On This Day

1525 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 21 The Swiss Anabaptist Movement is born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and a dozen others baptize each other in the home of Manz's mother in Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 10 Albert of Prussia pledges a personal oath to Sigismund I and is invested with the duchy for himself and his heirs

Duke of Prussia Albert of Prussia
Duke of Prussia
Albert of Prussia
  • Feb 20 Swiss & German mercenaries desert Francois I's army

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Feb 24 Battle of Pavia: Holy Roman Emperor Charles V's troops beat the French. French King Francois I captured, 15,000 killed or wounded

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • Mar 20 Paris' parliament begins pursuit of Protestants
  • May 10 Church reformer John Pistorius caught in the Hague
  • May 12 Battle at Biblingen: Zwabische Union beats rebel Wurttemberg farmers
  • May 15 The battle of Frankenhausen: German peasant army surrounded, 5,000 slaughtered ; ends the peasants' uprising
  • May 17 Battle at Zabern: duke of Lutherans beats rebels
  • Jun 9 Tax revolt in Hertogenbosch
  • Jul 11 Trial against "heretic" John Pistorius at The Hague
  • Jul 19 Catholic German monarchy form Union of Dessau
  • Sep 7 Trial against "heretic" John Pistorius ends in the Hague

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 6 Caspar Peucer, German reformer, born in Bautzen, Germany (d. 1602)
  • Sep 11 Johan Georg, Elector of Brandenburg (1571-91), born in Cölln, Germany (d. 1598)
  • Sep 25 Steven Borough, English explorer, born in Northam, Devon, England (d. 1584)
  • Dec 1 Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician and astronomer (d. 1600)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Jun 13 Martin Luther marries Katharina von Bora, against the celibacy rule decreed by the Roman Catholic Church for priests and nuns.

Theologian and Founder of Protestantism Martin Luther
Theologian and Founder of Protestantism
Martin Luther

Deaths in History

  • Feb 24 Guillaume Gouffier, seigneur de Bonnivet, French soldier

Person of interestCuauhtémoc

Feb 28 Cuauhtémoc, the last Aztec Emperor (1520 - 1521), tortured and killed by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés

The Last Aztec Emperor Cuauhtémoc
The Last Aztec Emperor
  • Apr 3 Giovanni Rucellai, Italian poet (Le Api), dies at 49
  • May 5 Frederick III [Frederick the Wise], Elector of Saxony (1486-25) who protected his subject Martin Luther, dies at 62
  • May 27 Thomas Muentzer, German rebel leader
  • Jul 22 Richard Wingfield, English diplomat
  • Sep 15 Jan de Bakker [Johannes Pistorius], Roman Catholic priest who was the first preacher in Northern Netherlands to be put to death as a direct result of his Protestant beliefs, burned at the stake at 26
  • Oct 20 Joannes Custos, S Neth humanist, dies at about 50
  • Nov 17 Eleanor of Viseu, Queen of Portugal (1481-95), dies at 67
  • Dec 30 Jacob Fugger, German banker/merchant, dies at 66