On This Day

1453 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 6 Emperor Frederik III becomes archduke of Austria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 2 Turkish forces under Sultan Mehmed II begin the siege of Constantinople (İstanbul), which falls May 29

Ottoman Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror
Ottoman Sultan
Mehmed the Conqueror
  • Apr 21 Turkish fleet sinks ships Golden Receiver in Constantinople
  • May 29 Constantinople, capital of the Eastern Roman Empire falls to the Turks under Mehmed II; ends the Byzantine Empire
  • May 29 French banker Jacques Coeur's possessions confiscated
  • Jul 4 41 Jewish martyrs burned at stake at Breslau
  • Jul 17 Battle of Castillon: French army beats English force under Talbot, turning point of the 100 Years' War

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jul 23 Battle at Gavere: Philip the Good beats Gentse rebellion

Duke of Burgundy Philip the Good
Duke of Burgundy
Philip the Good
  • Oct 19 French retake Bordeaux following the Battle of Castillon

Birthdays in History

  • Sep 1 Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Spanish general (d. 1515)
  • Oct 13 Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales and the only son of King Henry VI of England and Margaret of Anjou, born in London (d. 1471)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 28 Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine (b. 1400)
  • May 29 Constantine XI Dragases, last Byzantine Emperor, dies at 49
  • Jul 17 John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, English military leader
  • Jul 20 Enguerrand de Monstrelet, French chronicler