Year 1401 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 26 English Catholic priest William Sawtrey convicted of heresy and later becomes 1st Lollard martyr to be publicly burnt at the stake
  • Mar 24 Timur attacks city of Damascus, second city of the Mameluke Empire. Though scholar and negotiator Ibn Khaldūn's life spared, the city is sacked and the Umayyad Mosque destroyed.
  • Jul 9 Turko-Mongol ruler Tamerlane (Timur) destroys Baghdad, killing 20,000

Historical Figures Born in 1401

  • May 12 Emperor Shōkō, 101st Japanese Emperor (412-428) (d. 1428)
  • Jul 23 Francesco Sforza, Italian condottiero and Duke of Milan (1401–1466), born in San Miniato, Tuscany (d. 1466)
  • Aug 16 Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut, dauphine of France (d. 1436)
  • Oct 27 Catherine of Valois, Queen of Henry V of England, born in Paris (d. 1437)
  • Dec 21 Tommaso Masaccio, Italian painter, born in San Giovanni Valdarno, Italy (d. 1428)

Historical Figures Who Died in 1401

  • Feb 19 William Sawtree, 1st English religious martyr, burned in London
  • May 18 Vladislaus II, Duke of Opole, dies at 69
  • May 25 Maria, Queen of Sicily and Duchess of Athens & Neopatria, dies at 37