On This Day

1401 in History

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 24 Timur attacks city of Damascus, second city of the Mameluke Empire. Though scholar and negotiator Ibn Khaldūn's life spared, the city is sacked and the Umayyad Mosque destroyed.

Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian Ibn Khaldūn
Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian
Ibn Khaldūn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9 Turko-Mongol ruler Tamerlane (Timur) destroys Baghdad, killing 20,000

Turkic Conqueror Tamerlane
Turkic Conqueror
Tamerlane

Birthdays in History

  • May 12 Emperor Shōkō, 101st Japanese Emperor (412-428) (d. 1428)
  • Jul 23 Francesco Sforza, Italian condottiero and Duke of Milan (1401–1466), born in San Miniato, Tuscany (d. 1466)
  • Aug 16 Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut, dauphine of France (d. 1436)
  • Oct 27 Catherine of Valois, Queen of Henry V of England, born in Paris (d. 1437)
  • Dec 21 Tommaso Masaccio, Italian painter, born in San Giovanni Valdarno, Italy (d. 1428)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 19 William Sawtree, 1st English religious martyr, burned in London
  • May 18 Vladislaus II, Duke of Opole, dies at 69
  • May 25 Maria, Queen of Sicily and Duchess of Athens & Neopatria, dies at 37