On This Day

1461 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 17 Wars of the Roses: Second Battle of St Albans - Lancastrian army defeats Yorkists and recaptures King Henry VI

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Mar 29 Wars of the Roses: Battle of Towton - Duke Edward of York defeats the Lancastrian army, deposes King Henry VI and Queen Margaret of Anjou and proclaims himself as King Edward IV

Queen Consort to King Henry VI of England Margaret of Anjou
Queen Consort to King Henry VI of England
Margaret of Anjou
  • Jun 28 Edward IV crowned king of England
  • Aug 7 Ming Dynasty Chinese military general Cao Qin stages a coup against the Tianshun Emperor
  • Aug 10 Alfonso ed Espina, bishop of Osma urges for an Inquisition in Spain
  • Aug 15 Empire of Trebizond surrenders to forces of Sultan Mehmet II - last Byzantine Empire remnant to fall. Emperor David exiled and later murdered.
  • Nov 20 Astronomer Regiomontanus returns with Cardinal Basilios Bessarion's to his house in Rome, home to one of largest libraries in Europe

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 6 Džore Držić, Croatian poet and playwright who is considered one of the fathers of Croatian literature, born in Dubrovnik, Croatia (d. 1501)
  • Aug 5 Alexander Jagiellon, Grand Duke of Lithuania (d. 1506)
  • Dec 25 Christina of Saxony, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1521)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 2 Owen Tudor, Welsh founder of the Tudor dynasty of England
  • Mar 29 Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland, English politician (b. 1421)
  • Apr 8 Georg von Purbach, Austrian mathematician and astronomer (best known for his streamlined presentation of Ptolemaic astronomy in the Theoricae Novae Planetarum), dies at 37
  • Jul 22 Charles VII, King of France (1422-61), dies at 58