • Mar 10 Arghun, 4th Mongul ruler of Ilkhanate dynasty
  • Jun 18 Alfonso III, King of Aragon (1285-91), dies
  • Jun 26 Eleanor of Provence, wife of Henry III of England
  • Jul 15 Rudolph I of Germany, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (1273-91), dies at 73