1492 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 2 Muhammad XII. (Boabdil) last Nasird ruler of Moorish fortress Alhambra surrenders to the Catholic Monarchs
  • Jan 16 The first grammar of a modern language, Spanish, is presented to Queen Isabella.
  • Mar 4 King James IV of Scotland concludes an alliance with France against England.
  • Mar 31 Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Aragon issue the Alhambra Decree which expels Jews from their Kingdoms of Castile and Aragon

AgreementContract of Interest

Apr 17 Christopher Columbus signs a contract with the Spanish monarchs to find the "Indies" with the stated goal of converting people to Catholicism. This promises him 10% of all riches found, and the governorship of any lands encountered.

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • Apr 30 Christopher Columbus is given royal commission by Spanish monarchs Isabella I and Ferdinand II to equip his fleet to the New World
  • Apr 30 Spain announces it will expel all Jews
  • May 15 Cheese & Bread rebellion: German mercenaries kill 232 residents of Alkmaar, Netherlands

DiscoverySanta María

Aug 3 Christopher Columbus sets sail on his first voyage with three ships, Santa María, Pinta and Niña from Palos de la Frontera, Spain for the "Indies"
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Birthdays in History

  • Jan 12 Andreas Alicatus, Italian author
  • Mar 6 Jean Luis Vives, Spanish theory/humanist/reformer
  • Apr 4 Ambrosius Blarer, German reformer, born in Konstanz, Germany (d. 1564)
  • Apr 11 Marguerite of Navarre, Queen of Navarre, wife of Henry II of Navarre, born in Angoulême, France (d. 1549)
  • May 8 Andrea Alciato, Italian lawyer and writer, born in Alzate Brianza, Milan, Italy (d. 1550)
  • Jul 2 Elizabeth Tudor, English princess (d. 1495)
  • Sep 12 Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1519)

Deaths in History

  • Apr 9 Lorenzo de' Medici (the Magnificent), leading Florentine statesman and patron of the arts during Florentine Renaissance, dies at 43
  • Jun 7 Kazimierz IV, King of Poland (1447-92), dies at 64
  • Jun 16 Jan Coppenhole, Flemish rebel leader, beheaded
  • Jul 25 Innocent VII, [Giovanni B Cibo], Italian Pope (1484-92), dies
  • Oct 12 Piero della Francesca, Italian painter
  • Nov 9 Jami [Mowlanā Nūr Od-dīn ʿabd Or-raḥmān Ebn Aḥmad], Persian poet (Lava'ih), dies at 78